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Historic Foundations-Latin America

In: Social Issues

Submitted By onlyus2011
Words 478
Pages 2
Historical Foundations-
Latin America
Brandy Barnum
HUMA215-1302B-06
6/22/2013

Abstract
Latin was the language of the Roman Empire. It is widely debated how Latin started to be spoken by the Romans. Latin is one of many of the Italic languages. The Romance languages are made up of the languages that are descended from Latin. Much of language today is still derived from Latin beginnings and influences the English language as well as other modern languages.

Historical Foundations – Latin America
Latin is one of the oldest languages known to man. Dating back with beginnings noted in 2nd century BC and continuing through the 18th century, the Latin language has spread and evolved, deriving much language used today from Latin origin. The history of the Latin language includes Archaic Latin, Classical Latin, Vulgar Latin, Medieval Latin, Renaissance Latin, Early Modern Latin and Modern Latin. Archaic , or “Old Latin”, refers to all Latin that was used before 75 BC. The early Latin alphabet, known as the Etruscan Alphabet, was written from right to left but later got revised and was then written from left to right. Vulgar Latin was used from 200-900 BC. Although it is called Vulgar it is not filled with naughty words, but is quite the opposite. Vulgar Latin is how the Romance languages were developed.
Medieval Latin was used from 900-1300 BC. Medieval Latin was the form of Latin used in the Middle Ages, it was how scholars spoke and used in the medieval Roman Catholic Church, but also as a language of science, literature, law, and administration.
Renaissance Latin was used from 1300-1500 BC. During this period the Latin language started to deteriorate due to Greek and Roman influence. Scholars rapidly produced new and revised literary works in attempt to restore Latin to what it had once been.
New Latin was used from 1500-1900. During this period the Latin language was specifically used for scholarly and scientific articles. Latin words in this time were created for the purpose of expressing scientific ideas.
Contemporary Latin was used from 1900-Present. Presently Latin phrases are often present in different languages. Some Latin phrases have been used as mottos, for example the phrase E pluribus unum found in 1776 on the Seal of the United States. More than 56% of the English language today derives from Latin.
Latin is still used today in modern America. The use of Latin can be found in the Periodic Table of Elements, law and legal language and in Court.

References
Garger, John (updated 4/23/2012) Edited by Rebecca Scudder An Introduction to a Brief History of the Latin Language Retrieved from: www.brighthubeducation.com
(2000) “Archaic Latin” The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition
Vulgar Latin - Learn Why Late Latin Was Called Vulgar By N.S. Gill, Retrieved from: About.com Guide…...

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