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Hh Holmes

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Submitted By Caroline17
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'White City' of a Lie H.H. Holmes proved his madness in his design of his hotel near the World's Fair in Chicago. He had a litany of evil deeds that would take a lot of lives of innocent people. Holmes’s personality is perfect for someone who could be able to commit murder, someone with, “dark hair, and striking blue eyes” (35). On the surface H.H. Holmes seemed to be a productive member of society. Born and raised in the small state of New Hampshire, he turned his fascination with the human body into a career when he graduated from the University of Michigan Medical School in 1884. Wealthy, well-educated and refined, the young doctor moved to Chicago where he became the owner of a drugstore, and eventually opened a hotel. His design of the building reflected Holmes’s desires to hide bodies, and clothing within the basement of the building to cover his crime. Later, the building was destroyed as a death chamber. Holmes wanted his hotel, “just comfortable enough and cheap enough to lure a certain kind of clientele and convincing enough to justify a large fire insurance policy” (85). He was a total lady-killer. Holmes knew how to make women feel special and knew how to use the greater liberalism of the time by carefully, gently flouting convention, which women away from their homes and families desired: "He stood too close, stared too hard, touched too much and long. And women adore him for it." (5). Even after he was discovered women defended him: "Holmes, she swore, had a gentle heart. He adored children and animals. He was a lover of pets and always had a dog or cat and usually a horse." (6). Holmes could create the appearance of normalcy and charm, despite what slaughter and brutality lurked beneath his lie. He also broken the usual rules that concern how to deal with women in public places, but “women had adored him for it.” (36). His sort of deception would be the first one of his evil deeds; his lustful will for women and his control over them. People have described him as "fresh and crisp," (35) and received "the glances of young women," (35). Holmes married a second wife while he was still married to his first wife. Holmes’s madness is reflected with the lot he suddenly bought, “In the summer of 1888 he bought the land and, thinking ahead, registered the deed under a false name, H.S. Campbell” (66). Holmes was a smart person for pulling that idea off, but his intent was for criminal purposes that are very evil to the point where his heart was twisted by greed. His influence of his deception led women to their deaths while the World's Fair was going on in Chicago and his deeds would go mostly unnoticed until the end of the World's Fair. Once Holmes was arrested and jailed in Philadelphia, his crimes that he committed were very gruesome and horrible, including a multitude of murders; he would be considered “the most dangerous man in the world” (385). Holmes was eventually convicted and sentenced to being hanged in 1896. Julia was formerly married to "Ned" Conner before they moved to Chicago and decided to get a divorce, which was Holmes fault because he been sleeping with her. Julia and Pearl stayed with him at his hotel until Julia told him she was pregnant with their baby. So Holmes decided he would get rid of them. On Christmas Eve 1891, she put Pearl to bed and went with him to a secret room where instead of performing an abortion, Holmes killed her by giving her too much chloroform. After Holmes was finished with Julia, he did the same to little Pearl. Holmes met Emeline Cigrand and married her. In the early days of December 1892, her feelings for him had begun to diminish and she started talking about leaving him. Then one day, Holmes asked her to come to his study and go into his vault to retrieve a paper. Holmes had poured acid on the floor before her entry and so she died by acid, although she left her foot print on the door, leaving a notice to those who inspected the door, that she had been murdered in that vault. Holmes had met Minnie previously in a visit to Boston and after inviting her to his home in Chicago many a time, she agreed to come. Holmes "married" Minnie in the presence of a fake preacher so they were never truly married. After a few weeks, he got tired of Minnie and her sister Anna so he promised to take Anna to Europe but first he had small business matters to take care of in his office and it was there that he told both ladies to go into the vault and retrieve some papers for him. After they entered the door closed and both women were suffocated. Numerous issues happened through the late 19th century that affected the World's Fair in Chicago. The issue of immigration came into mind while the World’s fair was going on in Chicago because many immigrants wanted to see the beauty of Chicago. The Women’s Temperance movement was also a big issue during the late ninetieth century, especially when H.H Holmes was running his schemes up in Chicago during the fair. He seduced women to work for him and Holmes eventually murdered them. The issue of labor also had come up during the construction of the buildings that would host the World’s Fair in Chicago; workers did work long, hard hours in tough conditions in constructing the Fair, and there were strikes that happened around that time period in the nation that would affect the labor movement in Chicago. Some of the urbanization that had happened in Chicago happened during the World’s Fair and also happened around the nation in the late 19th century. The Chicago World’s Fair played a key role in the creation of the City Beautiful movement. At the core of the fair was an area that quickly became known as the White City for its buildings with white stucco siding and its streets illuminated by electric lights. Buildings and monuments left a lasting impression on municipal planners looking for a way to bring open spaces and grand public buildings into crowded cities. Chicago itself was one of the first cities to adopt aspects of the new City Beautiful movement. The Devil in the White City had its glorious moments where it captured the glorious magic of Chicago, but also the darkening madness of H.H. Holmes. Chicago was “the Black City,” before it hosted the World’s Fair. The Exposition was not without its tragedies. Four fires occurred during the Fair. The first hit on July 10, 1893, when the Cold Storage Building burned, killing 17 people. The second fire, on January 8, 1894, burned the Casino, Peristyle, Music Hall, and Manufactures Building. The third fire the following month burned the Colonnade. The last fire was a massive one on July 5, 1894, that burned the Court of Honor, Machinery Hall, as well as the Electricity, Administration, Mining, and Manufactures buildings. The 19th century was a restless decade. The 1890s was a time when Americans were undergoing the sometimes painful shift from an agricultural to an industrial society, bombarded with images and the reality of technology, progress, and consumption. There were constant reminders of the growing economic problems of the country, which deepened into a four-year depression in the summer of 1893. As railroads began to fail, the fortunes of industries allied with the railroads began to take a downturn as well; especially a number of prominent banks. Over the course of the four-year depression, 15,000 businesses failed, 600 banks closed, 50 railroads became insolvent, and at least 2.5 million Americans were unemployed.…...

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