Free Essay

Henry Kissinger

In: People

Submitted By adeeshekar
Words 1771
Pages 8
Henry Kissinger

Adee L. Shekar

Nova Southeastern University

Henry Kissinger

The year 1923 was not a fortunate time to be born in Eastern Europe into a middle-class Jewish family. Adolf Hitler was busy launching propaganda campaigns and Nazism was quickly on the rise. It was on May 27 when Heinz Alfred Kissinger was born in a small town in Bavaria, Germany. Although the country had been previously known for being more accepting of religious minority groups, the Bavarian Jew, like many other German Jews, were beginning to feel the ostracizing affects of Hitler’s campaign. By the time Heinz was ten years old, Adolf Hitler was in power. Two years later, the Nuremberg Laws were put into effect. In addition to denying the Jewish people citizen, the laws did not allow them to marry gentiles and they could not hold teaching jobs in state-run schools. This was a significant blow for the Kissinger family; Heinz’s father, Louis, was a respected schoolmaster in the city of Furth. Now out of a job and faced with an increasing number of hardships, the Kissinger family left their native country of Germany in 1938 and made their way to the United States. It was during this move that Heinz became known as Henry.

The Kissinger family’s move to Manhattan, New York allowed Henry to thrive and flourish in a society that, although not totally free from prejudices, was based upon the ideas of equal opportunity and freedom. Because he worked at a shaving-brush factory during the day, Henry attended high school at night. Despite English being his second language, the young, ambitious Kissinger became a straight A student. After completing high school, Henry enlisted in and spent four years in the United States Army. During this time, he worked in the Counter-Intelligence Corps and gained valuable experience in a field that would eventually become part of his career.

In the fall of 1947, Henry entered Harvard University as a sophomore philosophy major. Soon after, he moved his major into the Government Department and it was there that he began to make Harvard history. In a surprisingly optimistic and mature 353 page senior thesis, Kissinger wrote about the significance of individual choice and the circumstances in which were sometimes beyond one’s control. He graduated summa cum laude from Harvard in 1950 and he enrolled in the university’s Ph.D program in the Government Department under the guidance of William Yandel Elliot, a Rhodes Scholar and distinguished Harvard professor. Being mentored by such an influential academic was invaluable to Kissinger’s future. During his graduate studies, Henry directed the Harvard International Seminar, a program which received funding from the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations as well as the CIA. The experiences were not only about building contacts with prominent figured and future leaders; Henry was able to set himself apart because of his superb academic quality and his incredible drive and ambition. He graduated with a Ph.D in May of 1954. Within ten years of first entering Harvard University as an undergraduate, Henry Kissinger published two books, which eventually secured him an appointment at Harvard’s International Affairs Department. These accomplishments were nothing short of remarkable considering just a few short years before receiving his doctorate, Henry was working in a shaving brush factory and going to school in the evenings.

The late 1950s and 1960s proved that Henry Kissinger’s career in U.S. foreign policy was on a fast track. He became a tenured professor at Harvard with a national reputation. He was published frequently in such journals as Foreign Affairs, The Reporter, and occasionally in the New York Times. Although not a politician, Kissinger used his connections at Harvard and his growing reputation to form influential relationships with both Democrats and Republicans alike, including New York governor Nelson Rockefeller and former vice president Richard Nixon.

In 1968, Kissinger became the national security adviser to newly elected president Richard Nixon. He kept this post until 1975. From 1973 to 1975, he was the only person to ever hold the positions of secretary of state and national security adviser concurrently. During his time in the White House, the dynamic duo of Kissinger and Nixon worked together to accomplish many important historical events: the eventually ending of the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, the détente with the Soviet Union that resulted in the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks agreement, the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Peoples Republic of China, and the stability efforts in the Middle East following the 1973 Yom Kippur War.

Without a doubt, Kissinger was instrumental in ending the U.S. involvement in Vietnam. It was also the capstone of his diplomacy and it earned him wide acclaim. The December 1972 issue of Time magazine named Kissinger and Nixon “Men of the Year” titles and a Gallup Poll from 1973 rated Henry as the most admired man in America. Because of the Vietnam War settlement in which he played a big part, Kissinger was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. The prize money was accepted but all funds were donated to a scholarship fund for children of military personnel killed in the Vietnam War. Sadly, the peace accords fell apart soon after President Nixon’s Watergate Scandal began to chip away at his presidency. It only took a few months after Nixon’s resignation for Communism to fully envelop Vietnam again. Even after the 1974 resignation of President Nixon, Kissinger retained his position and the influence over foreign affairs that came along with it. He left office in 1977 when the Ford administration came to an end.

Although criticized for his role in certain U.S. foreign policy situations, some which resulted in indictments, Kissinger has continued to hold prestigious positions in numerous organizations and departments. Since leaving office, he has undoubtedly become one of the most respected and well known elder statesmen in the United States. Recognized by many people as an expert on foreign policy, Kissinger has kept active in the political arena by serving as a presidential adviser, commentator, consultant, and an engaging speaker on international affairs issues. After leaving his government positions, he founded and chaired his own international consulting firm named Kissinger Associates. More recently, he was reported as meeting frequently with former President George W. Bush about the Iraq War and the resulting insurgencies. In 2002, he was appointed by the president to lead an independent investigative panel that would identify possible U.S. intelligence failures prior to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Kissinger accepted but resigned only one month later.

Henry Kissinger was quoted as saying “a leader does not deserve the name unless he is willing occasionally to stand alone”. What does this say about Kissinger’s leadership style? Based upon his early childhood history, nothing came easy to Henry. His rise to the pinnacle of power was not possible without a remarkable hunger for success and perseverance. To start off as a German refugee and to attain positions of such magnitude and importance was unthinkable to anyone that came before Henry Kissinger. It would have also been impossible for him had his family not made the decision to leave Nazi Germany. The choice turned out to be a very wise one as it was later found out that thirteen of Kissinger’s relatives died in the Holocaust death camps. There is no doubt that the leadership qualities he possessed we learned over many years. In fact, Henry was quoted by author and writer of his biography, Walter Issacson, as saying “Living as a Jew under the Nazis, then as a refugee in America, and then as a private in the army, isn’t exactly an experience that builds confidence” (Issacson, 1996). As behavioral theories suggest, leaders are not born; they are made through the process of learning, observation, and teaching. Kissinger took advantage of the opportunities that were presented to him and as a result, he will always have a place in American history. The former managing director of Kissinger’s firm, David Rothkopf, described him as “…one of the most complex characters in recent American history, and he is someone who has, I think, justifiably been in the spotlight both for extraordinary brilliance and competence and at the same time clear defects” (Stolberg, January 2007). Despite being vilified for his involvement in sensitive foreign affairs policies during the Nixon administration, Kissinger was the recipient of numerous awards, including the Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the Medal of Liberty, which was given to ten of America’s most important foreign-born leaders.

Kissinger was a very powerful man and at the end of his career, a well-known leader. He was quoted in an interview as saying, “power is the ultimate aphrodisiac”. Some say he was more powerful than the presidents he worked under in the White House. He was also one of the few government officials, during his time, that understood the media and the importance of public popularity, and he played the media accordingly. At the same time he did not care about the public’s opinion of his politics. His intelligence and style was as a global strategist who used international diplomacy as a grand game to keep a balance between the world’s superpowers and at the same time, keep the United States on top of the superpower heap. Regardless of whether or not Kissinger was vilified or at the same time loved by the public, there is one undeniable fact: he is one of the most brilliant statesmen this country has seen in American history and foreign policy.

References

Chambers II, J.W. (2000). “Paris Peace Agreement”. The Oxford Companion to American Military History. Retrieved November 15, 2011 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O126-ParisPeaceAgreement.html

Hanhimako, J. (2004). The flawed architect: Henry Kissinger and American foreign policy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Hersh, S. (1983). The price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon white house. New York: Summit, 1983.

Isaacson, W. Kissinger. A Biography. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996.

Kissinger, Henry A. (2011). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/319464/Henry-A-Kissinger
Kissinger, Henry. (2005). In Germany and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History. Retrieved from http://ezproxylocal.library.nova.edu/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.credoreference.com/entry/abcgeamrle/kissinger_henry
Kissinger, Henry. (2003). In Conspiracy Theories in American History. Retrieved from http://ezproxylocal.library.nova.edu/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.credoreference.com/entry/abcconspir/kissinger_henry
Stolberg, S. (2007, January 2). Kissinger’s appearance revives memories of Vietnam era. The New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Patrick Henry

...In the late 1700´s Patrick Henry delivered a speech called ¨Give Liberty Or Give Death¨ in Virginia in which he asked to fight back against Britain that had been defecting on promises of helping their citizens with all their needs for a long time. Henry was able to persuade the men around him to believe that the United States’ liberty was a cause worth fighting for. Throughout his speech, he appealed to the emotions of his audience giving it some diction and allusions. Henry used a lot of emotional appeals through diction during his speech in order to persuade more and more his audience. At the beginning of his speech, he captured the attention of the people in the convention by saying “Should I keep back my opinions at such a time through fear of giving offense, I should consider myself as guilty of treason towards my country’’ (line 15). This authorative tone made the audience fearful and anxious about what he was going to say. The emotional appeals in this speech are also formed with the use of figurative language which made his diction different from the usual. The audience can see this when he said, “We must fight! I repeat it sir, we must fight!”. His use of repetition and hyperbole emphasized that no matter what they will fight and they should be prepared. Also Henry took advantage of the feelings of his audience by using rhetorical questions, for example, in line 23 he asked that if the citizens should act like those who have eyes and don’t see, have ears......

Words: 698 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Henry Ford

...Henry Ford Biography Assignment Econ 220 – Entrepreneurship Instructor: Geoff Malleck Submitted By: Salvatore Curcio ID#20300001 Jenna Ortwein ID#20383970 Matthew Montgomery ID#20338248 Fatima Munir ID# 20239890 Kyle Georges ID# 20298815 “People can have the Model T in any colour--so long as it's black.” - Henry Ford “All Fords are exactly alike, but no two men are just alike. Every new life is a new thing under the sun; there has never been anything just like it before, never will be again. A young man ought to get that idea about himself; he should look for the single spark of individuality that makes him different from other folks, and develop that for all he is worth. Society and schools may try to iron it out of him; their tendency is to put it all in the same mold, but I say don't let that spark be lost; it is your only real claim to importance.” - Henry Ford What made Henry Ford… ------------------------------------------------- Questions & Answers Question: From a very young age, what characteristics and events were significant in foreshadowing Henry Ford was a truly innovative engineer with a love for machinery? Answer: When Ford received his first watch at the age of 13, unlike most adolescents, he took the watch apart to analyze the mechanical components of it. Ford was seen to all people as inherently curious, which was a key characteristic for engineering the fuel powered vehicle. Another significant event that peaked Ford’s......

Words: 2583 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Henry Viii

... Henry VIII was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was Lord, and later King, of Ireland, as well as continuing the nominal claim by the English monarchs to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty, succeeding his father, Henry VII. Besides his six marriages, Henry VIII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority, the Dissolution of the Monasteries, and establishing himself as the Supreme Head of the Church of England. Yet he remained a believer in core Catholic theological teachings, even after his excommunication from the Catholic Church. Henry oversaw the legal union of England and Wales with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. Henry was considered an attractive, educated and accomplished king in his prime and has a reputation as "one of the most charismatic rulers to sit on the English throne". Besides ruling with absolute power, he also engaged himself as an author and composer. His desire to provide England with a male heir—which stemmed partly from personal vanity and partly because he believed a daughter would be unable to consolidate the Tudor dynasty and the fragile peace that existed following the Wars of the Roses—led to the two things for which Henry is remembered: His six marriages, and the English Reformation . In later life, he became morbidly obese and his......

Words: 1584 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Patrick Henry

...Patrick Henry is not a very well know man today. When you ask people about him no one even knows who he was or what he did for America. In this parer hopefully you will learn more about who Patrick Henry was and see the important that he played in America history. Patrick Henry was born in Hanover Country, Virginia on May 29, 1736. He was born to John and Sarah Winston Henry. He was a figure of American’s struggles for liberty and self-government. Henry was a lawyer, planter, speaker, and willing participant in virtually every aspect of the founding of America. He was married two times to Sarah Shelton, with which he had six kids and Dorothea Dandridge who had eleven kids. Henry served in the Virginia House of Burgesses; he was a member of the Virginia committee of Correspondence, a delegate to the Virginia Convention and a delegated to the Virginia Constitution Ratification Convention. He played a protuberant part in the May 6, 1776, convention and became the first governor of the commonwealth under its new constitution. Patrick Henry served five terms as governor of Virginia from 1776-1779 and then again 1784-1786. Henry was most known for his speech “Give me Liberty or Give me Death” (Henry, P. 1775) which he gave on March 23, 1775. Unfortunately the text of this speech like most of his speech he gave was not documented until years after his death. This speech did not first appear in print until William Wirt published it in 1816 in “Life and Character of Patrick......

Words: 1158 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Henry Ford

...Henry Ford grew up on a small farm near Dearborn, Michigan. As Henry grew up, he spent most of his free time tinkering, and finding out exactly how things work. A pastime that developed thinking and logic abilities. But being a farmer's boy, he had little spare time, for there were always chores to be done. By twelve years of age, Henry was doing a man's work on the farm and had begun repairing machinery for neighbouring farmers. His father pleased when Henry would repair a harness, reset a tool handle, or make some hinges for furniture but he was not pleased however, when his son repaired things for neighbours, as he often did, without charging them a cent. It was one day when Henry saw a steam engine powering a farming machine that he dreamed that one day he would build a smaller engine that would power a vehicle and do the job that horse's once did. Shortly after Henry turned thirteen, his mother died. Henry became very discontent with living on the farm but he stayed for another three years. When he was sixteen he finished his studies at the district school. Against his father's will, Henry moved to Detroit, ten miles away. In Detroit, Henry worked eleven hours a day at James Flower & Brothers' Machine Shop for only $2.50 a week. As this was not enough to pay for board and room, Henry got an evening job at Magill's Jewelry Shop for $2 each week, at first only cleaning and winding the shop's large stock of clocks. Soon though, he was repairing them also. After......

Words: 1439 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Henry

...1. There were many different types of ethical issues that were presented to us in this video about Henry and his daughters including professional, conflict of interest and even gender issues. From the beginning, Henry himself was not very professional in the way he bribed the senator by taking him out on his yacht before he proposed his project. I think the way Henry basically got his daughters their jobs by just calling someone is unprofessional as well, just like pulling those strings for Jeff’s son’s scholarship. Another issue was when the board was trying to choose between GuideMe and OutoCar, they had to decide which factors were most important and I think that was a conflict because not everybody had the same priorities in the decision. Conflict of interest was a very prominent ethical issue in this case because it was everywhere. Laura was in charge of a special project in which case she was very closely involved with both her father’s and sister’s company in a competition. Even if there was no conflict there, which there was, this is an extreme appearance of conflict of interest. Since Laura and Julie live together, they frequently talked about details of the project. Then there is every person in charge of the project was somehow a close friend of Henry’s which put GuideMe at a clear advantage and revealed that this competition was rigged from the beginning. In the midst of all of these issues, there were even gender issues with Julie’s team where they were staring......

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Henry Ford

...The  Leadership  of  Henry  Ford     "The  great  need  of  the  world  has  always  been  for  leaders.  With  more  leaders  we  could  have  more   industry.  More  industry,  more  employment  and  comfort  for  all."  –Henry  Ford   Introduction     Henry   Ford   was   the   creator   of   one   of   the   largest   automobile   manufacturing   companies,   influencing  society  in  a  number  of  ways  and  forever  changing  the  face  of  the  auto  industry.  One  of  the   reasons  for  his  success  was  the  high  priority  he  placed  on  his  employees’  satisfaction.  While  Ford  had   much   strength   he   also   had   weaknesses   that   held   the   company   back   and   threatened   to   destroy   it   at   times.   Ford   was   a   notable   member   of   society   and   a   great   peace   promoter.   Ford’s   business   style   and   leadership  skills  throttled  him  to  success.     Background       Henry   Ford   was   born   in   1863   to   farmers   in   Dearborn,   Michigan.   Ford   grew   up   living   on   the   farm   and  attending  school,  neither  of  which  he  was  satisfied  with  (“Henry  Ford:  The ......

Words: 1842 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Henry

...Henry’s most prominent strength is his experience and business skills in a company such as MGI. Henry was actually impressed with the MGI product and felt that the company had potential, which is what initially drew him to the company. Henry was an strategy consultant and investment analyst for previous well known and reputable firms, so he was very knowledged as to what it takes to thrive in a firm and be successful. Hence, his good working experience could be applied to the success of the current firm and his position at the firm. Henry was also a team leader, which allowed him to view everyone of equal importance and value. For this reason he was very well liked by his fellow workmates and he could keep organization and structure within the team. His weakness stems from him not stepping up and taking the actual role of being a team leader. As he was a business student, he was well educated in leadership styles within a group, and as order was lacking within his current one, he failed to step up. Henry was also highly analytical, so it was rather unusual for him to miss what was needed in order for the team to function together and have organization. Henry saw things differently at MGI, but failed to expound and bring to others what could’ve been done to fix those problems. Had Henry stepped up and played the leader role that he knew, the bigger problem could have been addressed....

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Henry Viii

...Henry VIII’s Quest for Glory Henry’s aims in foreign policy were to have military glory through conquest which linked to the idea of being a warrior king, military glory by invading France, securing the Scottish border as they were always teaming up with France, establish a reliable ally against France and establish England at the heart of European affairs as the war of the roses had prevented them from doing this before. Between the years of 1509-1515 Henry tried to make an international influence which was mainly successful. The first thing he did that was successful was spend money on wars with France in order to get more money in return. This worked out well because France had to pay a pension to England and this made the country more money than it spent. It also showed henry that he could trust Wolsey to organise wars and raise lots of money. The second successful thing he did was marry Catherine of Aragon because of the fact that this gave Henry the chance to have a kid to be the heir to his thrown and it also gave him an ally of his father in law as he was Ferdinand II who was the king of Spain. Thirdly the next successful thing he did was join the holy league in 1511 as the leagues aim was to stop France gaining any power which was one of henry’s main aims in foreign policy and it meant he would be helped by several other countries in achieving this. The next successful thing that henry did was go to war with France in June 1512 because although he was betrayed......

Words: 430 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Henry

...(highest to lowest). 1. The sexual harassment issue experienced by Julie from her co-worker, as well as the “ogling” she faced 2. Henry using favors to influence decision-making to benefit himself without consideration of external parties involved, including both his daughters. He should be thinking as a father first and foremost rather than a businessman. 3. Intellectual property sharing issues between family and friends- Laura and Julie, as they live together, do not avoid talking about the project. Laura and Julie discussed proprietary information when together. 4. All three family members are involved in this project and are working for a prize; this creates an ethical issue as well. 5. There was some discussion pertaining to applications of the technology; there are issues existing with gathering private data about individuals using the technology, which is an ethical issue. 6. Finally, decisions in this situation are being made based on political and social factors rather than technical/engineering based factors. 3. Perspectives a. Henry’s Perspective: There are a wide variety of ethical issues surrounding Henry. i. Henry had an idea for an automated driving system for cars and other transportation vehicles, such as boats. However, he did not have the funds needed for the project. Therefore, Henry meets with his friend who is a senator and asks him to fund a competition. With this competition, his client, GUIDEME, can compete to......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Henry Tam

...differences would bring in new ideas and creativity. 4) What could have Henry have done earlier to avoid team’s problems? From the beginning, Henry didn’t manage his bosses well. He was excited to work with MGI, but he never explicitly understood what MGI’s expectations were of him. Also, the MGI founders didn’t share the same vision which could’ve been discovered earlier, had Henry asked what MGI’s vision was. Had Henry understood what MGI’s goals were and what was expected of him, then Henry could shift his attention and energy towards specific MGI’s goals. Throughout the case, there were never any discussions between Henry and his progress with the project; there was no feedback. Consistent feedback would allow more definitive directions of what Henry is doing well and what isn’t working. The feedback would also help the founders shape their own goals and mold what the expectation is of Henry. To help with the meetings, Henry could have sent e-mails prior to the meeting to prepare the other members of what would be discussed. This could help alleviate the long brainstorming sessions that would go in a full circle by having the group focus on specific topics that need to be discussed sooner. However, as meetings did progress and conflicts occurred, Henry started to see himself more as the leader and others would see Henry as the leader, at least some of the time. During his moments of power, Henry could delegate work to members based on their......

Words: 1621 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Henry

...and make indecent jokes. They make foul comparisons when they are speaking regarding the English ‘carrion’ (IV.2.38), meaning dead meat. King Henry speaks in prose when he is in disguise and talking to the soldiers as he is presenting himself as a regular man. He also uses prose when he is speaking to Katherine, on the contrary this is to emphasis that he is a plain-spoken soldier and lacks fancy and extravagant words with which to court her. Speaking in blank verse and elevated language would have made Henry appear like a gratified conqueror somewhat than a suitor, exceptionally when the princess has little English. The verse is normally in lines of ten syllables. These are acknowledged as iambic pentameters and are based on a pattern of five pairs of syllables, each pair being made up of an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable. An example of this verse is; ‘For he today that sheds his blood with me shall be my brother; be he ne’er bile,’ (IV.3.61-2) This is the fundamental pattern however Shakespeare does not stick severely to this as it would become obvious and monotonous. Occasionally he uses a pair of rhyming lines; this is recognized as a rhyming couplet. This feature is often used to mark and signal the end of a scene. We consider prose to be our everyday speech. This can fluctuate a great deal. When Henry is in disguise and is speaking to the soldiers, he talks in prose but still it is rich and well-structured. Fluellen speaks in humorous......

Words: 960 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Henry Ford

...Henry Ford At the beginning of this semester, I chose Henry Ford from the American History as the subject of my research project. I chose Henry Ford as the subject because I learned something about him when I was a high school student. And I have a car of Ford, but I didn’t remember anything about Henry Ford now. Therefore, I decided to choose Henry Ford as the subject of my research project because I want to know more detail about Henry Ford and his company. After I chose the topic, I read the tips and guidelines of the research project carefully. Then, I started to research the project of Henry Ford. First of all, I used Google to search the information about Henry Ford. I found some websites which introduce the life and achievements of Henry Ford. After I got some general information of Henry Ford, I started to do my PPT. I divided the PPT into four parts, which were overview, early life, Ford Motor Company, and later years. As required, the first page of my PPT is title page. I found a picture of Henry Ford and put it on the title page with the topic. For the second page, I decided to use it to introduce Henry Ford roughly. The second page is an overview of Henry Ford. Then, I talked about the childhood of Henry Ford on the third page. I thought that the childhood was an important period for Henry Ford after I read the resources which were from the internet. The childhood influenced Henry Ford a lot and lay the foundation of mechanical ability and leadership for......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Henry Vii

...Europe where Henry spent a large part of his life, was under attack by the French and faced losing their independence, following an invasion in 1487. Henry felt as though he had a duty and sense of obligation to the Britons, and therefore summoned Parliament to grant him extraordinary revenue in order to raise an army sufficient enough to battle against the French. Crushing the potential French control of Brittany was very important to Henry, as by doing so would decrease the possibility of France invading England. This soon became one of Henry's main foreign policy objective, to defend Brittany and potentially, England. Additionally, England and Brittany signed the Treaty of Redon in 1489, in which, Duchess Anne would pay for a small English army to defend Brittany. Henry strived to strengthen is position by forming an alliance with Maximilian. Maximilian had contracted a marriage-by-proxy with Anne, and had no desire fro the Duchy of Brittany to fall into the French hands. The army went to Brittany to support their freedom, but Anne had lost her motive, and reluctantly married Charles VIII. To make things worse for Henry, Perkin Warbeck was simultaneously trying to gain support from the French. Henry launched a late invasion on France in 1492, in which, the French reacted immediately by trying to sought a peace settlement. The Treaty of Etaples were signed in November 1492, in which Charles VIII agreed to withdraw his support for Perkin Warbeck, and pay a pension to Henry......

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Patrick Henry

...Patrick Henry 1. According to Patrick Henry, what is the basic question being debated at the Virginia Convention? Patrick Henry says it is “nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery.” 2. What reasons does Henry offer to suggest that the British were not worthy of trust at that time? His main reason was that the British were building a military that he believed was to be used against America. 3. What argument does Henry provide against the notion that the colonies are too weak to fight the British? He says that God has given America what it needs to fight and that America will win if they use what they have been given. He says that America wants to believe that everything is fine. 4. What is Henry implying when he says that he is loyal to "the majesty of heaven...above all earthly kings"? What tone (manner in which an author expresses his attitude) does this statement hold? This means that he is loyal to God over anyone else. His tone is humble and respectful. 5. Why are Henry's final words so effective and memorable? Those words have been used several times over the years and have become a symbol of our country. To die instead of having freedom is a very powerful notion. 6. A rhetorical question is a question posed to emphasize a point, not for the purpose of getting an answer. Henry uses this device extensively throughout his speech. Find one example in the speech, quote it and explain what point he is emphasizing with those......

Words: 1091 - Pages: 5