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Gulf Oil Spill

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Gulf oil spill

ENV/100
Feb 16, 2015

Gulf oil spill
On April 20, 2010 the British petroleum Deepwater horizon oilrig exploded of the Gulf of Mexico, causing the worst environmental disaster the United States has ever faced. The oilrigs’ explosion effects on the air, water and wildlife is devastating. What kind of damage will this cause on the ecosystem over the years? In the aftermath of the explosion what steps can we take to insure this kind of accident does not happen again? With the ever-growing need for energy, what type’s new technology will help us eliminate or need for petroleum?
In the aftermath of the explosion, a large amount of pollutants found their way in to the ecosystem. The initial explosion caused an enormous fire that released air born particulates small enough to affect human health. This was of further concern because of the gulf breeze blowing the smoke to shore. The black plume of smoke produced around 1.4 to 4.6 million pounds of carbon was sent into the upper atmosphere. The black smoke also elevated higher than average burns, which could have a longer damaging effect on the environment. The damage was not limited to just the air quality because this was a deep-sea operation the water was also effected. The oil that was pumped into the ocean was denser than other oil spills. The result of this is that the majority of the oil sank to the bottom instead of floating to the surface. This can have devastating effects on the ecosystem of the gulf if begins to move or float to the surface. (National oceanic and atmospheric administration, Dec)
There are many different methods used to clean up an oil spill after an accident. Mechanical containment and recover is the main way in which to deal with the oil spill. Barriers and skimmers are used to contain and collect the oil so it may be transferred to a safe place for disposal. Dispersing…...

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