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Government in American Education

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Government in American Education
Hollie White
GCU: EDU 310 Exploring Education as a Profession
May 8, 2012

Government in American Education
The federal government and the state government have very different roles when it comes to education. The federal government’s involvement in elementary and secondary education is primarily on an as needed basis for when there is a crisis. The Federal government provides funding for education but the state government is responsible for determining where the funds are allocated. Education is primarily a state and local government responsibility. It is the state and their communities that establish schools, develop the curriculum, and determine requirements for enrollment and graduation. The Supreme Court however, when required to, has made some rulings that have greatly impacted education and how the schools in America are run.
In 1954 the rights of students was discussed in Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. The actual finding was “Racial discrimination in public education is unconstitutional, and all provisions of federal, state or local law requiring or permitting such discrimination must yield to this principal.” (2010). After the ruling all public schools in the United States were forced to begin the process of desegregation. This decision was not accepted by everyone and had to be enforced to take effect in some cases. In 1957, Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus used the National Guard to block nine black students from entering Little Rock High School. In 1963, Alabama Governor George Wallace personally blocked a door at the University of Alabama to prevent two black students from enrolling. In these situations government officials were required to step in. In Little Rock, President Dwight D. Eisenhower deployed the 101st Airborne Division to integrate the school, while in Alabama, President John F.…...

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