Free Essay

Global Governance

In: Business and Management

Submitted By huttanen
Words 519
Pages 3
Giving control of the content of the Internet to one powerful global agency would bring results like two sides of a coin. From one side there would be some advantages, however from other side there would be disadvantages. In order to make a decision whether such agency would be good idea or bad, it is important to make a reasonable comparison between advantages and disadvantages.
Firstly, let’s examine possible advantages. In today’s world, it can be observed that there are some countries who have totalitarian governments. And those governments want to keep control of everything. That’s why they are censoring some internet activities. Current governments of some countries like Russia, China, Iran, Vietnam, Turkey and etc… are putting lots of efforts in order to monitor internet activities and they are using Internet for surveillance. The worse part is they mostly use defending the stability of country as an excuse. Such mechanism as one powerful agency which would have control of internet might be solution for such globally totalitarian governance examples. Of course, it is impossible to please everyone, but still one controlling mechanism would make lots of things easier. Since Internet took place of traditional media sources, newspapers and tv, it can be counted as platform for people to speak freely. However, governments who surveil Internet for their political benefits to keep domestic “stability” limit or even destroy freedom of speech as well. As controlling media channels give governments chance to keep them people under surveillance, they exploit any media sources, newspapers, tv, internet.
To sum up; having one controlling mechanism would have advantages for societies about speaking out about their opinions freely. By this way, governments would not exploit Internet for their political benefits.
On the other hand, such mechanism would bring some possible disadvantages as well. The first question would be; who will be in charge of that agency? Having such control would make lots of countries and even corporations eager to use it for their benefits. Countries and companies would try to create their supporters and lobby in the agency. It should not be forgotten that already there are some agencies which globally have controls over some issues. Recently there were scandals in those agencies about bribing or lobbying. In order to prevent such incidents, these agencies should be audited internally and externally as well. Another important point is whether all countries will be member to this agency or not. If not, then there should be some legal and political obligations or embargos to those countries who dont want to join.
In order to summarize, giving control of context of Internet to one powerful agency would prevent governments from keeping their societies under surveillance. It would help people to use their rights of freedom of speech. On the other hand, management of this agency would also have big matter, since it gives huge power, there should be some precautions as well to limit that control. It must be provided that every country gets represented in the agency in order to protect balance. There cannot be any difference between so-called first and third world countries.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Global Environmental Governance

...Account for the growing importance of global civil society in global environmental politics. Is this phenomenon synonymous with global environmental governance? The globalization phenomenon has altered many facets of the contemporary world. Areas of governance such as states’ policy making, the way companies do business, and how information is shared have all been affected by the increasingly globalized world. With all of these changes occurring at a rapid pace, state sovereignty has been challenged by a plethora of other actors who now can claim some form of governance in the global system. In the modern world sources of authority such as international governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, social movements, and multinational corporations all have joined the state in establishing governance on a wide array of issues: “Activist groups, business associations and policy research institutes now provide research and policy advise, monitor the commitments of states, inform governments and the public about the actions of their own diplomats and those of negotiation partners, and give diplomats at international meetings direct feedback (Betsill 243). In particular, one such area of global governance where there is a question of governmental authority can be seen in global environmental politics. Over the last few decades, the role of non-state actors in global governance has increased as citizens have taken their own initiatives to instigate......

Words: 1877 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

It Governance

...Information and technology (IT) governance is a subset discipline of corporate governance, focused on information and technology (IT) and its performance and risk management. The interest in IT governance is due to the on-going need within organisations to focus value creation efforts on an organisation's strategic objectives and to better manage the performance of those responsible for creating this value in the best interest of all stakeholders. It has evolved from The Principles of Scientific Management, Total Quality Management and ISO 9001 Quality Management Systems. Management concepts that date back to 1911. Historically, board-level executives deferred key IT decisions to the company's IT management and business leaders. Short-term goals of those responsible for managing IT can be in conflict with the best interests of other stakeholders unless proper oversight is established. IT governance systematically involves everyone: board members, executive management, staff, customers, communities, investors and regulators. An IT Governance framework is used to identify, establish and link the mechanisms to oversee the use of information and related technology to create value and manage the risks associated with using information and technology. Various definitions of IT governance exist. Whilst in the business world the focus has been on managing performance and creating value, in the academic world the focus has been on "specifying the decision rights and an......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

It Governance

...| 2011 | | Marcela AjaziProfessor WaasMIS 51014 March 2011 | [It Governance] | | Strategy is very critical to any form of organization; IT Governance is defined as the structuring and alignment of IT strategy with business strategy. The structuring also provides successful implementation and achievement of goals as well as measuring IT performance in an organization. IT Governance is important to an organization’s life cycle, especially in this tech savvy era. I think that in order for a company to continue to flourish and expand their success over time, information technology and business strategies should be aligned together in order to stay ahead of their competitors or at least stay on the same page as their competitor’s are to assure that company’s maturity. Additionally, because IT Governance is important, it should be detail orientated towards the size and the regulation of the organization. CIO.com states, “Organizations today are subject to many regulations governing data retention, confidential information, financial accountability and recovery from disasters (Schwartz, 2007).” These are the main drivers that would motivate an organization to implement IT Governance in their infrastructure. I agree with this statement because it is true in its entirety; organizations have so much information that needs to stay confidential from their competitors or to whomever it is not privy to and/or to ensure that a certain organization is within the guidelines of......

Words: 871 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Environmental Global Governance

...GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL REGIME DESCRIPTION The following paper is going to investigate, analyze and evaluate the Global Environmental Regime, topic that is included within the discipline of Global Governance. Najam, Papa and Taiyab (2006, p. 3) define the global environmental regime as “the sum of organizations, policy instruments, financing mechanism, rules, procedures and norms that regulate the processes of global environmental protection”. Nowadays, it has increased the importance of this sector in global governance, in which different actors are involved. Biermann (2004) states that global environmental regime is characterised as a multi-actor governance system where the non-state organisations have a large influence. Biermann (2004) highlights some actors such as nongovernmental lobbying as activist groups, business associations and policy research institutes; networks of scientist; the influence of mayor companies; intergovernmental organizations; and supra-national institutions (OCDE). EVALUATION Global environmental regime is an immature regime. In this section it is going to be analysed the main global governance gaps and what is their weaknesses. According to Fauchald (2010) the weaknesses of the regime are: 1. Environmental indicators still deteriorating despite the efforts of different actors. 2. Lack of coordination among the Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). It is a problem the lack of common tools and the developing of a common......

Words: 2247 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

It Governance

...Global Technology Audit Guide Auditing IT Governance Global Technology Audit Guide (GTAG®) 17 Auditing IT Governance July 2012 GTAG — Table of Contents Executive Summary......................................................................................................................................... 1 1. Introduction................................................................................................................................................ 2 2. IT Governance Risks................................................................................................................................... 7 3. Aligning the Organization and IT — Key Considerations................................................................ 12 4. The Role of Internal Audit in IT Governance............................................................................ 15 Conclusion....................................................................................................................................................... 18 Authors and Reviewers.............................................................................................................................. 18 Appendix — IT Governance Risk Assessment/Engagement Planning Considerations............................................. 19 iv GTAG — Executive Summary Executive Summary To support the heightened importance of IT governance and the mandatory nature of the International......

Words: 10762 - Pages: 44

Free Essay

It Governance

...Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE). These regulations might be changed or revised in the future, which could as well impact the organizational practice of Green IT. Ethical forces, as described by Molla (2008), refers to the pursuit of socially responsible business practices and good corporate citizenship. It can be explained in terms of corporate social responsibility (CSR). As the hype of green acts has been progressively increasing in popularity over the past few years, the infusion of green movement has taken a place in corporate world. Businesses are increasingly seeking social recognition as concerned entities of global and local communities (Molla, 2008). A company that is responding to a societal concern by changing business processes or offering new services and products generally receives coverage from local, national and sometimes global media outlets. The positive articles and reports put the company's name in the minds of the general public, and the business did not have to pay for advertisements to spread the word (Assad, 2011). Economic, ethical and regulatory drivers can determine the basic motives for Green IT adoption. The locus of the force (whether internal or external or both) however depends on a business’s technological, organizational and environmental contexts and on its readiness for Green IT (Molla, 2008). Question 2 Discuss two key benefits and two major problems that organizations are likely to experience in developing/implementing......

Words: 4333 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

The Problem of Global Governance

...The Problem of Global Governance To say that the issue of global governance presents a challenge would be a significant understatement. Faced with a multitude of issues such as social (and economic) freedom, equality and justice along with environmental sustainability as well as physical barriers, cultural differences, and wealth inequality, the issue of global governance encompasses a vast array of challenges that will not be easily overcome. In light of these considerations, it would be reasonable to conclude that the ideal of just and equitable global governance represents the greatest social, political and economic challenge humanity has ever faced and successfully overcoming this challenge would be the greatest collective triumph that mankind has ever known. But to achieve this, many questions must be answered, one of the most important being the question of accountability: to whom, and for what should the largest political-economic players (states, intergovernmental organizations (IGO), Civil Society Organizations (CSO) and Multinational Corporations (MNC)) be accountable, and how can they be held accountable? Accountability has the ability to enforce compliance and turn exploitation into equality, and without it, democratic global governance cannot succeed. To begin with, because the majority of modern, developed, first world countries operate under democratic rule (though to differing degrees), and the majority of the world’s multi-national......

Words: 2826 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Canada’s Role in Global Environmental Governance

...International Environmental Diplomacy: Canada’s Actions in the Stockholm Convention, the Basel Convention, and the Montreal Protocol Canada’s Role in Global Environmental Governance According to John Kirton, a University of Toronto political science professor, “Canada has long been a successful pioneer in generating multilateral environmental agreements and and institutions for the global community, and its legacy…generates exceptional domestic unity and international respect” (Abstract). Canada’s respect for the environment stems from its profound understanding of the impact other countries have had on its own lands, fisheries, and other natural resources over the years. Canada’s role in global environmental governance (GEP), then, has always been large and well-defined; as Tanner put it, “Canada has taken a leading role” (p. 1). Canada and the Basel Convention The Basel Convention of 1989 was signed on March 22 of that year, and now includes 172 countries. The Basel Convention was based on concern about the transboundary movement and the disposal of hazardous wastes which was first raise in the late 1970s and early 1980s (Government of Canada, “Basel Convention”). Canada was a part of the Convention’s development and one off its original signatories; Canada also participated in global environmental governance (GEP) by using the Export and Import of Hazardous Waste Regulations (a prior governing law known as EIHWR) to enforce hazardous waste laws already in effect......

Words: 710 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Governance

...Best Practices: Nonprofit Corporate Governance One of the most significant and valuable developments of the post-Sarbanes-Oxley Act environment has been the emergence of governance “Best Practices” proposals designed to enhance and improve corporate responsibility and governance. These proposals have come from a wide variety of sources, ranging from self-regulatory agencies (e.g., NYSE, NASDAQ) and business groups (e.g., The Business Roundtable, The Conference Board, National Association of Corporate Directors) to professional associations (e.g., the American Bar Association) and major corporations (e.g., General Electric, WorldCom, TIAA/CREF). While most of these Best Practices proposals have been recommended for adoption by public companies, their relevance as an aspirational goal for nonprofit corporations and non-public companies is widely recognized. From these and other resources, we have developed the following set of guidelines as “food for thought” concerning governance “Best Practices” to assist nonprofit corporations in responding to the current “corporate responsibility” environment. To set the proper perspective, a few important caveats are in order. First, these are Best Practices guidelines, and do not in most instances, reflect current legal requirements. Instead, the guidelines reflect our perspective on evolving trends in nonprofit governance and law. In many circumstances, adoption of, and adherence to, “Best Practices” may reduce a nonprofit corporation’s...

Words: 4165 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

It Governance

...ScienceDirect Information & Management journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/im IT governance for enterprise resource planning supported by the DeLone–McLean model of information systems success Edward W.N. Bernroider * Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Department for Information Business, Augasse 2-6, 1090 Vienna, Austria A R T I C L E I N F O A B S T R A C T Article history: Received 18 May 2005 Received in revised form 24 August 2007 Accepted 11 November 2007 Available online 1 May 2008 I investigated the role of IT governance in driving the success of ERP projects. The tool for assessing ERP value was a comprehensive, multivariate and validated model adapted from the widely used Delone and McLean model of IS success. This showed that ERP investments were more effective in organizations having an IT governance domain consisting of proactive strategic guidance and participatory team building. Large enterprises, however, under-performed compared to SMEs and needed specific performance drivers, such as top management commitment to become effective. ß 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: ERP IT governance IT success IT value delivery Empirical survey 1. Introduction Today’s business requirements have moved IT governance into the focus of attention. The core processes underlying effective and comprehensive IT governance are the same as those for an enterprise. IT activities are critically......

Words: 6323 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

States Are the Most Important Actors in the Processes of Global Governance’

...‘States are the most important actors in the processes of global governance’. Discuss and use three examples to illustrate your argument. In 1944, Keynes threw the first idea about the necessity of a global government in the Bretton Wood conference. But the main historical fact which triggered the development of this notion was the breakdown of Soviet Union in 1991 which marked the end of a bipolar world. Since then, we have seen numerous international organisations multiplying, with the emergence of the notion of globalization, an emerging concern of environmental issues and the management of conflict by specialized international institutions, engaging the process of global governance which is now one of the main issue for the future. This term of « Global governance refers to the complex of formal and informal institutions, mechanisms, relationships, and processes between and among states, markets, citizen and organizations, both inter and non governmental through which collective interest on the global plane are articulated. In conventions, most of the states involved in global governance have seen themselves attributed various kinds of responsibilities and powers through the creation of diverses supranational organisations such as UN, EU or financial instutions like IMF or the World Bank. Nonetheless, global governance implies a participation based on consensus and volunteering the sacrifice is important, the countries involved have to give up some of their......

Words: 3609 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Governance

...Boeing Riordan like Boeing will need to study the international cultures before expanding in a global market. Boeing pursued an approach for going global by vendor relationships, expanding the company presence in the international market. Boeing also wants to create new partnerships, joint undertakings, procuring new market and companies, and to demonstrate an international existence. January 2001 Boeing’s International Relations team was formed. The goal of this team was to concentrate on becoming a global presence. According to Condit “Boeing was on the threshold of having a very global, mobile world, and the implications for aviation is huge"(Beck, Proctor, Kim, & Downy, 2002). Five international executives with a superior resume were hired. The responsibility of Pedro Argüelles Salaverría of Madrid, Spain, Walt Braithwaite, of Johannesburg, South Africa, Accra, and Ghana, Africa, Bill Oberlin, president of Boeing-Korea, Robert Orr, Tokyo, Japan, and Rinaldo Petrignani, based in Rome, Italy. This management team has the experience of developing key relationships, strategic planning, educated in language and culture of the countries, educated in building a network and a presence with governments of those countries, concentrating on governmental and regulatory issues, and familiar with the public policies of each country (Frontier). Communication will be essential in each of these areas for Boeing to increase a positive presence for Boeing and ensure each country...

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Governance

...Koito Case Study Submitted by Weichao on March 12, 2011 Category: Business and Economics Words: 7841 | Pages: 32 Views: 160 Report this Essay 1. The Japanese corporate governance system differs vastly from the US system. Discuss corporate governance issues that may arise under the Japanese keiretsu system from the perspective of a) financiers b) owners c) suppliers and d) employees. A Japanese keiretsu is effectively a system of cooperation among various stakeholders. From the Japanese point of view, corporate governance includes maximization of long-term corporate value for shareholders and accountability to all the stakeholders, particularly shareholders (Corporate Governance Committee of Japan 1997). This model appears more attractive than the Anglo-Saxon corporate governance model since it takes social benefits into account. However, it must be noticed that the workability of this model relies on a flawless functioning of the market economy, which is not always the case in Japan (ibid). The later paragraphs will discuss in detail the corporate governance issues related to the Japanese keiretsu system in relation with financiers, owners, suppliers and employees. a) Financiers As shown in Exhibit 8 – Ownership Structure of Major Japanese Automotive Assemblers (1989), banks in Japan usually hold a substantial portion of equity in borrowing companies. The Japanese model is often perceived as efficient since it encourages information flow between firms and their......

Words: 7863 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Governance

...te Corporate governance statement The Board of Directors is accountable to the Shareholder for the overall performance of the Group. In doing so, it is responsible for: • • • The effective, prudent and ethical oversight of the Bank; Setting the business strategy for the Bank, following consultation with the Shareholder; and Ensuring that risk and compliance are properly managed in the Bank. Board of Directors and Membership The Board of Directors recognises its responsibility for the leadership, direction and control of the Bank and the Group and its accountability to the Shareholder for financial performance. As at 31 December 2010, the Board comprised the Chairman, four Non-executive Directors and the Group Chief Executive. The Board sees it as a priority to further enhance its existing skills and experience through the recruitment of further independent Non-executive Directors, with a process having commenced in this regard. The Non-executive Directors are independent of management, with varied backgrounds, skills and experience. There have been a total of 39 board meetings during the financial year, 10 of which were scheduled. The purpose of the 29 unscheduled meetings was to address a variety of matters, including discussions in respect of the difficult market conditions that existed during the financial period and included funding issues, capital matters, legacy related matters and the Bank's Restructuring Plan. All Directors are expected to attend each meeting and the...

Words: 4199 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

It Governance

...IT Governance A summary of “Ten Principles of IT Governance” (2004, Peter Weill, Jeanne W. Ross) and “IT Governance Framework” (2005, Craig Symons)  Coming up with new governance mechanisms and policies should not be reactive (patching up problems), but proactive – using the enterprise’s objectives and performance goals as a basis Mature business governance processes can be used for IT governance Governance redesigns should be undertaken only when strategy is being revised, in such cases IT governance can be used for leveraging the strategic transformation CIO’s and senior management’s involvement in IT governance is crucial for its success, because it ensures better alignment of IT with strategy The exception-handling process must be clearly defined, as short as possible and should enable and encourage organizational learning. The owner of the IT governance must be familiar with all aspects of the enterprise (not only IT) and have credibility with all business leaders. The owner of the IT governance must be made also responsible for its performance A layered structure is often necessary for IT governance (possible layers are: enterprise-wide IT governance – driven by enterprise-wide strategies and goals and IT governance at division and business unit levels) The effectiveness of IT governance is severely affected by the effectiveness of its communication and transparency Coordination in the governance of the all six assets, one of which is IT, is critical for maximizing the...

Words: 585 - Pages: 3