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Gaza

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MARINE POLLUTION & ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.

Semester:

Code: PA-101.4

Total Hours: 45

Hours Per Week: 3

Credit: 3

COURSE DESCRIPTION

GENERAL OBJECTIVES

At the end of this course, students should be able to :

1. Identify key elements of the global environment.

2. Discuss how environmental elements interact locally and globally in predictable and

unpredictable ways.

3. Describe the impact of human activities on the global environment.

4. Discuss issues relating to sustainable development.

5. Identify international and Caribbean regional environmental challenges

6. Identify biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems and some of their possible interactions.

7. Describe physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the oceans.

8. Identify the principal marine pollutants and the threat they represent.

9. Assess the impact on the marine environment of oil pollution from the oil industry and the

shipping industry.

10. Identify requirements to maintain healthy ports and harbours, and current programs to

rehabilitate Caribbean ports.

11. Identify organizations and regulatory structures concerned with oceans management and

costal zone management in general and within the Caribbean region, including the UNEP

regional seas programme.

12. Discuss national and international marine law; the use of civil and criminal law in regulating

the environment and the conflict between private property rights and environmental

regulation.

13. Identify the main features of UNCLOS, MARPOL, and the London Dumping, Civil Liability,

and fund conventions.

14. Describe how impact assessment, environmental management systems, and ISO 14000

affect environmental management.

15. Describe the impact of hazardous waste and the hazardous waste trade.

COURSE OUTLINE.

UNIT ONE

➢ THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT

o .The earth’s physical systems

o .Studying the biosphere.

o .Environmental science and sustainability.

UNIT TWO

➢ OCEANOGRAPHY & MARINE ECOLOGY.

o . Physical oceanography

o . Tides, currents and sea water.

o . Marine ecology.

UNIT THREE

➢ MARINE POLLUTION

o .Degradable wastes, particulates, and dredging

o .Conservative pollutant

o . Caribbean marine pollution issues

UNIT FOUR

➢ OIL POLLUTION .Sources of oil pollution

o .Oil spill response management

o . Contingency plans

UNIT FIVE

➢ INTERNATIONAL MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

o .Role and scope of international law

o .UNCLOS and MARPOL

o .UNEP, CAP, and CEP

UNIT SIX

➢ MARINE POLLUTION LAW

o .Sources and enforcement of marine pollution law

o .Private property

o .Caribbean environment regulation

UNIT SEVEN

➢ OCEAN & COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT

o .Managing the oceans-the high seas

o .Coastal zone management (including Caribbean coastal zone management).

UNIT EIGHT

➢ PORT OPERATIONS & THE ENVIRONMENT

o .Sources and impacts of pollution from ports

o .Operating environmentally responsible ports.

UNIT NINE

➢ PLANNING & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

o .Planning ports from an environmental perspective

o .Environmental management systems

o .ISO 14001

UNIT TEN

➢ SOLID & HAZARDOUS WASTE

o .Sources and fates of solid waste

o .The hazardous waste trade

o .Nuclear waste

METHODS OF DELIVERY

.Lectures

.Guest lectures

.Case study

.Class discussions

.Class presentations

.Exercises

METHOD OF ASSESSMENT

. Assignments given by your local tutor 15%

. Midterm test 15%

. Project 20%

.Final examination 50%

RESURCES

REQUIRED TEXT

.Marine pollution study guide

REFERENCES

1.Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management-Concepts and practices by Biliana Cicin – Sain, Robert W.Knecht,Dosoo Jang, and Gregory W.Fisk,1999.

Published by Island Press

ISBN 1-559-636-041 (paperback) 1-559-636-033 (hardcover)

2. Marine pollution by R.B.Clark, (third edition) 1992 Published by clarendon press, Oxford, UK

3. International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund Annual Report Published by IOPC Fund, London, UK

4. Environmental Science –Action for a sustainable Future by Daniel D.Chiras, (third edition )1991

Published by the Benjamin/cummings Publishing Company; Inc.ISBN 0-8053-1031-2

5. The carriage of Dangerous Goods by Sea by C.E Henry ISBN 0-861-875-699

6. The role of the IMO in International Legislation by Frances Pinter,1985 ISBN 0-312-122-586

7.Modern Marine Terminal Operations and Management by Capt. Warren H. Atkins, 1983 Published by port of Oakland ISBN 9-996-661-237

8.Port Development-A handbook for planners in developing countries published by UNCTAD

ISBN 9-211-121-604

9.The international Law of the sea; volume II by D.P.O. Connell ISBN 0 198-254-695

10. Save Our Seas-A publication of the Shipping Association Of Jamaica (SAJ)PO BOX 40.Kingston 15, Jamaica WI.

11. The Environmental Dilemma in Caribbean Context by Elizabeth Thomas-Hope

12. Response to Marine Oil Spills. Published by the International Tanker Owners

Pollution Federation Ltd.

13. Geography An Integrated Approach . David Waugh…...

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