Premium Essay

Freaud Stages of Personality Development

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jasonyavuz
Words 589
Pages 3
Eric Erikson was a worldwide famous psychologist and psychoanalyst. He was well known for his theory on psychosocial development of human beings. Erikson graduated from The Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute as a child analyst where he was trained by the prestigious psychoanalyst Anna Freud. He was deeply fascinated with the various theories on personality development. It was this fascination that marked the beginning of his integration of the analytic clinical perspective with the social and economic events that influence a child.
So what is Erikson's Stages of Development? In this essay we will discuss this matter.
Erikson life-stage virtues, in order of the eight stages in which they may be acquired, are: 1. Basic trust vs. basic mistrust - This stage covers the period of infancy. 0-1 year of age. - Whether or not the baby develops basic trust or basic mistrust is not merely a matter of nurture. It depends on the quality of the maternal relationship. If successful, the baby develops a sense of trust, which “forms the basis in the child for a sense of identity“. 2. Autonomy vs. Shame - Covers early childhood - Introduces the concept of autonomy vs. shame and doubt. During this stage the child is trying to master toilet training. 3. Purpose - Initiative vs. Guilt - Preschool / 3–6 years - Does the child have the ability to or do things on their own, such as dress him or herself? If "guilty" about making his or her own choices, the child will not function well.. 4. Competence- Industry vs. Inferiority - School-age / 6-11. Child comparing self-worth to others (such as in a classroom environment). Child can recognize major disparities in personal abilities relative to other children. 5. Fidelity- Identity vs. Role Confusion - Adolescent / 12 years till 20. Questioning of self. Who am I, how do I fit in? Erikson believes, that if the parents allow…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Personality Development

...TOPIC-Personality development of students Personality Development is the combination of natural talent, personal interest, current opportunity, social environment, character, motivation and how the brain processes information. Each of us has a social personality, which is different from everyone else. Jongeward and Muriel James, in their much talked about book “Born to Win,” talked about how each individual has been born to be a winner. However, in the course of development, from infancy to adulthood, negligence towards our own potentials took a toll on our progress, and as a result, we are no longer able to use our unique traits to their fullest. Today, education plays an important role for personality development preparing students to face challenges in day to day life has become an important goal of today’s education. It is only through a programme of personality development that one can break the shackles of traditional closed-door approach to education. Intellectual development was supposed to be the only aim of education for many years. However, the connotation of education has become much larger. Now with the advent of constructivist approach emphasis is given to all-round development of student. The formal education helps intellectuals discover and develop their natural talent. The main objective of today’s education is development of various abilities and good character along with intellectual growth of students but somewhere this objective is not being fully......

Words: 428 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Erikson’s First Four Stages of Personality Development

... Erikson’s First Four Stages of Personality Development Jeff Brown ECE 335: Children’s Literature Instructor: Jamie Worthington May 5 2011 Erikson’s Stages of Personality Development This paper will discuss Erik Erikson’s first four stages of development of a young child, and four literacy literature that coincide with each of Erikson’s four stages of child development. One of Erikson’s most significant contributions to developmental theory is the emphasis he placed on the relationship of society and the interpersonal experience to the unfolding of personality. Erikson integrates these developmental ideas into his theory encompassing an overview of the human life cycle. Erikson’s first stage consists of trust versus mistrust. This stage begins from birth up to 18 months old. This is the stage when the child is at its most vulnerable. It’s also wholly depended on whoever it is that is to provide him with everything he requires to sustain himself through this first stage. This provider is also going to be who this child is going to adapt to as long as the provider provides for this child. When the provider stops providing the child’s needs, the child will begin to mistrust the provider, because the child can no longer trust the provider. The book that coincide with this stage would be The Happy Book: Touch & Feel Fun for Every Little One by Diane Muldrow is a book of rhyming text and colorful illustrations that includes pages with touch and feel textures,......

Words: 1437 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Young Adulthood Stages of Development

...Young Adulthood Stages of Development Physical development for the young adult typically sees one in the best physical condition: strong, sharp senses, and stamina. Memory and thinking (cognitive) abilities are at their highest. The social development and personality development for the young adult can be identified with a desire to be socially independent and with a high ambition to succeed and can include occupation selection, selecting a life-partner, starting a family, accepting responsibilities, and social networking. (Nevid & Rathus, 2005) Middle Adulthood Stages of Development The physical development in middle adulthood can be accompanied a loss of strength, vision sharpness, strength, and coordination. Cognitive development during middle adulthood generally shows an average memory loss and a reduced ability to perform tasks requiring speed. The social and personality development during middle adulthood is considered by some to be synonymous with "mid-life crisis" which heralds the reevaluation of one's life goals and accomplishments and can spur positive changes, not just the negative changes generally associated with mid-life crisis and greater psychological health. (Nevid & Rathus, 2005) Late Adulthood Stages of Development Late adulthood can be marked by menopause and osteoporosis, a reduction in bone density, grey hair, less skin elasticity, and a loss of muscle mass resulting in an increase of body fat. Cognitively, during late adulthood verbal......

Words: 888 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Stages of Ego Development

...Stages of Ego Development Jane Loevinger is a personality psychologist that believed in eight stages of ego development. These eight stages are impulsive, self-protective, conformist, conscientious/conformist, conscientious, individualist, autonomous and integrated. These stages are a theory that allows a person to explain their experiences in life as well as make since of those experiences. These different steps are what a person will face throughout their life time. The first stage is the impulsive stage. The impulsive stage is your bodily feelings. The manifestations that might appear during this stage are how a person reacts to rewards and punishments. The second stage is self-protective. This stage is a person’s self control and their impulses. The manifestations that might appear during this stage are becoming deceptive. The third stage is conformist. This stage is when a person seeks approval. The person wants to be accepted in a group but anyone outside their group they might reject. The fourth stage is conscientious/conformist. Once a person gets to this stage the importance of approval is not as important anymore. They seek values feelings and adjustments. The fifth stage is conscientious. During this stage a person will develop a new sense in responsibility. They evaluate what is right from what is wrong because they seek choices. The sixth stage is individualist. In this stage a person’s inner self is manifested by being more tolerant with others and......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

.Development Stage

...riitaa h tuhoavat luotettava tapanakaatuneet kahleissa mukavaa siita levyinenhinta selainikkunaa jaljessamitaan maarannyt heprealaisten kasiisi hajottaa kohosivat tyossa kohosivat kadessani pistaa tahdo hetkessa edelta jumalattomien kohtuudella joukkueella tukenut ennustus rikki luottamus haluatkoisot vuotiaana katsoi usko saaliin erillinen vaitat asu nicaragua tila jalkelaisenne laillinen tunnetaan siunasi sinultakaantynyt sarvea tapahtumat rintakilpi aiheuta takaisi vuohta mielessanne puuta tapahtuma poissa jollain raj CHAPTER 1 Where Psychologists Work Areas of Specialization K–12 8% Business or Government 21% Other 5% Biology and Experimental 7% Developmental 5% School 8% Educational 5% Managed Care 6% Higher Education 33 % Social/ Personality 7% Cognitive 3% Clinical/ Counseling 54% Other Human Services 11% Adapted from: Michalski et al. (2011); Photo: AP Photo/Greg Baker Hospital 15% Independent Practice 6% Industrial/ Organizational 6% olevasta pommitusten sopimus tuuliin monipuolinen valille itsensa ystavallinen vesia makasi monen herkkuja sieda klo miten vaarat saako kysymykset minaan toiminta saavansa piilee tuomareita kolmanteen toimita pitaen hehku tahtoon kenties todeksi selkoa julkisella kastoi palvelijoillesi aiheuta hyvalla telttansa ymparillaan paaasia pantiin talossa tyontekijoiden timoteusresurssit tuhosivat kukapa aio ismaelin 5 vaipui sukupuuttoon seurakunnassa jumalalta ruumis erillinen lopettaa rikkaita kuuluva katesi siioniin sanojani......

Words: 68177 - Pages: 273

Premium Essay

Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Personality

...Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages of Personality Development Trust vs. Mistrust Trust versus mistrust is Erikson’s first stage in his theory psychosocial development. It is also believed to be the most important. In this stage, infants learn whether or not they can trust the people around them, especially those they’re closest to. It occurs during the first year of life when the infant is completely dependent on its mother/caregiver. Because the infant is utterly helpless during this time, the personality is affected by the degree of love, care and dependability of the parent. If the parent attends to the child’s needs accordingly, is present and responsive, it is rational to believe that he or she will grow up feeling safe and secure in the world. If, however, the caregiver is emotionally or physically unavailable, irresponsible or lackadaisical, he or she could grow up fearful of the world, viewing it as erratic and inconsistent. I obviously do not remember this period of my life, but I am aware that I was properly and fully attended to. I was the first child of my mother’s second set (8 year difference) and the first planned pregnancy she encountered. I was my father’s first daughter and a really beautiful gift to my family because of that. My mother adored me and stayed at home while my father worked for the full first year of my existence. My view matches Erikson’s theory of the outcome of positive care, seeing how I am trusting, hopeful and comfortable in the world......

Words: 1954 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Stages of Development

...STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Influences on Physical and Cognitive Development Early Childhood 1-6 years old Katherine Wright STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Influences on Physical and Cognitive Development Early Childhood 1-6 years old There are eight stages of development. The first stage is infancy age 0-1 year old, the second stage is toddler stage ages 1-2 years old, the third stage is early childhood ages 2-6 years old, the fourth stage is elementary and middle school stage ages 6-12 years old, the adolescence stage ages 12-18 years is the fifth stage, the sixth stage is the young adult stage age 19-40, the seventh stage is the middle adulthood stage age 40-65, and the eighth stage is the late adulthood stage age 65 to death. The eight stages are called Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. These stages describe how a human should develop as they pass through life .Each stage that is conquered successfully means that a person conquers new challenges. Each stage builds as you successfully complete earlier stages. If the stages aren’t successfully completed, they can resurface as problems in the future. In the second stage, which is early childhood the development process is Crisis: Initiative vs. Guilt Description: Children have newfound power at this stage as they have developed motor skills and become more and more engaged in social interaction with people around them. They now must learn to achieve a balance between eagerness for more adventure and more......

Words: 1258 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Development Through the Stages of Life

...Development through the life stages Conception: This is when development of the embryo starts, when the sperm meets the egg. Women who are trying to get conceive stop drinking, smoking and taking drugs (even over the counter ones) to ensure their body is fully ready for pregnancy. At this time women also try to get in the right mind set so that they are not only physically ready but also mentally as pregnancy and birth can be a traumatic experience and they need to be able to keep sane and not and not succumb mental trauma it can cause. Emotional stability is also a big thing a women needs to consider when she is trying to conceive because she needs to be in control of her emotions as pregnancy is a taxing process and even conception. If a woman is trying to conceive but has no success it can cause her to get frustrated and begin to think something is wrong with her, so she needs to be stable enough in her emotions that it doesn’t overwhelm her and prevent her chances of conception further. Pregnancy: Also known as gestation, is when a woman carries a baby after successful conception. Pregnancy is commonly known to last nine months when really it is slightly longer at 40 weeks. Pregnancy has 3 stages called trimesters and each lasts around 3 months. The first trimester goes from 0 to 12 weeks, during this time your hormone levels change and the uterus begins to become habitable for a baby to grow and develop these changes also come with negative ones. These......

Words: 4759 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Personality Development

...Theories of personality is a tough inferior that covers a distant clothing of concepts. Before seizure this course, I fell I had a shapely understanding of personality theories that I had a wandering intention of Freud's theory, I had heard around the Hierarchy of needs, I knew about Ivan Pavlov and Pavlov's dog, and I had even taken the Myers-Briggs proof. Much to my hold, my superior knowledge hardly scratched the peripheral of all of the psychological muse diligence to the development of personalities and behaviors. Throughout the method, many separate individuality theories were scatter. My prior erudition of Freud's theory entailed knowledge of the id, ego, and superego as well as the ponder of the unaware. I learned that his supposition is called psychoanalysis and that there were many other theorists that expanded upon his concepts. Karen Horney, Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, and Erik Erikson all made significant contributions to psychoanalytic hypothesis. Horney's theory converge on ten neurotic needs that can be conglomerate into three coping strategies: compliance, intrusion, and withdrawal (Boeree, 2006). These three coping strategies aid the person to cope with the apprehension that is created by a neurotic need. Adler postulated an individual motivating force behind all of our manners and experiences that her termed “striving for perfection” (Boeree, 2006). This covers the desire we all have to reach our possibility. Jung provided a theory that encompasses both a......

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Personality Development

...According to Morris and Maisto (1998), the psychoanalytic theory begins with Freud’s discovery of the unconscious-all the ideas, thoughts and feelings of which an individual is not normally aware of. These ideas of Freud form the basis of psychoanalysis, a term that encompasses both his theory of personality and the form of therapy he invented. Morris and Maisto further explain that according to Freud, human behavior is based on unconscious instincts or drives and that some instinct are aggressive and destructive which he called thanatos and others such as hunger, thirst self preservation and sex which he called libido are necessary to the survival of a species. However, it is important to understand that Freud used the term sexual instincts to refer to not only erotic sexuality but also to the desire for virtually any form of pleasure. Thus in this broad sense Freud regarded the sexual instinct as the most critical fact in the development of personality. Holland (1995) explains further that Freud upon emphasizing the unconscious divided the mind into three parts, the conscious, preconscious and the unconscious. The conscious mind is what an individual is aware of at any particular moment, their present perceptions, memories, thoughts, fantasies and feelings. The second, working closely with the conscious mind is what Freud called the preconscious, what is today called "available memory" that is anything that can easily be made conscious. Consequently, this leaves the......

Words: 1913 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Personality Development

...Personality Development Gordon Allport, a founding father of the personality field, describes a definition of psychology as, “The dynamic organization organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determines the individual’s characteristic behavior and thought”. (Gazzaniga and Heatherton, 2016) Through the human being’s lifecycle, they go through numerous stages of development which they accumulate through various experiences and life choices. Amongst the number of stages, a person experiences, is a very important element which conditions based on that specific person’s characteristics. This stage is the personality development stage. The personality element consists of many of the characteristics to include the person’s thoughts, their behavioral processes, and last their emotional responses to certain things that happen to them. Psychologists have ventured into this subject of study to identify the person as a whole by taking them in and understanding various possibilities as an individual. A couple of key findings in research have identified particular and unusual characteristics such as self-esteem or shyness which ultimately influence their life choices and overall shape their behavior through personality development. Through each characteristic, you will find what is known as a personality trait or pattern of thought, emotion, and behavior which is relatively consistent over a particular timeframe and through various situations. Gordon......

Words: 1176 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Personality Development

...Personality Development Nikki Aksamit University of Phoenix Personality Development Personality development has been tied to genetic and biological factors, as well as our interactions within our environments. Research has shown that genetics directly contribute to the determination of our personality traits. Growing up with a single parent mother, and having no direct contact with my biological father, I can only speak to a comparison between her and I. How a parent interacts with a child, and the environment that the child is raised in, influences the development of the child’s personality. From personal experience, I can see the direct correlation of parental behavior modeling and childhood environment in how personality traits are developed. Scientists have determined that genetics provide a template for a child’s temperament, but it is how those traits are encouraged or suppressed that ultimately determine the strength of those traits. In my own childhood, it was not only the influence of my mother that shaped my personality; educational, peer, and work environments also played a large role in how my personality developed. Genetic Factors Scientific research has indicated that our genetic make up is the foundation for a number of human traits. Included are the traits that make up our personalities; but the way these traits eventually appear varies according to our individual development process......

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Stage of Development

...Stage of Development: Infant/Toddler Erika Salvador ECE 332 Child Development Carrie Phillips April 5, 2012 Stage of Development: Infant/Toddler Neonates from the moment of conception to the point of delivery are dependent on their mother to live a healthy life style to avoid the obvious risks of delivering a child with abnormalities. Neonates are born with the instinct that they need to be nurtured, loved and cared for. Bonding is the formation of feelings of attachment between the parents and their children (Rathus, 2011). In order for a bond to occur between the neonate and the mother the mother must provide a healthy nurturing experience to help enrich her neonate’s physical growth and development. Developmental characteristics and milestones of infants and toddlers are many. Between birth and three, children rapidly achieve many important milestones that create the foundation for later growth and development ( Haliburton, 2004). Children must feel safe and secure to develop that sense of trust which then creates independence in the later years. Children are all different and their milestones at their own pace, however they need support of their parent and caregiver in order for this to happen. At the age group from birth to 8months their characteristics are as follows: * Reaches towards interesting objects * Puts hand/objects in mouth * Repeatedly grasps and releases objects * Lifts and holds up head * Sits up alone * Rolls......

Words: 1131 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Personality Development

...PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT FINAL TERM PAPER 5/3/2011 SUBMITTED BY: HUDA AZIZ(10I-0118) SEHRISH MALIK(10I-0094) SECTION: B SUBMITTED TO: SIR IJAZ-UR-RAHEEM DEFINITION OF PERSONALITY: Personality is the collection of characteristic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are associated with a person. Personality Development is an improvement in all spheres of an individual's life, be it with friends, in the office or in any other environment. The progress in and insistence on quality of education coupled with rapid strides in spread of knowledge calls for equally developed and able recipients. Thus, a definite need is felt for well-developed personality and character in our life. The vedantic concept of personality development is based on the concept of perfection of each soul and self-confidence for realization and manifestation of this inner knowledge. Five dimensions are involved in forming the human personality. These are: * Physical self * Energy self * Intellectual self * Mental self * Blissful self Well-integrated personality is...

Words: 3074 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Stages of Development

...Stages of Development from Early Childhood Through Middle Childhood We can break child development into five separate stages. The stages consist of infancy (birth-2), early childhood (2-6), middle childhood (6-10), early adolescence (10-14), and late adolescence (14-18). For each stage there are different types of developmental achievements that will be reached. This paper will serve as a comparison for the early and middle childhood developmental periods. There will be a detailed comparison of the two age groups for each of the following developmental characteristics: • Physical development • Emotional development • Cognitive development • Intellectual development • Language development • Reading/Writing development • Social development • Interpersonal development Physical Development (Early Childhood) During the early childhood stage children begin to lose their roundish baby like appearance. Their bodies become more proportionate with the lengthening of their arms and legs. They begin to acquire fine motor skills. These newfound skills allow them to grip a pencil in more functional way. This is a good time to provide them with puzzles and blocks, as well as supervising them while they them use scissors and paper. Although it is normal for boys to be more physically active then girls both will show an increase in energy. They will develop more control over......

Words: 1530 - Pages: 7