Premium Essay

Firestone Concession Agreement with Liberia West Africa

In: Business and Management

Submitted By BobGbar
Words 1383
Pages 6
http://whynationsfail.com/blog/2012/6/7/why-wasnt-charles-taylor-tried-for-the-crimes-he-committed-i.html
-------------------------------------------------
Why wasn't Charles Taylor tried for the crimes he committed in Liberia?
Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson
The Special Court for Sierra Leone found the former Liberian President Charles Taylor guilty of “aiding and abetting” war crimes during Sierra Leone’s long civil war. Last week Charles Taylor was finally sentenced to 50 years in prison, which he will serve in the UK. There were atrocious crimes during the civil war in Sierra Leone (see our blog post here), and Charles Taylor did quite a bit more than “aiding and abetting” the Revolutionary United Front rebels under the leadership of Foday Sankoh; he armed Sankoh and organized the rebellion with the aim of taking control of, or at least destabilizing, Sierra Leone. There should be no doubt that he is guilty of war crimes in Sierra Leone.
But here is the thing: Charles Taylor also committed war crimes in Liberia. He was a ruthless warlord. He not only used child soldiers extensively, but he encouraged them to commit atrocities, even against their own parents. He won an election in Liberia in 1997, but this was at best an election under the shadow of violence. Charles Taylor campaigned with the slogan: “he killed my ma, he killed my pa, but I will vote for him,” making a banner out of his atrocities, and carrying the implicit threat of further violence if he did not win. His destructive behavior continued once in power. He looted Liberia’s resources and gutted the state.
So it would be natural to expect him to be tried for war crimes in Liberia before being tried for “aiding and abetting” Foday Sankoh in Sierra Leone. But the Liberian government had no interest in bringing charges against Taylor for what he did in Liberia.
Isn’t that strange? Doesn’t…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

United States Security and Economic Cooperation (Policy) for West Africa Since the Terrorist Attacks of 9/11

...socio-economic-political and technological landscapes. But for the first time in U.S. History, Terrorism has become the major cause of the abrupt changed in its Foreign Policy which has some serious implications on its national security, political and economic interests in different regions of the globe including West African region which composed of countries like Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Namibia, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, and Congo. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to conduct discussion and analysis on the United States Security and Economic Cooperation (policy) for West Africa Since the terrorist attacks of 9/11. As one must take note that such region is entwined with serious economic and political factors that would help the United States perpetuate its military and economic dominance. The intended audiences for this paper are students and academes studying political science, international trade relations, national security and history. UNITED STATES SECURITY AND ECONOMIC COOPERATION (POLICY) FOR WEST AFRICA SINCE THE TERRORIST ATTACKS OF 9/11 Terrorism is most dreadful form of security threat of a nation could face in this present day and age of globalization and era of information. The deadliness and destruction it brings transcend across cultures and geographical boundaries......

Words: 3410 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

List of West Africa Heads of State

...Shinzō Abe |  Jordan | King Abdullah II | Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour |  Kazakhstan | President Nursultan Nazarbayev | Prime Minister Serik Akhmetov |  Kenya | President Uhuru Kenyatta |  Kiribati | President Anote Tong |  Kuwait | Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah | Prime Minister Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah |  Kyrgyzstan | President Almazbek Atambayev | Prime Minister Zhantoro Satybaldiyev |  Laos | President Choummaly Sayasone | Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong |  Latvia | President Andris Bērziņš | Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis |  Lebanon | President Michel Suleiman | Prime Minister Najib Mikati Prime Minister-designate Tammam Salam |  Lesotho | King Letsie III | Prime Minister Tom Thabane |  Liberia | President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf |  Libya | Chairman of the General National Congress Mohammed Magariaf | Prime Minister Ali Zeidan |  Liechtenstein | Prince Hans-Adam II Prince-Regent Alois | Prime Minister Adrian Hasler |  Lithuania | President Dalia Grybauskaitė | Prime Minister Algirdas Butkevičius |  Luxembourg | Grand Duke Henri | Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker |  Macedonia | President Gjorge Ivanov | Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski |  Madagascar | President of the High Authority of Transition Andry Rajoelina | Prime Minister Omer Beriziky |  Malawi | President Joyce Banda |  Malaysia | Yang di-Pertuan Agong Abdul Halim | Prime Minister Najib Razak |  Maldives | President Mohammed Waheed Hassan | ......

Words: 3606 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Liberia Correption

...country. I did consider some pacific President terms in office as well. Liberia is bounded on the west Coast of Africa by these following Countries; on the north by Guinea, on the west by Sierra Leone, on the East by Ivory Coast (Cote D’Ivoire) and on the South by the Atlantic Ocean. The name Liberia came from a Greek word which mean Liberty/Freedom was given to that portion of land in west Africa which covers the area of 111,369 square kilometers (43,00 sp M) during the arriver of the Freed Slaves and was fully accept during the declaration as an independent State in the 1847. According to the World bank and the IMF historical Account, in the early 1960 Liberia economic growth very fast making it to the second ranking in the world to that of Japan in income. Liberia economic growth report is not new. At different periods in more than half a century ago, Liberia has experienced the so-called fastest economic growth. Liberia was once regarded as the “fastest growing economy in the world”. Liberia's economic growth has been so enviable to the point that economists described Liberia as "growth without development", clearly pointing to Liberia as a good example of a country with enormous growth rate without much improvement in the socioeconomic conditions of the majority of Liberians. For example, A group of Northwestern University development economists[14] led by Dr. Robert W. Clower described Liberia as being among the high achievers in economic growth performance,......

Words: 3164 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Beijing Foreign Policy in West Africa

...BEIJING FOREIGN POLICY IN WEST AFRICA (Yang Jiechi Policy) Foreign Policy Article: Published by Kingsley C. Onyenankeya December 5, 2011 SUNY EMPIRE STATE Kingsley: Beijing Foreign policy in West Africa 1 Contents Executive Summary Concept and Assumptions Methods of Argumentation Theoretical and Policy Prescriptions Conclusion References Kingsley: Beijing Foreign policy in West Africa 2 Executive Summary China's increase involvement in West Africa over the past decade is one of the most significant recent developments in the region. It appears to redirect the idea of marginalization of West Africa and Africa as a continent, which brings significant political consequences. Beijing's West Africa interest is part of a......

Words: 6084 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Liberia

...Did you know that Liberia is part of West Africa? Did you also know that it was founded in 1822? The country of Liberia is small compared to other countries in West Africa, but the amount of pull and the effects of this little country on the rest of the world are great. Liberia has done many great things in history and is still doing great things to this day, although like any other country they have had both their ups and downs. Throughout this paper we will cover Liberia’s historical highlights, its people and society, arts and culture and how it connects to today Liberia is a great country with many great achievements and acknowledgments throughout their history. Some may wonder how a country the size of Tennessee can be so great, well throughout history they have fought and struggled for their place in society, starting in 1822 when the first people landed in what is now known as Liberia. In 1816, a group of Quakers and slaveholders formed the American Colonization Society. The Quakers opposed slavery, and the slaveholders opposed the freedom of Blacks. They did not agree on much but they did agree on one thing, that Black Americans should be moved back to Africa. The Quakers felt that Blacks and former slaves would face better chances for freedom in Africa than in the United States. The slaveholders ideas were not as nice, They saw this as a way of avoiding a slave rebellion. The plan moved forward and in 1822, the first 86 voluntary, Black emigrants...

Words: 2721 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Prevalence of Malaria in West Africa: Economic and Social Burden

...of Malaria in West Africa: Economic and Social Burden University of Maryland University College MGMT 640 Professor Anderson April 13, 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACTS…………………………………………………………………… 3 BACKGROUND……………………………………………………………….. 4 METHOD……………………………………………………………………….. 5 RESULT…………………………………………………………………………6 CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………….6 REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………… 8 ABSTRACTS Background: The effects of malaria burden cannot be overemphasized on a society. Malaria disease affects human being: psychologically, physically, and socially and economic development of a nation. Methods: In this study survey and Willingness To Pay Approach was used to evaluate the prevalence of Malaria in West Africa. Results: Conclusion: It is important for the government to hear the cries of the poor people who are often inflicted with communicable disease so that the eradication of the malaria can be possible. Background According to Teklehaimanot and Mejia (2008), “Malaria is one of the most important challenges to global public health. Every year, there are between 300 million and 500 million cases of malaria worldwide, and more than 1million people die from the disease, most of them are children younger than 5 years. Ninety percent of the cases and 75% of the deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. These childhood deaths, resulting mainly from cerebral malaria and anemia, constitute somewhere between 20% and 25% of child mortality in Africa” (1). It......

Words: 1167 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

West Africa

...HOMEWORK #4 CHAPTER 10; AFRICA 1. How do the principal musical manifestations found in the sub-Saharan Africa reflect the collective community and encourage group participations? a. Most of the collective music manifestations found in sub-Saharan Africa represent the community, and encourage group participation using a method that is called call-and-response. If they aren’t using a call-and-response such music’s are usually to be found at events such as religious ceremonies, and/or most other ritual based activities. 2. How is polyrhythmic music created in sub-Saharan Africa? b. Many different things coming together at once create polyrhythmic music, to some it is a great sound of music, and to others it is not. In Africa many instruments are used to make a “polyrhythmic tune” such as: High pitched, and low pitched drums, rattles, bells, and most importantly the voices. It will continuously spin the same musical elements therefore; it creates a “rhythmic melody.” No musician plays the same thing; they each play separate pieces, which aren’t to hard. 3. What linguistic elements are required to make a drum “talk”? c. Language is a big part of the musical world in the Africa regions. When we think about what is called the “talking drums,” we are quick to try and piece things together. Talking drums are used in forms of honorary to the royalty, or even honoring the fallen. When doing these drummers replicate the “speech rhythm” of the......

Words: 588 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

An Examination to the Geographical Factors That Have Lead to the Ebola Epidemic in West Africa

...western part of the African continent, having claimed over two thousand lives already and infecting more and more people every second. The Ebola virus originated in South Sudan breaking out for the first time in 1976. The World Health Organization (WHO) managed to terminate the Ebola virus. In the various outbreaks around Africa that later occurred, it was not of massive concern. Early 2014, Ebola broke out once again, only on a much larger scale. The World Health Organization was slow to react, thinking this outbreak was of a same scale as the previous outbreaks. Now Ebola is not only a concern in West Africa, but also around the world. There are several factors that could have lead to the extensive outbreak of the virus. The world now has a population of over seven billion people, meaning the disease is now not only easily transmitted from person to person but also from country to country and possibly even from continent to continent. This is due to the major travel developments all around the world. Being an area of third world countries, some areas are over populated, which caused such a large start of the epidemic of Ebola and the hygienic situation in West Africa is not to the standards that it should be. The border controls are very poor, allowing individuals that may be infected with the Ebola virus to easily be transmitted to another country. Ebola is now a worldwide concern. Military forces are sending troops from all over the world to help assist the poorly......

Words: 1221 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Climate of Kano West Africa

...winds called the Southwest Monsoon. The migration pole ward of the ITCZ during the summer months brings rainfall to this area of West Africa (Kano in Nigeria) giving it a wet season. Rainfall results from the moist unstable tropical maritime (Tm) air brought in by the Southwest Monsoon winds from the Atlantic Ocean. Areas at the pole ward limit of ITCZ movement are only briefly affected (i.e. latitude 20°N), thus they have only a brief wet season and low annual rainfall totals. Nearer the equator the wet season lasts whilst the ITCZ is pole ward, and the area is under the influence of the Tm air mass brought in by the Southwest Monsoon winds. Maximum rainfall occurs with the passage pole wards of the ITCZ and on its return. The migration equator wards of the ITCZ during the winter months brings the hot, dry desert Harmattan winds across this area of West Africa giving it a dry season. Rainfall is restricted to the far south of the area and results from the moist unstable Tm air brought in by the Southwest Monsoon winds from the Atlantic Ocean (e.g. Calabar in Nigeria). Areas way to the north have the longest dry season due to the drying influence of the Harmattan most of the year and due to the fact that the moist Southwest Monsoon winds are pushed back way to the south (e.g. Atar in Mauritania). So, the alternating wet and dry seasons in West Africa are directly related to the positions of the Tc and Tm air masses. When the Tm air mass moves over the area in the......

Words: 1414 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Concession Agreement Airport

...TRANSFER (BOOT) MODE CONCESSION AGREEMENT AIRPORTS AUTHORITY OF INDIA Rajiv Gandhi Bhawan, Safdarjung Airport, New Delhi – 110003 Concession Agreement-MLCP, Chennai 1 Airports Authority of India CONCESSION AGREEMENT TABLE OF CONTENT DESCRIPTION CONCESSION AGREEMENT ARTICLE 1 DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATIONS 1.1 DEFINITIONS 1.2 MEASUREMENTS AND ARITHMETIC CONVENTIONS 1.3 PRIORITY OF CONTRACT DOCUMENTS AND ERRORS/DISCREPENCIES ARTICLE 2 GRANT OF CONCESSION 2.1 GRANT OF CONCESSION 2.2 CONCESSION PERIOD 2.3 RESTRICTION OF LICENSING THE USE OF THE PROJECT FACILITY OR ANY PART THEREOF ARTICLE 3 CONSIDERATION TO AAI ARTICLE 4 PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATIONS ARTICLE 5 RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS ARTICLE 6 RESTRICTION ON CHANGES IN DEVELOPER & SPV ARTICLE 7 INSURANCE ARTICLE 8 ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT ARTICLE 9 INDEMNITY ARTICLE 10 FORCE MAJEURE ARTICLE 11 TERM AND TERMINATION ARTICLE 12 DISPUTE RESOLUTION 12.1 AMICABLE RESOLUTION 12.2 ARBITRATION ARTICLE 13 REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, DISCLAIMER 13.1 REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF CONCESSIONAIRE 13.2 OBLIGATION TO NOTIFY CHANGE ARTICLE 14 MISCELLANEOUS 14.1 INTEREST AND RIGHT OF SET OFF 14.2 GOVERNING LAW AND JURISDICTION 14.3 WAIVER 14.4 SURVIVAL 14.5 AMENDMENTS 14.6 NOTICES 14.7 SEVERABILITY 14.8 NO PARTNERSHIP 14.9 LANGUAGE 14.10 EXCLUSION OF IMPLIEND WARRANTIES 14.11 COUTERPARTS SCHEDULE A – PLANS/DRAWINGS OF THE SITE AND SPECIFIED AREA SCHEDULE B - CONSORTIUM AGREEMENT / MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT Page No. 3-4 5-8......

Words: 16957 - Pages: 68

Free Essay

Liberia

...Located on the Western Coast of Africa, the rather small country of Liberia extends across three hundred sixty miles along the Atlantic Ocean. Nestled on the ocean by Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Cote d’Ivoire, and just above the equator Liberia covers only 43,000 miles , which is only equates to about a third of a percent of Africa’s total size. Divided into fifteen different counties all with their own capitals and sub districts, from some that have dated back one hundred fifty years to a county that dates back only nine years, Liberia is a country with many different people. With a diverse climate, Liberia’s coastal plains, tropical rainforests, plateaus, as well as low mountains provide many areas where habitation for humans is suitable. Unlike most of the countries in Northern Africa, Liberia is hardly affected by the exceptionally dry and ever expanding Sahara desert and has vast amount of rainfall coming in the season of rain which begins in May and ends in October, while the dry season, which is also constitutes as Liberia’s winter extends from November to March, with a transition period in April where it moves back to the wet season. During the dry season violent dry winds sweeps across much of the country. These Harmattan winds are carried over from the Sahara Desert pick up fine sand particles and spread them all over Western Africa limiting visibility and causing troubles for many that inhabit the country. Even with the adequate land which is much more than......

Words: 3333 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Women in Liberia

...Kayla Robles Doctor Dawn Dennis History 202A-02 4 May 2016 Freed Black and White Women in Liberia In 1822 the American Colonization Society(ACS), emigrated freed black slaves to Liberia located in West Africa, however, during this time the indigenous had already been living there (Brown, Education in Liberia, 46). Unfortunately, there is not much information on women in the colonization. “Scholars have written surprisingly little on the role of women in the movement. The few historians who have studied women in the colonization movement have examined the rise and decline of female support in the South” (Younger, Philadelphia Ladies Liberia School Association and the Rise and Decline of Northern Female Colonization Support, 237). To fully understand the social aspect of how women were affected in Liberia I will examine the Mississippi women’s colonial experience in Liberia as well as education during the American Colonization particularly in Philadelphia including influential female colonists, the history of the Philadelphia Ladies’ Liberia School Association, and the reasons colonization flourished and failed in Philadelphia. According to Thomas Jefferson in 1787 he believed “Blacks would never achieve full equality in the United States,” Black women in the South were seen as these controlling images or stereotypes that it is natural for women to experience racism, sexism, and poverty. White people saw them as sexually immoral, hypersexual, hyper fertile, or too......

Words: 1513 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Liberia

...country of Liberia was founded by former slaves who were seeking settlement in Africa. Before the 1830s, those white Americans willing to contemplate an end to bondage almost always coupled calls for abolition with the colonization of freed slaves— their deportation to Africa, the Caribbean, Or Central America. In 1816, the proponents of this idea founded the American Colonization Society, which promoted the gradual abolition of slavery and the settlement of black Americans in Africa. It soon established Liberia on the coast of west Africa, an outpost of American influence whose capital, Monrovia, was named for Pres. James Monroe. (Foner, GML, 444) In the years preceding the Civil War, thousands of black Americans went to Liberia. Many of them were slaves emancipated by their owners on the condition that they depart, while others left voluntarily motivated by desire to spread Christianity in Africa or to enjoy rights denied them in the United States. (Foner, GML, 444) The ACS’s reasons for working to bring a halt to the slave trade had to deal with a humanitarian, social, and religious basis. Once the slave trade had ended, there was somewhat of a stigma that led people to believe that freed blacks in America were potentially harmful and dangerous for others. It was believed that some blacks would realize their potential better in Africa while others thought that black Christians could help promote Christianity while living in Africa. (Topics in West......

Words: 1288 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Assessment of Tax Policy in Liberia

...UNIVERSITY OF LIBERIA An Assessment of Tax Policy in Liberia: A Case Study of the Property Tax Division at the Ministry of Finance, 2006 – 2010 BY MORRIS A. KIAZOLU, JR. (BSC – Economics- 1999, BBA – Accounting - 2003) A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate Program in Business and Public Administration in Partial Fulfillment as Requirement for Master Degree in Business Administration – MBA/Accounting, UL November 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Declaration i Abstract ii Acknowledgement iv Dedication v 1.0 CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Background to the Study 2 1.3 Statement of the Problem 3 1.4 Purpose of the Study 4 1.5 Research Questions 4 1.6 Significance of the Study ...

Words: 16640 - Pages: 67

Free Essay

Firestone

...Natural Rubber Company Firestone and Liberia: Hand in Hand Firestone Natural Rubber Company is an affiliate of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company founded in 1926. The company is headquartered in Indianapolis, and it operates one of the largest rubber plantations in the world in Liberia, Africa. “The Republic of Liberia, on the coast of West Africa, has a population of about 3.5 million. Despite its natural wealth in gems, rubber and timber, it is one of the world’s poorest countries, with an 85 percent unemployment rate and 60 percent of the population under 25 years old.” By the 1920’s and 1930’s, Firestone’s main focus was building power plants, factories, houses, planting trees and hundreds of miles of roads in order to employ thousands of Liberians. Firestone Liberia contributed to the Allied effort during World War II by supplying rubber to the military. In 1926, according to Firestone Natural Rubber company main page, “Firestone leased 1,600 miles of jungle in Liberia for its location, soil and climatic conditions with the goal of producing its own natural rubber.” Now, Liberia is the centerpiece to the world’s largest natural rubber operation. Firestone is trying to rebuild the country after 14 years of civil strife by supporting the community. In 1976, Firestone and the Liberian government resigned a concession agreement in order for the company to continue operation in Liberia. According to the article “Firestone Natural Rubber On Last Leg of......

Words: 3082 - Pages: 13