Premium Essay

Fema, Preparedness and Mitigation

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rickashay
Words 2822
Pages 12
THE FINAL 1. Regardless of conditions during a crisis, what are the strategic choices that a government must be able to make in order to guide local recovery?
Throughout history, we can now with certainty state that disaster happens, especially in my home of State of Florida. In Florida, we are of course known for hurricanes and everything else that comes with it. But we must also keep in mind that disasters are local and occurs in cities and counties of all sizes. The question that we can ask is what happens following a disaster? Well, the answer is that the people of that particular city or county is looking for the leadership of their elected officials in order to lead them through the devastating time; to act swiftly and quickly with an immediate response and reassuring the community that their lives will promptly return to normalcy. Nonetheless, no matter the size of the city, the local government leaders are responsible to oversee all four phases of the Emergency Management process, which are Preparedness, Response, Recovery and Mitigation.
Furthermore, whenever we discuss disaster, the first thought that comes to mind is “Hurricane Katrina” because of the blatant misguided approach and lack of timely and effective response during this disaster recovery. But if I were to guess the major reason for such disastrous approach is because the government was focusing on a short-term relief while disregarding the long-term recovery process. Based on the readings and research, it would appear that historically this has been the situation for many other cases.
When we are looking at “Long-Term Recovery”, it involves more than just removing and cleaning up wreckage, which many consider to be short-term recovery solutions. According to FEMA, long-term recovery refers to the "need to re-establish a healthy, functioning community that will sustain itself over time.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Disaster Preparedness

...Disaster Preparedness March 21, 2013 Whether a disaster is man- made or natural, it can occur at anytime and anywhere. General response to any disaster is thereby in terms of rescue and relief operations which are after the event. If we are well and adequately prepared, it is very easy to reduce the impact of that disaster. There can be reduction of the impact through being aware by understanding well the preventive actions, together with having knowledge of particular tools and techniques; at the time of disaster event these tools and techniques can be used to control total damage to belongings and life. The biggest problem and very sad thing is the way a disaster occur; they occur with swiftness and suddenness hence, for a disaster serenity to be reduced, the response has to be swift equally. During Hurricane Sandy many people were unprepared, primarily because people were in denial that a Hurricane would actually strike New York. Many people were warned about the possible damage and severity of the storm and some were told to evacuate, but many didn’t listen or just ignored the many warnings. The after math of the hurricane left many people without family, shelter and food. Emergency preparedness is a key factor in helping with disasters and emergent issues that happen around the world. Emergency preparedness requires attention not just to specific types of hazards but also to steps that increase preparedness for any type of.   It is important that all the population......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Fema Training

...comprehensive, nationwide, systematic approach to incident management, including the Incident Command System, Multiagency Coordination Systems, and Public Information * A set of preparedness concepts and principles for all hazards * Essential principles for a common operating picture and interoperability of communications and information management * Standardized resource management procedures that enable coordination among different jurisdictions or organizations * Scalable so it may be used for all incidents (from day-to-day to large-scale) * A dynamic system that promotes ongoing management and maintenance | * A response plan * Only used during large-scale incidents * A communications plan * Only applicable to certain emergency management/incident response personnel * Only the Incident Command System or an organization chart * A static system | Correct. Review the feedback below. When you are ready to proceed, click on the Next button. Review the correct answers below: CONSISTENT WITH NIMS: A jurisdiction is inventorying and categorizing resources (e.g, personnel, equipment, supplies, and facilities) to establish and verify levels of capability prior to an incident. Explanation: Inventorying and categorizing of resources is a critical element of preparedness because it: * Establishes and verifies the levels of capability needed based on risk and hazard assessments prior to an incident. * Identifies and verifies that......

Words: 6379 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Writing Essay Fema

...[pic][pic] Fundamentals of Emergency Management Independent Study 230.a January 14, 2010 FEMA COURSE OVERVIEW Unit 1: Course Introduction Introduction How to Complete This Course Unit 1 Objectives Course Objectives Case Study: Tornado in Barneveld, Wisconsin Your Place in the Emergency Management System Case Study: Hazardous Chemical Release Activity: Where Do I Fit? Unit 2: Overview of the Principles of Emergency Management and the Integrated Emergency Management System Introduction and Unit Overview FEMA Mission and Purpose Response Authorities History Principles of Emergency Management Recent Changes to Emergency Planning Requirements Why an Integrated Emergency Management System? Emergency Management Concepts and Terms Partners in the Coordination Network Activity: Partners in the Coordination Network Emergency Management in Local Government Activity: Where Is Emergency Management in My Community? Unit 3: Incident Management Actions Introduction and Unit Overview Introduction to the Spectrum of Incident Management Actions Prevention Preparedness Response Activity: Response Operations Recovery Mitigation Unit 4: Roles of Key Participants Introduction and Unit Overview The Role of the Local Emergency Program Manager State Emergency Management Role How the Private Sector and Voluntary Organizations Assist Emergency Managers Federal Emergency Management Role The National Response Framework Activity:...

Words: 35531 - Pages: 143

Premium Essay

Fema and Government’s Response to Super Storm Sandy

...FEMA and Government’s Response to Super storm Sandy FEMA and Government’s Response to Super Storm Sandy The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which became part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security on March 1, 2003 coordinates the federal government's role in “preparing for, preventing, mitigating the effects of, responding to, and recovering from all domestic disasters, whether natural or man-made, including acts of terror” (FEMA.gov). When it comes to disaster response and recovery, it’s acts as part of a team. “The team includes federal partners, state, tribal and local officials, the private sector, non-profits and faith-based groups and the general public. All these organizations and agencies are involved in the response and recovery process that bring their resources to bear, in terms of financial resources, manpower and other support” (FEMA.gov). In preparation of Hurricane Sandy, FEMA officials worked closely with members of the Cabinet, including Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Secretary of Energy, and Secretary of Health and Human Services in addition to governors and mayors from affected states, and many others to ensure states and local communities have the resources they need to recover from this storm. From a federal standpoint, several steps were taken to prepare for Hurricane sandy. It takes the coordination of many agencies within the federal system as well as state and...

Words: 3756 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Fema

...public and the groups involved, the advantages and challenges that come with the past and present communication technology, and the media opportunities used in today’s world. Individuals and Groups With a life-threatening situation there are many individuals and groups internally and externally that need to be notified of the situation. Within the office the entire staff needs to be aware of the seriousness of the situation. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Center for Disease Control Center (CDC) are a few federal agencies that need to be aware of the situation. The Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Office of Emergency Communications (OEC) was directed by Congress to develop the first National Emergency Communications Plans (NECP) in early 2000 (Security, 2008). Within the NECP there are partnerships that also need to be notified of the situation, some of them are, the SAFECOM Executive Committee (EC) and Emergency Response Council (ERC), the Emergency Communications Preparedness Center (ECPC), and the Federal Partnership for Interoperable Communications (FPIC). Local hospitals need to be advised incase they receive patients which are ill and have not heard about the contaminated water. The people of the county that is affected need to be notified immediately, so they do not drink or cook with the water, bathe in the water, or water their vegetables or plants. Advantages and Challenges During this crisis situation there will be advantages......

Words: 1574 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Fema

...FEMA and Federalism Deanne Norgaard POL 120 - American National Government May 26, 2014 Season Hoard FEMA and Federalism The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is a federal program designed to respond to natural emergencies and disasters all over our country. Its initial catalyst is a governor’s declaration of a disaster area. So when recent tornadoes touched down and cut a path of destruction through Illinois, particularly in the towns of Washington and Gifford, the governor made his declaration and FEMA was expected to spring into action. Upon examination however, FEMA ruled that despite seven fatalities and millions of dollars of damage, the area did not qualify for assistance. Both the Illinois governor and U.S. Senators were stunned and the state was left to respond to the emergency themselves. What is this federal policy and is it better than just having each state respond to its own issues? The qualifications to receive FEMA assistance are determined by the following: the amount and type of damage (major damage and number of homes destroyed); impact on the infrastructure of affected areas or critical facilities; imminent threats to public health and safety; impacts to essential government services and functions; unique capability of Federal government; dispersion or concentration of damage; level of insurance coverage in place for homeowners and public facilities; available assistance from other (Federal, state, local, voluntary organizations);......

Words: 1120 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Fema

...Seraphim Major Susan Washburn College Writing 04 December 2014 FEMA August 25, 2005 Hurricane Katrina tore through the coast lands. Taking people’s homes and everything they owned. Lives taken and people lost unable to be found within the debris. The inefficient performance of the Federal Emergency Management Agency in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina resulted from the failure of the administration of President Bush to respond (Outman). They should have done more. Hurricane Katrina, and the subsequent flooding that devastated New Orleans in August 2005, has posed the greatest challenge and evoked some of the harshest criticism the agency has ever faced. Due to Michael Brown’s lack of experience, Chertoff’s lack of responsibility, and President Bush’s response FEMA; hundreds of lives were lost. Alex Rich states, “FEMA was created by President Carter in 1979, elevated to Cabinet level in 1993, and incorporated into the Department of Homeland Security in 2003, FEMA is charged with guiding the federal response to the nation's disasters both natural and man-made.” The agency manages the National Flood Insurance Program and the U.S. Fire Administration as well as helps prepare state and local emergency managers by providing first responder and emergency preparedness training. The Department of Homeland Security channels funding to federal operations and provides grants to state and local agencies. FEMA defers to state and local emergency teams to handle disasters at......

Words: 1031 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Fema

...To whom it may concern: Hello my name is englewooand recently I applied for FEMA. I am writing because I disagree with FEMAS decision. My personal property eligibility was summed up to $529. I strongly disagree with this decision based on the receipts I have to show what was actually destroyed by the recent disaster. I explained all of this to the inspector that came out to my home and showed pictures that my basement was a finished basement before the disaster, even though I wasn’t obligated to show them to the inspector during that time. I have attached numerous receipts of what I had in the upper level part of my home the rest of my receipts I kept in the basement but was destroyed. Some of the bigger items that were destroyed I was able to obtain copies of purchase online which has also accompanied this letter. My husband and I bought this home June 2011 so everything and all the work done to our home is fairly new construction work. We had a stand in shower , toilet and vanity sink in the bathroom that was in my basement (which I also have pictures of)….that alone was more than $529, my washer which I have also attached a copy of and was only 2 years old costs $451.36. My 3 piece sofa set that I ordered from overstock and have attached the receipt for costs over 800$ Having some of the proof of my destroyed personal property and getting an 529 amount really confused me. I don’t know really how this works or how things are calculated but a fully finished basement......

Words: 494 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Community Emergency Preparedness

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Kelly M. White NUR/408 August 10, 2015 Amy Reagan Community Emergency Preparedness and Response The terms “preparedness” and“readiness” can be used interchangeably. Preparedness is defined as the existence of plans, procedures, policies, training, and equipment necessary at the Local, State, and Federal level to maximize the ability to prevent, respond to, and recover from major events (Katz, 2013). Emergency preparedness is essential in assisting with disasters and emergent issues that happen around the world. Media coverage of disasters across the globe occur in real time with an intensity level that makes one believe that natural or manmade disasters happen more frequently. Disasters, in all forms, is a part of life and how we deal with these events depends on how well we are prepared. It is of the utmost importance that all of the population be aware of what to do and who to contact when an event is about to happen or while it is unfolding. A community’s ability to recover and be self-reliant after a disaster also depends on how well the community prepares for and responds to these emergencies. This paper will discuss and examine how the resources and people of the chosen neighborhood responded to the emergency at hand, a forest fire ravaging for more than 5 days (Neighborhood 2.0-News). The Neighborhood There is an uncontained forest fire that has been burning for more than 5 days in a forest west of the......

Words: 2744 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Preparedness and Mitigation Plan Analysis

...The organization chosen for this assignment the British Columbia Institute of Technology. It is one of the British Columbia’s largest post-secondary institutions with more than 48,000 students enrolled. They provide degrees, diplomas, and certificates in Applied and Natural Sciences, Engineering, and Health Sciences and Trades. The campus was established in 1964. They have five different campuses throughout the British Columbia. This type of organization because of a job working at a campus with the security department. Having mitigation plan can be very important because of the amount of students that are on the campus they need to feel safe in their environment. In the critical incident management plan that the campus defines the authority, defines the terminology used in plan and in critical incidents, it also defines procedures for the delivery of timely response to incidents, and also defines the roles and responsibilities given to everyone. A brief over view of the critical incident plan involves critical incident reporting which should ideally be reported as soon as possible to a supervisor. The critical Incident action plan for the British Columbia Institute of Technology assumes immediate response, this includes police and fire. Then the plan has employee development along with the communication part of the plan, this is where pre incident communication will involve educating the staff and students. The next step of the incident plan involves Incident......

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Community Preparedness

...Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Epidemiology: Global and Public Health Nur/408 Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper It is undeniable that being properly prepared and ready for any type of emergencies, could make a big and importance difference not only individually but also in our communities. In the following paper, I will be discussing the importance of community emergency preparedness and response. As mentioned by the California Department of Public Health, Caring for ourselves and our family members; our neighbors, employees and co-workers; those with special health needs in our communities – all are essential for Californians to emerge from a crises in as good health as possible ("California Department of Public Health", 2011). Additionally, this could, and should also be taken into consideration when it comes to any other city, region, state, and/or country. We all face different challenges in life every day, but being prepared and making the right decisions could make an enormous difference, especially when it comes to emergencies and disasters. Sadly, many of us think that “this” is not going to happen to us, or it is not going to happen “yet”. Therefore, many people are not properly prepared for any emergent even or disaster. We, as nurses, play an important role, not only in educating and preparing people, but also in responding when disasters happen. Nurses’ experience and skills are useful and definitely very needed in......

Words: 1878 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

“National Preparedness, as a Whole Community

...Assignment 2: “National Preparedness, as a Whole Community” A look at the National Preparedness Frameworks “National Preparedness, as a Whole Community” The United States has a National Preparedness framework in which Federal State Local and Non-Governmental agencies utilize in order to safeguard the citizen Property and assets of this great nation. (Staff, FEMA, 2015)The National Preparedness framework outlines 5 key areas in which aid and support may be administered to areas affect by natural economic and man-made catastrophes. By looking at and understanding the Framework of the National Preparedness plan, one can better understand how this Nation can come together in times of great need. When to utilize this Preparedness plan and when the individual Agencies and governmental bodies may enact the measures required, even when not specifically requested. In the event of great disaster comes the will of the people to survive. It is the people who must learn from the past to mitigate for the future and prepare for the unknown. By having a National Preparedness plan and Governmental Acts, Such as the Robert T. Stafford Act. (Staff, FEMA, 2015) The Nation can prepare for events that are unavoidable. The National Preparedness plan is a Plan that enables the Community to act as a whole by utilizing a five stage system to achieve one goal. As per Presidential Policy Directive / PPD-8. (Staff, DHS, 2011) The National Preparedness plan encompasses five stages to create......

Words: 1834 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Emergency Preparedness

...Emergency Preparedness and Response Joy Carr NUR/408 January 10, 2012 Sandi Wheeler, R.N., MSN Emergency Preparedness and Response Public emergency preparedness and response is the ability of the public health and health care systems, communities, and individuals, to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from emergencies, particularly those whose scale, timing, or unpredictability threatens to overwhelm routine capabilities. Preparedness involves a continuous process of planning and implementation that relies on measuring performance and taking corrective action. There are many different public agencies, from local to national, that are dedicated and devoted to this. The Neighborhood is a community that is nestled near Neighborhood River and along the Neighborhood Forest, with a population of 64,200. They are in the presence of a wildfire that is raging just west of the town border. The fire has been burning out of control for five days with the local fire departments battling to contain it. Initially, it was believed to be easily containable but with the early advent of the windy season, the fire continues to burn out of control. Community officials urge citizens that they are not in any immediate danger for evacuation but will issue alerts if they feel the fires may shift course towards the community. Public health officials are urging residents, especially those with chronic heart and lung disease, to remain inside unless......

Words: 1913 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Fema

...total cost of Hurricane Katrina at $81.2 billion or more. It was true that Katrina was a natural disaster; therefore, it was unpredictable and unavoidable. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) saw its approach to Katrina as a success story. However, many of the criticisms were directed toward the ill-prepared FEMA and the lack of coordination in the rescue operation, in which FEMA refuse volunteers¡¦ help including manpower and food. Some even suggested the abolishment of FEMA for good. The point at issue here is whether FEMA is effective in doing what it is suppose to do. We would identify the strength FEMA possesses, as well as the weaknesses the agency contained. Recommendations would be made in the end by using organizational behavior tools. What is FEMA? The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was established as an independent agency by presidential executive order on March 31, 1979. However, after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11th, FEMA became a part of Department of Homeland Security (DHS) on March 1, 2003. Basically, FEMA integrates the emergency-related programs of Nations and is the central agency within the Federal Government for emergency planning, preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery. FEMA works closely with State and local governments so that FEMA has the capability to offer money for emergency programs, technical guidance and training and also sets the resources of Federal in time when disaster takes place. Thereby, these......

Words: 4926 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Hurricane Mitigation

...and rescue operations for persons and property in distress (Wikipedia). When you think of local or State Hazard mitigation plans we took New Orleans’s plan for hurricanes before Katrina. Mitigation includes those activities, policies or programs developed and adopted by government officials which will reduce, eliminate, or alleviate damage caused by disasters. Proper and coordinated planning is a prerequisite to effective and efficient procedural changes required in addressing hazard mitigation. The City of New Orleans currently participates in, or has commenced the initial stages of several programs intended to reduce the risk to lives and to minimize damage to public and private properties. Training and education on Disaster Preparedness are essential to local government and non-government disaster agencies, in order to mitigate the loss of life and property in the event of a peacetime emergency. An understanding of emergency operations, plus recurring education and training in emergency response and disaster operations, is the basis of response effectiveness. Individuals with assigned tasks must receive preparatory training to maximize operations. The goal of emergency preparedness training is the preparation of individuals and organizations for effective and coordinated response to emergencies. Under the direction of the Mayor, the Office of Emergency Preparedness will coordinate activities in accordance with the Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan to assure the......

Words: 3487 - Pages: 14