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Factors Afecting Language Development

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By takulove
Words 4259
Pages 18
1.0 INTRODUCTION
Learning to talk is one of the most visible and important achievements of early childhood. All things being normal, in a matter of months, and without explicit teaching, toddlers move from hesitant single words to fluent sentences and from a small vocabulary to one that is growing by six new words a day. Language development is a complex subject with varying views.This debate reflects fundamentally different beliefs about human development and is not likely to be resolved. There is however considerable agreement that the course of language development reflects the interplay of factors in at least five domains.Educators and policy-makers have often ignored schoolchildren, whose language seems to be lagging behind development in other areas, arguing that such children are “just a bit late” in talking. However language development is a vital issue which has implications on the performance of a child at school. Because of this, this essay analyses factors that affect language development. 2.0 DEFINITION OF TERMS
2.1 LANGUAGE
Skinner, who was a behaviourist, defined language as the observed and produced speech that occurs in the interaction of speaker and listener.
2.2LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
According to the internet site, www.healthofchildren.com/L/Language-Development, Language development is the process by which children come to understand and communicate language during early childhood.
3. 0
3.1 EXPOSURE TO THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT
Owens R. (2001), quoted Beistein in an attempt to associate the social environment to language development. The social environment refers to the environment developed by humans as contrasted with the natural environment; society as a whole, especially in its relation to the individual.
The social environment influences the language development of a child in four major spheres which are parents and siblings (family),…...

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