Free Essay

Example Document

In: Business and Management

Submitted By parvinsultana
Words 864
Pages 4
Brandenburg Technical University Cottbus
Department 1, Institute of Mathematics
Chair for Numerical Mathematics an Scientific Computing
Prof. Dr. G. Bader, Dr. A. Pawell

Problem Session to the Course: Mathematics I
Environmental and Resource Management WS 2002/03
Solutions to Sheet No. 13 (Deadline: January, 27/28 2002)

Homework
H 13.1: Eigenvalues of A: λ1 = −1, λ2/3 = 1
Eigenvectors:
λ1 = −1:

2
 0
0

0
1
1


0
1  x = 0,
1

x = (0, 1, −1)T ,

1 c1 = √ (0, 1, −1)T
2

λ2/3 = 1:
1
c2 = √ (0, 1, 1)T ,
2

C=

0
1

2
1
− √2

c3 = (1, 0, 0)T


0 1
0 .
0

1

2
1

2

q(x) = xT Ax = x2 + 2x2 x3 .
1
B = C,

C T AC = diag(1, −1, −1)

2
2
2 q(Cy) = (Cy)T A(Cy) = y T C T ACy = y T diag(1, −1, −1)y = y1 − y2 − y3 .



H 13.2:

1−λ det(A − λE) = det  0
0

1
1−λ
−1


1
=
5
−1 − λ

(1 − λ)[(1 − λ)(−1 − λ) + 5] = (1 − λ)[4 + λ2 ] = 0



λ2/3 = ±2i

λ1 = 1,

Eigenvectors:


1−λ
 0
0

1
1−λ
−1


1
x = 0
5
−1 − λ

λ1 = 1:



0
1
1
 0
0
5 ,
0 −1 −2

x = t(1, 0, 0)T

λ1 = 2i:



1 − 2i
1
1

x = 0
0
1 − 2i
5
0
−1
−1 − 2i




1 − 2i 1
1

0
−1 −1 − 2i  x = 0, x =
0
0
0

2i
, −1 − 2i, 1
1 − 2i

T

−2i
, −1 + 2i, 1
1 + 2i

T

λ1 = −2i:


1 + 2i
1
1

x = 0
0
1 + 2i
5
0
−1
−1 + 2i



1 + 2i 1
1

0
−1 −1 + 2i  x = 0, x =
0
0
0
det(A − λE) = det

H 13.3:

1−λ
1

1
3−λ

= (1 − λ)(3 − λ) − 1 = λ2 − 4λ + 2.

Eigenvalues: λ1/2 = 2 ±



2

Eigenvectors: λ = 2 +
−1 −

λ=2−







2

2
1

√1
1− 2

x = 0,

x=

2
1

√1
1+ 2

x = 0,

x=

1



1



√ (−1 +
4−2 2

2, 1)T

2

−1 +



2

√ (−1 −
4+2 2

2, 1)T


B

−1+




2

4−2 2
√ 1 √
4−2 2

B −1 = B T ,



−1− 2
√ √







4+2 2
1

4+2 2


2+ 2
0

B −1 AB =

0√
2− 2

Additional Problems


5−λ
2
det(A − λE) = det 
0

P 13.1:


2
0
5−λ
0 =
0 3−λ

(3 − λ) (5 − λ)2 − 4 = λ2 − 10λ + 21 = 0


λ1 = 7,

λ2,3 = 3.
 
1
1  
1
x1 = √
2
0




−2
2
0
 2 −2
0  x = 0,
0
0 −4


2
 2
0

2
2
0


0
0  x = 0,
0



1
1 
−1  , x2 = √
2
0




0
x3 =  0 
1



1
1
0
1 
1 −1 √0 
C=√
2
0
0
2


1
1
0
5
1
1 −1 √0   2
C T AC =
2
0
0
0
2

 
14 0 0
7
1
0 6 0 = 0
2
0 0 6
0

0
3
0

2
5
0



1
1
0
0
0   1 −1 √0  =
3
0
0
2

 

0 λ1 0
0
0  =  0 λ2
0 
6
0
0 λ3

b) q(x) = xT Ax = 5x2 + 4x1 x2 + 5x2 + x2
1
2
3


7 0 0
2
2
2
q(y) := q(Cy) = q(x) = y T  0 3 0  y = 7y1 + 3y2 + 3y3
0 0 6
The transformation x = Cy is an orthogonal transformation of the coordinate system. det C = 1 ⇒ the transformation is a rotation of the coordinate system.

 



1 −1
0
1
1
0
0 1 0
1 
1 
1
1 √0  =
1 −1 √0  =  1 0 0  √
C=√
2
2
0 0 1
2
2
0
0
0
0
3



0
 1
0


1 0 cos 0 0   sin
0 1

π
4
π
4

π
4
π
4

− sin cos 0

0

Reflection about x2 = x1 and a rotation by
P 13.2:

C = (c1 , . . . , cn ),


0
0 
1
π
4

around the origin.

0, i = j
,
1, i = j

cT cj = i Aci = λi ci .

C T AC = C T (Ac1 , . . . , Acn ) = C T (λ1 c1 , . . . , λn cn ) =



λ1 cT c1
1
λ1 cT c1 n ...
...
...

λn cT cn
1
λn cT cn n 
 = diag(λ1 , . . . , λn ).

P 13.3: The quadratic form q is given by q(x) = x2 − 2x1 x2 + 2x2 = xT Ax = xT
1
2

1 −1
−1 2

x

Eigenvalues of A
(1 − λ)(2 − λ) − 1 = 1 − 3λ + λ2 = 0 λ1/2 √
5
3
= ±
2
2

Eigenvectors:

3
5
λ= +
2
2

1

⇒ c1 =
10
4


3
5 λ= −
2
2





5
2

1

⇒ c1 =
10
4



+

5
2


5
1
,1

2
2

T


1
5
+
,1
2
2

T

C = (c1 , c2 )
T

C AC = diag

T



5
5 3
3
, −
+
2
2 2
2

T

T

q(Cy) = (Cy) ACy = y C ACy =


5
3
+
2
2

2 y1 +


5
3

2
2

Problems can be downloaded from the internet site: http://www.math.tu-cottbus.de/∼pawell/education/erm/erm.html 4

2 y2…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Document

...activities that need to be benchmarked. For instance, the processes that merit such consideration would generally be core activities that have the potential to give the business in question, a competitive edge. Such processes would generally command a high cost, volume or value. For the optimal results of benchmarking to be reaped, the inputs and outputs need to be re-defined; the activities chosen should be measurable and thereby easily comparable, and thus the benchmarking metrics needs to be arrived at. Prior to engaging in the benchmarking process, the total process flow needs to be given due consideration. For instance, improving one core competency at the detriment to another proves to be of little use. Therefore, many choose to document such processes in detail (a process flow chart is deemed to be ideal for this purpose), so that omissions and errors are minimized; thus enabling the company to obtain a clearer idea of its strategic goals, its primary business processes, customer expectations, and critical success factors. An honest appraisal of the company's strengths, weaknesses and problem areas, would prove to be of immense use when fine-tuning such a process. The next step in the planning process would be for the company to choose an appropriate benchmark against which their performance can be measured. The benchmark can be a single entity or a collective group of companies, which operate at optimal efficiency. As stated before, if such a company operates......

Words: 7840 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Document

...Not K EIO-4. Valid, Boolean. Invalid Aristotelian. 5. No I are P. Some M are I. Some P are M. EII-3. Invalid. 6. Some A are not U. All c are U. Some A are not C. OAO-3 Invalid, Boolean. Invalid, Aristotelian Exercise 5.1 III 2. No P are M Some P are S All S are M. 3. All M are P. Some M are S Some S are P. Exercise 5.1 IV. 2. All people incapable of objectivity are lockstep ideologues. No Supreme Court justices are locked ideologues. Some Supreme Court justices are people incapable of objectivity. 5. All guarantees of marital happiness are legally enforceable documents. Some Prenuptial agreements are not legally enforceable documents. No prenuptial agreements are guarantees of marital happiness. Exercise 5.3 1 2. Some M are P All S are M Some S are P Invalid 3. No M are P Some S are M Some S are not P. Valid, Boolean 8. All P are M Some S are M Some S are P Valid Boolean. Exercise 5.3 II 2. No I are P All C are P No C are I Invalid Undistributed middle/ 3. No E are C All S are E Some S are not C Invalid Existential Fallacy 5. All T are H All T are E Some E are H. Invalid Existential fallacy...

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Document

...Foreign Exchange ----------------------------------------------------- 35 Foreign exchange dept. of Bank Asia, Khatungonj Branch ---------------------- 35 Foreign Exchange Mechanism -------------------------------------------------------- 36 Import Dept. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37 Major Tools in Foreign Exchange: Letter of Credit ------------------------------ 40 Lodgment of Documents procedure ------------------------------------------------ 44 Parties Involved in L/C -------------------------------------------------------------- 44 Different Types of L/C provided by Khatungonj Branch ----------------------- 47 Advantages & Disadvantages of L/C ----------------------------------------------- 50 Types of Contacted price for L/C --------------------------------------------------- 51 Nature of Credit ------------------------------------------------------------------------52 Foreign Remittance -------------------------------------------------------------------- 54 Documents Needed for Import & Export Procedure ------------------------------ 55 Export Department ----------------------------------------------------------------------56 Post shipment Credit ------------------------------------------------------------------- 59 Back to Back L/C ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 60 Reporting to Bangladesh Bank......

Words: 16608 - Pages: 67

Free Essay

Document

...there are several situations that you input a wrong number then all your works will turn back into the beginning. Another time consumed. Another process and most specially another effort. Computing the grades of the students is one of the sensitive tasks of an instructor because some students will complain about the result of their grade sometimes they are not satisfy with the computation. Nowadays most of the schools are becoming modernized. They use modern technology to make their transactions fast, easy and accurate in order to avoid and lessen the time consumed. Having a modern technology in a school protects and secures confidential information. It also helps humans in terms of fast computing. Grading system is an example of complex transaction because it is critical grading operation dealing with numerous and produces of confidential files. 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The purpose of this study is to support and improve the grading system of DCSA (Datamex College of Saint Adeline) The current grading system of DSCA, which uses Microsoft excel is difficult on the part of the user. This study provides an overview of how the grading system of Datamex College of Saint Adeline , this case study aims to show how to organize this information into a secure storage and how to process changes to students information through the proposed grading......

Words: 1545 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Document

...tracing 9) A ________ links an indirect cost to a cost object. A) cost-allocation base B) cost pool C) cost assignment D) cost tracing 10) Which of the following includes both traced direct costs and allocated indirect costs? A) cost tracing B) cost pools C) cost assignments D) cost allocations 11) The cost allocation base A) is a grouping of individual indirect cost items. B) are costs related to a particular cost object that cannot be traced to that cost object in an economically feasible way. C) is anything for which a measurement of costs is desired. D) is a systematic way to link an indirect cost or group of indirect costs to cost objects. 12) For each item below indicate the source documents that would most likely authorize the journal entry in a job-costing system. Required: a. direct materials purchased b. direct materials used c. direct manufacturing labor d. indirect manufacturing labor e. finished goods control f. cost of goods sold Answer: a. purchase invoice b. materials requisition record c. labor time card/record d. labor time card e. job-cost record f. sales invoice 13) ________ costing is used by a business to price homogeneous products. A) Actual B) Job C) Process D) Traditional 14) Process costing: A) allocates all product costs, including materials and labor B) results in different costs for different units produced C) is commonly used by......

Words: 3010 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Document

...business performance to organizational strategy by measuring results in four areas: financial performance, customer knowledge, internal business processes, and learning and growth. Behaviorally anchored rating scale (BARS) An appraisal that requires raters list important dimensions of a particular job and collect information regarding the critical behaviors that distinguish between successful and unsuccessful performance. These critical behaviors are then categorized and appointed a numerical value which is used as the basis for rating performance. Behavioral based interview An interview technique which focuses on a candidates past experiences, behaviors, knowledge, skills and abilities by asking the candidate to provide specific examples of when they have demonstrated certain behaviors or skills as a means of predicting future behavior and performance. Behavioral competency The behavior of the employee which is the subject of measurement and appraisal in terms of whether or not the behaviors shown by an employee are those identified by job analysis/competency profiling as those contributing to team and/or organizational success. Benchmarking A technique using quantitative or qualitative data to make comparisons between different organizations or different sections of the organizations. Bereavement leave Paid days off following the death of an employee’s spouse, parent, child grandparent or in-law so that the employee may attend funeral proceedings,......

Words: 15364 - Pages: 62

Free Essay

Document

...analysis of case studies is (if I may be allowed the metaphor) a sort of obstacle race over IHL territory. It is the rider who, on completing his circuit faultlessly, realizes the majesty and beauty of horsemanship. And it is by overcoming all the difficulties of these cases that the importance of IHL, and its applicability to present conditions, will be realized and IHL better understood. The cases are admittedly difficult, but they can be an excellent means of individual training. They are especially intended for members of National Societies who are keen to improve their own knowledge and to be able later on to train qualified personnel, as provided for in Article 6 of Additional Protocol I. This booklet answers a long-felt need for examples of case studies that can be quoted by lecturers and used as a basis for consideration and analysis and to assess the knowledge of IHL acquired at courses and seminars. The ICRC first of all wishes to thank Mr. F. Gillioz, who supervised all preparations for the English version of this compendium. Its thanks also go to everyone who has been concerned with revising and translating it, particularly Mr. E. Markee and Mr. J. de Preux, and especially to Mr. H. Seibt himself. 3 HOW TO USE THIS COMPENDIUM This compendium of case studies of IHL is intended to serve just one purpose: to augment the reader’s, or your own, knowledge of IHL. The table of contents at the beginning of this compendium is composed of 4 parts: 1. General......

Words: 39559 - Pages: 159

Free Essay

Document

...Meezan Bank’s Guide to Isalmic banking, Darul Ishaat, Karachi, Pakistan, p 48 5 There is consensus among the Muslim scholars of all the fiqhs that interest is Riba in all its forms and manifestations. 5 Question No. 5) What are the different kinds of Riba? Answer: There are two kinds of Riba: 1. Riba-An-Nasiyah/Riba-Al-Quran 2. Riba-Al-Fadl 1. Riba An Nasiyah/Riba Al-Quran: In the Holy Quran, Allah (SWT) says in Sura Al-Baqarah (2-279): “ …..And if you repent, yours is your principal” It is reported by Harith ibe Abi Usamah in his Musnad that Sayyidna Ali Radi-Allahu Anhu reportedly referred that the Holy Prophet said: alayhi wa sallam, said that: "Every loan that derives a benefit (to the lender) is riba"6. Example of Riba-al-Nasiyah/Interest: If Mr. A lends Rs.100 to Mr. B (a borrower) with a condition that Mr. B shall return him Rs.110 after one month. In this case, the extra amount of Rs. 10 is Riba or Interest. 2. Riba-al-Fadl: Abu Said al Khudri Radi-Allahu anhu narrated that Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: 5 Dr. Muhammad Imran Ashraf Usmani (2002), Meezanbank’s Guide to Islamic Banking” Darul Ishaat, Karachi, Pakistan, p 45” 6 Al-Syuti, Al-Jame’ al-Saghir V.2, P.94 6 "Gold for gold, silver for silver, wheat for wheat, barley for barley, dates for dates and salt for salt, like for like, payment made hand by hand. If anyone gives more or asks for more, he has dealt in riba. The receiver and giver are equally......

Words: 17157 - Pages: 69

Free Essay

Document

...Travel Document I-131 Prepared for Ragnagnewende Jean De Dieu SALAMBERE Last Printed On 03/17/2015 24/7 Customer Care Hotline: 1-800-814-1555 or email us at cs@us-immigration.com and we'll respond within 24 hours Next Steps 1. Read and Follow the Application Filing Instructions. 2. Sign and Date Your Printed Application. 3. Prepare Supporting Documents, as Instructed.* 4. Prepare Filing Fee, if Necessary.* 5. Attach Supporting Documents and Payment. 6. Photocopy Your Signed Application, Supporting Documents and Payment, and Keep the Copies for Your Records. 7. Send Your Original Signed Application, Supporting Documents, and Payment to USCIS (Formerly the INS) at the Address Listed in the Filing Instructions. 8. Do Not Send This Cover Page or Your Filing Instructions. *You may or may not have to send photographs, supporting documents, or a filing fee. Your Forms Filing Instructions will specify everything that is required. www.us-immigration.com 1 of 11 DO NOT SEND THIS COVER PAGE TO USCIS Guiding You Through Citizenship, Green Card and Visas Applications Congratulations, Ragnagnewende! you have reached the final stage of the application process! Following are step-by-step instructions for completing your application and submitting it to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). These instructions have been customized for you based on the answers you gave on your questionnaire. Note: Be sure to make a copy of your final application and supporting documents......

Words: 4995 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

The Document

...Sainsbury's (A): Transforming the Supply Chain Introduction In 1869, John James and Mary Ann Sainsbury opened their first small dairy shop in London, England. Sainsbury's is now one of "the big 3" retailers in the UK grocery industry. This paper demonstrates the issues Sainsbury were involved in when implementing their new supply chain system; as the company received a lot of bad publicity and decreased their reputation. The document covers as to "what went wrong and why" and "what can be learned" from a Sainsbury directors perspective. Sainsbury and the market competition Sainsbury is committed to the quality of service of its label; because of this the competition of their rivals - Tesco, ASDA, etc - are all trying to gather the highest percentage of market share. In 1992, Sainsbury lost its cutting edge and the competition had started to make ground. In 2002 the competition in the UK grocery industry was altered. Over the years, Tesco has evolved to become the new clear cut market leader, with 26% market share. While Sainsbury's is second in the market share with 17%. In relation to supply chain systems, a benchmark study revealed a significant age difference in systems and warehousing infrastructure between Sainsbury's and its best-in-class competitors. The idea was to secure second place in the market share, breaking away from third place. Reasons for Sainsbury's new supply chain system As a result of the new study, the company came under immense pressure......

Words: 749 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Documents

...medical records. c. interpreting laboratory test results. d. answering telephones. Answer: c JOB TITLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 18. The responsibilities of a medical biller may include all of the following EXCEPT: a. scheduling appointments. b. submitting insurance claims. c. entering patient charge information. d. contacting insurance carriers about outstanding claims. Answer: a JOB TITLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 19. A possible job title for a medical coder position would be: a. admitting clerk. b. administrative medical assistant. c. medical receptionist. d. health information technician. Answer: d JOB TITLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 20. The healthcare professional who researches data in medical records to accurately document diagnoses and procedures to obtain maximum reimbursement for physicians is the: a. medical office assistant. b. medical collector. c. medical coder. d. payment poster. Answer: c JOB TITLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 21. The healthcare professional who contacts patients or insurance carriers to collect money owed to the medical facility is the: a. medical office assistant. b. medical coder. c. payment poster. d. medical collector. Answer: d JOB TITLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 22. The healthcare professional who is responsible for answering questions and explaining such topics as HIPAA privacy regulations, living wills, and do-not-resuscitate orders (DNRs) to patients and their family members is the: a. medical......

Words: 3363 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Document

...The watchdog and government According to this document, the conditions of democracy are necessary for an effective media role as watchdog: "the institutional arrangements of democracy provide the most hospitable environment for watchdog reporting. The constitutional and legal protections for a free press as well as access to government-held information give journalists not only the right, but also the tools with which to monitor government." It has taken root in the Balkans, for example, but not in Myanmar. With its turn to market liberalisation, China now has watchdog journalism, fuelled by profitability in the wake of government reductions in subsidies. In addition to political liberalisation, competitive media markets, and degrees of social and political ferment, journalistic and entrepreneurial agency is a factor, fostered by the protection of journalists from physical harm, jail, harassment through lawsuits, and restrictions on access to information. The watchdog and the market: The contradictory nature of the market is described as: "On one hand, market liberalization and competition have encouraged the emergence of, and in many places, also sustained, investigative reporting. But at the same time, market pressures are a major obstacle to its continued viability.” Where donor funding is available, non-profits sometimes take on the watchdog role. "They fill a gap in media systems where market, ownership, or political pressures make investigative reporting by......

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Document

...women such as their rural-urban location, ethnic background and class affiliation are discussed in detail by the author. In this respect it is a new perspective as opposed to the homogenous impression that is globally widespread. The book is extremely well organized and it provides a substantial overview of the issues relating to gender and women status in Pakistan. SECTION 1: GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN PAKISTAN 1.1 WHAT IS GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT? Differences in opportunities and access to available resources between men and women do exist all over the globe, but they are most common in poor and least-developed countries. These differences appear in the very early stages, for example boys most of the time enjoy larger share of education and health spending than the girls. Girls, in many developed countries are hardly enjoying access to education, lower rate of school enrollment and lower literacy rates. As a result, women are enjoying less employment opportunities in all walks of life. Those women who are working at homes are also carrying the burden of responsibilities of child-rearing and household-chores. Due to lower spending on the health of women as well as girls results in rise in mortality rates and decreasing of life expectancy rates. The causes of gender inequality, linked to households decision that are particularly complex. Regardless of how such decisions are made, they obviously are influenced by the...

Words: 10299 - Pages: 42

Free Essay

Document

...DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT. DOCUMENT . DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT. DOCUMENT . DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT. DOCUMENT . DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT. DOCUMENT . DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT. DOCUMENT . DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT. DOCUMENT . DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT. DOCUMENT . DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT. DOCUMENT . DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT. DOCUMENT . DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT DOCUMENT .DOCUMENT.......

Words: 255 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Document

...this is where sharing the direct knowledge sharing occurs between individuals. The second element is tacit-to-explicit and is done by documenting the knowledge. The third element is explicit-to-tacit where individuals utilize the knowledge based on existing documentation. The last element is explicit-to-explicit which is to utilizing existing documents to help in the generation of new documents. ("NIKE inc. history," 2011) NIKE used the element tacit-to-tacit to overcome Buckley’s observation that they were not a direct-to-consumer retailer and they didn’t have direct-to-consumer delivery system. NIKE also uses KM to stay competitive in e-commerce and delivering fresh products through shared knowledge of design, development, marketing, and tailoring their e-commerce presence to meet their customer’s needs. NIKE’s used their knowledge that communication and connection to their customers is key for increasing revenue and company growth. In addition to online sales, NIKE is utilizing information communication technology like social media to reach their web based customers. Facebook, Twitter, and most recently CuponsCodes4u are a few examples of social media that has personally and directly connected NIKE with their consumers and business stakeholders. This direct connection to the consumer also provides NIKE incite for new marketing strategies. In 2010, NIKE launched NIKE Digital Sport, a new department that is responsible for developing technologically advanced......

Words: 2631 - Pages: 11