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Eth/316 Ethics Essay

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Ethics Essay
Rukiya Parsons
Ethics and Social Responsibility / 316
09/03/2015
Larhonda Jones

Ethics Essay Ethics is defined as the study of moral philosophy that involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct as it pertains to habit or custom. The ethical theory focuses on the actions or character of an individual in relation to an ethical situation or issue. When I think of ethics I automatically am drawn to the conclusion of something being considered right or wrong based on cultural rules, while on the other hand when judging the morality of a situation I will almost always base my decision on personal values of what I consider to be just. This paper will compare the similarities and differences of ethical theories as it relates to ethics and morality.
Consequential Theories “Consequential theories base morality on the results or outcomes of behaviors. Actions with good consequences are morally right; actions with bad consequences are morally wrong.”
(Nicholas Manias, 2013, Ethics Applied, p.113)
Utilitarianism
An ethical theory that is almost self-explanatory, concluding that the best moral action results in optimal use or “utility” in an individual producing more good in a situation than bad for great numbers. As stated in the reading, happiness vs. unhappiness and the outcome of happiness proves to be morally ethical.
Non-consequential Theories
“Non-consequential theories base morality on factors other than the results or outcomes of actions. These other factors can include duties, obligations, rights, law of nature, or social contracts” (Nicholas Manias, 2013, Ethics Applied, p.151)
Virtue Theory Virtue theory is a considered approach to ethics that emphasizes on an individual’s character, unlike deontological theory that emphasizes on the rules. This theory focuses more on achieving human…...

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