Free Essay

Environmental Hazards

In: Other Topics

Submitted By fect13
Words 403
Pages 2
Pollution of indoor residential air is becoming more recognized as an environmental health risk in vulnerable populations such as infants.
Infants spend an estimated 90 percent or more of time inside homes and or daycare agencies. This large amount of time spent indoors poses an even greater risk due to the increased exposure to home environmental risks such as lead, carbon monoxide, radon, pesticides, and volatile organic compounds.

Lead, a neurotoxin that affects both the central and peripheral nervous system. lead exposure effects IQ, cognition, attention, memory, learning disabilities, aggressive behavior, and delinquency.

neurological impairments autoimmune reaction long term neuro-cognitive changes. Cardivascular injury
Respiratory Illness

Carbon monoxide (CO) cause serious health damages to the neurological and cardiovascular systems.
Neurological symptoms such as fatigue, headache, confusion, and dizziness, High doses of CO exposure results in loss of consciousness, coma, neuropsychiatric and behavioral impairment, and death.

* Exposure to pesticides include headache, dizziness, nausea, papillary constriction, and excessive perspiration and salivation. (CDC, 2007). * Severe exposures can result in muscle weakness, bronchospasms, convulsions, and death. Acute ingestion or inhalation exposure can result in asthma symptoms, neurological symptoms such as tremor, salivation, and seizures. Dermal exposure can also result in abnormal skin sensations such as burning, rash, and skin irritation (CDC, 2008).
Cezar-Vaz, M., Alves Bonow, C., Fontella Sant' Anna, C., Pereira Rocha, L., Capa Verde de Almeida, M., & Santos da Silva, M. (2013). Environmental health in public health community practice: An integrative review of the literature. Health (1949-4998), 5(9), 1422-1432. doi:10.4236/health.2013.59194
(Allison Del Bene Davis, 2007)
Allison Del Bene Davis(2007) Home Environmental Health Risks. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol.12 - 2007No 2 May' 07. nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/Volume122007/No2May07/HomeEnvironmentalHealthRisks.html

(Allison Del Bene Davis, Home Environmental Health Risks, 2007) (Allison Del Bene Davis, Home Environmental Health Risks, 2007)

CDC. (2007). National Report of Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals Retrieved December 12, 2013 from www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/default.htm.

CDC. (2007). Preventing lead poisoning in young children. Retrieved December 12, 2013, from www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/Publications/books/plpyc/contents.htm

Journal of Community Health Nursing. Oct-Dec2009, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p183-191.

Davis, A. (2009). Home Environmental Health Risks of People With Developmental Disabilities Living in Community-Based Residential Settings: Implications for Community-Health Nurses. Journal Of Community Health Nursing, 26(4), 183-191.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Hazard Communication

...A sample written hazard communication plan The management of [this workplace] is committed to preventing accidents and ensuring the safety and health of our employees. We will comply with all applicable federal and state health and safety rules and provide a safe, healthful environment for all our employees. This written hazard communication plan is available at the following location for review by all employees: [Location name]. Identifying hazardous chemicals A list is attached to this plan that identifies all hazardous chemicals with a potential for employee exposure at this workplace. [Attach list]. Detailed information about the physical, health, and other hazards of each chemical is included in a Safety Data Sheet (SDS); the product identifier for each chemical on the list matches and can be easily cross-referenced with the product identifier on its label and on its Safety Data Sheet. Identifying containers of hazardous chemicals All hazardous chemical containers used at this workplace will either the original manufacturer’s label --that includes a product identifier, an appropriate signal word, hazard statement(s), pictogram(s), precautionary statement(s) and the name, address, and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party -- OR a label with the appropriate label elements just described; OR workplace labeling that includes the product identifier and words, pictures, symbols, or combination that provide at least......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Gis and Hazards

...situations in all likelihood will be police, fire or medical response units; who although highly skilled will not be required to possess any substantial amount of GIS knowledge. Although this observation is simplistic, the cyclical nature and/or role of GIS within emergency management convey the link between GIS expertise and emergency management. The cyclical presence of GIS in the emergency response cycle for example displays how the discipline can be involved in the process of preparedness due to its role in the process of rescue. The presence of GIS expertise in emergency management can be in part explained by the want and desire on the part GIS professionals to retain the consistency and integrity of data pertaining to any given hazard or disaster. This endeavour to build and maintain a reliable data stream facilitates more accurate and thorough long term analysis leading to the delivery of relevant short term information. Operationally the presence of GIS expertise in emergency management can be attributed to the constraints felt by the practitioner community with regard to two main areas; interface and data volume and format. Irritation with GIS interface technology is a dominant theme within the practitioner community; it was a prominent theme during the response to 9/11 as it was perceived by the practitioner community to be awkward and lacking in interoperability. The frustration with GIS data volume many in the practitioner community feet, pertains......

Words: 450 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Moral Hazard

...Moral Hazard Critical Thinking Essay Everyday people are faced with challenges, obstacles and important decisions. When forced to address these encounters, a system of options are present. When choosing which option to chose or path to follow, people ultimately have two absolute alternatives. First, people can chose to be moral and just in their tactic, or unfortunately, people may choose a more unethical approach. Regrettably, in today’s world the latter has and is occurring. This seemingly unfair, yet also unavoidable interaction is referred to as moral hazard. Moral hazard occurs when two parties are forming some sort of agreement, contract, etc. and there is a possible risk at hand. Although people normally would be cautious of these risks they are protected. Bluntly, moral hazard is when a party is protected in some way from risk and therefore chooses to act in a way that they normally would not if they were not protected from that risk. While moral hazard may seem to only affect the party who is ignorant of the other party’s protection, it can become a much larger issue with regard to financial markets. Therefore, many financial market observers are aware and cautious of this for a few reasons. When dealing with the financial markets, the issue of moral hazard specifically relates to the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve creates a “safety net” for companies in large financial markets. There are two opposing stances regarding this. While some argue......

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Moral Hazard

...JP MORGAN & CHASE CO. TURNS BLIND EYE TO PONZI SCHEME: MORAL HAZARD PROBLEM Banks have been at the forefront of the financial system for as long as they have existed and have captured the attention of stakeholders on both controversial grounds as well as being undisputed with regards to the many helpful services they provide. JP Morgan & Chase is one such bank, surrounded by hostile news articles and excessive scrutiny but rightfully so as it has of recent been the topic of much controversy as turning a blind eye to the moral codes established by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and assisting Ponzi Scheme masterminds in swindling unsuspecting investors. On January 7th, 2014, JP Morgan was accused of assisting its high profile client of two decades, Bernard Madoff, a mastermind ponzi schemer in executing his goal of duping investors into parting with their savings worth a whopping $17.3billion of which included pension funds that belonged to JPM shareholders. The bank was fined a penalty of close to $2billion stemming from two felony violations of the Bank Secrecy Act, which is a federal law that requires banks to alert authorities to suspicious activity. The bank was further required to pay $543million in resolving private claims over losses tied to the scheme. A reported $9.5billion has been recovered whilst almost $4.9billion has been returned to investors. It can be agreed that this by far does not compensate for the losses the investors incurred.......

Words: 1726 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Environmental Hazards Paper

...Environmental Hazards Paper Eric Houston ENV 100 8 September 2014 Wendy Armstrong In this paper I will be discussing what toxicants are and how they affect living organisms. I will also cover disease-causing agents and how they are transmitted. Last but not least I will go over how changes in the environment contribute to human diseases and are linked by human activities. Environmental hazards affect human population in many ways and we must be aware of the problems. Toxicants are man-made (synthetic) substances that present a risk of death, disease, injury, or birth defects in living organisms through absorption, ingestion, inhalation, or by altering the organism’s environment ("What Is Toxicant?", 2014). Toxicants are made by humans while toxins are produced naturally by living organisms. Examples of toxicants are pesticide, chlorine, asbestos, and mold. Toxicants can affect living organisms in many ways. One way that toxicants can affect living organisms is by killing off marine life. If the substance gets into the water it can cause fish and invertebrates to start to die. It can also include a change in the abundance, structure and variety of biological communities and habitats. The fish can also cause health risks to consumers of those organisms. The next things I will discuss are disease-causing agents. A disease causing agent is often referred to as a pathogen. A pathogen, such as a virus or a strain of bacteria can enter the body and cause a host of...

Words: 445 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Manmade Hazards

...Lecture 8 Theme: Technogenic hazards. Outline: 1 Technogenic emergencies and accidents 2 Transport accidents 3 Accidents on chemically hazardous objects (HHO) 4 Accidents at radiation hazardous objects (RHO) 5 Accidents on fire, explosion hazardous objects (FEHO) 6 Accidents on hydro-technical construction (HTC) 7 Electric shock TECHNOGENIC EMERGENCIES AND ACCIDENTS Technogenic (Anthropogenic) tmergensies - the situation in a certain area, established as a result of the accident, a major accident (crash) that resulted in the loss of life, damage to human health or the environment, considerable material losses and disruption of human living conditions. Anthropogenic catastrophe - an event with tragic consequences, a major accident with human death. Classification of accidents by severity and scale: Accident - minor accident with minor damage. Accident to the great detriment called - major accidents. Catastrophe - a large-scale accident that led to numerous casualties, significant property damage and other severe consequences. Accidents include the damages of: - Machines - Equipment - Vehicles - Power systems, buildings. They may be accompanied by explosions, fires, release of chemical, radioactive substances, without considerable material damage and serious human casualties (explosions can be caused by improper use of household and gas stoves or gas cylinders). In most cases, these accidents are evoked by violation of the production......

Words: 1614 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Environmental Hazard

...Environmental Hazards Tammy Winfrey 12/14/2014 Robert Davie   A toxicant is any chemical that can injure or kill humans, animals or plants; a poison. A toxicant is usually used when referring to a toxic substance that is produced by, or a by-product of, man-made activities. Small amounts of chemical exposure (especially at vulnerable developmental stages) can have long term health impacts. Chemicals, such as heavy metals, Dioxin, and Bisphenol A; have been linked to cancer, developmental disabilities, Alzheimer’s disease and more (Peeples 2012). . Ninety-nine percent of pregnant American women carry multiple man-made chemicals in their bodies, sharing them through the umbilical cord (Peeples 2012). Disease causing agents are toxic chemicals that persist in the environment and accumulate within food chains. They transfer easily among air, water, and land, and span boundaries of programs, geography, and generations (epa.gov, 2012). Common toxicants include antimicrobials and biocides, and heavy metals like mercury, lead, antimony, arsenic and cadmium. Antimicrobial and biocides are used in plastics and textiles to kill microorganisms. These are aquatic toxins; some cause bacteria and fungi to mutate. Utilization of these compounds can expedite the evolutionary process leading to superbugs. The long-term effects of antimicrobials and biocides are unknown. Heavy metals are usually associated with wire insulation, solder, dyes and pigments. Toxins......

Words: 406 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Moral Hazard

...Health Care Moral Hazard “Moral hazard is a term describing how behavior changes when people are insured against losses.” Moral hazard can be entered into all characteristics of life throughout a business in internal and external affairs. Before researching about Moral Hazard we had no idea what it pertained to besides the definition. It is a widespread problem that has been growing over the past decade. We chose a Moral Hazard in health care because we feel that it is a rising dangerous conflict in the United States. In this essay we will be presenting an argument about Moral Hazard in the Health Care profession. Although there are many to discuss we will only examine one. The argument we would like to make is people are using too much medical insurance, and that’s why our costs are becoming too high. What this means is we are accepting insurance that is worth more to us than we spend to obtain it. When we know if we can’t pay the amount of money back that someone else will be paying the bill, we will use more medical insurance because the amount of money to obtain it is far below the amount of the service itself. For example, if we go to the doctors the medical insurance will pay an amount to the doctor and we pay a co-payment way less than the actual amount. In the “moral hazard” case, we’re using care that costs more than it’s worth. It can be argued that the insurer is getting ripped off. The reason this is a concern for financial market observers is, the process......

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ethical Hazards

...Ethical Hazards: A Motive, Means, and Opportunity Approach to Curbing Corporate Unethical Behavior Original work statement “I, Mulembe), verify that this article review is solely my own work and creation and it has been prepared solely for credit in this class, and that this review, including the “main issue of the article” section has been written in my own words.” Article Citation Pendse, S. (2012). Ethical Hazards: A Motive, Means, and Opportunity Approach to Curbing Corporate Unethical Behavior. Journal Of Business Ethics, 107(3), 265-279. doi:10.1007/s10551-011-1037-0. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.bellevue.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1523896341?accountid=28125 Main issue of the article This paper is about unethical business behavior and the factors that can encourage one to participate in it. Ethics refers to standards of wrong or right in relation to responsibilities, benefits or obligations to others and society in general. They set standards or guidelines for acceptable beliefs and interactional behavior. The Enron, WorldCom and Tyco financial debacles devastated many investors and employees and brought a lot of unwanted attention and questions about business ethics. The improprieties in their accounting books revealed to the world the crooked unethical accounting practices practiced by some seeming reputable organizations. Wondering why the Enron and WorldCom executives got involved in the scandal, the author of this article...

Words: 968 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hazards & Vulnerability

...Hazard & Vulnerability of Dhaka City 5 page ■ Dhaka City Population Area Urbanization River ■ Recent few incidents case study ■ Historical Hazard ■ Analysis and severity of hazards & vulnerability Bangladesh is a unitary, independent and sovereign Republic known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Bangladesh emerged as an independent country on March 26, 1971. The war of liberation ended on 16 December 1971 with the victory of Bangladesh forces and the surrender of the occupying Pakistani Army in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. From its beginning as a small city with a few thousand people, Dhaka actually experienced dramatic turns upward and today it has become one of the fastest growing mega cities of the world. Its existence as a major urban agglomeration has been consistent over a period of 400 years. Even the most developed cities in the world today cannot boast 400 years of uninterrupted and organised existence that Dhaka does as a historic city. In the 16th century during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar it was a thana or military outpost having a population of only 3000 people with an area of 2 km² (UNEP, 2005). Then turning Dhaka into a capital city of the eastern province in 1608 by Subedar Islam Khan was epoch making. Since then Dhaka has experienced actual urbanisation and trends of development. Area Dhaka is located in central Bangladesh at 23°42′0″N 90°22′30″E, on the eastern banks of the Buriganga River. The...

Words: 4332 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Hazards

...MGT2396 - Occupational Health & Safety Assignment #4 - Find the Hazards Hazard #1 Describe the Hazard: There are various electrical wires hanging from the ceiling, one being an electrical outlet. These hanging wires are near various metal and wood beams, we can assume that these wires are live carrying an electrical current. What type of Hazard: Electrical safety. Possible outcome if left unaddressed: If the employees whom work for this company need to use the electrical outlets, they would need to use the ladder to access them as they are hanging from the ceiling. This causes danger as the metal latter and the employee would be perfect conductors for the electricity. The voltage of the electricity and the available electrical current has enough power to cause death by electrocution (Hazards). All electrical systems have the potential to cause harm. Electricity can be either static or dynamic. Dynamic electricity is the uniform motion of electrons through a conductor Conductors are materials that allow the movement of electricity, most metals and the human body are conductors (Warehouse Hazards). If this is hazard is unaddressed it could result in injury, fire and even death. When electrical current travels through our bodies, it can interfere with the normal electrical signals between the brain and our muscles. Hazard #2 Describe the Hazard: Wooden planks are being stored in the ceiling rafters, these wood planks are being held up by other wood......

Words: 903 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hazards

...“Discuss the view that the impact of earthquake hazards depends primarily on human factors (40)”.  I agree to some extent about the statement above and that human factors can affect the impact of an earthquake hazard. A hazard is an object or process that has the potential to cause harm. Ground shaking, ground displacement and flooding are some of the hazards that are produced during an earthquake. In relation to the question above the type and severity of the impact can be affected by physical factors (such as the magnitude and frequency of the quake) as well as human factors (population density and education). I will be discussing the question using the following case studies, Sichuan, Indonesia and L’Aquila. On the 12th May 2008 an earthquake occurred at 2:28pm in Sichuan because the pressure resulting from the Indian plate colliding with the Eurasian was sent along the Longmenshan fault line that runs through Sichuan. The earthquake lasted 120 seconds and reached 7.9 on the Richter scale, one of the deadliest to strike China in recent years and its effects were felt as far away as Taiwan, Thailand and Bangladesh. Although the area has a long history of tectonic activity, it seems it was not prepared for an event of this magnitude. With a population consisting of 87.26m people the death toll stood at nearly 70 thousand along with 374,000 people injured and 5m left homeless. Making this Chinas worst earthquake since 1976 when 240,000 people were killed in Tangshan.......

Words: 1399 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Hazard City: Earthquake Hazard

...GLG111 Lab 5 Exercise: Thank you, Ms. Leona Graham (mayor), for the opportunity to provide an assessment report for Hazard City. This report will provide an assessment on structural damage of an Intensity IX earthquake, and emergency housing needs. It will also identify actions homeowners can use to help prevent future structural damages, and give more information on possible effects of an Intensity IX earthquake. The assessment report will identify danger of a failing dam, and provide further understanding of the elements which will include an emergency plan. The table that follows is an assessment of the number of people needing emergency housing due to an Intensity IX earthquake. ResidentialNeighborhood | Percentage of HomesUninhabitable | Number of People Needing EmergencyHousing | Downtown | 70% | 70% of 1946= 1362 | Hickory Estates | 8% | 8% of 6412= 513 | Ralston | 8% | 8% of 640= 51 | Riverside | 90% | 90% of 438= 394 | Walnut Heights | 2% | 2% of 2457= 49 | Riverside is a mobile home community that is built on foundation consisting of sandy terrains which result in potential flooding. The mobile home community is located in the valley of the Palouse River. The population of this mobile home community is 438 residents. Due to mobile homes being entirely built of light-weight metal construction or a combination of a wood and steel frame structure, they are subject to greater damage from equivalent amounts of shaking than to......

Words: 1126 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Plumbing Hazards

...From: To: Subject: Date: CPM PLUMBING INC rhardy@sourcelinkinc.com Re: Pics 5283 cr 132 wildwood fl Monday, June 20, 2016 11:06:27 AM Any waste disposed of through sewage drain line not connected in a proper manner to the proper disposal site, is a health hazard to anyone.    Measurements would need to be taken on site for an estimate of repair.   We would not be able to provide an estimate for repairs until waste is cleaned properly. Unfortunately, we do not provided waste clean-up services.  If you should have any further questions, please don't hesitate to contact via e-mail or the office number provided below. Thank you Melissa Bowman Office Manager CPM Plumbing Inc PO Box 585 Oxford, FL 34484 352-330-0025 352-330-0071 ~ fax -----Original Message----From: Randy Hardy To: 'CPM PLUMBING INC' Sent: Mon, Jun 20, 2016 10:46 am Subject: RE: Pics 5283 cr 132 wildwood fl I haven't received a call from the tech yet but do you have someone there that can review the pictures and write even an email or send an email with a letter head attachment stating that the waste from the drain including items from the garbage disposal is dangerous and hazardest.    I have hired an attorney who is going after the inspector and I am told because its sewage etc that its in fact hazardest to my health and would require cleanup as well with lime or something..   Anything you guys could put in writing like that would be apperciated.  Thanks, Randy......

Words: 428 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Future Hazards

...positive affect on crisis planning and response in the decades to come. The positive affects stems from the mass-media’s ability to quickly produce and distribute information leading to increased awareness of the risks and hazard perceptions. This should sequentially require Governments to act and take a more proactive stance against technological disasters and prepare for future crisis in a more organised manner. The article concludes by pointing out that disaster planning cannot be evaluated just in terms of reducing traditional kinds of loss. Account must be made of future hazards. Planning and response measures need to be realistic and recognise the limits to what can be achieved and projected. Nevertheless, the author believes that what has been projected is a realistic picture of what one might expect to happen in the 21st century. 3.0 MAJOR COMMENTS One of the main key learning points of this article is to highlight societies increasing vulnerability from both natural and technological hazards, especially with respect to increasing urbanisation and its concentration of people in hazardous areas. Cities are more complex to organise and creates a reliance on specialist technology leaving societies vulnerability to more and worse hazards in the future. There is also the beginning of recognition of the fact that natural disasters will generate or magnify concurrent technological disasters. Figures released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 1999,......

Words: 2337 - Pages: 10