Free Essay

English Le

In: Business and Management

Submitted By yuenfatt96
Words 3867
Pages 16
EXERCISE I. What is a paragraph?
Some of these groups of sentences are paragraphs and some are not. Read them carefully and answer the questions.
1- Iceland is not a place for the ordinary tourist. The landscape, for example, is bare and strange—though many consider it beautiful in its own way. Then, too, the far northern climate is not ideal for tourism. The winter weather is extremely severe and the summers are short and cool, with constant strong winds. The remote location also means that many products have to be imported and so they are expensive. However, the few tourists who do put up with these difficulties are warmly welcomed by the Icelanders.
Is this a paragraph? _______
If it is a paragraph, what is it about? _____________________________________________

2- For fewer tourists, lower prices, and more beautiful scenery, head for the Sagres Peninsula. The regional museum has a rich collection of costumes, weapons, and handicrafts. Buses will get you to most places, but for long trips, trains are cheaper and more comfortable. The Portuguese economy has expanded very rapidly in recent years, but it still has many problems. In the fifteenth century, Lisbon was a worldwide center of political power, religion, and culture.
Is this a paragraph? ______
If it is a paragraph, what is it about? _________________________________________

3. The two peoples of Belgium—the Flemish and the Walloons—are divided by language, culture, and economics. Hotels in Brussels are expensive, so most young travelers stay in youth hostels or student hotels. In Antwerp, the home of Rubens, you can visit the house where he lived and worked. Throughout the centuries, Belgium has been the scene of many terrible battles between world powers. In many parts of the world, the Belgians are best known for their chocolate and their beer. Ships to England leave either from Oostende or from Zeebrugge.
Is this a paragraph? _____
If it is a paragraph, what is it about? _________________________________________

4. To an outsider, Istanbul may at first seem like a Western city. The Western dress, the many new buildings, the traffic problems all make the city seem very modern. But there is another side to this great city—its rich past as the capital of the Ottoman Empire. In the narrow backstreets, the bazaars, and the mosques, this past seems very near and real. And the spectacular mosques are evidence of the city's important role in the history of Islam as well.
Is this a paragraph? ______
If it is a paragraph, what is it about? ____________________________________________

Recognizing the topic of a Paragraph
Example a: (the answer is in the online presentation)
Example b: What is this Paragraph about? Read the paragraph and decide which topic is the best.
Communication is also possible among bees through their sense of smell. A group of b695, called a colony, uses smell to protect itself from other bees. This is possible because all the bees in a colony have a common smell. This smell acts like a chemical signal. It warns the group of bees when a bee from a different colony is near. This way, bees from outside cannot enter and disturb a hive (the bee colony's home). If an outsider does try to enter, the bees of that colony will smell it and attack it.
Make a check (√) after the best topic. Write “too specific" or “too genera!" after the other topics.
a. The chemical signals of bees ______________
b. How bees live _________________
c. How bees communicate through smell ____________________
The best topic is c, how bees communicate through smell. Choice a is too specific. Choice b is too general.

Exercise 2.
Example c: Read each paragraph, and decide which topic is the best. 0n the lines below each paragraph, make a check (√) after that topic. Write “too specific” or “too general" after the other topics.
1. Elephants are the largest land animals in the world. Whales are the largest sea animals. These two huge animals may, in fact, come from the same biological family. Biologists now believe that the ancestors of elephants once lived in the sea, like whales. There is plenty of evidence to support this idea. For example, the shape of an elephant’s head is similar to a whale’s. Another similarity is in the fact that bath animals are excellent swimmers. Some elephants have chosen to swim for food to islands up to 300 miles away. Like the whale, the elephant uses sounds to show anger or for other kinds of communication. Finally, both female elephants and female whales stay close to other females and help them when they give birth.
a. How elephants are good swimmers _______________
b. The largest animals in the world ______________
c. How elephants and whales are alike ______________

2. The elephant’s trunk is not just a large nose or upper lip. It’s an essential and unique feature that serves many purposes for this animal. For one, it is used to make many kinds of sounds. With its trunk, the elephant can communicate anger, fear. Or happiness. The trunk is also used as if it were a kind of hand. At the end of the trunk are two muscles shaped like fingers. These muscles can pick up food and water and carry them to the elephant’s mouth. Elephants use their trunks to take dust baths, too, throwing the dust over their backs. If an elephant’
a. The elephant’s trunk _________________________
b. The elephant's body _________________________
c. The elephant's dust baths ________________________________
3. The intelligence of the elephant is widely known. We say "the elephant never forgets" in honor of its excellent memory. Elephants are also surprisingly good at solving problems. An Indian farmer who kept elephants discovered this fact, to his misfortune. He had noticed that his elephants were eating his bananas at night. No fence could keep out the elephants, of course, so he decided to tie bells on them. Then he would hear them when they come to eat bananas and he could chase them away. A few mornings later, however, the bananas were all gone, though he had heard nothing at night. When he checked the elephants, he found that they had played a trick on him. They had filled the bells with mud so they would not make any noise!
a. Facts about elephants
b. How elephants get bananas
c. The intelligence of elephants

Example d: Read each paragraph and decide which topic is the best on the lines below each paragraph, make a check (V) after that topic. Write “too specific " or “too general” after the other topics.
The Construction of Houses
1. People usually build their houses out of the materials that are easily available to them. In some areas, most people build their homes out of wood. This is true in parts of North America and in Scandinavia. These areas have large forests, so wood is easy to get and inexpensive. In many other areas of Europe, there are few forests left. Stone and brick are cheaper, so most people build their materials. In tropical regions, houses are sometimes made from plant that grow there. For example, in parts of Africa or Asia, houses may be made out of bamboo. Finally, in the very coldest areas near the Arctic, people make their homes out of blocks of ice.
a. Materials used for houses __________________________
b. The wooden houses of Scandinavia __________________
c. Houses around the world __________________________
2- The differences in climate throughout Europe have resulted in differences in the way houses are built. In hot countries, such as Spain, Greece, or Italy, the houses usually have small windows to keep out the heat. However, in the cooler northern countries, such as Sweden or Holland, people want to let in as much sunlight as possible, so the windows are usually larger. In the southern countries, the houses usually have some kind of outdoor living area—a balcony, terrace, or courtyard—where People can enjoy the cool breeze. In northern countries, on the other hand, houses usually do not have such areas. People in colder climates spend less time outdoors.
a. The architecture of houses _____________________________
b. Houses in hot and cold countries ________________________
c. Houses with small windows ____________________________
3- One of the most famous houses in the United States is Monticello. It was the home of Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States. Located on a hill near Charlottesville, Virginia, it has a beautiful view of the surrounding countryside. The house is famous, first of all, because it belonged to a president. It is also a fine example of early nineteenth-century American architecture. Jefferson designed it himself in a style he had admired in Italy. Many American buildings of that time, in fact, imitated European styles. But while most were just imitations, his Monticello is lovely in itself. Furthermore, the design combines a graceful style with a typical American concern for comfort and function.
a. The View from Monticello
b. American architecture
c. Reasons for Monticello’s fame

EXERCISE 3. Stating the Topic of a Paragraph
Example a:
Read each paragraph and decide on a good topic and write it below the paragraph. Be sure your topic is not too general or too specific
The Importance of Automobile Tires
1. If you ever get a blowout while you are driving, you should know what to do. A blowout is a sudden flat tire. It can be a very frightening experience especially if you are traveling at a high speed. If your car gets a blowout, the first thing to do is to hold very tightly to the steering wheel. You can easily lose control of the car if you do not have a good hold on the steering wheel. The next step is to get off the road. You must not try to stop or turn too quickly, however. After you check the traffic, you should move over to the side of the road and slow down gradually. Then you should turn on your flashing lights so other cars will see you.
Topic: ____________________________________________________
2. Most automobile owners check the gas and oil in their cars regularly. However, they may forget to check something else that is just as important: the tires. Some experts say that about 28 percent of automobiles in the United States have tires that are in poor condition. Some are too worn and others have too much or too little air. Worn tires can lead to a flat tire or a blowout, and sometimes to serious accidents. Tires that are not filled with the correct amount of air can also cause accidents. Thus, it is a good idea to give a quick glance at your tires every time you get into your car. Every month you should check the air pressure more carefully and look closely at the surface of the tires. This way, you may avoid the unpleasant experience of a flat tire or a dangerous blowout.
Topic: _______________________________________________________
3. Tires are one part of the car that need a lot of attention. You need, of course—FD check the amount of air in the tire and the amount of wear on the surface of the tire. But that is not enough. You should also bring your car regularly to the mechanic or tire specialist for some other work. First, the mechanic should rotate the tires after a certain number of miles. This means that the tires are removed and then put back on in a different position. The rear tires are usually moved to the front. The front tires are then moved to the rear and exchanged. That is, the tire that had been on the left front is now on the right rear and the tire that had been on the right front is now on the left rear. Changing the tires like this will prevent them from becoming too worn on one side. For the same reason, the mechanic should also balance the wheels. In balancing the wheels, each wheel is taken off and adjusted to make sure it goes around evenly.
Topic: ________________________________________________________

Example b:
Read each paragraph. Working with another student, decide on a good topic and write it below the paragraph. Be sure your topic is not too general or too specific.
Health Dangers of Flying
1. Pilots and flight attendants have long known that they become especially forgetful when they fly often with little rest. They lose their car keys, forget their room number at a hotel, or forget the names of people they have just met. People usually think of this loss of short-term memory as a part of jet-lag, the negative effects that many people feel after long flights. A scientist named Kwangwok Cho, who had to fly across the Atlantic several times in one month, noticed the same problem with his short-term memory. He decided to find out why people with jet lag become especially forgetful. To understand what was happening, Cho did brain scans of people with severe jet lag. He then compared them with brain scans of people without jet lag. In the people jet lag, there were clear signs of damage to some brain cells. In fact, part of the brain had become smaller. This was what caused the difficulties with short-term memory
Topic: ______________________________________________________________
2. For many people, sitting still for a long time is one of the worst things about flying. Now doctors are discovering that there are good reasons to be unhappy about sitting still on long flights. In fact, it is not good for you at all: The blood in your legs does not flow well and you are more likely to get a blood clot (a small lump) in your leg. The clot may cause swelling and pain in the leg because the blood cannot flow past it. More serious problems can develop if part of a clot breaks off and travels to the lung. In this case, there is even the risk of death. To avoid risk, doctors recommend moving around as much as possible during a flight. Of course, you cannot stand up often or walk continually around the plane. But you can help the blood flow in your body by doing special exercises at your seat. Many airline companies now include instructions for these exercises in their in-flight magazines.
Topic: _______________________________________________________________

3. In the late 19905, flight attendants around the world noticed a dramatic increase in "air rage.” This is the official term for what happens when someone becomes extremely angry or upset on a plane. These people may become so dangerously violent that the plane has to land somewhere and unload the passengers. Air rage may be the result of several factors. The general worsening of travel conditions in recent years has led to crowded planes and frequent delays. At the same time, airlines have generally reduced the amount of seat space for each passenger, so people are more likely to feel stressed and aggressive. One other factor, however, has nothing to do with the airline industry. Flight attendants say that very often the people who become violent on planes have had too much alcohol to drink, either before the flight or on the plane.
Topic: __________________________________________________________________

EXERCISE 4. Topic Sentences
Example a:
Each of the paragraphs below is missing the topic sentence. The missing sentences are listed at the end of the exercise (with one extra sentence). Read the paragraphs and choose the sentence that fits each paragraph best. Write the letter for the sentence in the empty space.
Facts about Alaska
1.____________________________________________________________________________The Russians were glad to get rid of this large piece of land so far from Moscow. Many Americans, however, were not happy about buying it. The sale was arranged by William Henry Seward, the American Secretary of State. When people talked about Alaska, they called it "Seward's Folly” or "Seward's Icebox." The; price for Alaska was $7,200,000—0r about two cents per acre. Though this was a bargain, many thought it was money thrown away. What would America ever do with such a cold land?
2. Do you know what “white out” means, or “ice fog”? These are terms that many Alaskans know well, though other Americans may not. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ .
"White out, for example, happens when a very strong, cold wind blows the snow on the ground. The snow fills the air so that you lose all sense of direction. “Ice fog” occurs on very cold (—40°C, or -40°F) days. When the air is this cold it cannot absorb any moisture, so the water in the air becomes a kind of frozen fog. This fog is very dangerous to drivers or aircraft.

3. The Yukon River begins in Canada’s Yukon Territory. Many other rivers flow into it as it runs from east to west across central Alaska. Some of the rivers are fed by melting glaciers. This gives the Yukon its strange whitish, or milky, color. The river generally freezes in October and melts again in May. Large ice dams sometimes form and cause large-scale flooding. As the Yukon nears the Bering Sea, it breaks into many smaller river, forming a delta. This fact makes it impossible for large ships to travel up river. __________________________________________

4. The Alaskan Malamute was originally developed by the Eskimos as a sled dog. __________
It is a strong dog, related to and somewhat resembling a wolf. A thick coat of fur protects it even in the coldest weather. The Eskimos use these dogs to pull sleds for them across the Arctic snow and ice. They are intelligent dogs and quickly learn to obey the signals of the sled driver. With their Strength and loyalty, they have been known to save people’s lives in the Arctic. In spite of their wolf ancestry, they are also extremely gentle and friendly. Their protective nature makes them good companions for children.
Missing topic sentences:
a. That is because Alaska has unique weather that requires special expressions.
b. These days it is popular both as a sled dog and as a family pet.
c. In 1868, the United States bought Alaska from Russia.
d. The Alaskan gold rush in the 18905 nearly doubled the population of the area.
e. The Yukon River’s interesting characteristics make it one of Alaska’s impressive natural features.

Example b:
Find the topic of each paragraph and write it below. Then underline the topic sentence. Remember, the topic sentence is not always the first sentence in the paragraph.
The Hawaiian Islands
1, The Hawaiian Islands are located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, far away from any other land. There are eight islands of various sizes, and while they differ from each other in some ways, they share many features. They all have a tropical climate, with temperatures of about 78°F (25.6°C) in the winter and 85°F (29.4°C) in the summer. Rain falls often, but not for long. The islands also share a natural beauty, with mountains and waterfalls, rain and long, sweeping beaches. Their waters are filled with colorful fish, dolphins, and giant sea turtles.
Topic: _______________________________________________________________________
2. Until modern times, birds and insects were the only kinds of animals living on the lands, with just a few exceptions. The exceptions were the monk seal (a sea mammal) and a kind of a bat (a flying mammal). There were no other mammals until people arrived in about A. D. 500, bringing some animals with them for food. Pigs, for example: arrived this way. Other animals, such as mice, probably traveled to the Hawaiian Islands hidden in their boats. The islands, in fact, have an interesting and unusual natural history.
Topic: ________________________________________________________________________
3. Each the islands also has features that are special and unique. For example, the Big Island (Hawaii) is the only one with active volcanoes. Both Mauna Loa and Kilauea on that island occasionally erupt, pouring out hot lava and smoke. The island of Oahu is the site of Honolulu, the modern capital of Hawaii. This island also has one of the world's most famous beaches, Waikiki Beach. And finally, the island of Maui is important to Hawaiians for its role in the history of the islands. In 1800, Kamehameha, the king of Hawaii, established his capital on Maui, where it remained until the early twentieth century.
Topic: ________________________________________________________________________

Example c:
Find the topic of each paragraph and write it below. Then underline the topic sentence.
New Discoveries in Psychology
1. Many people who are good at music are good at languages as well. That should not be surprising, since the study of music and the study of language have a lot in common. Both require you to have a "good ear"—the ability to hear the difference between various sounds. They also require you to reproduce sounds you have heard. Finally, when you learn music or language, you have to learn complex sets of rules. With language, the rules are about grammar and meaning. With music, the rules are about sounds and rhythm. Not surprisingly, researchers have discovered a scientific reason why people are good at music and languages. According to a study done in Germany, you use the same part of the brain for both subjects. This part of the brain is called Broca's area. Scientists have known for some time that it is connected to learning languages. Now they believe that it is also the part of the brain you use when you are learning music.
Topic: ________________________________________________________________________
2. Some students become very anxious whenever they have to do a math problem or take a math test. Psychologists call this “math anxiety." Teachers used to think that this happened because the students were not very good at math. Now, however, researchers think that students who get math anxiety are not necessarily bad at math. There is a very different reason for their poor performance on math tests. New studies show that their feelings of anxiety prevent their brains from working well. One area of the brain that is especially affected is the working memory, which holds new information in your mind. This type of memory is essential for doing math problems. But why do students get math anxiety in the first place? That is another important question for teachers and researchers in education.
Topic: ________________________________________________________________________
3. A new study has concluded that if you are a positive person with positive feelings, you will live longer. Dr. Debora D. Danner and other psychologists have looked at the writings of a group of 180 women. All of these women had written a short autobiography when they were in their early twenties. There were few negative feelings expressed in these autobiographies, since they were written by women in a religious organization for the director of the organization. However, there was still a wide range in levels of feeling. Some of the writing showed very few feelings at all, while others showed lots of positive feelings, such as happiness, interest, and love. The psychologists then looked at the histories of the women to see how long they lived afterward. The women who expressed the strongest positive feelings also lived the longest. In fact, they lived an average of ten and a half years longer than the women who showed few emotions.
Topic: ________________________________________________________________________…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Le Portrait

...jeune homme Le portrait d’un jeune homme est un tableau peint par Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres parmi 1824-1834. Avec ce tableau Ingres realise l’archétype du portrait bourgeois en dépeignant un jeune homme bien habillé et bien soigné. L’homme est âgé à peu près de 20 ans. Il a une figure agreeable, intelligente et aristocratique. Le statut de ce personnage est attrayant, fin et délicat. Le spectateur ne peut pas voir ses mains mais il peut imaginer qu’elles sont blanches et lisses. Dans le tableau l’observateur aperçois un homme avec le visage carré et pâle, avec les yeux vifs, ardents qui soulignent son intelligence. Le spectatuer distingue aussi le front bas couvert par les cheveux, le petit nez qui est un peu rond retroussé, les lèvres sensuelle et le menton viril. Les cheveux de ce jeune homme sont chatâins, courts mais un peu ondulé. Le visage de face d’une expression `a la fois serieuse et ironique regarde le spectateur. En ce qui concerne le vêtement, il est habillé d’une veste, d’un gilet brun sur une chemise blanche don’t le col dépasse et d’un nœud papillon noir. Sa corpulence amuse et attire le spectateur donnant l’impression d’un jeune homme astucieux et habile. J’ai choisi cette peinture parce qu’il y a une énigme dans le personage. D’une part, son visage et sa figure démontrent l’officialité et la gravité. De l’aute côté, ses yeux avec des traces de ruse et son sourire “je-sais-que-tu-as-fait” temoignent d’un petit garcon qui se cache derrière le masque......

Words: 341 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Le Rock

...Le rock est une musique ancienne et nouvelle en même temps. Dans ce qui suit, nous allons vous présenter quelques aspects de l’historie de ce genre musical. Le rock est un genre de musique populaire qui a débuté dans les années 1960. Le genre prend ses racines dans le rock 'n' roll, le rhythm and blues, la country des années 1940 et 1950 ainsi que dans la folk music, le jazz et la musique classique. Il est caractérisé par une mélodie vocale dominante, souvent accompagnée par une (ou plusieurs) guitare électrique, une guitare basse et une batterie, mais peut également être accompagné de synthétiseurs/piano, de cuivres ou d'autres instruments. Pendant la fin des années 1960 et le début des années 1970s, le rock a développé plusieurs sous-genres. Il a été mélangé avec la musique folk, (ce qui donna le folk rock), avec du blues (blues rock) et avec du jazz (jazz-rock fusion). Dans les années 1970, le rock fut influencé par la soul, le funk, et la musique latine. Egalement pendant les années 1970, le rock développa beaucoup de sous-genres comme le soft rock, glam rock, heavy metal, hard rock, progressive rock, et punk rock. Parmi les sous-genres du rock ayant émérgé pendant les années 1980 il y a la new wave, le hardcore punk et le rock alternatif. Pendant les années 1990, les nouveaux sous-genres du rock incluent le grunge, le Britpop, l'indie rock, et le nu metal. Un groupe de musiciens spécialisés dans le rock est appelé un groupe de rock. La plupart des groupes de rock......

Words: 1333 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Le Guepard

...Conférence de Monsieur Actis-Grosso – Aristocratisme et décadence dans Le Guépard de Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa Aristocratisme et décadence dans Le Guépard de Giuseppe Tomasi Di Lampedusa Conférence de Monsieur Actis-Grosso prononcée au CRDP d’Amiens, le jeudi 25 novembre 2007 Plan de la conférence 1. Un chef d’œuvre controversé 2. Profil biographique 3. Les diverses rédactions du manuscrit 4. Lampedusa et la critique : une propédeutique à l’analyse du roman 5. Les piliers thématiques du Guépard 6. Le Guépard : roman historique ou œuvre autobiographique ? 7. Structure et style du Guépard : - Chapitre I : analyse narrative parallèle des conversations du Prince et de Tancrède et du Prince et de Russo - Chapitre II : analyse de la visite de Don Calogero et Angelica - Chapitre III : annonce du mariage entre Tancrède et Angelica le Plébiscite à Donnafugata - Chapitre IV : entretien entre Don Fabrizio et Don Calogero - Chapitre V : discussion entre le Père Pirrone et l’herboriste - Chapitre VI : l’épisode de la bibliothèque - Chapitre VII : unique épisode de la mort du Prince - Chapitre VIII : conclusion globale N.B. : les deux derniers chapitres sont considérés dans leur totalité sans choix de passage(s) déterminé(s) pour une raison structurelle (VII) et thématique (VIII). N.B.2 : La conférence a été relue avec attention par M. Actis-Grosso et A. Orosco, qu’ils en soient ici remerciés. N.B. 3 : les notes en bas de page ont été ajoutées par Laure-Hélène Péquet lors de......

Words: 17227 - Pages: 69

Free Essay


...(lời ca ngợi), euphemism (lối nói trại), eucalyptus (cây khuynh diệp) ) ➢ Dùng "a" trước danh từ bắt đầu bằng một phụ âm. ➢ Được dùng trước một danh từ không xác định về mặt vị trí/ tính chất/ đặc điểm hoặc được nhắc đến lần đầu tiên trong câu. ➢ Dùng trong các thành ngữ chỉ số lượng nhất định như: a lot of/a great deal of/a couple/a dozen. ➢ Dùng trước những số đếm nhất định thường là hàng ngàn, hàng trăm như a/one hundred - a/one thousand. ➢ Dùng trước "half" (một nửa) khi nó theo sau một đơn vị nguyên vẹn: a kilo and a half, hay khi nó đi ghép với một danh từ khác để chỉ nửa phần (khi viết có dấu gạch nối): a half - share, a half - holiday (ngày lễ chỉ nghỉ nửa ngày). ➢ Dùng với các đơn vị phân số như 1/3 a/one third - 1/5 a /one fifth. ➢ Dùng trong các thành ngữ chỉ giá cả, tốc độ, tỉ lệ: $5 a kilo, 60 kilometers an hour, 4 times a day. ➢ Dùng trước các danh từ số ít đếm được. trong các thán từ what a nice day/ such a long life. ➢ A + Mr/ Mrs/ Ms + family name = một ông/ bà/ cô nào đó (không quen biết) Mạo từ xác định "The" ➢ Dùng trước một danh từ đã được xác định cụ thể về mặt tính chất, đặc điểm, vị trí hoặc được nhắc đến lần thứ hai trong câu. ➢ The + danh từ + giới từ + danh từ The girl in blue, the Gulf of Mexico. ➢ Dùng trước những tính từ so sánh bậc nhất hoặc only. The only way, the best day. ➢ Dùng cho những khoảng thời gian xác định (thập niên): In the 1990s ➢ The + danh từ + đại từ quan hệ......

Words: 33384 - Pages: 134

Free Essay

Les Zéolithes

...LES ZÉOLITHES I) Introduction 1) Présentation ! Une zéolithe est un minéral micro-poreux appartenant au groupe des silicates, dans lequel ils forment une famille comprenant des aluminosilicates hydratés des groupes IA et IIA du tableau périodique des éléments ( comme le Calcium, le Magnésium, le Potassium ... ) . ! Étymologiquement, le mot zéolithe vient du latin zeô ( bouillir ) et lithos ( la pierre ) . À juste titre, leur découverte sʼest faite en 1756 par le minéralogiste suédois Axel Frederik Crönstedt lors de lʼobservation de dégagement de vapeur dʼeau lorsque ces minéraux étaient chauffés à la flamme . 2) Principe et utilisations ! Les zéolithes sont présentes dans de nombreux domaines, plus ou moins spécifiques, de la médecine à lʼindustrie . Elles sont par exemple utilisées dans les stations spatiales pour le recyclage de lʼair, en médecine pour les caissons hyper-bar, ou même chez les particuliers dans les piscines pour assainir lʼeau . ! Exemple de structure de zéolithe : On observe ici clairement la structure micro-poreuse de ces minéraux . La particularité de ces espèces minérales réside dans leur utilisation comme «tamis moléculaire» de par leur structure micro-poreuse . Ces pores laissent en effet passer certaines molécules au travers du maillage, et en adsorbe certaines autres ( les «piège», de manière réversible ), par le biais dʼinteractions intermoléculaires dites de Debye, de London, de Van Der Waals ... 3) Problématique globale ...

Words: 1813 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...Pronunciation Schwa Schwa is the most common sound in the English language. It occurs only in unstressed syllables and getting it correct helps spoken English to sound more natural and fluent. Any vowel letter can be pronounced as schwa and the pronunciation of a vowel letter can change depending on whether the syllable in which it occurs is stressed or not. The phonemic symbol for schwa is: /e/ Following are two exercises to help students develop their awareness of schwa. The audio examples from the exercises can be downloaded from Pronunciation Schwa Exercise 1 Look at the words below and decide where in the word the schwa sound occurs. Underline and/or write the schwa symbol over the correct part of the word. The first one has been done for you. Hint: One word has two examples of schwa. All the others have only one. docto r banana difficult to mo rro w s u mme r le ve l prote ct survive pupil the atre me a s u re w izard Pronunciation Schwa © BBC Learning English Pronunciation Schwa Exercise 2 In this exercise, look at these sentences and decide where the schwa sound occurs. It may occur more than once in each sentence. The minimum number of schwas in a sentence is 1, the maximum 7. 1. It’s for y ou /e/ 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. It tak es a lot of time How about a cup of tea? What are y ou doing tonight? What time will y ou arriv e at V ictoria? I was......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Le Case

...------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- LE Case Costco Wholesale Corp. v. Omega, S.A. (08-1423) By Bolang Chen 1. The facts of the case: Omega is a famous watch manufacturer company in the world. All of Omega watches are produced in Switzerland. Omega sells its products to all of the world through authorized wholesalers and retailers. Each of the Omega watches is engraved with the words "Omega Globe Design” on the back of it. And it means the copyright law in America protects the watch. Costco is a well-known wholesale warehouse store. They purchased Omega watches through an unknown third party company in the New York, and sold these watches in the United States, and the watches price was cheaper than many other American distributor's price. Many years ago, Omega gave Costco the authorization to sell the watches in the foreign market, but they did not give them a mandate for sale in the United States. So, Omega sued Costco to the US District Court for the Central District of California. Omega thought that Costco's behavior has constituted infringement. Although they authorized Costco to sell watches in foreign countries, they did not authorize them to sell in the United States. But Costco said that, according to the 109 (a), called the first sale doctrine. Because Omega allowed Costco to sell them products the first time, they cannot limit Costco to make importation,...

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Les Valeurs

...Les valeurs 1. Dressez une liste d’au moins 5 valeurs que vous valorisez davantage (qui sont les plus importants). Les valeurs que je valorise davantage sont : la famille, les amis (l’amitié), la langue, la communication, la diversité, la liberté, le succès et être aimée. 2. Quelle est la chose que vous valorisez le plus et pourquoi? Les choses que je valorise le plus sont mes amis et ma famille, en autres mots, les liens avec les autres. Mes amis et ma famille me supporte, c’est en eux que j’ai la plus de confiance et ils sont ceux qui me comprenne. 3. Comment vos valeurs vont-elles influencer vos choix de carrière? Je pense que mes valeurs aura (et ils ont maintenant) une grande influence sur mes choix de carrière. Comme je l’ai dit en avant, j’aime beaucoup les personnes et la communication. Alors ceci m’influencera a choisir un emploi qui consiste d’un travail de groupe et un travail qui faut des compétences linguistiques. 4. Nommez deux emplois qui sont reliés à vos valeurs. Justifiez. * Journaliste : Je suis très passionnée et enthousiaste, de plus, deux de mes valeurs davantage sont les linguistiques et la communication. * Psychologiste : Ceci est un travail très interpersonnel qui rend également à la communication et les personnes! Les modes d’apprentissage 1. Quels sont vos modes d’apprentissage? (du plus dominant au moins dominant) Mon mode d’apprentissage le plus dominant est le mode kinesthésique et j’ai reçu les mêmes résultats......

Words: 1347 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...virtue of the Spanish Royal Decree on Februray 2, 1818. At that time, the province occupied the coastal plain bordering the China Sea and guarded by the Cordilleras in the northwestern corner of Luzon. Political Subdivision Ilocos Norte has 22 municipalities & 1 City (subdivided into 550 barangays and 2 districts). 1. *Adams  2. *Badoc  3. *Bacarra  4. *Bangui 5. *Batac  6. *Burgos  7. *Carasi  8. *Currimao 9. *Dingras  10. *Dumalneg  11. *Espiritu  12. *Marcos 13. *Nueva Era  14. *Pagudpud  15. *Paoay  16. *Pasuquin 17. *Piddig  18. *Pinili  19. *San Nicolas  20. *Sarrat  21. *Solsona  22. *Vintar 23. *Laoag City (Capital) Language / Dialect Ilocano (Iloko) is the major dialect. English and Filipino are the tools of instruction in schools. Tourist AttractionsPAOAY CHURCH Built of coral blocks and stucco-plastered bricks, the architecture is a unique combination of Gothic, Baroque and Oriental. Construction of the church was started in 1704 and completed in 1894. A few meters away is the coralstone belltower which served as observation post of the “Katipuneros” during the Philippine Revolution, Paoay Church is included in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List. ST. WILLIAM’S CATHEDRAL The Augustinians built the church of Italian Renaissance design in 1612. Its unique 2-storey facade is held by four pairs of coupled columns. The deeply recessed niche shows the image of the Patron Saint of......

Words: 7108 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Les Lumieres s’appelle “les lumières” par la volonté des philosophes européens du xviii siècle, de combattre les ténèbres de l’ignorance par la diffusion du savoir. LE DEVISE : Cet devise veut dire qu’il faut penser par soi même, avoir ses propres opinions et osser les affirmer LES CRITIQUES. Condamnent l’intolerance, le fanatisme et le pouvoir absolu des religieux LA SCIENCE FAIT DES GRANDS PROGRESS EN : L’homme commance a etre accepte pour ce qu’il est, et non pour cel qu’il devrait etre LES IDEES SE PROPAGENT : Les idees des lumieres se propagent dans des espaces publics Par exemple : des theatres, operas, cabinets de curiosites, salons litteraires et salons artistiques, chambres de lecture, etc CHANGEMENTS POLITIQUES : Le pouvoir passe de la monarchie au main du peuple, par intermediare de ses reppresentants de mettre l’etat au service du bien public TOUS LES HOMMES NAISSENT LIBRE ET EGAUX ---- Pourquoi peut on dire que les lumieres sont a l’origine de cet article …….Car le siecle des lumieres et aussi le siecle ou les hommes sont devenus egaux, le clere et les categories socieles ont fini. Alors cet article veut dire que tous les hommes naissent avec des droits, quel que soit leur sexe, leurs couleurs, etc. 1- Le nom « les lumières » veut dire : A – Des nouvelles inventions telles que l'électricité et le télescope B- l'intelligence des femmes C- Le combattre les ténèbres de l’ignorance (CORRECTA) D - le début du XVIIIème siècle 2. complétez la......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Le Fleureste

...COMPANY OVERVIEW Le Fleureste merupakan florist yang menerima pesanan rangakaian bunga make-to-order dengan kustomisasi sesuai keinginan konsumen. Le Fleureste akan mulai bergerak pada industri online shop sehingga pemesanan dapat dilakukan melalui media sosial. Misi dari Le Fleureste adalah “to beautify your every moments through a customized-bucket of high quality flowers that expresses your true feelings”. Sementara itu, Le Fleureste memiliki visi untuk menjadi pilihan pertama konsumen sebagai florist kustomisasi di Yogyakarta. Aspek | Perusahaan | Industri | Florist make-to-order (Kustomisasi) | Produk | Buket bunga. Flower box dan gift box | Bahan | Bunga asli impor maupun lokal | Segmen | * Premium (pembelian >Rp 300.000) * Reguler (pembelian < Rp 300.000) | Ruang Lingkup | Yogyakarta | Konsumen | 17-30 tahun | MARKET SIZE Perusahaan kami bergerak pada industri penjual bunga. Target pasar kami adalah konsumen berumur 17-30 tahun. Dari keselurahan pasar, kami membagi ke dalam dua segmen berbeda berdasarkan pembelian produk bunga yaitu segmen premium untuk pmebelian produk diatas Rp 300.000 dan regular untuk pesanan bunga di bawah Rp 300.000. Berikut merupakan data mengenai market size kami: MARKET VALUE Setelah melakukan analisis pada market size, selanjutnya Le Fleureste menilai market value. Penghitungan market value diperoleh dari hasil multiplikasi antara rata-rata pembelian konsumen dengan keselurahan jumlah konsumen yang berada......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Les Restructurations

...d’emplois. Dans bien des cas, les restructurations sont assimilées à une crise mais elles deviennent progressivement un processus diffus et permanent. Il y a trois formes de restructuration dominantes : le licenciement collectif, la fermeture d’entreprise et le transfert conventionnel d’entreprise. Dans tous les cas, des procédures d’information et de négociation d’un plan social doivent être mise en place. Les acteurs qui ont le plus de poids en période de restructuration sont les partenaires sociaux. On peut définir les partenaires sociaux comme étant des agents économiques participant à des négociations sociales. Ils sont constitués des représentants des travailleurs et des représentants des employeurs. Ils participent au dialogue social qui peut être bipartite lorsque l’Etat n’intervient pas, ou tripartite s’il intervient. Les législations belge et française obligent l’employeur à consulter les partenaires sociaux avant de prendre une quelconque décision qui affecterait le volume des effectifs de l’entreprise. Le dialogue social est défini par l’Organisation internationale du travail (OIT) comme étant «tous types de négociation, de consultation ou simplement d’échange d’informations entre les représentants des gouvernements, des employeurs et des travailleurs selon des modalités diverses, sur des questions relatives à la politique économique et sociale présentant un intérêt commun. Il peut prendre la forme d’un processus tripartite auquel le gouvernement participe......

Words: 5684 - Pages: 23

Free Essay


...English and Vietnamese Vowels 0 Running head: ENGLISH AND VIETNAMESE VOWELS Vowels in English and Vietnamese: A Contrastive Analysis Chu Thi Thuy Tien Class: 4C.06 University of Education English and Vietnamese Vowels 1 Abstract Pronunciation is a problem which usually occurs to Vietnamese learners of English. Many learners have difficulty pronouncing English sounds, therefore; they have difficulty in listening and speaking English. While these two skills are very important for students when they begin to work in an environment using English, students need to be aware of the errors in their pronunciation. This paper aims to contrast vowels in Vietnamese and in English. From this analysis, some similarities and differences can be drawn between the two languages. Then some teaching implications will be presented. The teaching implications will help learners to correct their pronunciation and also help them improve other skills. I will divide my paper into three parts. Firstly, I will describe vowels in Vietnamese and then in English. Secondly, I will contrast these two systems through two aspects: positions and manners of articulation of vowels to find out similarities and differences between them. And lastly, I will discuss some implications for teaching language. English and Vietnamese Vowels 2 Vowels in English and Vietnamese What is a vowel? We will find that it is not easy to define exactly what it means. According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s dictionary,...

Words: 2338 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Le Darfour

...Le Darfour, une crise au centre des dynamiques régionales : De l’instrumentalisation des tensions identitaires à l’extension d’une logique mortifère Sommaire Partie 1  La « bombe à retardement » darfourienne : une région au cœur des conflits entre le Tchad, le Soudan et la Libye 1. Les intérêts historiques de la Libye au Darfour a. Une région marginalisée et négligée par le pouvoir central b. Le Darfour dans la «  guerre de 30 ans de l’Afrique » c. Les prémisses de l’instrumentalisation de l’arabité 2. Le rôle « des alliances croisées » dans la crise actuelle a. Le soutien de N’ Djamena aux rebelles darfouriens ou la réactivation des identités claniques b. Le soutien de Khartoum aux rebelles tchadiens ou l’irruption des conséquences de la fragilité du pouvoir tchadien dans la politique soudanaise d. L’extension du conflit à la Centrafrique Partie 2  L’instrumentalisation de l’identité et la régionalisation d’une nouvelle logique mortifère 1. La transformation d’un conflit sur les ressources en un conflit ethnique a. L’aggravation des conditions climatiques et la montée des tensions b. « Le conflit du Darfour n’est pas racial » c. La cristallisation de la fracture identitaire 2. L’exportation de la logique « raciale » du conflit darfourien a. L’exacerbation des identités a traversé la frontière ...

Words: 9202 - Pages: 37

Free Essay


...of Social Sciences and Humanities Faculty of English Linguistics and Literatures Year course : 2010-2012 Class : 10E Subject : Selected Works of Birtish Literature Lecturer : Mr Nguyễn Hoàng Linh Group : 1. Vũ Thị Ngọc. 2. Lữ Thị Bé Thơ. 3. Lê Thị Kim Ngân. 4. Nguyễn Thị My Pha. 5. Nguyễn Linh Thùy. 6. Lê Đỗ Hoàng Phương. 7. Lê Thị Phượng. Answer the questions : Question 4 : * What about captain Sinico through the detail – “ Captain Sinico encouraged his visit , thinking that his daughter’s hand in a question .He had dismissed his wife so sincerely from his gallery of pleasures that he did not suspect that anyone else would take an interest in her .As a husband , he was often away and the daughter out giving music lessons “ ? Captain Sinico does not look after his wife although he knows Mr .Duffy visit. He always thinks that anyone else would take an interest in his wife. * What about Mrs Sinico through this – “ Mr. Duffy had many opportunities of enjoying the lady’s society …..Little by little he entangled his thoughts with hers . He lent her books , provided her with ideas , share his intellectual life with her . She listened to all “ ? Mrs Sinico expects that Mr Duffy will bring happiness to herself . In her mind , Mr Duffy is interest man , he may be help her enjoy the life .Ex : He lent her books , provided her with ideas , share his intellectual life with her .le of thin Question5: • He asked him why he......

Words: 399 - Pages: 2