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Dissociative and Mood Disorders

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Dissociative and Mood Disorders
Gretchen Harper
Psy/203
March 30, 2015
Bonnie Johnson

Dissociative and Mood Disorders
Dissociative Disorders
Dissociative disorders include several syndromes that contribute to a change in consciousness which affect an individual’s memory and their identity. In the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) there are five major subcategories of this disorder. They include the following: 1. Dissociative Amnesia: Patients suffer from loss of memory including information regarding themselves or their life experiences. 2. Dissociative Fugue: The amnesia is a large part of the patient’s life; they also experience a personal loss of identity and in most cases loss of physical location. 3. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID): The patient has very different identities (two or more). Also known as multiple personalities or alter egos. The patient alternates their states of personality which each has control over conscious thoughts, actions and experiences. These personalities are usually separated by a level of amnesia. 4. Depersonalization Disorder: Patients have an understanding that they change in some way or are no longer real. They also have belief that their surroundings are not real too. 5. Dissociative Disorders (not specified): Patients show one or some symptoms of dissociative disorders but might not be to the extent of being diagnosed in the previous categories. Cultural specific beliefs of “spirit-possession” fall into this category. Also Ganser syndrome which is where a patient has vague answers to questions that might conclude that they have some type of memory disorder (Kihlstrom, 2005).
Dissociative amnesia plays a role in an individual’s conscious state. They dissociate or disconnect from certain traumatic experiences or psychological conflicts or pain. This is a way to protect oneself…...

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