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Din Mor

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Submitted By 4200dinfar
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Spørgsmål om hæmatokrit der besvares på baggrund af hæmatokritforsøget, lærebogens beskrivelse af EPO (side 46-47) samt det vedhæftede dokument af Bengt Saltin: 1. Definer begrebet hæmatokrit
Blod består af plasma og røde blodlegemer. Blodlegemer og plasma adskilles ved en proces, der kaldes centrifugering. Den procentdel, de røde blodlegemer udgør af den samlede blodmængde, kaldes hæmatokritværdien. 2. Angiv din hæmatokritværdi
50
3. Beregn den gennemsnitlige hæmatokrit værdi for piger og drenge i klassen
Piger: 44
Drenge: 46 4. Angiv normalværdier for hæmatokrit for mænd og kvinder og sammenlign med klassen
Mænd: 40-50%
Kvinder: ca. 35-45% 5. Hvor og hvordan dannes de røde blodceller?
Røde blodceller dannes i knoglemagen. En afgørende faktor for dannelsen af røde blodlegemer er hormonet EPO, som dannes i nyrerne og transporteres til knoglemageren. 6. Hvorfor lever de røde blodceller kun 100-120 dage?
Fordi de nedbrydes, men produktionen af røde blodlegemer er stor og kontinuerlig. 7. Forklar kort hvordan man måler hæmatokritværdien
Man bruger en blodlancet til at prikke hul på fingeren, så der kommer blod ud. Så suger man ca. 2 cm blod op i et kapillærrør. Så centrifugeres røret i 10 minutter, så blodlegemer og plasma adskilles. Højden af søjlen med blodlegemer beregnes som % af den samlede søjle, og du vil der efter få hæmatokritværdien. 8. Redegør for hvilke usikkerhedsfaktorer der kan påvirke hæmatokritmålingen
Hvis du måler højden forkert, eller hvis blodlegemer og plasmaet ikke er adskilt helt. 9. Angiv hvor stor en daglig variation der kan forekomme på grund af ovennævnte forhold (spg 6)
Vandindholdet i plasmaet er forøget. Man har indtaget for meget væske. 10. Forklar hvordan konditionstræning påvirker hæmatokritværdien
Ved at dyrke udholdenhedstræning kan man sænke ens hæmatokritværdi. 11. Forklar på hvilke måder man kan – både lovligt samt ulovligt
Indtagelse af jern kan forhøje din hæmatokritværdi lovligt, fordi røde blodlegemer er afhængig af jern.
Man kan forhøje hæmatokritværdien ulovligt ved EPO-gendoping.…...

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