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Developmental Matrix

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Developmental Stages Matrix

|Developmental Stage |Physical changes |Cognitive changes |Socioemotional changes |
|Infancy |Rapid increase in height and weight |Driven towards a goal by accommodation and coordination|Social awareness heightens |
| |Gross motor skills improve |of reflexes |Emotionally responsive to familiar people or strangers |
| |Head circumference increases to accommodate brain |Active exploration through experimenting |Self-awareness improves |
| |development. |Anticipate solving problems |Learns synchrony, attachment and independence. |
| | |Speak in full sentences | |
| | |Responding to people and objects | |
|Early Childhood |Baby fat turns to muscles and lower body lengthens |Very talkative and ask a lot of questions |Emotions are regulated and controlled |
| |Small appetite and now start to become very picky eater|Very curious and observant |More attuned to past experiences |
| |Growth is now steady and body becomes proportionately |Self-centered in thoughts |More confidence and independence is shown |
| |thinner |Vocabulary becomes more developed and discuss anything |Self-motivated |
| |Dramatic improvement in gross motor skills | | |
|Middle Childhood |This is the age between 8 and 11 years old. Growth |At this stage there is a fast expansion of mental |More autonomy from parents and family. A more solid awareness|
| |spurts occur in this stage of development, a rise in |skills. They have a superior aptitude to explain |of what is right and what is wrong. They also have a greater |
| |weight and height occurs intermittently. Muscular |incidents and discuss ideas and emotions. This is also |awareness of the future. And a Budding comprehension about |
| |development occurs as well, the child’s larger muscles |the age where there is less focus on self and more on |their position in the world. More concentration on |
| |are more matured than smaller ones and they have the |others. They exhibit adult-like judgment but their |friendships. Increasing desire to be liked and recognized by |
| |capacity to run extended distances, They are able to |interpretation is restricted to tangible, real-life |friends. More importance is placed on friendships than ever |
| |throw a ball and catch it. Their gross motor skills |circumstances. |before. Physical, social, and mental skills advance quickly. |
| |are more refined than the fine ones as well. |Children at this phase also turn into better |This is an essential time for children to grow self-assurance|
| | |communicators with the improvement of cognition, but |in all areas of life, by means of friendships, sports, and |
| | |they nonetheless learn language typically from the |learning. |
| | |perspective of dialogue. | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
|Adolescence |Defined as being the ages between 11 and 19 years old. |This is the stage of development where the adolescent | |
| |There are drastic changes that take place in this stage|is able to ponder analytically about all reasonable |This is the stage of self-consciousness, sensitivity |
| |of development. Not only is the physiological part of |interactions contained by a problem. They shift from |enveloping surroundings and amplified anxiety over their view|
| |the adolescent changing but so is the psychological as |tangible thinking to conventional rational processes. |of their own body, along with agonizing assessment relating |
| |well. Moving from child into an adult is a dramatic |They develop their own view of the world. If emotional |self and companions. Adolescents spend a substantial quantity|
| |change. The intermediary period reaches physical |problems come up they may have more difficult time |of time on thinking about themselves so they believe that |
| |maturity by developing sexual characteristics. Women |thinking in a complicated way. The more difficult |other people are thinking about them too. At this stage of |
| |begin to develop breast buds around 8 and fully develop|thoughts are focused on individual choices in education|development they begin to shape their identity. Friendships |
| |during late adolescence. Between the ages of 9-10 |and home, including schoolwork as well as questioning |are more unpredictable and girls tend to be jealous of other |
| |pubic hair growth and hair in the armpits and legs |authority as well as the ability to verbalize and shape|girls. They learn to develop relationships based on |
| |occur. In males there are changes in the scrotal and |their own opinion and observations on a variety of |faithfulness and closeness. They frequently feel that others |
| |testicular areas at around the age of 9 along with |topic such as which sports are better to play or what |are watching them. Adolescents tend to think they are the |
| |enlargement of the penis as it achieves its fully |group would be better to be included in or what |only ones to have ever experienced what they are feeling. |
| |developed range around 15 or 16. Pubic hair grows and |personal appearances are desired or appealing or what |They are inclined to exhibit the "Personal Fable" syndrome. |
| |hair on the face and armpits as well. Change in the |rules their parents make should be changed. Question |This is a belief that makes them think nothing bad will |
| |voice also occurs at this time. |more to a greater extent, scrutinize more expansively, |happen to them. |
| | |forms own identity. Begins to reflect long term. | |
|Early Adulthood |The first signs of aging begin such as fine lines and |Prior knowledge is now being used and applied to reach |The need for intimacy as well as isolation grows. Early |
| |wrinkles. Metabolism may begin to slow down slightly |achievements. Intelligence is used to maintain proper |adults begin to realize their own independence as members of |
| |which may result in ‘filling out’ for some. The body |working relationships such as those at work or in |society and begin to realize the need for love and compassion|
| |reaches its physical peak of strength, health and |romance. An increased ability to have multiple focuses |in order for society and their own lives to run smoothly. |
| |fertility for both sexes. |and concerns due to having almost full responsibility |The urge to ‘settle down’ begins to come into play. Young |
| | |for oneself for the first time. |adults begin to plan for the rest of their independent adult |
| | | |lives |
|Middle Adulthood |As an individual enters middle adulthood he or she will|Middle adults will experience a decline in fluid |Parental responsibilities will change as children become more|
| |experience a loss of skin elasticity. Wrinkles may |intelligence (thought processing) which can create a |independent and begin their own families and independent |
| |begin to appear on the face. Changes in hair color and|slower rate of problem solving. |lives. |
| |texture will also occur (“going gray”). Some may | | |
| |experience hair loss or balding. |There is an increased in crystallized intelligence |Some individuals may experience a midlife crisis which may |
| | |(practical knowledge). |lead to a struggle with self-identity and self-esteem much |
| |During middle adulthood, men experience decrease in | |like that of adolescence. Individuals will attempt to answer |
| |sexual function, possible erectile dysfunction, and |During middle adulthood there is a decline of working |questions such as “Who am I?” or “Why am I here?” (Broderick |
| |lower sperm count. |memory and increased semantic memory function (words, |& Blewitt, 2003) |
| | |symbols, meanings). | |
| |Auditory and visual functioning will begin to decline | | |
| |during middle adulthood as well. | |During middle adulthood individuals will become more aware of|
| | | |their own mortality, which may also contribute to issues of |
| | | |midlife crisis. |
| | | | |
|Late Adulthood |During late adulthood the immune system becomes weaker |A significant decline in neural functioning will occur |There may be a decrease in social interaction (social |
| |and individuals are more prone to illness and disease. |about five or six years prior to death resulting in a |segregation) due to lack of mobility. |
| | |decrease in intellectual functioning (Broderick & | |
| |There is a further decline in auditory and visual |Blewitt, 2003). |Older individuals often face ageism, which is a form of |
| |functioning during late adulthood. | |stereotyping based upon their age. |
| | |Older adults are at risk for dementia as their memory | |
| |Problems with arthritis/osteoarthritis may arise making|functioning declines. They may become easily confused |Retirement may affect social networks. |
| |it difficult for an individual to function properly and|or forgetful. Alzheimer’s disease may also become | |
| |perform regular daily tasks that they were once capable|evident during late adulthood. | |
| |of performing. A decline in strength and muscle | | |
| |functioning will also contribute to loss or regression | | |
| |of motor skills (Broderick & Blewitt, 2003). | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |

References

Broderick, P.C., & Blewitt, P. (2003). The life span: Human development for helping professionals. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education

Berger, K. S. (2008). The developing person through the life span (7th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers.

Guest, A (2011). Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Life-Span development (3rd ed.).New York: McGraw-Hill.…...

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