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Democratic Theory

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Democratic Theory and Contemporary Governance
The place of democracy as a system of governance in the modern world seems to be the only means of governance that appeals to all and sundry in both the advanced countries as well as the underdeveloped ones. This could be because of the room it gives for people’s participation in the restoration, operation and sustenance of government.
According to Nnoli, 1986, the concept of democracy has become part of the propaganda arsenal in the contemporary world. This propaganda role of democracy rose because of the positive sentiments it invokes in all the people. It is particularly appearing to the oppressed people of the world especially in Africa and whose yearning for freedom, equality and justice are daily frustrated. In fact , the propaganda value of democracy is so high that practically , every regime in the world even the most brutal ,oppressive and unjust ,wishes to justify its actions on democratic ground. Under these circumstances, it becomes difficult to fully understand the meaning of the concept democracy.
It is in this light that Heater (1964) regards democracy as a form of government , a way of life or an attitude of mind which is essentially a method or organizing society politically .And that there are five basic elements without which no community can call itself truly democratic namely :equality, sovereignty of the people , respect for human life, the rule of law and liberty of the individual. He further explains that democratic equality implies ‘one man one vote ’Irrespective of differences in wealth ,religion ,intelligence and it also connotes the equal right and opportunity of all citizens to hold political office.
References
C.Young(1998).’’The Third Wave of Democrazation in Africa:Ambiguities and Contradictions’’ in R. Jose
•Brown, W. (2006). American nightmare: Neoliberalism, neoconservatism, and de-democratization. Political Theory, 34(6), 690–714. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
•Chambers, S. (2009). Rhetoric and the public sphere: Has deliberative democracy abandoned mass democracy? Political Theory, 37(3), 323–350. Retrieved from the Walden Library databasesaph(ed),state,conflict and Democracy in Africa:Boulder:Lynme Rienner Publishers…...

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