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Delegation and Ethical Decision Making

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Delegation and Ethical Decision Making

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Question 1
Delegation
Delegation is a process by which a task’s responsibility and authority is transferred to individual who accepts the transfer. It is based on effective up-down and down-up communication in an organization or unit. However, the delegator retains accountability for the tasks delegated (Lipe & Beasley, 2004).
The five rights of delegation are the right task, circumstances, person, communication and supervision. Considering the right task, a task may only be delegated if the delegator has responsibility and authority over it and if it has not been delegated to them. From the right circumstances, a task is appropriate for delegation if it does not involve personal information or confidential issues that the person is not allowed to access. Considering the right person, tasks that require specific skills, knowledge and attitudes can only be delegated to a person who has such qualities. The right communication implies that a task will be appropriate for delegation if there are clear instructions and information concerning it. Lastly, a task that requires a certain level supervision and monitoring, cannot be delegated unless that level of monitoring and supervision is available. These rights of delegation are applied in decisions concerning what tasks a manager will delegate and to whom the tasks will be delegated (Lipe & Beasley, 2004).

Question 2
Ethical Dilemmas
The common ethical principles are the principle of autonomy, beneficence, justice, fidelity and confidentiality. Autonomy refers to self-determination and freedom of choice. Every person has a right to make personal informed decisions. Beneficence is a principle that directs professionals to always ‘do good’, it is often closely tied to non-maleficence, the principle of ‘do no harm’. Justice…...

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