Premium Essay

David Trobisch and David Parker on the Origin of the New Testament the Historical Jesus, and How Manuscripts Can Reveal What Texts Conceal

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By AymanTurky
Words 12334
Pages 50
David Trobisch and David Parker on the Origin of the New Testament, the Historical Jesus, and How Manuscripts Can Reveal What Texts Conceal
Tom Dykstra
I grew up with a picture of Paul traveling through Asia and Europe, founding congregations, counseling and teaching the men and women who had given their life to Jesus. If he could not visit them, he sent letters. When Paul died, his letters were kept as treasures. Each church that had received one of his letters saved it, had it read during worship services, and exchanged copies of the letter with other congregations close by. Later the congregations tried to complete their collection. But this view does not match the uniformity of manuscript evidence. --David Trobisch

It is even more remarkable that attempts to reconstruct the supposed document 'Q' (the lost collection used by both Matthew and Luke postulated by those who argue that Matthew and Luke are independent) use text-critical terminology to describe their activities. However, since all they are doing is making selections from a twentieth-century printed text, which does not even presume to provide confidently the text of the four-Gospel collection, never mind that of the independent first-century texts, this use of language must be dismissed as illusory. --David Parker

Modern scholarship has produced detailed biographies of Paul, massive multi-volume inquiries into “the historical Jesus,” and mountains of exegetical literature that claims to extract the author’s meaning from each word of each New Testament book. Typically, this literature analyzes the scriptural texts with little reference to actual manuscripts. Exegetes and even historians typically allude to manuscripts only briefly when they encounter variant readings that they deem particularly significant, such as the longer endings of Mark, the story of the adulterous woman in John 7:53-8:11, or…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Text-Critical Problem of 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 and the Evidences of Its Origin

...literature. Then, I present the arguments based on internal evidences that are both for and against the interpolation of 1 Cor. 14:34-35. Next, I provide a section on external evidences supporting a case of interpolation of vv. 34-35. In this final section we will investigate scribal awareness of multiple readings in Codex Vaticanus, Fuldensis and Ms. 88, which can be observed in some sigla left by the copyists of these texts. Chapter three examines the identity of the author(s) and the date of composition for both the interpolation in Corinthians and the Pastoral Epistles. Chapter three provides a survey on the role of women in the churches under Paul’s personal supervision. It also examines the ancient view of the role of women in the Greco-Roman society and how it impacted the deutero-Pauline understanding. Next, I present the most important issues behind the debate concerning the role of women between the deutero-Pauline school (represented especially by the Pastoral Epistles) and the Pauline tradition represented by the Acts of Paul. Finally, I investigate the canonization of the Taceat Mulier dogma. Chapter ONE The Origin of 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 This chapter presents an introduction to Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians. For our purpose it is important to understand the background of the letter, the theories of composition and unity of the letter, and Paul’s agenda in writing the letter. This background will assist us to better understand the......

Words: 42363 - Pages: 170

Premium Essay

What Information Mention on "On the Value of Management History" Lamond David

...The Emerald Research Register for this journal is available at The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available at GUEST EDITORIAL Guest editorial On the value of management history Absorbing the past to understand the present and inform the future David Lamond Sydney Graduate School of Management, University of Western Sydney, Parramatta, Australia Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider the value of management history as a contributor to the development of the theory and practice of management and, to the extent that it is necessary to absorb the past in order to understand the present and inform the future, consider what happens to the knowledge base when the surviving “contributions” to the knowledge base are partial and, indeed, erroneous. Design/methodology/approach – The articles that constitute this special issue form the launching-pad for this discussion, with the ideas presented here combined with previous research and commentaries on the issues raised. Research limitations/implications – In The Life of Reason, Santayana said, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it”. Managers looking for the “next big thing”, without being able to incorporate it effectively into their experience, and the experience of those who are long gone, are condemned to repeat not just the past, but also the mistakes of the past.......

Words: 4553 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

David Hero King and Prophet

...Chris Newman Michael Ritter REL124 16 December 2012 David: Hero, King and Prophet There is no doubt that King David is one of the most outstanding biblical and historical figures, who also inspired artists of all epochs to make him a hero of their work. His role was special as the second King of Israel and as a human ancestor of Jesus Christ. Thus, one can state for sure that this personality is of great importance both for Judaism and Christianity and embodies devotion to God and the idea of authority blessed by God as well. Most of information on David can be found in the Books of Samuel and Ruth. Historically, David was one of eight sons of Jesse, who in his turn descended from Judas. In the Old Testament books, it is mentioned that he was handsome, physically strong, had red hair and was an outstanding musician. He started by helping his father to care about the herd and quite succeeds in doing so. Even at a young age, he demonstrates courage as a shepherd when a lion and bear attack the herd. He conquers in the battle with beasts, for which he gains his first glory. In fact, it should be mentioned, that being a shepherd is more than a narrative element which is mentioned in the Bible. In fact, this role of David is foreshadowing his future position of Israeli ruler. In the scriptures, a shepherd is often a positive idea that implies being in charge of people. Even God has been compared to a shepherd not once like for instance in the following passage: ‘Then he......

Words: 3320 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

New Testament Culture and Historical Background

...Grace Knowing the cultural and historical background of the New Testament should be a requirement in the studying of the New Testament. Without knowing the cultural and historic background of the New Testament would be reading the Bible and making a lot of our own interpretations. Before reading the assignment for this module, I believe I was making a lot of interpretations based on the writings in the New Testament. As long as I have been reading the Bible this is the first that I have read about knowing the cultural and historic background of the written text of the Bible and how they affect the interpretation. The New Testament was written about AD 45 to approximately AD100 and contains 27 books. Leather Scrolls and Papyrus sheets were uses to write down the information. ((The Essence of the New Testament: A Survey). Towns and Gutierrez)). The first pages were written in the language of the intended audience. Over time, the audiences’ changes and new translations are made so they can understand the writings. Each time a new translation is made it is for a different culture with a different history. It is difficult to say how many times our culture, historical background and biblical beliefs, has changed since AD 45. Copies were made from the original pages and forwarded through the country. God managed for the original signed papers to disappear. Translations only change the language of the text, not the meaning, that God had the text written. The biblical......

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The New [World] Testament

... Dustin Isais Professor Shakir American Literature I 29 September 2013 The New [World] Testament It's quite clear based on the literature of the day that the exploration of and expansion into the New World was seen as the ultimate epic of Christendom for 17th century Europeans. The ideation of the New World being an exotic land inhabited by savage natives guarding precious metals and herbs permeates colonial literature without question. Further, letters and journals of explorers like Thomas Hariott and John Smith along with colonists such as William Bradford and John Winthrop illustrate the unsettling mentality these people brought with them into the Americas. The depiction is of a self-important people driven by a misconstrued ancient text and motivated to fulfill their purpose as the chosen people of the sacred Bible. The commonality throughout the literature of settlement and exploration is purely driven by European hermeneutics and the persistence on becoming the antitype of the types present in the Bible. The New World ideation begins with Thomas Harriot's propagandistic A Brief and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia.Harriot wrote optimistically and full of awe despite reocurring issues between the English and the natives of the New World. In fact, the escalating violence and rising tensions between the two is rarely mentioned. A misleading and cryptic sentence alluding to the less-than-peaceful circumstances reads, “And although some of our cmpany towards......

Words: 1879 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...Print Email Download Reference This Send to Kindle Reddit This    [pic] The Life Of King David Religion Essay David was the second king of Israel and a descendant of Abraham. He was the youngest of eight brothers in his family (1Samuel 17:22) and was growing up as a shepherd (Bible Dictionary). He was the father of the well known king Solomon. In New Testament Jesus called as son of David. I am going to tell about David’s life before he became a king; a description of his way of becoming a king of Israel. As a king he was righteous and brave. However, as far as I am concerned, his life before becoming a king was also interesting to know. I have chosen to concentrate particularly on this part of his life, because at that point he seemed to be an ordinary person like an average shepherd, but his great faith and believe in God gave him such a strength and bravery, that he managed to become a famous hero and king in the Biblical story of Israel. The story of David begins in the Bible from the 16th chapter of 1st Samuel. David was the youngest son of Jesse, who was son of Obed. Also here we get information about his anointment by Samuel, who was a prophet before and had set Saul on throne for the United Kingdom. After that, David faced the first trial which defined his future. It was the war with Philistine. Philistines had one unbeatable warrior Goliath whom they sent to fight with any Israelite warrior. The end of their battle would define the winner. Goliath was......

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

David Parker Ray

...1. Childhood David Parker Ray was born on November 6, 1939 and died May 28, 2002. David was suspected to be a serial killer and well-known torture killer of many women, although no bodies were ever recovered. David was eventually discovered when many of his accomplices came forward with accusations regarding the murder of around eight women. On top of these known victims, police also believe that Ray may be responsible for the murders of up to sixty women near and around Truth or Consequences, New Mexico. Ray had a very disturbed and violent childhood. Many have speculated that this was the road that led him to his life of torture and murder. Ray resided with his grandparents. While still occasionally seeing his father, he was physically abused each and every time. While he was attending school he made very poor grade, and was often teased for being shy around females. Many of his educational downfalls were thought to be brought on by the passing of his Grandmother which split him and his sister up. David eventually graduated high school and spent much of his time participating in illicit drug use and a strong habit of consuming alcohol. He later enlisted in the military. 1. Ray’s Murders Ray tortured and murdered all of the female victims in a homemade torture facility he named "toy box". The chamber contained many objects that he personally named and felt to be his friends. The contents of his friends consisted of chains, pliers, pulleys, clamps, whips, knives,......

Words: 1309 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Knowing the Cultural and Historical Backgrounds of the New Testament

...Cultural and Historical Backgrounds of the New Testament It is my belief that it is necessary to know both the cultural and historical background of the New Testament.  This would help in giving invaluable insight into the core understanding of what the scriptures are saying to us with the cultures and history as the backdrop.  Culture was a large influence on the mindset of beliefs and practices during those times. This caused tradition to set in that was not easily changed.  Jesus shook up this mindset by going against what was the normal culture and historical practices by showing and proving that He is the way, the truth and the life.  The story of the woman at the well gives us a clear example of this.  When Jesus encountered the woman at the well, Jesus broke three cultural customs.  First He spoke to a woman; second, she was a Samaritan who the Jews traditionally did not like; and third, He asked her to get Him a drink of water, which would have made Him ceremonially unclean because He used her cup. He Jesus showed that his mission was to the entire earth, not just the Jews.   In studying the historical background of the New Testament, we can tap into the occasions and events of the divinely inspired writers’ views.  For we know that history itself is a lesson that can provide real-time life changing answers.  For there to be a culture, there first had to be a history to build upon.  The history that the New Testament builds upon is the laws of the old......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cultiral and Historical Background of New Testament

...Rhonda Parker 10/22/2014 Bible 110 D11 Cultural and Historical Background of New Testament Although Christ would want us to have full understanding of both New and Old Testaments, there is still a separation between them. The Old Testament people had different laws, and were under an old covenant. Law was central to them. Whereas, we as New Testament believers under the new covenant approached God through the sacrifice of Christ. (Duvall and Hays 2008, p. 12) yet still Christians today have some differences through cultures, languages, situations, and time. Which is why cultural and historical background is important. When we study scripture we have to be able to interpret the message of the original text. Problems that arise from misinterpreting the text are: 1) we will not have the true meaning of the scripture, and 2) we will go on to begin to teach others our interpretation. Henceforth, causing a domino effect of confused believers. When I began to study the bible I became so confused, trying to sift through just those scriptures that seemed familiar to me. Why? Because, so many different interpretations of various scriptures had been thrown at me that my head was swimming. Hence the desire for a deeper understanding of the word. The cultural and historical background of the New Testament are the directions on a map, but just as a navigator needs to learn how to interpret every symbol of a map. We have to be able to understand how the Bible......

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Quest for the Historical Jesus

...Rosemarie Stanislaus Term Paper August 1, 2014 The Quest for the Historical Jesus INTRODUCTION Over the centuries scholars from around the world have written a lot about religion, its meaning, relevance and contribution to humanity. There have been many speculations upon the nature and historical background of Jesus Christ. Many scholars have tried to dig into the few clues as to His identity and come up with a human side to which we can all relate. The study of Christianity and how it relates to Jesus Christ is very important to the whole world. Concerning the issue of Christianity, for example, the majority of people are taught in most schools and churches that Jesus Christ was an actual historical figure and that the only controversy regarding him is that some people accept him as the Son of God and the Messiah, while others do not. While the historicity of Jesus is the most debated subject in the field of religion today, the most enduring and profound controversy in this subject is whether or not Jesus Christ really existed. This paper will discuss who Jesus is, the controversy and biblical sources based on the views of scholars surrounding the historicity of Jesus. Finally, this paper will give Biblical evidence that Jesus existed. WHO IS JESUS? It is generally accepted that Jesus was truly a man who walked the earth 2000 years ago. Almost every religion teaches that Jesus was a prophet, excellent teacher or a Godly man.......

Words: 2022 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

To What Extent Is David Cameron a New Right Politician

...To what extent is David Cameron a New Right politician. When Thatcher acted by defending the Falklands in 1982, it proved she was patriotic and willing to invest in the military, £200 million was spent on defence and harrier jump jets were introduced. The investment in the military and the defence fits into the New Right ideology as it developed those areas into a more powerful body. This came into place because Argentina's military landed on and occupied the Falklands which is under British rule. Thatcher being extremely patriotic decided to act by defending the Falklands, in addition the Falklands citizens wanted to remain apart of the UK so Argentina couldn’t justify why they occupied the Islands. The benefits this had to the UK proved that we are very strong in terms of the military as we were able to defend islands which were 4000 miles away against a country which are located 300 miles away from the Falklands, however although it did a lot for the reputation of our military Thatcher did come out a weak and broken leader. In my opinion I believe to defend the Falklands was a courageous and intelligent move, we were able to prove our military's strength whilst maintaining control of the Falkland Islands, which was approved by the occupants. I also believe the success was a deterrent for other countries which felt they could attack Britain, if we we're to let Argentina have the Falklands it would make the UK appear as weak. David Cameron for this reason would not be......

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

David Hume

...Renaissance to Revolution Term Paper Abbas Ali David Hume and the Fallacy (Philosophy) of Religion David Hume is considered the greatest philosopher Britain has produced and an intellectual hero to many atheists. His arguments against religion are clear, incisive and devastating. However, some people have misconstrued his agnosticism to represent faith and claim that while Hume challenged conventional religion, he himself believed in God. In this paper I will attempt to refute some of these claims by briefly highlighting some of Hume’s most compelling arguments against religion and showing how they leave little room for belief. I will also delve into some of the context surrounding Hume’s work to show how speaking against religion was a dangerous game in those times and restricted Hume’s ability to speak freely. Some of the primary sources used for this paper include Hume’s most famous works on religion, including The Natural History of Religion and Dialogues concerning Natural Religion. Secondary and tertiary sources include scholarly critiques of Hume’s texts as well as reviews and journals interpreting his work one way or another. To start with, lets have a look at an excerpt from, The Natural History of Religion, published in 1757. In the following passage, Hume summarizes his views on religion as “sick men’s dreams”: What a noble privilege is it of human reason to attain the knowledge of the supreme Being; and, from the visible works of nature, be enabled to......

Words: 1858 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The New Testament Canon

...CHHI 301, Research Paper 1 The New Testament Canon I have asked myself many times the question of where the bible came from. Was it divine prophesies, or was it simply a mish mash of letters, writings, and books all crammed together into one volume. How and when it was decided which books and letters was would be included, and who decided that? In this paper we will discuss how the New Testament was put together and the origins of the New Testament Canon. The New Testament is a very young document that dates from around 1,900 to 2000 years old. This may seem like a long time ago, but compared to the age of the Old Testament, and other recorded ancient writing it is really pretty recent. It is commonly accepted by most rational thinking people that the Bible as we currently have it today, didn’t just appear one day, but was put together by many different writers, and by many different scholars. So this begs the real question how did the current New Testament come to being and who besides God was behind the publication of the New Testament Canon. I will try in this research paper to paint a picture of how the New Testament Canon came to be, who was involved and what the process was that was used to select the books that were ultimately used. Most scholars agree that the early writers were not aware, or even intended to have books or letters published in the New Testament, they were simply writing to a specific audience. As an example when Paul......

Words: 1374 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

What Is Apologetics

...Craig Reflection Paper Carlette Douglas Oklahoma Wesleyan University Apologetics An apology, as the term is used here, is not saying "I'm sorry." Rather, it means a ready defense; "offered in defense or vindication, especially of the divine origin and authority of Christianity." Thus an apology is a defense of what you believe to be true. An apologist is a person who makes the defense. And apologetics is a "systematic argumentative discourse in defense." (All quotes in this paragraph taken from Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. The reason I should defend my faith as First Peter 3:15 says, "Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have." When non-Christians ask tough questions about the Christian faith, I will be able to give a solid and logical response. If not, there is an opportunity lost to spread God's Word. Worse, the Christian who has a weak foundation for his faith can be easily shaken by the doubts of non-believers. Though not everything in the Bible can be proven beyond a shadow of a doubt, there is far more proof than most people Christian or non-Christian are aware of. As apologists for my faith, it is my job to line up the available evidence, base my decisions upon it, and present the evidence to others to help give them an intelligent foundation for their decisions. "An intelligent Christian ought to be able to point up the flaws in a non-Christian position and to present facts and......

Words: 3503 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

The Historical Jesus

...TITLE: THE QUEST FOR HISTORICAL JESUS. DATE: MAY, 2016 It is worthy of note that the first four centuries of the life of the Church was nearly marred by the Christological heresies. Argument about the person and work of Jesus Christ. Arguments abound concerning the Historicity of the Christian religion, while many has maintained that Jesus had not intended a development of faith from his teachings, the quest to identify the historical Jesus and differentiate between the Jesus of history and the Jesus of faith is going on. One of those devastating heresies called Docetism appeared in the time of John the beloved, propounded by the Marcions and the Gnostics, a teaching that denied the human nature of Jesus Christ claiming that the body is matter and matter is evil, so that the body was just a “Phantom” a body merely given a human appearance in nature but not necessarily human, because they believe that God cannot associate with evil. So John wrote in his first epistle that “every Spirit that confesses not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God” 1John 4:3. The Jesus of History is the Jesus of the Historical Quests which is by now is on the 3rd stage. The Christ of Faith is the Christ of the Christian belief. To have any sort of separation between the two is like having a separation between the WORD and the CHRIST contrary to the Christian faith that was in the beginning with God as mentioned by John in John 1:2, 14. One cannot separate Jesus from Christ or......

Words: 3451 - Pages: 14