Free Essay

Dart Rail Expansion

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rbourge12
Words 2106
Pages 9
Collin County is flourishing with profitable businesses, notable schools, and endless opportunities for the people living there. Because of this, Collin County’s population is growing and expanding exponentially. With an increase in population and success though, comes congestion and transportation downfalls. This is where a proven public transportation system must step up to maintain a fluid and affordable way for the population to continue traveling with ease. The Dallas Area Rapid Transit, or DART, is a transportation system located in Dallas, as well as twelve surrounding cities. It easily helps our community commute from Point A to Point B. DART Rail is the chosen transportation method for thousands of passengers. The year 2012 marked 250 million passenger trips since its opening in 1996. Currently the DART Rail is the largest electric light rail system in the nation covering a total of 90 miles with 62 stations. DART is a proven transportation system that not only eases congestion, but simplifies our community’s travels. Currently, DART Rail has five major lines; The Red, Blue, Green, Orange Lines, as well as the Trinity Railway Express. The Red Line extends from Parker Road Station to the Westmoreland Station. The Blue Line goes from Downtown Rowlett Station to Ledbetter Station which is south of Dallas. The Green Line is from North Carrolton/Frankford Station to the Buckner Station. A passenger can also take the Orange line and reach DFW airport, hassle free, and avoid leaving their vehicle in an unattended, but very expensive parking lot.
We propose to expand DART rail trains from Firewheel to Beltline. This would not only allow people to commute a greater distance without the hassle of a car and traffic, but would also allow , further access to DFW Airport and other major attractions. Our community is going to need additional DART rails to keep up with our growing population and traffic congestion. There is no better alternative than depending on an already established and dependable transportation system.
Expansion Location The planned expansion of the DART Rail System named “Comet Rail” will extend 32.85 miles, incorporate 12 stations and six cities. Comet Rail will allow patrons to travel from Firewheel Town Center in Garland, TX to DFW International Airport after connecting with Belt Line Station, an existing orange line station, and continuing west to the next stop on the orange line. The first station on the Comet Rail expansion will be Firewheel Station. Firewheel Station will be located in Garland, TX on the northwest corner of President George Bush Turnpike and Highway 78, across the street from Firewheel Town Center. This will allow for an easy commuting point for residents of Wylie, Sachse, North Garland and the outlying towns.
Comet rail will extend west from Firewheel Station to it’s second station Campbell Station on the northwest corner of President George Bush Turnpike and Campbell Road in Garland.
From Campbell Station the Comet Rail will connect to an existing DART station, Bush Turnpike Station, at the southeast corner of President George Bush Turnpike and Highway 75 in Richardson, TX. At Bush Turnpike Station, Comet Rail will connect with the Red Line allowing patrons to easily transit to Parker Station in Plano, TX or downtown Dallas.
Continuing along the Comet Rail from Bush Turnpike Station patrons will reach the Northside UTD Station at the southwest corner of Renner Road and Synergy Park Boulevard in Richardson. Northside UTD Station will be a convenient stop for students and faculty of the University of Texas at Dallas, as well as Texas Instrument employees and others.
The Comet Rail will then continue from the Northside UTD Station to Coit Station on Coit Road between Maple Shade Lane and Plano Parkway in Plano, TX. Coit Station will allow easy transit for patrons to stop at the neighborhood Wal-Mart and Central Market; as well as, allowing residents from many neighboring apartment complexes an easy commute around the city.
From Coit Station Comet Rail will continue west to Preston Station located in the vacated Park Place Lexus dealership, at the southwest corner of Preston Road and Plano Parkway in Plano, TX. Preston Station will be a convenient and central location for West Plano, Frisco and North Dallas patrons as well as commuters working along Preston Road.
The next station on the line will be Willow Bend Station on the northwest corner of the Dallas North Tollway and George Bush in Plano, TX, with an expected Horizon North Parkway address. Willow Bend Station will be located just over a mile away from the Shops at Willow Bend, and easy access to many office buildings and apartment complexes.
From Willow Bend Station patrons will arrive at Frankford Station at the northeast corner of Frankford Road and President George Bush Turnpike in Dallas, TX. Near Frankford Station there are many restaurants and apartments and this location will allow easy access for all Northeast Dallas residents.
Next in line is Josey Station at the northwest corner of Josey and George Bush in Carrollton, TX. Josey Station will serve as a vital commuting point for the city of Carrollton and all people transiting on Old Denton Road and Josey.
Following Josey Road Station, Comet Rail will continue to Trinity Mills Station, an existing green line station, in Carrollton. Trinity Mills Station will allow patrons easy access to Denton, Love Field, Medical City and beyond.
Based on observations of past DART expansions, such as the 27.7 mile green line, we were able to estimate that there is a $32 million dollar cost per mile of expansion. The comet rail is expected to run 32 miles in total. Therefore, the cost of implementing the Comet Rail would come to an estimated $2.1 billion. The Comet Rail expansion is expected to overlap 3 already existing stations. The existing stations will reduce the cost of the expansion by saving both time and money. Therefore, the major expenses would be the land, labor and material needed to build the remaining 11 stations. The following budget contains a breakdown of the cost associated with the building of Comet Rail.

Expenditure | Total Cost | Land | $400,000,000 | Labor | $250,000,000 | Material | $300,000,000 | Planning and Development | $75,000,000 | Rail Development | $15,000,000 | Commuter Rail Operations | $7,500,000 | Marketing | $2,500,000 | Total | $1,050,000,000 |

According to the 2015 DART business plan, DART is primarily funded by sales tax revenue and federal grants. These sources would be used to fund half of the Comet Rail expansion, which would total $1.05 billion. However, the cost associated with expanding the DART rail would quickly be exceeded by the economic, environmental and social benefits that would follow.


The Collin County population expects to grow from 850,000 people to 1.3 million people by 2035. It is also estimated that Collin County will be unable to keep up with the demand for highway construction to help reduce anticipated congestion. It is essential to expand the Dart Rails not only to assist in reducing traffic, but to also enact long-term benefits vital to future generations. DART is not only friendly on the environment, but also affordable for low-income families, as well as profitable for the business community. With the expected increase in population, coupled with shortfalls in transportation funding, it is vital to expand Dart Rails in order help maintain a fluid transportation system in Collin County. More frequently, businesses are beginning to enact green-thinking practices into their operations. This creates favorable opinions of their businesses from society and helps reduce the ever-growing pollution problem. In this world, vehicles are one of the largest pollutant creating devices. Cars and trucks are responsible for “one-fifth of all U.S. emissions,” and are estimated to emit 24 pounds of carbon dioxide and other toxic gases per a gallon of gas. Pollution from cars will continue to increase as the population increases. If DART was expanded and became more accessible or convenient to a wider number of people, then more people would have the option to take the DART as opposed to a car. The DART rail also emits greenhouse gases, however, it is miniscule compared to a car. According to DART, dart rail trains have the “same emissions as a golf cart.” If one person per household chose public transportation over a personal car for one year, it would reduce that household’s carbon footprint by 8.1 percent. Making DART more accessible to a larger number of the population will also benefit individual households. It can be agreed upon that the expenses associated with owning a car controls a large portion of any average budget. Car expenses include the car note, insurance, depreciation, fuel, and maintenance work. In 2013, an AAA report concluded that the cost to operate a car per year averaged around $9,122. The monthly cost of a DART pass amounts to eighty dollars per month. The annual pass amounts to Eight-hundred dollars. Using DART is over ten times less expensive than operating a car. For low-income families, the prospect of owning a car is not financially feasible. This severely limits occupational opportunities. Expanding the DART rail trains would additionally allow an affordable way for low-income families to reach a wider range of job opportunities. Expanding the Dart rail will also entice more people to use the public transit system, because they will be able to go farther. One of the current drawbacks to DART trains is that it doesn’t reach enough places, which would make using DART pointless for a lot of people. Expanding the Dart rails also economically benefits the society as a whole as well as the government. It has been proven through real estate market databases that businesses located within a .25 mile radius of the DART rails can demand a “13.9 percent premium” on rental and leasing rates on office space. Businesses within this radius are also proven to produce a higher annual revenue which in turns generates a higher tax revenue for the government. In 2013, properties near the DART stations contributed an “estimated $36 million in taxes” to local governments compared to the “$14 million” in areas outside of the .25 mile radius around the DART stations. So, economically, elongating Dart rails will increase the value of surrounding businesses, create more job opportunities, and increase revenue for local governments.

The new DART Rails we have added have a potential to generate a lot of revenue for the city. To help kick start the generation of this revenue stream, we have come up with some different promotions.
To help jump start the launch of our new lines, we would promote a “first ride free” day. This would serve to entice riders to come back and use the DART. With this first ride they will see how convenient it to use the DART with no risk (because it is free) and may incorporate it into their daily lives. In the grand scheme of things, revenue lost in this first day can be made up in the long run by riders convinced to continue using the DART. One promotion we came up with was for the Northside UTD Station We propose that students who ride the Northside UTD Station could receive a student discount. Student discounts will lead to more students riding the DART. The students who benefit most would be the ones that commute often. They will save a lot of money on gas, as well as not having to sit in traffic. Since UTD is predominantly a commuter school, this will be a perfect fit for their student body. Another promotion we came up with would coincide with local businesses. We would work out deals with companies that are close to our stations that employees that ride the DART will receive discounted prices. DART benefits with more riders which leads to more revenue, and help reduce their carbon footprint. Employers benefit because they also can “go green” as well as having happy employees. Employees benefit because they can save money on gas, and the added benefit of not sitting in traffic. Holiday promotions were another idea we came up with. On holidays, or any random weekend, children (12 and under) ride for free. The perks for this is children do not go places by themselves, so it’s a good way to get parents to take the DART and bring their kids along. It encourages them to go out and do activities with their children and DART benefits as well. Not only monetarily but DART will be perceived better by future riders.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

European Rail Radar

...SURVEY Executive Radar 2011 European Rail Industry WHY PRODUCE AN EXECUTIVE RADAR? As a top strategy consultancy in the rail sector, Roland Berger Strategy Consultants actively supports industry leaders in identifying challenges, uncovering solutions and driving decisive change in their organizations. We have identified a growing need for dialogue amongst senior railway executives regarding the key issues that drive the industry. Therefore, we launched an "Executive Radar" to support executivelevel thinking in the European railway industry. This survey was conducted between July and September 2011, involving more than 150 top industry executives and representing a broad range of segments and positions in the value chain. The survey captured prevailing trends on two hot topics: > How have liberalization and privatization already affected companies along the value chain and what will be the biggest challenges in the coming years? > Which instruments can increase your companies' profitability and strengthen the sustainability of your financial base? Here we present the conclusions and trust you will find them insightful in supporting your strategic thinking and decision making. We would welcome the opportunity to have a more detailed discussion directly with you on any of the issues presented. THE EUROPEAN RAIL PRACTICE MANAGEMENT TEAM Stéphane Albernhe (Paris) Christoph Beseler Didier Bréchemier Francesco Calvi Parisetti Alain d'Oultremont Roland Falb Boris......

Words: 5177 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Metro Rail 1983 when voters rejected a rail plan by referendum.[3] Voter referendum in 1988 approved a 20 mile light rail plan;[4] however, Bob Lanier was elected mayor in 1992 and stopped the plan.[3] In 1991, U.S. Rep. Tom Delay, removed $65 million in federal funding for the rail line.[3] Then, Houston drew up a rail plan with entirely local funding. In 2001, several groups sued to stop construction, claiming that the METRO organization was a "private business" and subject to Houston City Charter provisions regulating business use of its streets;[5] they obtained 2 temporary injunctions in January 2001, which were reversed by appeals court on March 9, 2001.[5] Ground was broken on this line on March 13, 2001.[6] The opening of METRORail on January 1, 2004, came 64 years after the previous streetcar system had been shut down.[7] The cost was $325 million [8] Houston was the largest city in the United States without a rail system after the 1990 opening of the Blue Line in Los Angeles. Tom Delay strongly opposed construction of the METRORAIL line and twice blocked federal funding for the system in the United States House of Representatives.[9] Thus the Metrorail was built without any federal funding until November 2011 when a $900 million grant was approved for expansions.[10] In spite of the opposition of some groups to the Metrorail, surveys conducted by Stephen Klineberg and Rice University have shown consistent increases in support of rail transport and decreases in......

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Freight to Rail

...advantages of moving freight by rail. 9 3. In respect of South Africa, how can Government influence freight modal split in favour of rail? 12 4. References 16 (i) Why is such a greater proportion of freight carried by road? It is a well-known fact that ‘without trucks, South Africa stops!’ Trucks are the only way to reach most factories, stores, restaurants and homes. They carry everything, from TVs and computers to clothes, medicine, children’s toys, food and construction materials – all along the production chain, to local stores and doorsteps. The current inefficiencies of the rail infrastructure in South Africa is the main cause why such a greater proportion of freight is carried by road. It is true that approximately 80% of all freight in South Africa is transported by road. The routes travelled include both proclaimed and un-proclaimed roads. The un-proclaimed roads make up an estimated 140,000 km that mostly serve rural areas. The un-proclaimed roads do not fall under the road inventory of Government and as such do not get maintained even though they are important access routes for rural communities. The deregulation of freight transport in South Africa two decades ago, and low historical investment in rail which resulted in poor service delivery, has caused the increased rail to road phenomenon. In South Africa our economy faces major challenges through the lack of an effective freight rail service in terms of the......

Words: 3456 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Raymond Dart

...Raymond Arthur Dart, born in 1893 in Queensland, Australia, was a neuroanatomist and a paleoanthropologist. He was most famous for discovering the Taung Child. His discoveries of fossil hominins (members of the human lineage) led to important insights into human evolution. He was raised on a dairy farm near Laidley, attended Toowong and Blenheim state and Ipswich Grammar schools. He graduated from the University of Queensland with first-class honours in biology, and studied medicine at University of Sydney. He acted vice-principal of St. Andrew’s College in 1917. He was a medical officer at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, and as a captain in the Australian Army Medical Corps, served in England and France. In England, Dart took a post at University College, London, as senior demonstrator in anatomy. Then, he spent a year on Rockefeller Foundation fellowship in USA. He married to Dora Tyree, an instructor in anatomy, in 1921. In January 1923, he moved to South Africa, as a professor of anatomy at The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. In November 1924 Dart was given a fossil skull that had been found recently at Taungs. He extracted the fossil from the hard matrix and found that the skull was a child’s. It was a mixture of apish and human features. Its teeth were human-like while its brain was the size of an ape’s. Raymond Dart had found the missing link in the man-ape line of evolution. He died on 22nd November 1988 at the age of 95 in Reno, Nevada. I am......

Words: 1410 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Will Light Rail Be Enough?

...Will Light Rail be Enough? Will Light Rail Be Enough? With traffic congestion what it is today, many cities are looking for solutions to remove single-occupancy vehicles from the roadways and still get people where they need to go. Seattle, Washington is no different. According to Sound Transit’s website, Light Rail was approved via voters and meant to provide transportation to a minimum of 75,000 passengers daily in King County, run 24 hours a day, and remove traffic congestion from the Puget Sound region. What once was a 21-mile Light Rail idea approved for $1 Million in 1996, is now a 14-mile Light Rail system for $2.4 Billion, and for just the first of many phases on this project running by summer 2009. By 2020, Sound Transit expects the system to be carrying more than 42,500 daily passengers (Sound Transit, 2009). By the time the entire Light Rail system is finally built in Puget Sound, it will not support the traffic volume that is needed for the day. This project has great potential, but it has been poorly managed, has become too costly, and will not resolve our traffic problems in the near future. Light Rail History According to TrainWeb, LLC, Light Rail or Light Rail Transit is a form of urban rail public transportation that generally has a lower capacity and lower speed than heavy rail and metro systems, but higher capacity and higher speed than street-running tram systems. The term is typically used to refer to rail systems with rapid transit-style...

Words: 3798 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Logistics at Blue Dart

...Introduction to Blue Dart Courier Services Blue Dart is South Asia’s largest courier services provider and is the largest of the Global Service Participants of FedEx. Beginning its operations in November, 1983 from its headquarters in Mumbai, India, Blue Dart along with its partner DHL today covers 21,000 domestic locations and more than 220 countries. To go about its logistics, Blue Dart – DHL operates 3 737 class Boeings and 4 757 class Boeings. With annual revenue of approximately 15,000 million while operating roughly 7,400 vehicles across its operations. Supply Chain Model in Blue Dart Blue Dart follows a Hub and Spoke model. Disaggregation and aggregation happens at the collection point, then the Distribution Centre / Warehouse and then at the Franchisee offices across thousands of destinations. IT Infrastructure in Blue Dart includes Oracle DBs, Java servers and Java Applets. The disadvantage of having a hub and spoke model for a courier service is that all packages have to go through the distribution center irrespective of their source and destination. Tracking in Blue Dart Consignment tracking in Blue Dart is through waybill / reference number databases maintained meticulously on the company’s Oracle servers. All of the tracking services offered by Blue Dart is free of cost and is offered to basically retain customers. Two of Blue Dart’s tracking services are PackTrack and ShipDart. The formers is for clients who want be involved in logistics, distribution......

Words: 1488 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

High Speed Rail

...Question: Critically analyse HR planning and develop a recruitment and selection plan for the UK High Speed Railway Project. 1.0 Introduction Within this report, the main influential factors which effect the development and construction of the High Speed Rail Project (HSR), will be identified and explored. Because approximately 20 per cent of all budgeted spending for transport in the UK between now and 2021 is allocated for HSR, strong human recourses and a robust recruitment and selection plan are vital to its success, (, 2013). This essay will analyse the strengths of existing HR strategies and choose suitable methods for recruitment, in the context of a large scale, long term national, government backed project. The key decisions will centre round union relations, agency recruitment versus long term employment contracts, potential of hiring from within existing similar industries and taking on employees new to the industry. This essentially pits useful experience of industry employees against employees with fresh perspectives to influence a change in culture, from other railway companies. The findings of this essay will be applicable to the actual HSR project as all theory and studies used within, are based on academic sources. This essay is structured to firstly explore the landscape surrounding this project and human recourse issues in general, before presenting conclusions. 2.0 Development In order to identify the main issues associated......

Words: 2296 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Dart App

...FORM Instructions: Unless otherwise stated, you may use as much space as you need to answer the following questions. Please include the original questions along with your answers when you submit your completed application. Email your completed application with resume to: or fax to: (785) 841-2680. 1. Please type your name, today’s date, and how you originally heard about this position. 2. Were you nominated by a scout? If so, please provide the scout’s name, institution, and contact information (not mandatory). No, a scout did not nominate me. 3. Writing Sample: Please read the following statement and answer the question below using between 300-500 words. Community organizing as practiced within the DART network is the process of building powerful congregation-based community organizations to secure a greater degree of justice through organizing large numbers of people. Most of us do not have enough money to negotiate with powerful people and institutions like banks, mayors, police departments, health care systems, or utility companies. Their control of money or public policy often gives them power over us. However, we do have lots of people in our communities who share a mutual interest in seeking just economic and political systems. With large numbers of organized people, we can build a position of power in relationship to these institutions. Why would you like to be a part of building power among people for justice? I......

Words: 2275 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Dart Test

...Dart Test... THIS IS A POWERFUL MESSAGE. PLEASE READ ALL OF IT. I AM PASSING IT ON BECAUSE I AM CERTAINLY NOT ASHAMED TO DO SO. In light of the many jokes we send to one another for a laugh, this is a little different: This is not intended to be a joke, it's not funny, it's intended to get you thinking.............. Dart Test. A young lady named Sally, relates an experience she had in a seminary class, given by her teacher, Dr. Smith. She says that Dr. Smith was known for his elaborate object lessons. One particular day, Sally walked into the seminary and knew they were in for a fun day. On the wall was a big target and on a nearby table were many darts. Dr. Smith told the students to draw a picture of someone that they disliked or someone who had made them angry, and he would allow them to throw darts at the person's picture. Sally's friend drew a picture of who had stolen her boyfriend. Another friend drew a picture of his little brother. Sally drew a picture of a former friend, putting a great deal of detail into her drawing, even drawing pimples on the face. Sally was pleased with the overall effect she had achieved. The class lined up and began throwing darts. Some of the students threw their darts with such force that their targets were ripping apart. Sally looked forward to her turn, and was filled with disappointment when Dr. Smith, because of time limits, asked the students to return to their seats. As Sally sat thinking about how angry she was......

Words: 674 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

High Speed Rails

...High Speed Rails Contents High Speed Rails 3 Chapter I - Introduction 3 I.1 Statement of the Problem 3 I.2 Question of the Study 3 I.3 Objective of the Paper 3 I. 4 Significance of the Study 4 Chapter II - Literature Review 4 II.1 Introduction and a Short Page of History 4 II.2 What is it exactly? A Definition 5 II. 3 What Are the Costs? 6 II. 4 Advantages of High-Speed Rails 8 II. 5 Disadvantages of High-Speed Rails 12 II. 6 Pollution 13 Chapter III – Methodology 18 Chapter IV – Findings 18 Chapter V – Conclusion 21 Abstract Technological developments are always meant to ease humans’ lives, in terms of commodity, and to offer performing solutions for their needs. However, often the technological developments are working in the benefit of humankind evolution, but in the detriment of the nature. High-speed rails are a model of such solutions, meant to improve humans’ lives. Their high speeds (between 200 and 431 km/hour), and their easy boarding (the time spent in boarding is less than 30 minutes, depending on the travelling class), transform the meaning of travelling, making it a real experience. Moreover, the high-speed rails lead to indirect benefits such as allowing the possibility to travel for business purposes, or to working relocation. On the other hand, indirectly, high-speed rails create negative outcomes: urban agglomerations because of this efficient transportation mode, automatically lead to people deserting the rural regions,......

Words: 6669 - Pages: 27

Free Essay


...Expansion & Diversification Presented by Case Background Carlsberg Incorporated in 1969. Came to Malaysia after two years incorporated through brewing Carlsberg Green Label beer for Malaysian Market. Carlsberg Brewery Malaysia Bhd (Carlsberg) market leading company that hold 50% shares of beer and stout market. Owned by the Carlsberg Group of Denmark. Cont... Carlsberg Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. one of the subsidiary that wholly owned become main marketed locally product. Carlsberg enter into many investment and acquisition through all the years. Competitor in the same industry Guinness Anchor Bhd. Case Background ABC Consulting Sdn Bhd Consist of David as one of the consultant and Robert Stanley as a Head of the company. Specialised in business turnaround. Mr. Stanley suggested that the company to focus more on cash-rich company that want to expand, diversify or venture. David grab the opportunity by looking beer and stout company and found that Carlsberg Company as a target. Cont... By looking through Carlsberg position, David feels that expanding is not worth it and cannot able to sustained their profit. He prepared himself with information before approaching Calrsberg company regarding the diversification activities. Also take and opportunity by selling his idea of manucfacturing sparkle grape juice (halal product) once the Carlsberg company tend to choose to diverse by taking Guinness as an example. ABANG MUHAMAD ZAIM BIN ABANG ALI......

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Hs2 Rail

... 9 Appendices Appendix A - HS2 Questionnaire 11 Introduction High speed two (HS2) is proposed to be the UK's new high speed rail network, running from London to Birmingham, Manchester and Leeds. It will be funded by grant in aid from the government. It is estimated that the HS2 project will reduce journey times by half than the current travelling times on the normal rail network. It is also argued that it will provide the greenest, safest and most efficient form of transport whilst giving a major boost to business and the economy (Direct Gov, 2015). The purpose of this research project is to investigate the HS2 rail network in order to explore the impact it will have on the economy in terms of revenue and employment in the long run. Research Background High speed two (HS2) Ltd was set up in January 2009 by the British government in order to consider new high speed rail services between London and Scotland, in particular looking at the feasibility and the potential for future development of high speed rail networks. Reports for this remit were published in March 2010 by HS2 Ltd, with the government announcing its preferred option of having the Y network, serving London to Birmingham, Manchester and Leeds in a single line in October 2010. HS2 Ltd was requested to prepare a detailed proposal of the......

Words: 2239 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...[pic] Organizers Institute APPLICATION FORM Instructions: Unless otherwise stated, you may use as much space as you need to answer the following questions. Please include the original questions along with your answers when you submit your completed application. Email your completed application with resume to: or fax to: (785) 841-2680. 1. Please type your name, today’s date, and how you originally heard about this position. I found out about the Dart Organizers Institute through Internet search engine on 2. Were you nominated by a scout? If so, please provide the scout’s name, institution, and contact information (not mandatory). No, a scout did not nominate me. 3. Writing Sample: Please read the following statement and answer the question below using between 300-500 words. Community organizing as practiced within the DART network is the process of building powerful congregation-based community organizations to secure a greater degree of justice through organizing large numbers of people. Most of us do not have enough money to negotiate with powerful people and institutions like banks, mayors, police departments, health care systems, or utility companies. Their control of money or public policy often gives them power over us. However, we do have lots of people in our communities who share a mutual interest in seeking just economic and political systems. With large numbers of organized people, we can build a......

Words: 2290 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Chapel Hill Light Rail Expansion Plans

...previously existing Transit Oriented Development in the Triangle Region report compiled by the Triangle J Council of Governments. It analyzes the impacts of light rail transit in regions that are comparable to the Triangle Region (as defined by the region surrounding Duke to NC State to UNC). This study focuses on the effects of Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) as a result of light rail implementation. Additionally, we examine how light rail impacts the following sub-categories: environment, economic, and health indices. These indices shape our assessment of whether or not light rail is a worthwhile investment in the Triangle Region. In order to enable politicians to make the best decisions regarding light rail, we provide a comprehensive analysis of peer corridors that are similar to the Triangle Region. Based on population growth projections for the Triangle Region, we find it necessary to offset the corresponding increases in traffic rates and the detrimental health effects that are associated with this growth of automobile usage. We found that building a light rail transit system generates additional tax revenues from increased property values and spending at commercial centers - associated with increased access to these businesses. However, there are clear economic costs associated with implementing light rail line system; aside from the initial costs, these include: decreased revenue from gasoline purchases (on a per capita basis) and home values as well as maintenance......

Words: 4300 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay


...Expansion Most substances expand when they are heated and contract when they are cooled. Heat causes expansion because it increases the vibrations of the atoms or molecules of a substance. The increased vibration forces the atoms or molecules further apart and the substance becomes larger, i.e. expands. When the substance cools down, it becomes smaller, i.e. contracts. Expansion and Contraction of Solids Solids expand in all directions when heated but the amount of expansion is usually very small. [pic] The above experiments show that: after heating, the metal expands and will not fit into the gauge in either length or diameter; after heating, the ring expands an will let the ball pass through it; when the metal rod is heated, the pointer is pushed to the right indicating expansion. Force of Expansion and Contraction If there is an obstruction to the free movement of an expanding or contracting body, very large forces may be set up. These forces can be useful but they can be destructive as well. The steel bar in Figure 2 is held by a cast iron pin at one end. When the bar is heated, it expands and the nut is tightened to ensure the rod is firmly held. The rod is then allowed to cool snapping the pin as it contracts. [pic] Expansion of Various Solids When rods of the same length but different substances are heated through the same increase in temperature, they expand by different amounts. Table 1 shows the expansion of metre –long rods of...

Words: 846 - Pages: 4