Premium Essay

Critical Thinking Assignment

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By yeitza21
Words 501
Pages 3
Critical Thinking Assignment

Part I
Buddhism

1. Origin – In the Buddhist Worldview, life and the world have no beginning or end. “There is no reason to suppose that the world had a beginning at all. The idea that things must have a beginning is really due to the poverty of our thoughts” (Russel, 1924) Creation occurs repeatedly throughout time. 2. Identity – The Buddhist believe that they are an impermanent collection of aggregates/for some personal existence continues for a while.

3. Meaning/Purpose – Buddhists believe suffering is real it is not an illusion and that it is the reason man is trapped in the cycle of reincarnation. The purpose is to “eliminate suffering by eliminating desire or craving that which is temporary” (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011 p. 60). This can be achieved by following the four noble truths and the eightfold path, which lead to a state of Nirvana. Buddhists believe we suffer because we strive to hold on to things, which do not give lasting happiness.

4. Morality – It is directly woven into Buddhist teachings. The Third Noble Truth, “The way to liberate oneself from suffering is by eliminating all desire”. The Eightfold path connects to morality with the concepts of right speech, right action, and right livelihood.

5. Destiny - In the Buddhist Worldview, our destiny is not controlled by God but, by us. Actions we take and decisions we make determine if we have good or bad karma. When we go through the cycle of reincarnation, it is karma that determines who we become when we are reborn.

Part II

Christianity

1. Origin - According to the Christian Bible which said God create the heaven and earth. (Gen 1:1). Unlike the Buddhist Worldview, this means that world had a beginning.

2. Identity –We as Christians, belive that our identity comes from God alone. We must seek him to understand who we are in the…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking Worksheet • A position opens in your department at work. You recommend to a coworker and friend in another department that she should apply. You previously consulted with this person on small projects, and she appears knowledgeable and responsible. In fact, you became friends through these work contacts. Your friend appreciates your recommendation and arranges a meeting to ask you more details about the work done by your department. The meeting is productive, and your friend takes notes to help with the application process. Your friend stops by your desk a few days later to thank you for your help, because the application was long and detailed. She confides that some of the information she included on the application is not entirely accurate. Some of her work experience did not match the job requirements and needed to be reworded for a better fit. Your friend thanks you again and says, “I hope we’ll be working together soon!” Part A: Write five questions you need to ask yourself to help you think through the situation and determine a course of action. 1. Is she qualifying enough for this position? 2. Why did she did not tell truth on the application? 3. If I help her how it will affect my work if anyone find out? 4. How is that going to look when my employer find out that I recommended her? 5. What would happen if employer decides hire someone with more experience and knowledge? Part B: Questioning yourself, as you did in the......

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

My Critical Thinking Assignment

...Critical Thinking Assignment Critical Thinking Assignment Billy L Goe Apologetics 104-B35 Professor Obaina September 25, 2012 Critical Thinking Assignment 1 Part One: The Question of Origin The Quran states that "Allah created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, in six days" (7:54). While on the surface this might seem similar to the account related in the Bible, there are some important distinctions. After completing the Creation, the Quran describes that Allah "settled Himself upon the Throne" (57:4) to oversee His work. A distinct point is made to counter the Biblical idea of a day of rest: "We created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six days, nor did any sense of weariness touch Us" (50:38). Allah is never "done" with His work, because the process of creation is ongoing. Each new child who is born, every seed that sprouts into a sapling, every new species that appears on earth, is part of the ongoing process of Allah's creation. "He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six days then established Himself on the Throne. He knows what enters within the heart of the earth, and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven, and what mounts up to it. And He is with you wherever you may be. Allah sees well all that you do" (57:4). Retrieved September 20, 2012 from http://islam.about.com/od/creation/a/creation.htm The Question of Identity The Quran describes how Allah created Adam: “We created......

Words: 1723 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking Assignment

...Destiny They believe Allah is the creator of all things. They believe that they have the right to choose their destiny be it right or wrong. In conclusion comparing Islam to Christianity our Worldviews are somewhat similar. Both the Islamic faith and Christians believe in right from wrong. They also believe in being sincere and good in their thoughts and ways. It has taken me several years to accept Islamic or Muslim people. Being in Law Enforcement and attending several management schools throughout the country I have befriended lots of co-workers from different departments. James Leahy was one of my friends. I kept in contact with him he was one of the 72 officers that died this fateful day. When asked to do a Critical Thinking assignment I never knew that critically thinking would make a tear come to my eye. Since Sept 11th I have prayed and asked the Lord to help me accept these people. I know that we can interact because I do it every day. I deal with Muslims in the community on a regular basis. As with every culture or religion there will be the bad apples. What we do as a country and a community to rid ourselves of these bad apples and coexist in peace is up to us. Just like with Christianity there where 11 fanatics that gave Muslims a bad name. The Lord has helped me work through my own hatreds or prejudices and allowed me to see these people in a different light....

Words: 518 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

M2A1 Assignment: Critical Thinking Questions: Zimbardo and Miligram

...M2A1 Assignment: Critical Thinking Questions: Zimbardo and Miligram If viewing this through the Assignment tool, click the title above to go to the Submissions area. By the end of this activity, you will be able to: • List and describe the basic steps for conducting scientific research, and know and discuss the research methods that sociologists use and the strengths and limitations of each. • Summarize the core concepts of sociology and recognize and explain the “sociological imagination” when viewing social phenomena and your own life. View the Zimbardo Stanford Prison experiment: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z0jYx8nwjFQ Watch Derren Brown reenactment of the Milgram experiments: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y6GxIuljT3w&feature=related As you complete this activity, think about the following: • Where do we draw the line between ethical and unethical research? • How can sociological research help us to better understand the world around us? The Stanford Prison Experiment The Stanford prison experiment is a fairly well-known sociology study. Please go through the experiment slide show online at http://www.prisonexp.org/and answer the following questions. The slide show provides a number of video and audio clips that you may want to check out for additional information. Due to the nature of the experiment, you may want to avoid listening or watching these in the presence of small children. After viewing the slide show, please respond to the following......

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Apol 104 Critical Thinking Assignment Instructions

...Critical Thinking Assignment Instructions Overview: 1. Answer the following questions in 2 clearly separate parts I, II (500 words). 2. Be sure to answer every question. 3. Meeting the minimum word count as required for each part (I, II) is important. a. Do NOT include the question as part of your word count b. Direct quotations should be short and limited 4. Quotations and material used from other sources should be cited using current APA, MLA, or Turabian formatting (whichever corresponds to your degree program). 5. Check your work for spelling and grammatical errors. 6. Be sure to do your own work, do not plagiarize. I. Part One: (250 words) 1. Select ONE of the worldviews (Secular Humanism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam) that have been considered in the course content. 2. Using course content and/or sources outside of the course, complete the following- How would the worldview that you selected answer: i. The Question of Origin - ii. The Question of Identity - iii. The Question of Meaning/Purpose - iv. The Question of Morality - v. The Question of Destiny - * An overview of these questions can be found in chapter 4 of the Weider & Gutierrez text Consider. II. Part Two: (250 words) 3. Compare and contrast your selected worldview’s answers (as given in Part One) to a Biblical/Christian worldview. 4. Do not just copy and paste, but......

Words: 532 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking – Barriers to Critical Thinking University of Phoenix HUM/114 This assignment is to identify three barriers to the critical thinking process. All three that that were chosen have one thing in common. Emotion. Our emotions can play against us in many instances. If we let our emotions take over when it is decision time or even in every day debate we are sure lose focus and falter on our goal. The barriers that the writer will discuss are anger, stress, and worry. The first barrier to our critical thinking is anger. There are many reasons that a person could become angry or upset dealing with day to day decision making and just plain regular interaction with others. This could happen at home, at work, or our church. When we do not agree with something or someone that directly affects our lives or well-being, it can cloud our judgment when expressing our views and almost always leads to a negative outcome. The first step in not letting anger takeover is to try to stay calm. Try not to raise your voice in an argument because studies show that once you are talking loudly in an argument, that the other person shuts down and nothing can be accomplished. One other thing to remember is to try to stay away from touchy topics such as religion and politics. The second barrier to our critical thinking process is stress. If we are under too much unhealthy stress, we might lose sight of our priorities. There is good stress and bad......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking Assignment

...Critical Thinking Assignment Sarah Brown L25205543 APOL 104 I.) In Hinduism, the Question of Origin asks how life began. Not a single specific person can be linked to the Hinduisms origin. The word “Hinduism” is not in the scriptures and this makes it difficult for researchers to determine when Hinduism actually began. Hinduism is a system that “attempts to maintain a complex polytheism on the one hand, and an earth-based worship of nature on the other.” (Hindson & Caner, pg 263) At some point in between Hinduism was born. The Question of Identity is answered by the Hinduism worldview as everything is spiritual/sacred in life. Some believe “that a man’s soul is eternal and when he reaches a state of Nirvana, their soul (Atman) will become one with Brahman (Hinduism’s concept of eternal soul).” (Weidler & Gutierrez, 2011) Hinduism believes in reincarnation, which is determined by karma. The Question of Meaning or Purpose is answered by the Hinduism’s worldview as they view everything as an illusion. People usually believe that is a person doesn’t learn to understand this concept that they will stay in the lifecycle of birth, death, and rebirth. “Like a dream or a mirage, our life and everything around us does not really exist as we know it.” (Weidler & Gutierrez, 2011). The Question of Morality is answered by how they strive to be in a state of perfection, also known as moksha. To get there, they must release all wrong and evil doings. They do this by......

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking

...following: Define critical thinking. Critical thinking is defined as making reasoned judgments that are logical and well thought out. It is a way of thinking in which you don't accept all arguments and conclusions you are exposed to but rather have an attitude involving questioning such arguments and conclusions. Critical thinking can be divided into three core skills: Curiosity- The desire to learn more information. Skepticism- Having a healthy questioning attitude about new information. Humanity- The ability to admit that your ideas or opinions are wrong, when faced with new convincing evidence. * Discuss how the following terms relate to critical thinking: bias, issues, arguments, and relativism * Bias: A bias is based on emotional distortional cognition and decision making due to emotional reasoning. Being bias blocks a person from critically thinking on making decisions. * Issues: A question, when critically thinking a person has to ask a series of questions to come up with the rite solution. * Arguments: Arguments are closely related to critical thinking because arguments is the reasoning behind critical thinking arguments is a key component to critically thinking. * Relativism: Has no absolute truth or validity, having only relative, subjective value according to differences in perception and consideration. * Describe a decision or argument you recently made which was influenced by bias Reviewing Ch. 1 of Critical Thinking, share what......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking and Ethics Vaibhav Kamboj GEN/201 7-19-2015 Critical Thinking Critical thinking is an objective tool and analysis for better understanding or thinking to accomplish a goal. It is a skillful concept which helps a person to gather various information, evaluate and interpret the thinking. Your preferred ethical lens According to the Ethical Lens Inventory, my personal preferred lens is Results and Lens Reputation Lens. These lenses portray a person who is sensible in decision-making that benefit individuals as well as support equality in a community. I value self-government and equality of the people. I appreciate harmony within any group setting. My decisions are led by rationality and prudence. Your blind spot My blind spot is Satisfied with too little good or Unrealistic Role Expectations. I believe the result it describes a person who is not reliable and puts his or her needs before others, and fails to understand that human beings are infallible despite of his or her individual responsibilities. I am the total opposite. I genuinely care about people and consider the needs of others before myself. I regard high moral standards, and it is important that people know they can count on me to follow through when I commit to something. Your strengths and weaknesses My gift is Free Will and Compassion. The result describes a person who demonstrates bravery. A person who is not afraid to pursue......

Words: 670 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking

...Abstract This paper explores critical thinking skills and teaching them in an educational setting. Teaching critical thinking is highly debatable. Many feel as though it is not a necessary skill that needs to be learned and others feel as though it is not a skill that can be taught. In this paper I will discuss what critical thinking is and ways it can be taught in an educational setting. Teaching Critical Thinking Skills in Schools For many years critical thinking has been an important issue in education. Following the 1948 Convention of the American Psychological Association, Benjamin Bloom, an American educational psychologist, took control over the development of the goals of the educational process. The goals of the educational process included knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Ever since, the debate over critical thinking has been a hot one (Schneider, 2002). What is critical thinking? Well throughout the past decade the definition of critical thinking has somewhat changed and there are numerous definitions to define it. According to Paul Chance, “critical thinking is the ability to analyze facts, generate and organize ideas, defend opinions, make comparisons, draw inferences, evaluate arguments and solve problems” (Chance, 1986). According to Tama Carrol critical thinking is, “a way of reasoning that demands adequate support for one’s beliefs and an unwillingness to be persuaded unless support is......

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking Critical thinking starts with learning how to think about a problem in the path of someone trying to accomplish a goal. Critical thinking itself is defined as “the objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment.” This applies to almost everything one may come across as a problem, and comes in handy in a number of situations. The first part of critical thinking itself is knowledge. One begins by learning as much as one can, such as what the problem is in the first place, what is happening, and some possible solutions. Next is comprehension, or understanding of what one can do with what one is presented with. Then comes application, actually using what what has comprehended to solve or alter a part of the problem. Analysis of what happened after the application has taken place, observing the results. Then synthesis, putting things together, such as the idea, or notes, or an actual physical thing, to form a conclusion, and get past the problem, or obstacle. Critical thinking comes into place many times when learning in a new environment, especially when picking up a new textbook, or taking an assignment seriously. In that situation, one takes in as much information about something, then forms an idea of how to tackle the problem before them. Like breaking down a large assignment into a few smaller ones, or for some, vice-versa, and lumping a few assignments into a larger project. Learning how to go around a problem in different......

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking Assignment

...Critical Assignment Apologetics 104 I. Islam is a religion with a great History and although not my personal belief it is the belief of 1.2 billion people around the world. a. On the question of Origin the Muslims have a monotheistic view as God/Allah is the sole creator of the universe and God/Allah is only one being. God is the only one to be worshipped and to do otherwise would totally be considered disrespect and blasphemy. (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011) b. On the question of Identity, the Muslim people and the religion of Islam believe that mankind was made by God/Allah as well as animals and that animals are important and worship Allah as well and that animals are not to be abused. (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011) I know of many Muslims that follow a vegetarian diet and also many that are carnivorous in their food choices. c. Muslims believe that Mankind’s purpose is to know that Allah is the ONE and only GOD, and to follow the writings and teachings of the Qur’an. They are to make a pilgrimage once in their lives to Mecca, to support the poor, to fast during the month of Ramadan, and to profess faith. (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011) d. Muslims believe that in order to have morality one must follow the writings of the Qur’an and the Hadith and to also follow the “The Five Pillars”, which consist of the following: to make a pilgrimage once in their lives to Mecca, to support the poor, to fast during the month of Ramadan, to profess...

Words: 622 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Critical Thinking

... Critical Thinking Student’s Name University Affiliation Critical Thinking Analyze your chosen scenario from a critical thinking perspective. In this assignment, we are going to focus on the Unocal in Burma. Unocal is a company that was established in California in 1890 to help in the development of the oil fields in the country. However, the company highly failed in its obligations since, by 1990s, the oil fields in the United States were performing very poorly almost reaching depletion and the company turned its back and started to invest in other oil firms in the United States. This led it to invest in Burma since it was attracted by the cheap labor, availability of natural gas resources, political stability and also the connection that the region offered to other international markets. They managed to start their business in the area of laying down a pipeline wit the government providing them with security. Their business was however associated with violation of human rights, relocating individuals forcefully, forced labor as well as physical torture of the residents. What is the moral responsibility of all participants? The company first of all given the fact that they had been granted the right to conduct business in the country had the moral obligation to be socially responsible. The state provided them with a platform to do their business and make profits and in return, they should have given back to the society through corporate social responsibility...

Words: 645 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Critical Thinking Assignment

...Running head: CRITICAL THINKING The Question of: Origin, Identity, Meaning/Purpose, Morality and Destiny Part One: The Question of Origin According to Buddhism, there is no beginning and no end. The world was formed from the interaction of elements and then it “embarks on a downward spiral at the end of which [it is] destroyed in a great cataclysm caused by natural elements such as fire, water or wind. In due course the process starts up again and the worlds once again evolve to complete a full cycle of time known as a “great eon” (mahākalpa)” (Prebish, C. S., & Keown, D. p. 27). The Question of Identity Buddhists believe that the universe and everything in it are equal and are in search of an “eternal oneness” (Weider, L. and Gutierrez, B. p. 58). They believe that upon death they will reincarnate into another life form. The life form they are reborn as will depend on whether they performed good or bad deeds during their lifetime. This is their concept of reaping what they sow, which Buddhist call Karma. The more acts of goodness they accomplish in their life, the closer they get to reaching the state of Nirvana. This level is the highest achievement possible for Buddhist and when it is accomplished it is said that their souls become eternal. The Question of Meaning/Purpose The Buddhists main objective is to perfect their life on earth in order to end the cycle of Samsara, which in it’s simplist form is their reincarnating until they reach the......

Words: 775 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Apologetics 104 Critical Thinking Assignment

...Critical Thinking Assignment APOL-104 June 25, 2012 Critical Thinking Assignment PART ONE: The Question of Origin In Buddhism, they do not teach nor do they believe that there is an all-powerful God that created the universe. They look to Buddha, the religion’s founder, for a model of how to behave. In the Buddhist view, the universe is infinite in both time and space and the universe is created and destroyed over and over again in a process we call natural evolution. The Question of Identity Buddhist considers all life to be sacred and/or spiritual in nature. They believe in reincarnation and a person’s spiritual future is based solely on one’s good or bad actions in this lifetime, also known as Karma. The Question of Meaning/Purpose In Buddhism, the primary purpose is to end suffering. The Buddha believed and therefore taught that humans suffer because they are to consumed in things that do not give long lasting happiness and are too busy trying to hold on to things such as friends, material possessions, and things that do not last, and in the end brings upon sorrow. This is where the beliefs of the Four Noble Truths come in: teaches that all life is marked by suffering, suffering is caused by desire and attachment, suffering can be stopped, and the way to end suffering is to follow the Noble Eightfold Path. The Question of Morality Respect, love, and compassion are highly valued in Buddhism as are an ethical and moral path is the basis for their......

Words: 919 - Pages: 4