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Contemporary Art History

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When dealing with photography there are two significant parts that create the photographs, optical and chemical. The optical portion of the photographic process varies depending on the type of photography. When dealing with film, the optical process works with the camera body, shutter, and the lens. When handling a digital camera, there usually isn’t a shutter. This style of camera uses the lens to focus light on a semiconductor in order to capture the image. The chemical processes mainly involve film or camera obscura. The chemical process is how the photograph is permanently captured. It is first captured on the silver coated paper. The chemicals are next used to develop that paper: the d76, stop bath, and fixer chemicals.
Joseph Niepce was a French inventor credited with the creation and development of the first internal combustion engine along with his older brother Claude. In 1827 Niepce developed what is now considered the first surviving photograph which he called a heliograph. Heliograph is a Latin term meaning sun-writing. Shortly after Niepce teamed up with an artist named Louis Daguerre, they developed a process called physautotype. After Niepce’s death in 1833 Daguerre continued to work on the process and developed the Daguerreotype.
The emulation of painting was notably the first style of photography, mainly due to the fact that photography had not yet been experienced. Photographers tried to reproduce the ideals that existed in their current popular art forms in the hopes that it would become more popular and begin to be recognized as a form of artwork. As photography became more well known a select few photographers began to use it as a way to document current events around the world. This new found ability to capture a moment quickly and realistically, compared to sketches and paintings, allowed for common people to accurately view what was…...

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