Free Essay

Comparison and Constrast Essay

In: English and Literature

Submitted By adee25
Words 1146
Pages 5
Comparison and Contrast Essay
Mary Williams
Mr. lee ENGL 110-53
19 April 2013

For years, the only accessibility feature cell phones provided for people who are blind or have low vision was a tiny bump on the number five key. Thus, the number five key was used as a starting point for the user to navigate the keypad to make phone calls. This was a helpful aid to start with but there still was the issue of the user being able to know what was on the screen. Reading text messages or screening incoming calls. For a blind user this is impossible without someone with sight to help them. Cell phones were not able to speak or read what was on the screen to the user. Eye strain headaches were the results of a user with low vision trying to read what was on the small screen. The text on a phone screen could not be enlarged to better help them. As the technology of cell phones advanced, the Internet, video games, cameras, and video recorders, along with other features, were added to cell phones for users to enjoy. However, for the blind user the problem still remained on how to find, access, and use the features on a cell phone. With the further advancement of technology, software designers began to address this issue by creating software for cell phones to assist the blind users. They made it possible for the phone to speak to the blind user and enlarge the text on the screen for users with low vision. Recently, the Apple IPhone and the Android Galaxy S have enhanced their accessibility features for blind users, moving the National Federation for the Blind (NFB) to name them the top two phones for users who are blind or have low vision.

The Apple IPhone and Android are both touch screen phones, eliminating the use of the navigation bump. Instead, the user is navigated by a screen reader, which reads aloud everything that is currently showing on the screen. The user can select a specific item or text by tapping it on the screen. The screen reader will tell the user the name of the item they have selected. This way the user will know that they have chosen the correct item. Once this has been confirmed, a quick double tap anywhere on the screen will give the user access to the selected item. If the user is using the keypad to make a call they can select a number, listen for confirmation, double tap to enter the number, and continue the steps until the full number is entered. Then by selecting and double tapping the call button the user can place the call. The user can also locate a number or name in their contacts and make a call by double tapping on it. The screen reader will also read text messages, emails, and tell the name or number of any incoming calls.

Voice command is also a helpful feature that both phones have. This feature allows the user to simply press a button and speak the number or name of the person they wish to call. The number will be automatically dialed by the cell phone. The user can compose a text message by speaking the words into the phone and selecting send. Voice command also allows the user to find any item on the phone by speaking its name. With voice command you can perform any task that is normally done by touch. Both phones however, are limited to certain tasks they can perform by voice only. But, the IPhone does have the Siri voice command, which acts as a personal assistant and will perform some tasks that voice command will not. Siri can provide information to answer most basic questions and will alert you to any problems with the phone. The iPhone also has various push to talk apps such as Zello, Heytell and Voyer that can be added to the phone to expand the use of voice command. In addition, both phones have a zoom text feature. This feature is more for a user with low vision. It allows the user to enlarge the font size of the text on the screen. This allows the user to better see what is on the screen without having to strain or have someone assist them. The font can also be made bolder and the background color can be inverted to have the font standout better for the user to see.

Both phones also have apps that can add accessibility features to the phone. One such app is called Lookie. This app is used as a money identifier to help the user know the denomination of paper money. By placing the camera lens of the phone over the money, the phone will tell the user the denomination of said money within seconds. The barcode scanner is another app that can be used in the same way, for identifying the name of items and their prices when shopping in stores. There is also a GPS app to help the user navigate through their surroundings. When accessing the GPS, it will give the user their exact location. The user can indicate the name of the destination they are trying to reach and the phone will guide them in that direction. The phone will announce street names as the user nears them and indicate whether they should make a right or left turn, or keep straight. The IPhone’s GPS has proved to be more accurate than that of the Android. There are apps available to identify colors for the user and apps that will turn the phones into portable magnifiers. These are examples of personal assistance devices that blind people use in their daily lives at home, work, and school. These devices can cost hundreds or thousands of dollars. However, the apps that can allow the two cell phones to perform the tasks of these devices range from ten to forty dollars. Organizations such as the NFB and AFB offer financial aid to help blind users purchase these apps. Carriers like AT&T, offer discounts to customers who can document that they are blind or legally blind.

The Apple IPhone and Android Galaxy S are not only making it possible for blind and low vision users to feel comfortable using cell phones, but they are also providing the users aid in their daily lives. With their features and apps they are taking the tasks of several assistant technology devices and adding them to one mobile device that is at user’s fingertips. As more blind and low vision people begin to use cell phones, the designers at Apple and Android have made sure to provide a compatible product for them to feel at ease with.

References: http://www.nfb.org http://www.afb.org
http://applevision.com…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Comparison-Contrast Essay

...The Comparison-Contrast Essay Daouda Soumahoro September 13, 2011 American Intercontinental University Abstract James Baldwin and Kurt Vonnegut Jr were two eminent writers that marked American fiction literature after world war two. James Baldwin is the author of Sonny’s Blues published in early 1950 in New City. The story is narrated by unknown man who pertain his attempted to come to the damage with his long disaffected Brother Sonny, Jazz musician. In this work Baldwin absorbed many of his own experiences to search the issuances of racial conflict, individuality and the complexity of human needs. Similar to Sonny, Harrison Bergeron, written by Kurt Vonnegut Jr is a fourteen year boy who rebels against his tyrannical government. Vonnegut used a satirical humoristic commentary of society and its leaders as James used the lightness and darkness symbols to describe his suffering characters. The question is how the author literacy styles differ or similar to one another in term of themes?   The Comparison-Contrast Essay Sonny’s Blues written by James is a story that addresses with very expression of the society and is done so through symbolism and imagery. Baldwin’s story is carefully written using lightness and darkness as typifies through out the entire story, he focuses of “Sonny’s Blues” on the character of sonny who eventually and endlessly fighting to find what makes him happy. Finally Sonny finds two breaks loose, one of them disastrous drug abuse and......

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Finacial Comparison Essay

...  Ivan VargheseLauve – 6 th 2/18/07 Comparison Essay: Bless Me Ultima & The Secret Life of Bees  They need to find their path in life. They have to struggle betweengood and evil. They must reclaim their past to discover their future. Antoniofrom Bless Me Ultima and Lily from The Secret Life of Bees both faceproblems but in the end, the light at the end of the tunnel shines. Althoughthere are similarities between Bless Me Ultima and The Secret Life of Bees there are, obviously, notable differences. The similarities are pretty apparent between the two books. They areboth a “coming-of-age” story and they both have a couple of plot parallels.For example, Antonio has to find his true calling and Lily has to follow hermother’s past. In both books, mentions of religion are very widespread.Religion is one of the most important factors in the books and it influencesthe story a lot. Another noted similarity is the use of allusions, metaphors,and imagery.Even though there are many similarities, there are some very strikingdifferences. The most noted of them is the difference of the gender in thenovel. Bless Me Ultima , is geared towards all readers, but The Secret Life of Bees is generally a girl’s novel. For example, in The Secret Life of Bees , Lilyfalls in love with Zachary but in Bless Me Ultima , Antonio is not shown to bein love. Also, The Secret Life of Bees takes on more feminine topics. In BlessMe Ultima , Antonio is faced with a decision that will......

Words: 399 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Comparison Essay

...Comparison Essay Comparison Essay There are three main types of schools of thought that are noted in the field of philosophy. The three schools are known as continental, pragmatic, and analytic philosophies. Pragmatism and analytic philosophy are uniquely American movements because they are way different in theory to the European pragmatism and analytic philosophy, known as continental philosophy. In this weeks reading, it states that that pragmatism is an American theoretical movement that was made up in the 1870s by C.S. Peirce. Pragmatists refused to believe the idea that there is such a thing as an independent and modifiable truth. “Pragmatists rejected the idea that there is such a thing as fixed, absolute truth, truth is relative to a time and place and purpose and is thus ever changing in the light of new data” (p 206). Pragmatists believed that the truth was constantly changing as new ideas were introduced. Pragmatists also believed that the ideas needed to be researched by several people and agreed upon by the consensus prior to deeming the ideas true. Such pragmatists are C. S. Peirce, John Dewey, and William James. Another form of philosophy is Analytic philosophy, which focuses mainly on the theories of language, truth, and logic. Analytical philosophy is being able to think sensibly and come to a rational conclusion based on facts rather that emotion, communication assessment, and scientific methods in approaching...

Words: 588 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Comparison and Contrast Essay

...Comparison and contrast essay Apr 24th 2012 11:39 Basketball and Soccer In modern life, most people enjoy amazing sports. Two of most exciting and common sports to participate andappreciate are basketball and soccer. People can not only watch both of them on television, but they can also playthem for recreation and health. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the differences and similaritiesbetween these two sports. There are three aspects of these two sports: athletes, popularity, and equipment. The most noticeable difference between these two kinds of sports is their requirement of players. Both these twosports require different physical qualities of athletes or players. Basketball is one kind of sport that uses the upperbody; in contrast, soccer uses legs to control the ball and to win scores. Basketball players should be taller thannormal people, because basketball players need to get the rebounds and block(McDowell, Fryar, Ogden & Flegal, 2008). The average height of the NBA sportsmen is 7'15.93" ("2006-07 player survey:," 2007). On the other hand,soccer players do not have to be very tall. Soccer have great players of all heights, such as Maradona 1.65 m, PeterCrouch 2.01 m. Albeit physical differences, both of these sportsmen are strong and powerful because both kinds ofsportsmen occur numerous physical confrontation during games. The second difference is popularity from different areas. While basketball and soccer are both popular, they differ......

Words: 536 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Comparison Essay

...Comparison Essay In her two short stories “The Story of an Hour” and “The Storm,” Kate Chopin discusses relationships between husbands and wives. In “The Storm,” she tells the story of Calixta who has an affair with Alcee, a former boyfriend while her husband is at the store waiting for a storm to pass with their son Bibi. It talks about unfaithful wives and how sneaky and unsatisfied they are. In “The Story of an Hour,” Chopin tells the tale of Mrs. Mallard’s husband, who dies and she is suffering with a troubled heart. Kate Chopin’s stories were about marriages. Cheating is in “The Storm” while death is in “The Story of an Hour.” Both were themes in these two short stories. They are deep in passion and sex, involving unfaithful and dissatisfied wives. Chopin’s short stories were emotional and showed affection. In “The Story of an Hour,” Mrs. Mallard’s receives possible news that her husband had died. It broke her heart that the love of her life was gone. Her mind and body are paralyzed, and she does not want to be bothered. She looks out of the window and cries up into the sky, and this event changes her life forever. Ironically, she feels no sadness about her husband’s death. In fact, Louise feels “a delicious breath of rain was in the air.” To her, her husband’s death is a “new spring.” Her mood of relief has changed because of a death. This is not a reaction that a wife should have about their husband. She should be having a sense of depression and sadness....

Words: 268 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Comparison Contrast Essay

...Dytayja Cohen English 101 In Class Essay: Comparison Contract Essay Professor Brown Rich Neighborhoods vs. Poor Neighborhoods In America, there are Many types of neighborhoods, but two specific types of neighborhoods are rich neighborhoods and poor neighborhoods. Rich neighborhoods are usually inhabited by people who make upwards of $100,000 per year. Poor neighborhoods May be inhabited by people who Mame much less than that. These two types of neighborhoods are usually drastically different. In rich neighborhoods people tend to live in huge houses. In some Cases, it may seem as if all of the houses look the same, maybe not on the outside, but all of the houses may have the same building structure. The outside of these houses may be nicer than many othwe houses in different neighborhoods, because these people either have the time to mow the lawns cut their grass, plant gardens, and trim the hedges or they may have the money to pay other people for these services. Rich neighborhoods may be seen as snobbish, or that people just buy these houses as a status symbol, because there usually aren't that many people living in one big house. For example, one person may live in a five bedroom house. Some people may think that one person simply does not need to live in a house that spacious. Living in a rich neighborhood is also more beneficial for the kids because there are better resources. For example, there may be more options to different types of schooling...

Words: 389 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Essay Comparison

...FICTION ESSAY Robert Martinez ENGL 102-D14 April 7, 2014 By reading Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” and Graham Greene’s “The Destructors,” the reader is transported into two different stories where the characters are affected by their surroundings or society in a negative and horrific fashion. The authors paint a clear picture as to how society (the way it was, it is or could be), easily and harshly affects the people that live in it. They are marked, impacted and forever affected by what has taken place around them, and their character and attitude towards everyday life is created by the very circumstances they find themselves. The setting, tone, and overall theme, found in these two short stories expose the reader to these unfortunate transitions of attitudes (or lack thereof) over generations. The setting of Graham’s “The Destructors” takes place in a war torn England at the end of World War II, “on the eve of August Bank Holiday.” A group or “gang” of young boys meet in an impromptu car park. They are known as the Wormsley Common Gang and are led by their new gang leader “T”. Mr. Thomas’ (or Old Misery as the gang calls him) house is the focus of the gang’s disapproval of anything valuable in their society. Their mind can only fathom destruction, ruin and rubble and so to save Mr. Thomas from his “misery” they make plans to destroy anything that is beautiful, starting with his house. Unlike their parents, who perhaps had the opportunity to experience the beauty......

Words: 1206 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Comparison Essay

...The two works of art that I will be comparing in this essay are Aso Ebi by Sokari Douglas-Camp (2005) and Scramble for Africa by Yinka Shonibare (2000). Both works of art are not only similar in terms of style, but they are also similar in terms of the meaning. The first important aspect that I would like to point out about both works of art is the visual content. In Scramble for Africa there are headless figures sitting around a table with African cloth draped around their bodies. The bodies seem to be carved out of wood. All of the headless figures seem to visually depict the anatomy of a man. Also if one looks closely, one can see that all of the male figures are sitting with a different demeanor. Some of the figures hands are folded depicting either a content or happy demeanor, while others arms are folded depicting either an angry or defensive demeanor. In Aso Ebi, instead of using wood, Sokari Douglas-Camp has used scrap materials for her work of art. The visual content includes flowers that are supposed to depict women. The head and bodies of the women are green seeming to depict flower stems. There are pink hats on the women’s heads that depict the top of an actual flower. There are also pink cloths draped around the women’s waists. If one looks closely, one can see that the cloths seem to represent flowerpots. All of the women are standing up in the middle of a garden blending in with the other plants that are surrounding them. Some are tending to the...

Words: 856 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Comparison Essay

...Drew LeBlanc Phy/ 105 Comparison Essay March 17, 2013 The Samurai are one of the most ancient warriors known to any civilization. They lived by a code of ethics and honor that many people can learn from at any day in age. Samurai lived and trained by a code of ethics known as Bushido “samurai warrior”, and would die for there beliefs. The biggest thought of the Samurai is education through training. The Samurai came about because they were developed to assist the government on there plans of action. Many different people were establishing armies around Japan to try and overthrow the government that they did not believe in. The Samurai were used in the beginning to keep the laws of the government enforced, and taking out all those who opposed the law of the land. After a few years the Samurai took over as the government making their 900 year stake as the warrior class. The Samurai were seen as almost nobility in the eyes of many due to there mysterious ways, and because of the such high regard people viewed them as. One of the most notable Samurai warriors was Miyamoto Musashi. Miyamoto Musashi was known as one of the best swordsmen who ever lived. He most notable victory was when he took down an opposing school by himself when he was only thirteen. He defeated his opponent, who had a sword, with a wooden training sword that he was very proficient with. Towards the end of Musashi's life he wrote a book called The book of five rings which taught many different......

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Comparison Essay

...The Gift of Magi and Necklace Comparative Essay March 5, 2015 When you compare and contrast it can lead up to having antonyms or synonyms. Two characters and two short stories that have their similarities and differences is Della in The Gift of the Magi by O. Henry and Mathilde in The Necklace by Guy De Maupassant. It is said that all women like to shop and look fabulous and with Della and Mathilde they both want an accessory they cannot afford, but Della wants to use her possession in a thoughtful way and Mathilde wants to use her possession in a selfish way. Also Mathilde makes everyone sacrifice but in the end she has to sacrifice while with Della, she sacrifices to show her companion how much he is loved. ”She was ransacking the stores for Jim’s present.” (Henry 352). Mathilde in order to get one of the many necessities she wants, she makes her husband sacrifice the money that he wants to save up for himself on her. “ Finally she answered,’ I’m not sure exactly, but I think with four hundred francs I could manage it.’ He turned a bit pale, he had set aside just that amount to buy a rifle so that the following summer, he could join some friends who were getting up a group to shoot larks on the plain near Nanterre.” (Guy De Maupassant 200). Whereas Della sacrifices her most prized item, her hair, to raise money to purchase a gold watch chain for her lover, which he had been wanting for a long time. “She got out her curling irons and lighted......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Comparison Essay

...who they employed. They are not set up in blocks; they are literally on top of one another. I wondered why at first but then I realized that there is not a lot of flat space to build on up here and they had to put as many houses as they could in what little space was available. If people aren’t in a coal camp, then they are usually find a small space in a hollow to build their own house. I would love to find a more secluded space on a mountain and build my house one day. I thought I had seen some of the most beautiful scenery in Tennessee, until I moved to West Virginia. We travel through Summersville on our way to my husband’s parent’s house. The New River Gorge is breathtaking. The mountains in Tennessee look like molehills in comparison. The route to Beckley by way of Kopperston is also very scenic. In the winter, with the trees covered in snow and ice, makes me look at them in amazement of how wonderful and spectacular it all looks. West Virginia is truly a vision of heaven itself. When I moved from Tennessee to West Virginia, I thought I would hate it here and it was only supposed to be a temporary situation. However, once my family got settled in working and school, we couldn’t imagine moving back to Tennessee. The commute to work is almost relaxing with the beautiful scenery. The air is cleaner and I dare say, my family is healthier. I am learning how to get to different places everyday. At first, I thought I had moved to some deserted island out in the......

Words: 1177 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Comparison Essay

...Stan Harris Comparison Essay Mrs. Sterling 12:30 MWF English 1213-001 30 September 2011 Big and Small City Living Have you ever wondered if you’re missing out on the big city living or the small town closeness? Cities and towns are basically the same, but most cities have more to offer. I have lived in a couple of large cities such as Oklahoma City and Tulsa, but I have also lived in several small towns around Oklahoma. Before you decide where you want to live, you might want to look at some of the similarities and differences of Big City living and Small Town living. When you are in a large city and you want to grab something to eat, the decision can be hard because there are so many different places to eat. Big cities have every type of fast food you can imagine such as Chinese, Asian, American, Mexican, Greek, and many more. They also have a huge selection of chain restaurants. One type of restaurant that that you won’t find as often is the Mom and Pop restaurants. These aren’t as successful as they are in smaller cities and towns. Small town cuisine is very limited compared to city food. Most of the restaurants there are family restaurants that have been passed from generation to generation. The fast food selection in small towns is also very limited. Some small towns do not even have a single fast food eatery. In America most of our goods are purchased in stores. In large cities, there is an abundance of stores, everything from a specialty health......

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Comparison Essay

...Comparison Essay N/A PHI/105 N/A N/A Comparison Essay The three main types of philosophy, also known as schools of thought, are continental, pragmatic, and analytic philosophies. With analyzing these three types of philosophy, we can compare and contrast them and see what they are and how they are used. The first school is continental philosophy. Continental philosophy is a general term, which is supplementary with the philosophical opinions that originated on the continent of England in the 20th century (Moore & Bruder, 2011). It has numerous theories for instance, there are critical theory, deconstruction, existentialism, hermeneutics, phenomenology, and structuralism (Moore & Bruder, 2011). The schools of thought accompanying continental which are the most important the two are existentialism and phenomenology (Moore & Bruder, 2011). The best known philosophers associated with continental philosophy are Martin Heidegger and Jean-Paul Sartre (Moore & Bruder, 2011). Some themes of existentialism are traditional and academic philosophies are from the uncertainties of real life, the world is irrational, and the world is absurd in the sense that there are not explanations that can be given for the way that it is. These are not all the themes for this school of thought nonetheless these are the most fascinating (Moore & Bruder, 2011). The second type philosophy is pragmatic. Pragmatic philosophy is a type of philosophy that rejects the idea......

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Comparison Essay

...community. Once again, his words provide an opportunity to convey the viewpoint character’s personal thoughts, opinions, judgments and other information, it also allows reader to be part of the narrator’s word and identify with the viewpoint character. On the contrary, third person point of view describes a plenty of action in the story provide a vivid picture as what is happening to the character. In “Compatriots”, the narrator says: “The inside of the teepee was stunning. It was roomy, and the floor was covered with buffalo hides. Backrests, wall hangings, parfleche bags, and numerous artefacts were magnificently displayed” (Warrior 176). His description of the teepee gives the reader image of how the teepee looks and it also shows the comparison between the teepee and the house belonging to Lucy’s aunt, it makes the reader to think what is a true Indian and how they can be considered as a true Indian in the community. Nevertheless, as Hilda “walked towards Helmut, her hand extended in greeting, but he ignored it” (176), reader can make an assumption on how Helmut feels about Hilda as an outsider and himself as an “Indian”. In fact, the narrator points out at the beginning of the story that Helmut is a German who has been “accepted” into the Indian religious society. These lead to a deeper thinking about being a compatriot, why Helmut shows his ignorance to Hilda and is his just “pretending” to be an Indian. In conclusion, the way in which an author tells a story using......

Words: 1400 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Comparison Essay

...Comparison Essay In the films EdTv and The Truman Show, the protagonists experience how the loss of personal freedom in their lives affected not only them, but the lives of the people around them. Specifically, the loss of personal freedom and control in there lives are seen through the “love interests” that the characters encounter, how Ed’s and Truman’s “overseers” interfere with their lives’ and what each character is willing to due to reclaim the personal freedom and control in their destinies. Throughout the plot in both films, Ed and Truman encountered love interests that derive from either fake love or staged love. In The Truman Show, Truman first spots Lauren sitting under a tree and immediately falls in love with her. However, because the choice to choose one’s love was not Truman’s to make, the “overseers” of The Truman Show interfered with his life. They hired an actor to play the role of Truman’s girlfriend and later wife. Similarly, in EdTv Ed begins to date Shari after comforting her. However, both Ed and Shari soon realize the conditions of their relationship began to change as Ed quickly becomes surrounded by his fame. This increase of involvement that the audience now has in Ed’s life makes them believe that they have the right to judge Shari which causes her to loose some of her personal freedom and control in her life. In both films, the protagonists’ lives become broadcasted over live TV regardless of what those said characters...

Words: 949 - Pages: 4