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Chronological Timeline of the History of Art

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Prehistoric Art
20 000-8 000 BC.

Figure 1: Homem Paleolítico, Venus of Willendorf (Limestone), 30 000-25 000 BC, Prehistoric art, Naturhistorisches Museum, Austria, (Adendorff, 2008:8)

Egyptian Art
8 000-2 000 BC.

Figure 2: A page from The Book of the dead made for Nes-min, Papyrus of Ani (Papyrus), 2 600 BC, Egyptian art, London, (Adendorff, 2008:15)

Byzantine Art
5th Century AD. to 1453

Figure 3: Christ Pantokrator, Central Dome, Church of the Dormition (mosaic), 1090-1100, Byzantine Art, Greece, (Adendorff, 2008:25)

Middle Ages

Figure 4: Unknown, St. Matthew, from the Gospel Book of Archbishop Ebbo of Reims, 826-835, Middle ages, (Adendorff, 2008:31)

Roman Art
500 BC – 300 AD

Figure 5: Unknown, Emperor Augustus (white marble), 1st Century, Roman art, Rome, (Von Heintze, 1990:143)

12th to 17th Centuries

Figure 6: Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus (tempera on canvas), 1482, Renaissance, Uffizi Gallery, Florence, (Adendorff, 2008:54)

Baroque Art
17th and 18th Centuries

Figure 7: Diego Velazquez, Las Meninas (oil on canvas), 1656, Baroque art, Museo del Prado, Madrid, (Adendorff, 2009:16)

18th and 19th Centuries

Figure 8: Jacques Louis David, Oath of Horatti (oil on canvas), 1784, Neo-Classism, Louvre, Paris, (Rosenblum & Janson, 2004:27)


Figure 9: Thėodore Gėricault, Raft of the Medusa (oil on canvas), 1818-1819, Romanticism, Louvre, Paris, (Adendorff, 2009:33)

19th Century

Figure 10: Honorė Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage (oil on canvas), 1862, Realism, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, (Adendorff, 2009:43)

19th Century

Figure 11: Edgar Degas, The Dancing Class (oil on canvas), 1873-1875, Impressionism, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2009:57)

19th Century

Figure 12: Henri Matisse, Red Room (Harmony in Red) (oil on canvas), 1908-1909, Expressionism, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, (Adendorff, 2009:83)

19th Century

Figure 13: Pablo Picasso, Girl before a Mirror (oil on canvas), 1937, Cubism, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, (Schmalenbach, 1990:203)


Figure 14: Marcel Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q. (mixed media), 1919, Dadaism, (Adendorff, 2010:7)


Figure 15: Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory (oil on canvas), 1931, Surrealism, Museum of Modern Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2010:19)

Abstract Expressionism

Figure 16: Willem de Kooning, Woman 1 (oil on canvas), 1950-1952, Abstract Expressionism, Museum of Modern Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2010:28)

Pop Art

Figure 17: Ray Johnson, James Dean (collage on cardboard panel), 1975, Pop art, (Livingstone, 1990:14)

Conceptual Art

Figure 18: Yves Klein, Anthropomėtries de l’epoque bleue Ant 82 (pigment in pure synthetic resin on paper mounted on canvas), 1960, Conceptual art, (Adendorff, 2010:69)


• ADENDORFF, A. 2008. Visual Culture Studies – International Art for Grade 10. Centurion: Cornwall Hill College.
• ADENDORFF, A. 2009. Visual Culture Studies – International Art for Grade 11. Centurion: Cornwall Hill College.
• ADENDORFF, A. 2010. Visual Culture Studies – International Art for Grade 12. Centurion: Cornwall Hill College.
• LIVINGSTONE, M. 1990. Pop Art. London: Thames & Hudson.
• ROSENBLUM, R. JANSON, H.W. 2004. 19th Century Art. New Jersey: Harry N. Abrams, inc.
• SCHMALENBACH, W. 1990. Masterpieces of 20th Century Art. Munich: Prestel Verlag.
• VON HEINTZE, H. 1990. The Herbert History of Art and Architecture – Roman Art. London: The Herbert Press.…...

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