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Chinese Demographics

In: Business and Management

Submitted By danielrichards14
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China research – Bullet 5
Demographics
Political and legal environment in China make it very volatile for business outside of the country. China is undergoing massive urbanisation with millions (160m) of people moving from rural to urban environments. However the mass industrialisation comes with a lot of pollution costs. The urbanisation is pushing up consumption per person but also increasing income per person. Population in China is suspected to reach 1 billion by 2030. The scale and pace of China's urbanization continues at an unprecedented rate. If current trends hold, China's urban population will hit the one billion mark by 2030. In 20 years, China's cities will have added 350 million people more than the entire population of the United States today. By 2025, China will have 221 cities with one million–plus inhabitants—compared with 35 cities of this size in Europe today—and 23 cities with more than five million. For companies in China and around the world, the scale of China’s urbanization promises substantial new markets and investment opportunities. Yet the expansion of China's cities will represent a huge challenge for local and national leaders. Of the slightly more than 350 million people that China will add to its urban population by 2025, more than 240 million will be migrants. This growth will imply major pressure points for many cities including the challenge of managing these expanding populations, securing sufficient public funding for the provision of social services, and dealing with demand and supply pressures on land, energy, water, and the environment.
There is a huge emergence of the middle class in China, it is growing as urbanisation is growing; which then helps to drive China’s purchasing power.
The brown shades on the picture show the people living below the mean of ‘annual per capita income’ with the darker brown shades being a…...

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