Free Essay

Cheating on Exams

In: Business and Management

Submitted By wnhco
Words 621
Pages 3
Cheating on exams in online courses
Proctored exams are necessary in order to maintain the credibility and integrity of currently offered online degree programs.
There has been much written on the subject of cheating by students on the college level and studies conducted to support the conclusions. With the advent of the internet and the recent trend of colleges pressured to offer totally online degree programs the opportunity to cheat has expanded with the same exponent. “Academic integrity has been a perennial issue in higher education. Undoubtedly, the advent of the Internet and advances in user-friendly technological devices have spurred both concern on the part of faculty and research interest in the academic community regarding inappropriate and unethical behavior on the part of students. 73.6% of students in the sample held the perception that it is easier to cheat in an online versus traditional course.” (King, Guyette and Piotrowski 2009)
Internet based classes are experiencing a growth surge. With the recent employment crisis, and the increased weight on academic achievement, more adults are now able to enroll in online classes, and still maintain full time jobs and meet the demands of busy families. In a study conducted by Oskar Harmon and James Lambrinos they used a “model that predicts exam scores from independent variables of student characteristics. In one course, the final exam was proctored, and in the other course, the final exam was not proctored. In both courses, the first three exams were un-proctored. If no cheating took place, the authors expected the prediction model to have the same explanatory power for all exams, and conversely, if cheating occurred in the un-proctored exam, the explanatory power would be lower. Their findings are that both across and within class, variations in the R-squared statistic suggest that cheating was taking place when the exams were not proctored.” (Harmon and Lambrinos 2008)
A proctored final exam could be utilized to ensure the students were familiar with the material. In their article professors Eplion and Keefe offered, “We also require a cumulative final exam that is heavily weighted and is administered face-to-face. Because the cumulative final is worth so many points, students must know the material if they hope to successfully complete our course. If they have had someone else take the exams for them over the course of the semester, they will pay for it when taking the final.” (Eplion and Keefe 2007)
Writing based courses were the first to be offered online followed by Math and Fact based courses. Writing based tests and exams emphasize essays and term papers while Math and fact based exams focus on calculation and fact based assessments. In his paper focusing specifically on Math and Fact based online courses Trenholm concluded “Proctored assessments present the clearest and most intuitive means for educators to ensure that their students’ skill level reflects the grade they received and, particularly in Math and Fact based courses, effectively mitigate any real or potential concern about issues of academic honesty.” (Trenholm 2007)

References
King, C. G., Guyette Jr., R. W. & Piotrowski, C. (2009). Online Exams and Cheating: An Empirical Analysis of Business Students’ Views. The Journal of Educators Online, Volume 6, Number 1, January 2009 (1)
Harmon, O. R., Lambrinos, J. (2008). Are Online Exams an Invitation to Cheat? Journal of Economic Education Spring 2008 (116)
Eplion, D. M., Keefe, T. J. (2007). Practical Tips for Preventing Cheating on Online Exams. Online Cl@ssroom Ideas for Effective Online Instruction April 2007 (1-3)
Trenholm, S. (2007). A Review of Cheating in Fully Asynchronous Online Courses: A Math or Fact Based Course Perspective. J. Educational Technology Systems, Vol 35(3) 281-300, 2006-2007 (297)…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Cheating

...Cheating has always been looked down upon in society, but it still thrives in the classrooms of schools and universities. It doesn't seem to matter whether it is right or wrong, just as long as it gets you that A you were looking for. Cheating has grown over the past few years and the question is why? Who's to blame? I know cheating occurs in Bacon Academy. I'll even be so honest to admit that I have participated in cheating once or twice in my high school career. Even so, I know it's not okay; and there are serious punishments if you are caught: there will be a zero on the assignment, and a suspension if you plagiarize. Ouch, cheating definitely doesn't sound worth the risk. So why do we do it? Cheating is done for multiple reasons. Sometimes it's done just to help out a friend. Your neighbor asks about a question during a test and you reply with the answer just to be courteous, nothing more than that. There's no deeper reason, other than maybe one day your neighbor will be able to return the favor. Another form of cheating is the "!%#&, I forgot to study for this test, but the smartest person in the room is sitting right next to me" reason. Some people figure there's no harm because they're going to do poorly anyway. But some people cheat because they're lazy or just don't care. All of these reasons don't make it okay to cheat, and its recurrence in school is an issue. Bacon has all types of cheating, and it can be blamed individually on the teachers, the students......

Words: 871 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Cheating

...ACADEMIC DISHONESTY: ARE MORE STUDENTS CHEATING? Dorothy L. R. Jones Norfolk State University ACADEMIC DISHONESTY, with Internet plagiarism as one of the most common forms, is a concern on college and university campuses more than ever before. A review of the literature validates these concerns. According to a 2003 nationwide research study of 23 public and private colleges and universities, conducted by Donald L. McCabe, Internet plagiarism is on the rise. Thirty-eight percent of the undergraduate students surveyed indicated that they had engaged in Internet plagiarism (as cited in Rimer, 2003). Brown, Weible, and Olmosk (2010) found that 49% of students in undergraduate marketing classes admitted cheating in 1988 versus 100% of the students in an undergraduate management class in 2008; a national survey published in Education Week found that 54% of the students surveyed admitted to Internet plagiarism and 76% admitted to cheating; and the Center for Academic Integrity found almost 80% of the college students surveyed admitted to cheating at least once (“Facts About Plagiarism,” 2011). In May 2006, Ohio University’s Department of Mechanical Engineering plagiarism scandal garnered national attention when a review panel found “rampant and flagrant” forms of plagiarism in 34 master’s theses (Grose, 2006); and in November 2010, more than 200 of the 600 students in a University of Central Florida business class confessed that they benefited from accessing online test......

Words: 3383 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Cheating

...Cheating in any form in my opinion is wrong. Cheating is a common practice in schools, businesses, sports, relationships, and so forth. Although cheating happens to others, the cheaters are also cheating themselves. I believe cheating in schools common due to the pressure students feel. Schools set high academic standards in which students are expected to live up to. Parents of students also expect their children to do well and exceed in school. Student feel they must do well in order to impress and do whatever it takes, including cheating, to get the best grades. Due to the ecomomical collapse our country has faced over the past few years this has caused businesses to be dishonest. An example is of a business that managed people retirement. Many people trusted businesses to handle their retirement only to realize that they had been scammed. Hundreds of people found out that their retirement had been embezzled and they were left with nothing. This financial gain for the company proved to be unworthy and jail time was received. We also see cheating in sports. Lance Amstrong was accused of using steroids for enhancement. This is also see among other athlete’s including wrestling, baseball, basketball, and football. Mandated testing is being mandated to prevent such illegal things from occurring. Relationships also suffer due to cheating. Instead of couples talking things out or getting counseling the resort to finding other people to satisfy their needs and......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cheating

...In Southern College Students' Cheating Behaviors: an Examination of Problem Behavior Correlates, Elizabeth Mustaine and Richard Tewksbury look at the demographic and behavioral characteristics that are associated with cheating at the college level. They also focus on who the cheaters are on campus, while looking at specific connections with behavior problems. The research problem being investigated in this article is why are male cheaters more involved with behavioral problems than female cheaters? Examining cheating behaviors amongst college students is significant because it looks at not only the characteristics of the cheaters, but also why they are cheating and what is influencing their actions. The research shows that more males cheat than females, also reporting that several problematic behaviors (drug and alcohol related) were admitted factors. Looking at this problem is important to society because it explains why an issue so common keeps occurring within the school systems. It brings forth questioning if the cheating resulted from previous behaviors. Some students are involved problem behaviors and cheating is included in that list. Also, we could say that these behaviors are more tempting for men than for women. Four out of seven problem behaviors are crucial correlates for cheating for men, but for women, it is only one of the seven. Like any research, nothing is perfect and the nonrandom samples can cause generalization. Yet, Mustaine and Tewksbury's samples......

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cheating

...Cheating The issue of cheating in schools is more prevalent and relevant than ever in today’s culture. Many students turn to cheating in order to complete certain courses, exams, or homework because competition and the pressure from parents to get good grades in order to get accepted into the best colleges and universities are too high for a growing number of students. Not all students see this issue the same way. To some It’s okay and acceptable as long as you don't make a habit out of it. The students who believe that in some circumstances it is okay to cheat are the same students who are cheating. On the other hand the students who believe that there is no place for cheating in an academic setting are usually the ones who are following all of the rules and regulations. The College of DuPage defines Academic dishonesty as cheating of any kind, including misrepresenting one's own work, taking credit for the work of others without crediting them and without appropriate authorization, and the fabrication of information(www.cod.edu). Every person has their own moral stance on cheating in the classroom, but to me cheating is and will always be wrong. It is an example of Moral absolutism. Moral absolutism is the ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or wrong, regardless of other contexts such as their consequences or the intentions behind them (Thiroux, Krasemann). When presented with the hypothetical situation of some fellow classmates that somehow......

Words: 655 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cheating

...not matter. As we grow up we learn through this method of learning from our weakness, fails, and creativity that we all can create our own work and put our name on it. Cheating and plagiarism became scary in high school but became our worst nightmare in college if one choice to partake in it and got caught. I was always proud of my work, especially when you spend hours and hours working on something and when you are finally finished you look back and it was worth that amount of time you spent on it. Cheating is not worth it; you’re not only going against the rules of academic misconduct you are cheating yourself. You’re not allowing yourself to actually learn something you are taking the easy way out and misleading not only yourself but those around you. Cheating goes into a lot of aspect in life, academics, love, sports, etc. The most interesting thing is it always comes down to one tiny aspect of yourself, your scared of letting someone down, you want to win so bad, your lazy and don’t want to try, but it all comes down to the amount you put into that activity. If you want to be good in school you need to put a lot into it to get a lot out of it, school does not come cheap. The same goes for love and relationships. Now of course there is no perfect human being, we all make mistakes, this is the beauty of cheating comes into play. It is those who learn from this mistake and take into the account how much they could of lost and turn it around. For me this is one of those......

Words: 716 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cause and Effect of Cheating During Exams

...Cause and Effect of Cheating Cheating is one of the most concern behaviors at school all over the world. There are many different ways of cheating such as copying homework, looking at another individual paper during exam, plagiarizing, and so on. It has been considered to be the worst behavior since it causes a lot of bad effects to the cheaters in the future. In this way, cheaters do not have their own ability to do their own works, so in the future when they get a job, they will lack of ability to do their jobs too which may cause them to get unemployment. There are many reasons why students like cheating, but according to some researchers, there are top three reasons why students are likely to cheat: lack of effort, external pressures and opportunity. To begin with, cheating is likely to be occurring on students who are lack of effort in their studying. Students who did not attend class or did not study are considered to be lack of effort students. Those students are rare to get passed by themselves; thus, cheating is a good way for them to get passed. Exams are usually extracted from the lessons that the students have learnt, so it is essential for the students to attend every classand keep their concentrating while studying in order to do well on the exams withoutcheating. According to External pressures are other main causes of cheating. There are two kind of external pressures: academic and nonacademic pressure. For the academic pressure, there are too many tests...

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Cheating

... Cheating: * Any attempt to give or obtain assistance in a formal academic exercise (like an examination) without due acknowledgment. * dishonesty and breaking the rules. Reasons of cheating 1. Performance concerns * Need to excel at any cost 2. External pressures * Academic * Semester workload too heavy * Others’ cheating puts me at disadvantage * Professor/text did not adequately explain material * Too many tests on one day * Nonacademic * Pressure from parents * Job leaves no time for study * Illness prevents adequate preparation * GPA for athletic qualification * Financial aid depends on GPA * Good grades needed for job or graduate school 3. Unfair professors * Overly harsh grading * Unfair tests designed to fail students * Unreasonable workload in course 4. Lack of effort * Did not attend class * Did not study, do reading, etc. 5. Adherence to other loyalties * Helping a friend * Loyalty to a group (fraternity) 6. All’s fair in love and academia 7. Opportunity * Unexpected opportunity arose * Instructor left room during exam * Instructor wasn’t watching carefully * Other students didn’t cover their paper 8. Campus ethos * Others do it * No one ever really gets punished/caught Some ways of cheating 1. Copying......

Words: 3122 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Cheating

...what he was doing was wrong, he failed to think of the consequences that would result from his actions. Though it may be difficult to sympathize with Rodriguez's situation, it is the exact same situation that we are faced with when we choose to be dishonest. Whether its taking an illegal performing enhancing drug or cheating in any other aspect of life, you sell yourself short and risk the hardships that could potentially effect both you and the ones you love. Some would argue that cheating can be a means to help those we care about. Yes, there are times when cheating can assist the greater good, but there is an old saying, "take one step forward and two steps back." The problem with this scenario is someone or something is getting cheated in order for one to achieve their goal. So while the cheater may believe they are benefitting the greater good, it also has the potential to hurt the very cause they were trying to help. Life is good. Embrace the challenges that face you. Success on a road filled with honesty and integrity will provide happiness for not only you, but all of those people that surround you on a daily basis. There is no time in life where cheating outperforms hard work, dedication, and honesty. Honesty is, no doubt, a much harder road to travel down, but in the words of the great Rocky Balboa, "Let me tell you something you already know. The world ain’t all sunshine and rainbows. It’s a very mean and nasty place, and I don’t care how tough you are, it will......

Words: 602 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cheating

...It is undeniable that cheating has always been one of the most serious issues that a student might encounter at some points throughout their education. Under most circumstances, students are not aware of how serious cheating is until they have to face some serious punishments from their school. Copying homework, talking with others during exam and plagiarizing are some common forms of cheating. In order to let student understand the threats of cheating at school, this essay will focus on the effects of cheating and why student should not cheat at all cost. Paragraph 1: * The most apparent impact that cheating at school has is that it directly create an unfair study environment. * While honest students need to try their best to achieve good academic results, students who cheat can possibly achieve similar results without having to work hard. * As a consequence, such unfair competing environment can easily discourage student that are well-behave at school. * Besides, those that cheat are very likely to keep doing that until they got caught because cheating makes it easy to get high score without hard work. Paragraph 2: * In addition, cheating also can lead to the failure in assessing student’s academic ability. * Because students cheat instead of actually study for their homework or exam, there is no way a teacher can assess their abilities in class. * False assessment on student’s ability can result in student’s false assumption on......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cheating Exam

...that over half of the junior class at West Point Academy had violated the West Point honor code by cheating on a case assignment. The honor code states "A cadet will not lie, cheat, or steal, nor tolerate those who do." This was by far the largest violation of the honor code in West Point history and presented some unusual challenges to the administration. As the year dragged on it was found that more and more students possibly had cheated on the assignment and was also becoming a public relations nightmare in the press and internally to the Army branch of the United States military.   April of 1976 it was found that there was a possibility that over half of the junior class at West Point Academy had violated the West Point honor code by cheating on a case assignment. The honor code states "A cadet will not lie, cheat, or steal, nor tolerate those who do." This was by far the largest violation of the honor code in West Point history and presented some unusual challenges to the administration. As the year dragged on it was found that more and more students possibly had cheated on the assignment and was also becoming a public relations nightmare in the press and internally to the Army branch of the United States military.   April of 1976 it was found that there was a possibility that over half of the junior class at West Point Academy had violated the West Point honor code by cheating on a case assignment. The honor code states "A cadet will not lie, cheat, or steal, nor......

Words: 350 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Students Cheating on Exams, Essays, and Tests - Reasons and Solutions

...Cheating comes in many variations. Just because you are not leaning over and peaking at somebody else's exam does not mean that you are not cheating. Cheating includes any dishonest action used by a student to complete an assignment without actually having to complete it themselves. Some of the most common forms of cheating are looking at someone else's exam, using materials without permission, collaborating with other students without permission, and not reporting another student if you see that he or she is cheating. Students cheat for all types of reasons: pressure to succeed, no time to study, peer pressure, laziness, and the list goes on. While schools claim that a student can be expelled for cheating, many cheating students escape the consequences. I do not think that it's possible to set consequences based on the reason why a person cheated because the severity of a reason can be relative, but it's more logical to base consequences on the method in which the cheating was done. Perhaps the most classic form of cheating on an exam is taking a quick peek at the exam of the person sitting next to you or in front of you. Oftentimes it's easy to see answers in the corner of your eye and the teacher seldom notices. I believe that this type of cheating should result in automatic failure of the exam, no questions asked. Likewise, if the student tries to cheat again then he or she should fail the whole course. Looking at someone else's exam is extremely unfair because you're......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Cheating

...stop our students from cheating at the Universities in Florida. The University of Florida made test-taking just that, test-taking, not a social hour. Mr. Taylor Ellis, is an assistant dean that monitors the testing center, at the University of Central Florida, has said “It will never stop completely, but I will find out about it” if they try to cheat. (Ellis, 2010, p.1). Many of the students try to use different types of items to cheat, like a phone, camera, paper, pens, clothing, earpieces some even try to use tattoo’s. As you have also heard many students will write a paper and have the paper rewritten over the internet by someone else. This is just one way they cheat on writing assignments. Daines (2010, p2) stated that he was especially disturbed by an epidemic of students’ copying homework. One of the services that are used to deter students from cheating is the Turnitin algorithm. "It's typically 30% of all the papers submitted have significant levels of plagiarism," said John Barrie, founder of Turnitin.com. (Barrie, April 29). Many of our colleges and universities use Turnitin.com to check if students have plagiarized their work. A couple of schools used this resource for future students entering the schools as well, to detect any plagiarism on their application. Do you believe that the software can be tricky, because many students feel it can be done? Over 61% have admitted to cheating in college and 36% have admitted to cheating in high school. I have...

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Cheating

...CHEATING Definition Cheating is defined as the intentional act of breaking the rules, or attempting to achieve personal gain through fraud or deceit.16 To cheat is to deprive of something valuable by the use ofdeceit or fraud, to influence or lead by deceit, trick, or artifice, to practice fraud or trickery, to violate rules dishonestly, or to be sexually unfaithful.11 A cheater (sometimes called acheat) gets something by dishonesty or deception; or by depriving one of his or her rights and usually connotes deliberate perversion of the truth; or by large-scale cheating bymisrepresentation or abuse of confidence.11 Cheating is an act of lying, deception, fraud, trickery, imposture, or imposition. Cheating characteristically is employed to create an unfair advantage, usually in one's own interest, and often at the expense of others. Cheating implies the breaking of rules. Cheating is a primordial economic act: getting more for less, often used when referring to marital infidelity.3 Cheating is when a person misleads, deceives, or acts dishonestly on purpose.17  Cheating fundamentally includes several elements of both lying and stealing, with specific motivations to gain something of value by illegitimate means. That is why lying and stealing are discussed before cheating. Cheating is lying and/or stealing with the intention for acquiring something for more than merely the "pleasure" of fooling or depriving others.  Children Cheating as a concept is not understood by......

Words: 19938 - Pages: 80

Premium Essay

Causes/Effects of Cheating/ Exam Malpractice

...Cause and Effect of Cheating During Exams In: Social Issues Cause and Effect of Cheating During Exams Cause and Effect of Cheating Cheating is one of the most concern behaviors at school all over the world. There are many different ways of cheating such as copying homework, looking at another individual paper during exam, plagiarizing, and so on. It has been considered to be the worst behavior since it causes a lot of bad effects to the cheaters in the future. In this way, cheaters do not have their own ability to do their own works, so in the future when they get a job, they will lack of ability to do their jobs too which may cause them to get unemployment. There are many reasons why students like cheating, but according to some researchers, there are top three reasons why students are likely to cheat: lack of effort, external pressures and opportunity. To begin with, cheating is likely to be occurring on students who are lack of effort in their studying. Students who did not attend class or did not study are considered to be lack of effort students. Those students are rare to get passed by themselves; thus, cheating is a good way for them to get passed. Exams are usually extracted from the lessons that the students have learnt, so it is essential for the students to attend every classand keep their concentrating while studying in order to do well on the exams withoutcheating. According to External pressures are other main causes of cheating. There are two......

Words: 382 - Pages: 2