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Challenges in Modern Islam

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Challenges in Modern Islam
Francisco Delgado
REL/134
October 24, 2014
Mark Pursley

Challenges in Modern Islam
One of the biggest enemies of the religion of Islam is its followers as it is their behavior and ways of engagement with the rest of the world which shapes its outward image. Today whether we admit it or not, the fact is that Islam’s name has become intertwined with terrorism, misogyny and intolerance towards the followers of other religions. Muslims or even those who are perceived to be Muslims are on the rise. Religious minorities like Sikhs are today being attacked for their proximity in appearance with Muslims. Moreover, whenever any instance of terrorism occurs the first perception is always that a Muslim is involved.

The deterioration of Muslim society is the result of deviation from Islam, while the deterioration of Western society is the result of putting into practice the very principles in which it believes. The evils of Muslim societies stem from the gap between principle and practice, whereas the evils of Western society are the result of a clash between principles and realities. The Western civilization of modern times has formed principles independent of religious principles, to govern social life, and has maintained that modern principles were superior to older principles.
Islam and Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS)
The group began in 2004 as al Qaeda in Iraq, before rebranding as ISIS two years later. It was an ally of – and had similarities with -- Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda: both were radical anti-Western militant groups devoted to establishing an independent Islamic state in the region. But ISIS – unlike al Qaeda, which disowned the group in early 2014 – has proven to be more brutal and more effective at controlling territory it has seized. Today ISIS militants are recruiting people every day and taking over Iraq and executing any one who is Christian.
Islam and Christianity
With over 1.5 billion adherents, Islam is the world’s second-largest religion after Christianity. Muslims believe the faith’s central text, the Qur’an, was revealed to the prophet Muhammed during a series of divine encounters. The doctrines of the Qur’an are expounded in the Hadith, collections of sayings attributed to Muhammed, and enacted in Sharia, a moral code considered to be the infallible law of God. The religion is known for its “five pillars”: testimony, prayer, almsgiving, fasting, and pilgrimage, all of which have parallels in Western Christianity. Islam diverges from Christianity in its rejection of several core tenets: the Trinity, the divinity of Christ, the atonement of Christ, the grace of God, and the nature of the afterlife.

References
Molloy,M.(2012). Experiencing the Religions, Traditions, Challenge, and Change, Sixth Edition. Experiencing the Worlds Religions (Chapter 1)(Chapter 2). Retrieved from http://www.universityofphoenix.edu.
Judaism.(n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved October 02, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judaism.…...

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