Free Essay

Carbon Footprint

In: Business and Management

Submitted By EstherBardhan
Words 534
Pages 3
Special report│Carbon management

Towards a carbon footprint sustainable supply chain

As the planet is heats up, so do mandates for manufacturers to reduce their carbon emissions. While manufacturers have been doing their bit in their manufacturing units, their carbon efficient initiatives has ceased to become a mere CSR activity, a movement, or a political leaning. It has transformed into business and economic viability. Today, manufacturers are pushed out of their production silos to consider the entire supply chain and look for new opportunities to erase the carbon footprints effectively – from sourcing to production, to distribution and product afterlife. The need today is for manufacturers to integrate an effective carbon reduction strategy into supply chain to reduce footprint, enhance their corporate image and reap the cost advantage.

Attempting to please the ecological police with environmental initiatives and stakeholders with improved savings upon energy consumption, manufacturing companies have come a long way in their energy efficient initiatives. They have come out of their manufacturing facilities’ silos and have started to take an integrated view of their supply chains to erase the most villainous presence of the ‘carbon footprints’. Although manufacturing companies traditionally limited their supply chain optimisation vision to minimising costs to partners in the supply chain and maximising service to the customers, the current scenario is quickly moving to a concept of ‘producer responsibility’ for the carbon footprint of a product manufactured. In other words, the changing nature of global trade is driving the manufacturing firms to examine frequently their supply chain structure and to consider the impact of this structure on the amount of carbon dioxide released, simultaneously developing tools to measure and capture the amount of carbon emissions.

However, till date mostly tactical approaches (using technologies to meet the needs of a particular situation) are being implemented that do not seem to convincingly decarbonise a manufacturing firm’s supply chain as a whole. While tactical approaches are arresting the carbon emanation in different parts of the supply chain, they are failing to boost the supply chain’s overall efficiency. The current scenario requires the manufacturing firms to implement key strategies that can be holistically applied to the end-to-end supply chain, looking at opportunities to address carbon footprint across the product lifecycle.

In order to abate carbon footprint across the product lifecycle, it is important for a manufacturer to first identify the units in a product lifecycle that release carbon dioxide, calculate the carbon footprint from the sum total of the carbon released in these units and then decarbonate the entire supply chain unit-by-unit.

Calculating the carbon footprint
Calculating the carbon footprint is very important to meet the requirements or targets of a carbon management programme. Some of the reasons for calculating the carbon footprint are as follows: * To establish a realistic account of carbon emissions * To simplify and reduce the costs associated with CO2 emissions * To provide accurate information while formulating strategies for carbon management programme.
While the calculation of carbon footprint is very important, there are no standardised procedures for calculating the same. Although carbon management teams of manufacturing companies use various methodologies, results vary from one firm to another due to lack of a globally accepted procedure.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Ecological Footprint

...Name Tutor Course Date Ecological footprint Introduction The planet Earth is the only planet that supports and sustains human life. The human activities carried out on the planet are gradually making the planet unfavorable to live on (Perman 81). Ecology involves the study of relationships between living organisms and their usual natural environment. This paper will define ecological footprint, present a deep understanding of the ecological footprint and show how it applies in measuring the peoples’ effects to the environment. The paper will also explain how the ecological footprint can be used in making choices that go in line with people’s lifestyles. The principles of ecological footprint date back to literatures related to geography, ecology and economics. However, the idea of the earth’s ecological footprint has been present since early 90’s (Wackernagel 35). William Rees in 1992 produced the first academic publication on ecological footprint. The concept of ecological footprint and calculation criteria was later developed by Mathis Wackernagel as a PhD dissertation under the supervision of Rees at British Columbia University in Vancouver. Originally, the concept was called the appropriated carrying capacity. Rees later came up with the ecological footprint term in order to ensure that the concept is accessible. The ecological footprint in the planet has transpired as the earth’s vital gauge of the individual’s demand on the environment and......

Words: 913 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Carbon Footprint

...Carbon footprint. What is your carbon footprint? That’s a question I was not prepared for. I had no clue what a carbon footprint was or how to even answer that question. I was worried I would never understand what was being asked of me. Luckily my sociology teacher provided a website that would give me better understanding of what my carbon footprint was and how to break it down. The Nature Conservancy Carbon Calculator on had questions for me to answer that would determine how much carbon I was responsible for. According to the carbon calculator my estimated greenhouse gas emission is 39 tons of carbon dioxide a year whereas the average person releases 27 tons in a year ( Out of the estimated tons of carbon I release in a year, 83.3 % has to do with home energy. I have a detached, single family home with 2 bedrooms, and that makes my estimated impact jump to 27 tons of carbon dioxide a year ( When I was heating and cooling my home I didn’t think twice when adjusting my thermostat. If I was hot I would turn the air down, when cold the heat went up. By doing that I was causing an estimated impact of 2.5 tons of CO2 per year. ( There are other things in which I produce different amounts of CO2, driving my big Ford F150 roughly 30 miles in a week puts out an estimated 1.4 tons of CO2 per year ( I eat red meat most days but I don’t eat it with every meal. My red meat consumption has an estimated impact of 4.1 tons of......

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Lit Review Household/Carbon Footprint

...Literature Review on households / individual carbon footprints Households’ carbon footprints have fluctuated on a regular basis for many years. Why is this the case? Surely our carbon footprint should be reducing with ever increasing pressures from Governments and NGOs to consider the consequences of our lifestyles on the future of our planet. This is not the result though, “our needs and desires are expressed in the consumer demand for commodities, and it is this demand for goods and services which drives the production processes that consume resources” (Druckman, Jackson, 2009). Druckman and Jackson aim to understand carbon dioxide emissions from economic activity and “explore the variation in carbon footprints across different segments of society.” Druckman and Jackson found that affluence was a big factor in determining carbon emission disparities but it was not the only factor. Using a Local Area Resource Analysis (LARA) model, they realised that dwelling type and household composition also played a part. Using a variety of different methods and data, Druckman and Jackson tried to understand the variations in the UK’s carbon emissions. Examples of the different types of data in the literature were: “Allocation table for high level functional uses”, trends in CO2 and household expenditure in the UK and “CO2 emissions attributable to Supergroups”. In almost all research projects there are assumptions and limitations and this was also the case in this literature. Druckman......

Words: 1020 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Carbon Footprint

...The term ‘carbon footprint’ has become tremendously popular over the last few years and is now in widespread use across the media. With climate change high up on the political and corporate agenda, carbon footprint calculations are in strong demand. Numerous approaches have been proposed to provide estimates, ranging from basic online calculators to sophisticated life-cycle analysis or input-output-based methods and tools. Despite its ubiquitous use however, there is an apparent lack of academic definitions of what exactly a ‘carbon footprint’ is meant to be. The scientific literature is surprisingly void of clarifications, despite the fact that countless studies in energy and ecological economics that could have claimed to measure a ‘carbon footprint’ have been published over decades. This report explores the apparent discrepancy between public and academic use of the term ‘carbon footprint’ and suggests a scientific definition based on commonly accepted accounting principles and modelling approaches. It addresses methodological question such as system boundaries, completeness, comprehensiveness, units and robustness of the indicator. >>> Processes causing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions benefit humans by providing consumer goods and services. This benefit, and hence the responsibility for emissions, varies by purpose or consumption category and is unevenly distributed across and within countries. We quantify greenhouse gas emissions associated with the final consumption...

Words: 2231 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Carbon Footprints

...CARBON FOOTPRINT For the past few years, our beloved “earth” is going deeper and deeper into the quagmire of global warming. This is indeed an alarming situation and to get it round each and every individual has to play an effective role. This is possible only if we are cognizant of the factors which are creating this problem of global warming. Many of us would have heard the word “carbon footprint” and this is where the whole problem lies! Carbondioxide (CO2) is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. This process is the fundamental cause of the global warming so if we can reduce CO2 emission, gigantic climate changes ,global warming and their hazardous effects can be reduced. Your “carbon footprint” is the sum of all emissions of CO2, which were induced by your activities in a given time frame. The carbon footprint is a very powerful tool to understand the impact of personal behaviour on global warming. Most people are shocked when they see the amount of CO2 their activities create! If you personally want to contribute to stop global warming, the calculation and constant monitoring of your personal carbon footprint is essential. Here are some of the ways which can help to abate the carbon footprint: • Go native: Use native plant species to landscape around your home or business. The plants will probably grow better in a familiar environment, and the plants may also get shipped a shorter distance to get......

Words: 915 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Carbon Footprint Hypothesis

...Running head: CARBON FOOTPRINT HYPOTHESIS COMPARISION Carbon Footprint Hypothesis Comparison Lori Jaide Watson Kaplan University SC225: Environmental Science: Ecosystems, Resources, and Carbon Footprints Anna Spaulding, Instructor February 25, 2013 Science is an on-going and constantly expanding observation of the scientific method continuously resulting in revision. As a result, research is reviewed and revised which allow scientists opportunities to collect discoveries of world-wide new evidence. Once new discoveries are established and hypothesis tested, science is altered. Consequently, there are some applicable rules relevant to scientific concepts specifically the steps leading to the Scientific Method that affirm the validity of research. Theories of law and nature are subject to change, based on new observations (Wiley, 2010). Testing and observation allows proven evidence (scientific method) that become facts and not fiction. I was compelled to apply the scientific method in real life because I am making a conscious effort to think more deeply about the impact of lifestyle choices on overall carbon emissions. I recently considered earth-friendly ways to commute to work and give my car a break. I decided to walk to work because driving emits carbon dioxide and is a contributing factor to global warming. I now walk to work three days out of the week instead of two days to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, save money on fuel, and have influence......

Words: 827 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organisation Footprint

...CASE STUDY: CALCULATING A CARBON FOOTPRINT Ahmad is the Sales Manager at Balakong-based furniture maker XYZ. XYZ sell just over half of their furniture through ‘One Stop Furniture Store’ (OSFS): a retailer with branches throughout Klang Valley. OSFS have told Ahmad that they are embarking on a ‘Carbon Responsibility’ program and will be including the carbon footprint data of their 10 major suppliers in their next customer newsletter. This includes XYZ and their main competitors. Ahmad explains that XYZ have not undertaken a carbon footprint exercise, but that they consider themselves to be a green company. OSFS state that of the retailer's 10 major suppliers, XYZ is the only one with no information. Ahmad asks for 2 weeks to come back with results for their carbon footprint. He calls James, a local environmental consultant, to ask if he can quickly process the data and calculate XYZ's carbon footprint. Background to the company XYZ are a Balakong-based furniture maker founded in 2002. They design and hand craft wooden furniture using reclaimed wood, sourced from across Malaysia. 52% of their sales are made through their main retailer, OSFS, with the remaining sold through other, smaller retailers, or direct to the public through their showroom in The Pavillion. XYZ runs its business from four separate sites: a design and manufacturing centre, a distribution warehouse, a sales showroom and their head office. Carbon Footprinting Climate change is...

Words: 2292 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Carbon Footprint

...Carbon footprint Name Institutional Affiliation According to the carbon calculator, my greenhouse gas emission was estimated to be 27 tons per year (Lynas, & HarperCollins, 2007).  Out of this emission, the amount of carbon dioxide produced per year was 83.3%. This percentage of carbon dioxide is mostly contributed by home energy. The high amounts of greenhouse gases produced is due to the usage of hydrocarbons in heating and lighting where an estimate of 2.5 tons of carbon dioxide are produced. In addition, my vehicle emits an extra estimate of 1.4 tons of carbon dioxide for 30 miles in a week. My consumption of meat has an impact of 4.1 tons of carbon dioxide per year. All these personal activities made me realize the personal impact an individual can have to the environment (Bishop, 2008).  From the learning outcome, I really feel I have a role to play in the environment. This is because I was not aware of the harm I was causing to the environment in contributing to greenhouse effects. I now appreciate the importance of keeping low personal carbon footprint (Bishop, 2008).  After calculating my carbon footprint, I realized I had an impact on the environment. This impact is much more than I am supposed to and hence the need to try my level best to lower the amount of carbon dioxide I contribute to the environment (Lynas, & HarperCollins, 2007).  Part of my life contributing the most carbon is lighting and heating where I mostly use hydrocarbons for such......

Words: 392 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Reducing Our Carbon Footprint

...Mary Vahle E227 Global Solutions  February 20, 2015 Reducing Our Carbon Footprint Mary Vahle E227 Global Solutions  February 20, 2015 Reducing Our Carbon Footprint Table of Contents INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………….1 Reducing office waste1 Creating a Recycling Program1 Buy Recycled Materials1 Renewable Energy………………………………………………………………………...2 Install Smart Power Strips…………………………………………………………...2 Utilizing Motion Sensors and Timers………...….…………………………………..2 Becoming Globally Efficient3 Ensuring That Tires Are Properly Recycled3 Creating Better Energy Efficiency in Trucks3 References………………………………………………………………………………… Reducing Our Carbon Footprint Introduction E227 Global Solutions has been committed to the research and development of green technologies. We are also dedicated to providing “greener” options to our customers. However, the company does not use many green practices internally. Reducing Office Waste We have a responsibility for the waste we produce and the proper disposal of such waste. While creating a recycling program internally is a great start, we can’t stop there. We must also reduce the amount of waste that is produced. Recycling and reducing waste can reduce operating costs and result in savings in waste collection. Creating a Recycling and Reduction Program Nearly 77% of all office waste can be recycled. By implementing a recycling program, the company takes a small step towards becoming greener...

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Carbon and Water Footprint

...What is Your Carbon Footprint? Carbon footprint, what is that? It is a measurement of the environmental impact of a particular individual or organization’s lifestyle or operation, measured in units of carbon dioxide. Upon calculating my own carbon footprint, the results were 19,373 pounds of carbon dioxide per year. Compared to the United States average of 20,750 pounds. Surprisingly that is only a difference of 1,377 pounds. In comparison to other countries like China, which are approximately 21,995 pounds and India at an estimated 1,245 pounds. The United States falls in the median at 20,750 pounds. That is a difference of 4% with China and 13% with India. What makes the difference? Any attempt to decrease the effects of your carbon emissions by either participating in other activities which have the same end results. There is a plethora of ways to offset your carbon emissions. For instance, on the road remember to stay intact with your vehicle’s maintenance and upkeep. Ensure you are getting tune-ups according manufacturer’s specifications for your make and model. Check your vehicles tire pressure and fluids, often. Reduction in the load you carry in your vehicle can also help. Also, utilize renewable fuels like E85. At home, switch out your regular light bulbs for the energy efficient bulbs. Turn off and or unplug any electronic devices when not in use. Utilize “Blackout Curtains” in rooms with lots of sunlight to regulate......

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...How many of y’all have heard the story about the man and the footprints? I’m sure a lot of you have but if you haven’t here it is: “One night a man had a dream. He dreamed he was walking along the beach with the Lord. Across the sky flashed scenes from his life. For each scene, he noticed two sets of footprints in the sand; one belonged to him, and the other to the Lord. When the last scene of his life flashed before him, he looked back at the footprints in the sand. He noticed that many times along the path of his life, there was only one set of footprints. He also noticed that it happened at the very lowest and saddest times in his life. This really bothered him and he questioned the Lord about it. “Lord, you said that once I decided to follow you, you’d walk with me all the way. But I have noticed that during the most troublesome times in my life, there is only one set of footprints. I don’t understand why, when I needed you most you would leave me.” The Lord replied, “Most precious, precious child, I love you and would never leave you. During your times of trial and suffering when you see only one set of footprints, it was then that I carried you.”” This is a powerful reminder of how great our God is. When we decide to follow Jesus, we are saying that we will lean on him and we trust that he will be there to carry us through the hard times. As humans, it is our natural instinct to be in control of our lives, to make everything work, to think we can do it alone. We need......

Words: 518 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

A Carbon Footprint Based Reverse Logistics Network Design Model

...Resources, Conservation and Recycling journal homepage: Full length article A carbon footprint based reverse logistics network design model Devika Kannan a,∗ , Ali Diabat b , Mahmoud Alrefaei c , Kannan Govindan d , Geng Yong e,∗ a Indian Institute of Industrial Engineering, Navi Mumbai, India Engineering Systems and Management, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates c Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Jordan University of Science and technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan d Department of Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark e Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Science, Shenyang, Liaoning Province 110016, PR China b a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 2 March 2011 Received in revised form 12 March 2012 Accepted 12 March 2012 Keywords: Carbon footprint Reverse logistics Greenhouse emissions Case study a b s t r a c t Due to the environmental legislation and regulations, manufacturing firms have realized the importance of adopting environmental friendly supply chain management (SCM) practices. In this paper, a mixed integer linear model is developed for a carbon footprint based reverse logistics network design. The proposed model aims at minimizing climate change (specifically, the CO2 footprint), and it employs reverse logistics activities to recover used products, hence combining the......

Words: 4160 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Carbon Footprint Calculation

...The following carbon footprint calculation is based on my personal boundary that the amount consumed by myself. The amount consumed is calculated from February 2015 when I moved to the new apartment where I am living to February 2016 which is easier to calculate. Explanation of the calculation of carbon footprint The amount of emission of carbon dioxide can be calculated by the ISA-GHG calculator based on the dollar amount spent on individual activity. Generally, my weekly budget could be divided into three parts: rent, entertainment cost and food cost on supermarkets. Rent accounts for the largest proportion of it, followed by food on supermarkets and entertainment cost. Specifically, individual spending can be evidenced by the receipts and I having been recoding my weekly expense for a long time so they are all reliable sources for the carbon footprint calculation. Moreover, I am living in a shared house with my flatmates, the electricity bill, rent and water bill should be divided by the number of people living in the department to calculate an accurate number. The classification of GHG emission According to the classification of GHG emission, my daily activities can be divided into Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3. Under the food section, I have the direct ownership of those food and vegetable so activities related to them are considered as Scope 1. Under the Housing section, my activity in the past year didn't get involved to natural gas and construction and......

Words: 397 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

France Footprint

...A carbon footprint is the total set of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an organization, event, product or person. My carbon footprint is 82% of comparable households. I am the same as an average U.S. household also. It however is 407% of the global average. My footprint is most dependant on shopping. I am higher on average shopping than both the similar the average US household and US household. My transportation brings down the average though because I don’t really fly in a plane. I might fly once every two years so my transportation emissions are down. Two things that I can change to reduce my carbon efficiency are changing my diet and purchase green electricity. Changing my diet would save me tons of money and purchasing green electricity would save about 6.31 tons. Other things that I can do that won’t have as big impact but can still help are carpooling, and adjusting my thermostat in the winter and summer. Something I would change if it were available to me right now is getting an electric car. Electric cars are too much money at this point but if it were available to me for a lower price it would save money on gas and save the environment. Also in the future I will be moving out of my house to a shared apartment and will use less of everything because I will be on more of a budget. Individual Carbon Footprint A carbon footprint is a measure of the total amount of CO2 emitted within a specific area and including greenhouse gases emitted......

Words: 2715 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Carbon and Ecological Footprint

...Carbon Footprint versus Ecological Footprint The term carbon footprint refers to the whole set of green house gases or emissions caused by an event, an organization, a person, or even a person. However, this definition requires a vast amount of data which takes forever to collect. As a result, this renders it impracticable, and experts have to look for a definition they can be able to work with. The most accepted definition of the carbon footprint defines the term as the entirety of the amount of methane and carbon dioxide gases produced by a defined population, activity or system, putting into consideration all the sinks, storage and sources within the temporal and spatial boundaries of either the population, activity or system. Greenhouse gases, which are made up of mostly carbon dioxide and methane gas can be emitted during activities such as land clearance, transport using means which use fossil fuels as a source of energy, production and subsequent of fuels, foods, manufactured goods, material, and building roads and buildings. The carbon blue print of a nation, an individual or that of an organization can be determined by undertaking an assessment of greenhouse gas emission. Once the footprint’s size is known, measures can be used to try and reduce it. Some of the measures taken by individuals, nations and organization to reduce their carbon footprint include carbon offsetting, technological improvements, and better product and process management. The ecological......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3