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Brain Functions Graphic Organizer

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BRAIN STRUCTURES, ETYMOLOGY and FUNCTIONS STRUCTURE|ETYMOLOGY(from Etymonline.com)|FUNCTION|
Prefrontal Cortex (or Frontal Lobe) |Pre – Latin prae –before in time or place to Medieval Latin pre- to Old French pre- before (Oscan prai; Umbrian pre; Sanskrit pare-thereupon; Greek pareai- at; Gaulish are- at, beyond; Lithuanian pre- at; Old Church Slavic pri- at; Gothic faura; Olde English fore- before)Frontal – adj; Latin frontalis; 1650s-of the foreheadCortex – n; Latin cortex; 1650s-outer shell husk; 1741-of the brainLobe – n; Latin lobus; early 15th Century-hull, husk, pod; 1670s-brain divisions|“Multitasking and switching between tasks”(Gazzaley, 2012)|
Temporal (Lobe) |Adj; Unknown origin- tempus (genitive temporis to Latin – temporalis to Old French- temporal; Mid 14th Century-worldly, secular; Late 14th Century-of time, terrestrial; temporary |“Auditory perception, speech, and complex visual perceptions”(BrainFacts, 2012; Temporal Lobe)|
Occipital (Lobe) |Adj; Latin occiput (genitive occipitis)to Medieval Latin occipitalis to Middle French occipital; 1540s- back of skull|“Processing visual information”(BrainFacts, 2012; Occipital Lobe)|
Parietal (Lobe) |Adj; Latin paries (genitive parietis) to parietalis- of walls; 15th Century pertaining to the walls of a cavity in the body|“Sensory processes, attention and language”(BrainFacts, 2012; Parietal Lobe)|
Limbic Region (System)|Adj; Latin limbus-edge; to 1878 limbe to 1879 French limbique; 1950 limbic system|The naming of the group of structures within the midbrain including the hypothalamus, amygdala, thalamus, fornix hippocampus and cingulated gyrus (Jensen, 2005 pg. 161)|
Cerebellum|Noun; Latin cerebellum- small brain|“Controls coordination of movement; connects pons, medulla, spinal cord and thalamus; involved in motor learning”(BrainFacts, 2012; Cerebellum)|
Amygdala |Noun; 12th Century amygdales-…...

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