Free Essay

Black and White

In: Novels

Submitted By dcarro
Words 977
Pages 4
BLANCO Y NEGRO
MALORIE BLACKMAN

Bestseller internacional

Un libro absorbente e impactante

LA AUTORA

Malorie Blackman es una de las más importantes autoras en Gran Bretaña. Ha sido galardonada en numerosas ocasiones y ha recibido prestigiosos premios en los últimos años. Sus obras, magistralmente construidas, buscan provocar a los lectores.
En esta novela Malorie Blackman logra estimular al lector de manera brillante, y enlaza una trama, inteligentemente construida, que atrapa al lector y le deja con ganas de más.

LA OBRA

Esta obra es el primer libro de una serie de cuatro novelas.
Profundamente conmovedora y totalmente absorbente, esta novela es intrigante con un final impactante.

Síntesis de la obra

Sephy y Callum han sido grandes amigos desde su infancia y ahora, ya mayores, se dan cuenta que quieren algo más, pero la complicada realidad de sus vidas, en una sociedad segregada, empieza a tener sus consecuencias. Callum es un Cero, un ciudadano de segunda clase en un mundo dominado por las Cruces, y Sephy es una Cruz y la hija de uno de los hombres más poderosos del país. Las barreras que tienen que salvar para estar juntos parecen pequeños obstáculos para los dos jóvenes idealistas pero pronto esas barreras amenazan no sólo su amistad sino sus vidas.

Comentarios

“Este libro es simplemente brillante… una proeza de la imaginación. El libro más importante de ficción que he leído en muchos años”
New Stateman

“Llena de amor, intriga, sufrimiento y sátira punzante sobre la injusticia y las relaciones humanas, “Blanco y Negro” es una brillante novela que recordarás para siempre”
The Times

“Perdurará en la mente de los lectores mucho después de haber sido leída”
Observer

“Dramática, conmovedora y valiente”
The Guardian
Argumentos de venta

* Ha vendido más de 1 millón de ejemplares en Gran Bretaña. * Votado como uno de los 100 libros más importantes de todos los tiempos * Autora galardonada con numerosos y prestigiosos premios * Libro con excelentes valoraciones de los lectores * Temáticas de gran actualidad

Temática

Novela que trata de forma ingeniosa y provocativa temas de gran actualidad como el racismo, el aborto, la discriminación, el terrorismo, el amor y la justicia.

Argumento

Callum McGregor es un Cero, un ciudadano de segunda clase – un blanco. Sephy Hadley es una Cruz, la hija de uno de los hombres más poderosos del país – una chica de color.
La madre de Callum trabaja en la villa de los Hadley, de manera que Callum y Sephy crecen juntos. Las dos madres mantienen una relación cordial, casi de amistad, hasta el día en que pierde su trabajo y con ello la posibilidad de educar a su hijo mayor June.
A partir de este momento los hechos y acontecimientos se suceden unos a otros, destrozando poco a poco a las dos familias.
Callum y Sephy mantienen su amistad a pesar de la controversia y polémica, incluso años más tarde, cuando Callum es admitido en el colegio de Sephy, siguiendo una reciente política de integración que persigue admitir unos pocos y seleccionados Ceros en los colegios hasta ese momento exclusivamente diseñados para las Cruces.
Callum, un muy buen estudiante, sufre día a día el racismo y la discriminación que también pesan sobre su hasta entonces intacta amistad con Sephy.
En sus respectivas casas las cosas tampoco van demasiado bien. Los padres de Sephy mantienen una relación fría y distante que acabará en divorcio, mientras el padre y hermano mayor de Callum deciden unirse a la milicia, el Frente de Liberación, quienes luchan con violencia contra el racismo existente.
Lynette, la hermana mayor de Callum y el ser al que más unido se siente en su familia, se suicida después de sufrir durante varios años un trastorno mental debido a un ataque racista que ella y su novio, un chico de color, sufrieron en manos de una banda de adolescentes blancos. Pero las cosas no se paran ahí: El padre de Callum y June son acusados de haber participado en un atentado terrorista y el padre es sentenciado a muerte. Uno de los mejores abogados del país, pagado secretamente por la madre de Sephy, consigue la abolición de la pena de muerte, pero el padre muere en prisión días más tarde.
Debido a estos acontecimientos, el colegio decide suspender a Callum por un periodo de tiempo indefinido. Sephy, que se siente cada vez más sola y no encuentra apoyo ni en sus padres, ni en su hermana Minerva, ni tampoco en Callum, comienza a beber por las noches, como su madre, una mujer alcohólica.
Cuando ya no soporta más la situación, Sephy pide a sus padres que la manden a un internado, lejos de allí. Callum quien no recibe la carta de despedida de Sephy a tiempo, en la que le pide que escapen juntos, se une a la lucha armada junto con su hermano.
Tres años más tarde, la célula de Callum debe secuestrar a Sephy para obtener una serie de concesiones políticas de su padre. Para Callum comienza una lucha interna, pero acaba venciendo el amor que todavía sienten el uno por el otro, a pesar del paso del tiempo y los acontecimientos injustos y crueles.
Hacen el amor, mientras Sephy permanece aún secuestrada y luego, Callum la ayuda a huir. Una vez a salvo en su casa, Sephy descubre que está embarazada, pero no cede a las presiones de su familia que pretende hacerla abortar.
Callum se encuentra en prisión, sentenciado a muerte, y aún cuando el padre de Sephy se ofrece a salvar la vida de Callum a cambio de un aborto, Sephy, partida en dos, no cede. El padre de Sephy recurre, muy a su pesar, a ver a Callum en prisión, pero también este elige la vida de su futuro hijo antes que la suya propia.
Callum es ahorcado y Sephy se separa de su familia, viviendo sola y embarazada en un pequeño y modesto apartamento.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Black and White of Abortion

...The Black and White of Abortion Abortion is arguably the most controversial issue that exists today. Abortion is a religious matter, questioning the humanity of a fetus and if one has the right to kill it. This issue also causes disagreement between men and women, and whether women have the right to bodily autonomy. Furthermore, abortion questions which right is stronger, the right to bodily autonomy or the right to life. Mary Anne Warren and Judith Jarvis Thomson have similar stances on the issue, although both claim to be pro-choice. Thomson, through the famous violinist example, argues women have the right to bodily autonomy, which is stronger than a fetus’s right to life. Warren, on the other hand, states fetuses are not persons because they do not attribute the five-personhood traits. In this paper I will agree and disagree with both philosophers, to a certain extent. Two central issues surround abortion. First, is it permissible to kill a potential human being? Most Christians believe that at the moment of conception, a human life is created. Other people believe a fetus is not a person until after the period of time when it becomes illegal to have an abortion, typically after five months. Judith Jarvis Thomson is pro-choice. She believes the woman’s right to bodily autonomy is stronger than a fetus’s right to life, and proves so through the famous violinist example. She believes a person does not have a moral obligation to stay connected to the famous......

Words: 1160 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Black and White Privilege in America

...Running Head: BLACK AND WHITE PRIVILEGE IN AMERICA 1 Black and White Privilege in America Jacki Barnes Davenport University Diversity in Society – SOSC201 Professor Narketta Sparkman October 21, 2012 Black and White Privilege in America There are many definitions of “white Privilege” in text books, media, and on the internet, but all of those definitions include one common thread: It allows white persons advantages over non-whites and it is a form of social privilege. According to Akbar (Koppelman, 2011, p. 44), white privilege originated with the arrival of the white man in America. He states that, “They began to effectively eliminate any contradiction to the imposed redefinition of reality that they dictated.” White privilege has been referred to as rightness of white, meaning that white is normal and any deviation from that is abnormal (Koppelman & Goodhart, 2011, p. 189). It offers economic benefits as well as cultural benefits. Being white means you will most likely be paid a higher salary, receive promotions, and have loans approved. In classrooms, anything that happened prior to white people arriving in America is referred to as prehistory (2011, p. 191). Because of white privilege, there are many things that white people take for granted that people of color have no access to. For example, whites can choose to purchase a home in an area they can afford and want to live in. Researchers at Dartmouth, the University of......

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Color vs Black and White Study

...HUM/150 Team B Week 3 Learning Team Assignment Color-vs-Black and White Study Spider-Man 2 and The Maltese Falcon Introduction Our assignment this week was to compare the effects of color versus black-and-white in films. Learning Team B selected Spider-Man 2 as the color film, and The Maltese Falcon as the black-and-white film. While referencing the influence of color and black-and-white imagery, we will examine the following topics: How color or black-and-white… • Contributed to the expression of each film • Influenced the atmosphere of the films • Affected characterization • Provided transitional changes • Helped mirror the director’s intent Expression Maltese Falcon Shot in black and white this film depends on the use of multiple elements to attain the desired emotional response and reaction to the characters and the plot of the story. The use of lighting to obtain physical shadow, create depth, and establish area and time are very important but lighting is also used to indicate darker or lighter moods and situations. Black & white is a great contribution to the expression of this story, it has layers and shades of grey that add to the overall enjoyment of watching this movie. Spider-Man 2 This movie portrays a comic book superhero and is shot in bright, bold, sometimes exaggerated colors to obtain this effect. It has moments of lightness with cooler coloring and lighting for a few romantic and comical scenes but for the most......

Words: 1509 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Differences Between White and Black Athletes

...Scholars have been conducting studies on the physical differences between white and black athletes for many decades. However, there is still no concrete evidence that these physical differences are the contributing reason for the so-called athletic superiority of blacks. In a study published in the journal "Medical & Science in Sports & Exercise," the architectural characteristics of muscle in black and white college football players were compared. This study was conducted by Professor Takashi Abe, Professor James Brown, and Professor William Brechue , who studied thirteen black college football players and thirty-one white college football players. At the beginning of the study, the authors alluded to the fact that blacks had a greater percentage of type II muscle fibers but reiterated that there was not much scientific evidence beyond that. However, they believed that muscle architecture could possibly be linked to improved sports performance and were hoping to use this study to prove that. They looked at a variety of physical characteristics, including muscle thickness at thirteen anatomical sites, body mass index, and the isolated muscle thicknesses and fascicle pennation angles of the triceps, vastus lateralis, and gastrocnemius medialis. Muscle thickness was measured using a B-mode ultrasound, and body density was measured using a oxygen dilution method. Vertical jump and 40-yard dash time were also measured. The results of this study were somewhat surprising. Only......

Words: 580 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

White or Black?

...White or Black? A not so silent part of society at the time, racism is the main theme in Toni Morrison’s short story, “Recitatif”. The story is a recollection of the memory of a friendship effected by many factors, but mainly influenced by race. Although the races are ambiguous to the reader, the main characters Twyla and Roberta deal with an increasingly strained friendship until the two eventually reconcile at an older age. Through the use of first person narration, Morrison presents the issue of race and racism in a controlled, but effective perspective. Twyla’s first person narration is the only view of events we see and in turn becomes our own view. From the beginning of the story when Twyla and Roberta meet we get the sense that there is already a great divide between them, “It was one thing to be taken out of your own bed early in the morning-it was something else to be stuck in a strange place with a girl from a whole other race” (139). We never find out what race Twyla or Roberta is, but this initial introduction shows that at least Twyla is uncomfortable being around Roberta. Is it really important that we know which race is which? Many people, myself included, read this over many times looking for clues that would indicate Twyla and or Roberta’s race. However, the only conclusion I reach is that it is unimportant whether or not we know. The fact that the friendship is interracial is enough to convey the theme. In fact, by not specifying either race it makes......

Words: 1457 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Deconstruction the Discourse of Black and White in Shakespeare’s Othello

...Marcus Green English 4090 Mr. Michael Parker November 29, 2004 Deconstruction the Discourse of Black and White in Shakespeare’s Othello The complex and confusing values of “black” and “white” are used to reinforce the theme of man’s tragic blindness of good and evil in Shakespeare’s Othello. Thus, one will exam the use of the binary opposition “black” and “white” and the “différance” of these words within the content of the play. Therefore, the “absence” of the meaning of words is what makes a word differ from itself, and opens discourse to its true meaning within the content of the text. Within Othello, the repeated use of the terms “black” and “white,” has various polarized meanings. Hence, the relationship of these terms within the play requires a full explication of Shakespeare’s use of binary opposition in Othello. Deconstruction is a method of textual analysis and philosophical argument involving the close reading of works within literature. Therefore, a deconstructive reading examines the use of binary opposition within the content of a text. Binary oppositions focus on the words of the text; thus, reveal the meaning of the words that are hidden within the content of the language. As a result, words within the structural discourse of language can be used to displace and reassert meaning within the relationship of “différance” (Douglas 185). According to Derrida: différance is what makes the movement of signification possible only if each element......

Words: 2216 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Black Liberation Theology: so You Think Jesus Was White?

...BLACK LIBERATION THEOLOGY: SO YOU THINK JESUS WAS WHITE? By Hosea Bennett OUTLINE I. Liberation Theology a. What is Liberation Theology? b. Its origins and roots II. Black Liberation Theology a. It‘s true meaning b. James Cone - It’s Founder c. Luke’s social message to all d. History of Black Catholics III. Black Spirituality & Culture. a. Black Spirituality b. What We Have Seen and Heard – Pastoral Letter on Evangelization c. Catholic Teaching on Racism IV. Conclusion INTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to inform the reader about the true meaning of Black Liberation Theology. I want to present this paper as an enlightening pit of information to all who read it. I hope that will be an enlightenment and appreciation of the culture and spirituality of Blacks by non Blacks. And for Blacks I hope to affirm that our culture and spirituality is a depiction of our past, present, and future relationship with God. “Black Liberation Theology and Black Theology” are terms that walk hand in hand. For both share it’s African and slave roots since the 1560s. Long before the landing of The Mayflower at......

Words: 8159 - Pages: 33

Free Essay

Black and White Are Not Just Colors

...To Kill a Mockingbird: Black and White Have Never Just Been Colors Angie Scott IVY Tech Community College To Kill a Mockingbird, Black and White Have Never Just Been Colors Discrimination and prejudice transcend the ages, and the 1962 Oscar nominated film To Kill a Mockingbird shows us exactly that. It shows us that emotional, physical, and social choices we as human beings make will affect us and our world for generations to come. The film provides us with lessons in mankind that we can use in our world today. Upon your first viewing, you may not feel like it has relevance in your life today. You may be of the opinion that the world that Atticus Finch and Tom Robinson lived in is a far cry from our world today, but current events reflect otherwise. Most of us can remember the famous words spoken during the Los Angeles riots in 1992 by Rodney King, “Can’t we all just get along?”, and we all can never forget where we were the moment the towers were struck on September 11, 2001. Very different in their own rights, each of these events was caused by prejudice or discrimination. While the top notch acting is unsurpassed in our world of CGI, 3D, and High Definition movie making, no breathtaking stunts, superheroes, fantastic cliffhangers, or 3D glasses are required to watch To Kill a Mockingbird. Gregory Peck, the actor who portrayed Atticus Finch, still stands 49 years since its original release, the greatest movie hero of the 20th century (American Film Institute, 4...

Words: 1295 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

"Othello" Black and White

...World Literature 3, May 2012 BLACK and WHITE Obscurity Honor Jealousy Self-Destruction- One Man's Journey When a reader begins a book they want a story that will enthrall them; they want to be captured in every moment of the characters life. In Shakespeare's Othello, the reader gets swept away in a story of a man and woman that defied the odds of the Elizabethan Times. When the love story of Othello and Desdemona is being played out, the reader must have to wonder of its modern age theme. Is an interracial relationship any more accepted in today's society? Was the deception and lies of the men in Othello because they were truly racist, jealous, or both. As we look at Othello, we will see how a man went from being obscure to the reader in the beginning to being a loving, honorable, self-destructive, jealous man that was so trusting it ultimately ended the world he knew to be true. When Shakespeare wrote Othello it was before its time. The thought of an interracial couple coming together could be construed as an exploration of sorts as the author did in many of his plays. It seems he wanted to extract a real reaction from his audiences and with the coming together of this couple he did just that. As Othello and Desdemona begin their life, we begin to see that the men Othello believed to be true and loyal to him start to deceive and plot against him. In the beginning we don't really know Othello by name only described by Iago as "the Moor"; and......

Words: 1308 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Influence of the Civil Rights Movement on Black/White Marriage

...The Civil Rights Movement On Black/White Marriage INTRODUCTION Nowadays, interracial marriage exists in almost the whole world and is more acceptable than it ever has been. In the United States, which now has its first biracial president-Barack Hussein Obama II. Absolute numbers tell us the fact that interracial marriage between black and white has increased -- the U.S. Census reported that there were 51,000 Black/White marital couples in 1960, which was legal in whatever many states. By 2002, it rose to 395,000 Black/White marriages (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2004). By 2010, it grew more to 540,000 (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2012. However, before the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, this would have been unimaginable. It was illegal for people with different race to marry before the Civil Rights Movement, which we called “anti-miscegenation laws”. This paper will examine how the Civil Rights Movement helped make marriages between blacks and whites and mixed-race families acceptable to society and more common. In this paper, I am going to provide the background about the Civil Rights Movement. Such as ways this movement affected Black/White marriage, and the Loving vs. Virginia (the Supreme Court Case). Then, I will introduce some family stories in biracial families during 1960s and a number of findings about Black/White marriage. At last, I will present the difference between 1960s and nowadays and express the current situation of Black/White marriage. THE CIVIL......

Words: 2183 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

White Fantasy-Black Fact

...In this essay I will prove that in the story “White Fantasy-Black Fact” by Jack Davis, people continually judge each other without necessarily meaning to. Often times people like to believe that we live in a world where everyone is equal, but that is not always the case. Even though we have come a long way from the way things were in the past with racism and discrimination, it still exists in the time of this story and it still exists today. In the beginning of the story, a bus driver is driving around thinking about his family, and his new baby, Peggy Sue, it mentions that he dislikes violence, and cruelty to animals. He sends money overseas every year to help the less fortunate. He is happy to live in the country that he does. As it says on page 430 “He was glad he lived in a country that was white, where there was plenty for all, where nobody starved and where everyone was equal.” He seems like a good man, if not a little racist. However, when he approaches an aboriginal family, he doesn’t let them on his bus because he thinks they are disease ridden and dirty. He doesn’t want to bring home their germs to his wife and daughter. He knows nothing about this family but he judges them based on their looks alone, maybe because they aren’t white, because he prides himself on living in a “white” country. The aboriginal family of eight is then left on the side of the road with a problem; they have to get to Perth for the baby’s doctor’s......

Words: 916 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Color of Sin: White and Black and Perceptual Symbols of Moral Purity and Pollution.

...The Color of Sin: White and Black And Perceptual Symbols of Moral Purity and Pollution. Sherman and Clore (2009) aimed to look at aimed to look at three different conditions involving moral and immoral words appearing in either black or white. They also wanted to see if the time taken to name a colour differs when it black which connects to immorality or in white which relates to morality. In addition to this they added in 2 conditions which took place before naming the colours. They used a series of metaphors in order to explain many of their concepts. Their first study was based on an experiment done by Meier et al (2004) using the Stroop colour- word task (1935). They used the same words and found that immorality-blackness associations operate quickly and automatically. These associations influenced performance on the Stroop task, so a task that requires identifying colours does not require any moral evaluation and can be performed quickly. The second study was the same as the first but used a new set of words, in order to test whether the moral Stroop effect is susceptible to conditions that make immorality more prominent, this was similar to a study by Zhong and Liljenquist (2006). Alongside this task another small task was introduced where they had to read a story which either had a morally wrong or right answer. After analysis of the results they found that people, who showed no Stroop effect initially, were affected by simply being exposed to unethical......

Words: 1291 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Dynamics of Educational Attainment for Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites

...EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT FOR BLACKS, HISPANICS, AND WHITES Stephen V. Cameron James J. Heckman Working Paper 7249 http://www.nber.org/papers/w7249 NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 July 1999 We thank Stephanie Aaronson, Joseph Altonji, Shubaum Chauduri, Terri Devine, Tom Kane, and Christopher Taber for valuable comments. We thank Marvin Kosters for valuable comments and for making this paper possible. The first draft of this paper was presented at an NBER conference on higher education at Cambridge, MA in April 1992. It was also presented at a Public Economics workshop at the University of Chicago (May 1992), sponsored by J. Hotz, at the Institute of Research on Poverty (Wisconsin), June 1997, and at Cornell University, April 1997. This work was supported by the American Bar Foundation and by NSF-SBR-93-21-048, NSF 97-09-893, and by NICHD:R01-HD32058-01A1; NICHD:R01-34598-03; NIH:R01-HD34958-01; NIH:R01-HD32058-03, and by grants from the Mellon Foundation and the Spencer Foundations. The views expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect those of the National Bureau of Economic Research. © 1999 by Stephen V. Cameron and James J. Heckman. All rights reserved. Short sections of text, not to exceed two paragraphs, may be quoted without explicit permission provided that full credit, including © notice, is given to the source. The Dynamics of Educational Attainment for Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites Stephen V.......

Words: 2498 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Black and White and Religion All over

...Russell Bartlett English 1301- 8:00 am Lesa Warton 10/16/2015 “Black and White and Religion All Over” What is religion exactly? Is it an idea people cling to so they won’t feel alone? Maybe it gives their life purpose? Hope that their life is actually useful? Are some of them just counter attacks because they were shunned? Or maybe they were told that they weren’t worthy enough to be in the religion everyone else is in? Religion is just a concept, an excuse for people to fight each other. It’s to show that some people are above others in their own minds. Nothing more than a joke. Religion has always been a cultural norm in the sense of wanting to be accepted and safe. When one doesn’t get accepted into the religion of their choice, they seek acceptance into another to counter the denial. Members from each religion spread the “word” of said religion to pull others in. They tell you that if you don’t join the religion then you will burn or that you’re stupid. This only adds to why religion isn’t necessary to life and shouldn’t be thought of as sacred. It’s almost like a popularity contest on which religion becomes the most successful. For the people who don’t have a religion, they are tempted into one by people wanting to spread it. Some don’t like religion, others just don’t believe in it. Then there’s that little percentage who don’t believe in the religion but worship the deity. An example is Jefferson Bethke and his video, Why I Hate Religion but Love......

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Kara Walker Black & White

...Black/White: Kara Walker’s ‘Work in Progress’ I really wanted to know more about this particular piece of art. Yet I have found that I have learned so much more about Kara Walker and her various works. Kara Walker is a contemporary artist from California. She explores race, sexuality, gender, violence and identity in her work. In her silhouettes, Walker’s black characters are cut out of black paper and the white characters live in a white space of reflection. Walker uses black cuts outs of figures to emphasize a more dramatic effect as a silhouette. The majority of her works were inspired by images found in her favorite history books. She uses these images as an example of how whites viewed black slaves in the antebellum south (Shaw). Research into Kara Walker’s work leads me to believe the intent may be deeper than that. Walker’s work often caused an issue with other members of the art community. She was accused of not having a sensitive opinion on the topic of slavery. I am sure this can be due to the fact that she expresses herself through rough imagery which could easily be interpreted as disrespectful or offensive (Michele'Kieffer). Kara Walker addressed the issue in an interview by stating “The work is not about slavery so much as it conjures horrors of reconstruction and 20th-century Jim Crow-ism and the Tea Party.” Since her first exhibit Walker has become an international success, been labeled a genius and has won the MacArthur Fellowship. Kara Walker’s work......

Words: 819 - Pages: 4