Premium Essay

Biological Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By skunk25
Words 318
Pages 2
Biological Psychology Paper
Biological psychology is a vital part of psychology; without it psychology would not be considered a science, rather it may still be considered an art. Biological psychology has an extensive history, and each step has brought us closer to the reality that the brain is our main power source, and how much it affects our behavior. There have been many scientists and theorists that have contributed to the field of biological psychology, each having their own beneficial impact. As stated, biological psychology is vital to psychology, as well as other fields in psychology and neuroscience. Biological psychology seems to bring to mind many assumptions when it is thought of, and we will evaluate those assumptions as well as the subjects afore mentioned.
Definition and Historical Development
Biological psychology is defined as being “the study of the brain and how it causes or relates to behaviour” (Wickens, 2005, p. 3); it is often referred to as biopsychology or psychobiology. The past of biological psychology has been a colorful and descriptive past, thanks to the many theorists and scientists in the field.
The ancient Greeks were one of the first to propose that the brain was related to the mind. “Plato (429 – 348 BC) proposed that the brain was the organ of reasoning” (Wickens, 2005, p. 4). An important physician during the Roman Empire was Galen (AD 130 – 200); he was “one of the first writers to propose a theory of brain functions based on the ventricles” (Wickens, 2005, p. 4). Galen believed that the heart was important to the body because it “contained the vital spirit that gave the spark of life to the person. This vital spirit was also seen as providing the ‘substance’ of the mind, and it was transported to a large group of blood vessels at the base of the brain called the rete mirabile (‘wonderufl net’)” (Wickens, 2005, p.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Biological

...Biosocial V.S. Biological Theory Gemini Ann Perez October 28, 2012 Professor Edwin Souza CRJ180 Juvenile Delinquency and Justice There are many reasons why juvenile delinquency occurs but no one really knows why they have come up with some reasons that might explain why it occurs and the word for them is theories. Theories are a detailed explanation of one specific subject and the two theories that crossed my mind are behavioral and biosocial. In Behavioral theory it describes the outcomes of the consequences of a certain behavior on occurrence of such behavior in the future. Conditioning is one of the learning methods according to which the likelihood of behavior is increased or decreased by the use of reinforcement or punishment. In case of positive reinforcement a certain behavior becomes stronger by the effect of experiencing some positive condition. In case of negative reinforcement a certain behavior becomes stronger by the outcome of stopping or staying away from some negative condition. In case of extinction a certain behavior is becomes weaker by the outcome of avoiding to experiencing some positive condition or stopping some negative condition. Negative and positive reinforcements and extinction strengthen certain kinds of behavior of individuals. Punishment is a big form of conditioning used all over the world. When people are punished, it is to decrease that certain behavior produced by...

Words: 673 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Biological Aspects of Psychology

...Neurotransmitters: communication between neurons across synapse Are stored in vesicles at axon tips -> go to post synaptic cells and attach to receptors: protein sites on the surface of a cell; specific to neurotransmitter • Each neurotransmitter can bind to different receptor types • Have different effects depending on which type of receptor it binds to. The chemical signal that crosses the synapse creates an electrochemical signal. Postsynaptic Potential: change in membrane potential of postsynaptic cell • Postsynaptic potential fades as it flows along Excitatory postsynaptic potential: depolarizing postsynaptic potential (if positively charged molecules flow into the neuron) • single EPSP isn’t enough to fire Inhibitory postsynaptic potential: positively charged molecules flow out; hyperpolarization makes neuron less likely to fire an AP. Junction of axon: is specialized region where new AP’s are generated • The firing of a cell depends on what signals are present at junction. Brain and spinal cord, neurons are organized into groups Neural networks Sensory systems: group of neurons that provide info about the environment • (hearing, vision, taste, smell, and touch) Motor systems: parts of the NS that influence muscles and other organs to respond to the environment. Peripheral Nervous System: includes all the nervous system not housed in bone, carries out sensory and motor functions Central Nervous System: encased in bone (brain, inside the skull,......

Words: 491 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Biological and Cognitive Psychology Powerpoint

... |PSY/315 Version 3 | | |Statistical Reasoning in Psychology | Copyright © 2012, 2010, 2006 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Description This is an introductory course in applied statistics, with particular emphasis in psychology. Both descriptive and inferential statistics are included. In addition, this course provides the basic statistical background and understanding needed. Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: • University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. • Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class. Policies may be slightly different depending on the modality in which you attend class. If you have recently changed modalities, read the policies governing your current class modality. Course Materials Aron, A., Aron, E. N., & Coups, E. (2009). Statistics for psychology (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. All electronic materials are available on the student website. Note: All required tasks are highlighted with individual......

Words: 1529 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Biological Bases

...successful person in life; therefore, I am going to stick to going to school and push myself to where I want to be in life. To be successful, I have to get that proper knowledge first. The subfield I believe is best suited for providing psychological insight into my preference is the developmental psychology. The reasons I think this suit my situation because of the fact it states in the book "developmental psychology means studies of how people change pysically, cognitively, and socially over the entire life span (Baron and Kalsher, pg 11). The military preps you from how you used to be into the whole new person. Leading someone is a big step in life, in order to do that you need the discipline and maturity, and I feels like I am a strong person to do it. I want to be one of the best police officers to be able to save and protect people from all harm. I like the things I do in life because it involves helping others and being proud of it. I have done volunteer work, stewpot, serveds as a page for Gov. Phil Bryant, camp with JROTC, held positions in officer at school, and so on, so that should explain why I like leading, motivating, and dedicating in my life. I feel that biological bases of behavior have contributed to my preference with sensation because I love and I am excited about my strongly like in life. The military is a good field for me, and want anything stop my dream. When I am motivating myself, I feel as if nobody is in control other than me. Perception has......

Words: 644 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Biological

...in the receptors for longer. Both of these therapies are clearly related to the biological assumption because they are both on about neurotransmitters and biological substances. There are many strengths for the biological approach one of them is that chemotherapy has led to many successful practical applications. For example antipsychotics have helped schizophrenia patients, and the result of this is that chemotherapy is now the NHS treatment of choice and it has led to a better quality of life for many people. Another strength of the biological approach is that it is scientific (this means that it can be proven, objectively tested) The independent variable can be manipulated easily and all the other variables can be controlled other than the dependent variable which can then show how much the independent variable has an effect on the dependent variable. A weakness of the biological approach is that it is reductionist (it over simplifies behaviour) it says that excess dopamine levels cause schizophrenia and doesn’t take into account anything like stress, so by it not counting this aspect clearly shows that it is simplifying behaviour and that it doesn’t actually give a full picture of behaviour. Another weakness of the biological approach is that it is determinist (means that there is no free will, and that it will happen because of certain things and that can’t be changed) the biological approach says a certain combination of genes will inevitably cause......

Words: 1331 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Psy 340 Biological Foundations of Psychology

...Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Anna Samora PSY/340- Biological Foundations of Psychology Stephanie Fernandez September 2, 2013 Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that can and had affect many people thought out history. There is many symptoms that can help diagnose this disorder. After there is way you can treat the disorder as well. I have thought is there a way to better the way we diagnose and treat people with this disorder. The first thing I am going to talk about is what is schizophrenia? This is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder. People with this disorder think people are reading their mind. There no telling what they are think in tell they talk. When they talk they do not make sense at all. They can sit still without say a word for hours. They also have a hard time holding down job, so they need other to take of them. They can barely take care of themselves or other. People that have schizophrenia is not the only one that is affect by this disorder. Their family and community is affect by it to. If they have right treatments or therapy to control their symptoms they can live normal life within the community and with their family. This disorder has five subtypes and they are paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, and residual. Potential problems I am assume that it something that has to do with symptoms and medication to help people with some disorders. There is many symptoms that doctor separate in to three categories and...

Words: 1090 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Biological Psychology Worksheet

...Material Biological Psychology Worksheet Answer the following questions in short-essay format. Be prepared to discuss your answers. 1. What is biological psychology? Biological Psychology is more known for behavioral and neurobiology neuroscience. This is a very interesting and exciting one. It is chiefly concerned with elucidating the neurobiological basis of psychological and behavioral phenomena. The interesting accomplished by being able to get images of the brain and trying to determine the location of the mental process, watching the activity of different components of our brain, allowing us to study the effect of behavior, and the effect of our brains outputs. The field has grown over the past decades due to the expansion of computer technology and the greater understanding of genetics and biology and the fMRI imaging machines. 2. What is the historical development of biological psychology? The historical development of biopsychology is traced as far back as the ancient Greek era. It became the Roman church who dictated much of the human behavior according to their religious beliefs. After the Dark Ages subsided a new way of thinking was born and this period is called the Renaissance era. With this era came new ways of studying things, ways to see things by observing them and this was how modern science was founded.  3. Name one to three important theorists associated with biological psychology. ......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Biological Warfare

...Biological Warfare: Effects on USA Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine the response of the American public to the growing threat of biological warfare which has been amplified by the war on terrorism. The study focuses on various news items, government researches, public responses and independent researches to gauge the effects of the perceived biological threat. The research shows clear linkages between rising terrorism in the world and an increase in public knowledge of the sort of threats these terrorist organizations pose, especially the risk of a biological attack which could lead to a catastrophe. The research also sheds light on the rising voices in the media and public which demand concrete strategies to prepare for any and all eventualities. We also see how these demands shape public policy and scientific research. Lastly, we conclude that there is a definitive causal link between people’s perception of the biological terror threat and their public and private behavior. Introduction The primary research question we have is that in what ways has the use or threat of biological weapons of mass destruction affected the lives of US citizens in recent history? America has been on the receiving end of terror attacks and the year 2001 is still fresh in everyone’s minds. The terror attacks on the world trade center were soon followed by the anthrax attacks which were perpetrated by a lone, disturbed scientist. The fact that a single man, without any......

Words: 1837 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Biological and Humanistic

...Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality People often speak of personality as if it were a product such as a colored tie that gave life to an old suit. Not only that, sometimes we speak as if personality consisted of attractive and admirable traits: affection, charm, honesty. But as we shall see in this paper, for a psychologist’s personality is much more complex than that, it involves the regular use of the term, and includes both positive and negative traits. Another aspect of our definition is that personality persists across time and situations. Whether reflect our own conduct or interpret the acts of another person, we hope to find consistency. If someone is friendly someday, we would be surprised if they show rough the next day. If a relative, who is normally quiet and attentive, suddenly becomes aggressive and disrespectful, we often care about and seek an explanation. We know that life is not as predictable as a TV series, but we expect a degree of consistency, a pattern that reflects the unique personality of each individual. And when faced with the inconsistency, we suspect that something is wrong. Thus, the personality concept gives some degree of predictability and stability to the individual. As we analyzed the biological and humanistic approaches to personality, we encountered that Feist and Feist, (Feist, 2009), said that “although no single definition is acceptable to all personality......

Words: 1130 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Biological and Humanistic

...Gwendolyn Frields Week Three Individual Paper Psychology of Personality PSY/250 March 30, 2011 As some techniques are exercise to describe the personality, two are frequently utilize to subsidize another approach. Together biological and humanistic approaches are naturally exercise as under tones. Personality by itself involves various issues. Evolutionary/inherent perception do not usually account for the biological mechanisms among genes and personality.  Theorists use biological development in an effort to fill in the space among personality and genetics by inferring, theorizing, and exploring biological associations with behavior. Biological approaches personality in the pattern of collective character, behavioral, temperamental, emotional, and mental traits of a person. The term temperament is exercise to refer to stable individual differences in emotional reactivity. Example ones behavior toward a death of a family member the grieving may be weeping and trying to seek comfort from a higher power. To whereas another person might go into a deeper depression and has no understanding and why death and tend to feel there is no higher power no one this powerful would allow this type of pain. Present are various traits that make up a human being. They are the traits of human consciousness; or perhaps one can call them the gift of human character or simply character or personality traits (Posner nd). Maslow termed the highest level of the pyramid as growth needs.......

Words: 841 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Biological

...The human experience involves five general perspectives on human behavior, each of which emphasizes different factors. These are the biological, learning, sociocultural, cognitive, and psychodynamic perspectives. This paper will outline how each of these perspectives explain the beginning, development and maintenance of a stable marital relationship. Relationships are probably the happiest feelings and the most complicated feelings known to man .During the early stages of the relationship , the feeling of elation is ever present . Love is said to be biological for there is the innate need to be close to someone , to share our feelings and see them reciprocated ,to be cared for , to be touched and to be loved in return . But did you know that it takes sometime for humans to love? When a couple meets for the first time, the attraction can be instantaneous. They may describe the meeting as “electric”. When interviewed, men usally say “Everything else in the room wasnt important all I could see was her. The woman may say “I looked around the room, and when we locked eyes, I realized I couldn’t take my eyes off of him.” One of the main structures involved with falling in love is the limbic system. The particular system is well known as being the part of the brain involved in emotional response. The limbic system is actually several structures combined, including the basal nuclei, the thalamus, and the hypothalamus. While all of these structures are vital, the hypothalamus is......

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Biological Foundations in Psychology

...Biological Foundations in Psychology Biological Psychology Paper Vanell Wilson Manon Doll March 13, 2010 Biological Psychology Biological Psychology is defined as “the study of behavior and experience in terms of genetics, evolution, and physiology, especially the physiology of the nervous system” (American Heritage Dictionary). Biological psychology uses biology as an approach to understand human and animal behavior. Psychology has now developed into a wide-ranging discipline and is concerned with understanding behavior and mental processes from a variety of perspectives. Biological psychology is the branch of science that attempts to explain behavior in terms of biology, is therefore the study of the brain and how it causes or relates to behavior (Foundations of Biopsychology). The brain contains more cells than there are in the universe. There are over 100 billion cells and each parts works together to produce, direct, and choreograph what we think, feel, and do. The study of the brain is one of the most rapidly expanding areas in modern science today, and part of this development is a quest to understand how it’s physical and chemical structure gives rise to human behavior. Arguably, there is no other discipline that can give us greater insight into ourselves, as well as having the potential to change people’s lives for the better (Foundations of Biopsychology). The ancient Greeks were among the first to realize that the brain was the organ of the mind, Plato...

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

What Is Biological Psychology

...Biological Psychology Worksheet Liz Rodriguez PSY 400 March 22, 2012 Dr. Iris Thomas Biological Psychology Worksheet 1. What is biological psychology? It is the study of the biology of behavior. It is the study of what role biology plays in behavior, and the links between the brain and the body. How the brain functions and how the body reacts or how it behaves to the activity of the brain. Biopsychology has also been called the mind-body connection. 2. What is the historical development of biological psychology? The historical development of biopsychology is traced as far back as the ancient Greek era. It became the Roman church who dictated much of the human behavior according to their religious beliefs. After the Dark Ages subsided a new way of thinking was born and this period is called the Renaissance era. With this era came new ways of studying things, ways to see things by observing them and this was how modern science was founded. 3. Name one of the three important theorists associated with biological psychology. Rene Descartes (1596-1650) was a French philosopher but also the one the first to conclude that the Universe was made up of two elements. One of which was the physical matter or the human body, and the other was the soul, spirit, self, or the human mind. 4. Describe the relationship between biological psychology and other fields in psychology and neuroscience. Whether it is the study of biopsychology and other fields of......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Biological Psychology

...Biological Psychology Introduction ]Biology is defined as the study of life (from the Greek bios meaning ‘life’ and logos meaning ‘study’). A biological perspective is relevant to the study of Psychology in three ways: 1. Comparative method: different species of animal can be studied and compared. This can help in the search to understand human behaviour. 2. Physiology: how the nervous system and hormones work, how the brain functions, how changes in structure and/or function can affect behaviour. For example, we could ask how prescribed drugs to treat depression affect behaviour through their interaction with the nervous system. 3. Investigation of inheritance: what an animal inherits from its parents, mechanisms of inheritance (genetics). For example, we might want to know whether high intelligence is inherited from one generation to the next. Each of these biological aspects, the comparative, the physiological and the genetic, can help explain human behaviour. The biological approach believes that most behaviour is inherited and has an adaptive (or evolutionary) function. For example, in the weeks immediately after the birth of a child, levels of testosterone in fathers drop by more than 30 per cent. This has an evolutionary function. Testosterone-deprived men are less likely to wander off in search of new mates to inseminate. They are also less aggressive, which is useful when there is a baby around. Biological psychologists explain behaviours in......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Biological Foundations

...Running head: BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS Biological Foundations in Psychology Lisa Dickens University of Phoenix Biological Foundations The study of psychology emerged in the eighteenth century. Many psychologists, from the past and present have made arguments over the correct meaning of the word ‘psychology. One thing is certain, and that is they agree to disagree. The term psychology derives from the Greek words psyche meaning ‘mind’, and logos meaning ‘reason’. Therefore, the true meaning of psychology is reasoning of the mind. Biological psychology is the branch of science that attempts to explain behavior in terms of biology. This is basically the study of the brain and how it causes or relates to behavior (Wickens 2005). The first people to realize that the brain was an organ of the mind were the Ancient Greeks. Plato (429-348 BC) said that the brain was the organ of reasoning. Aristotle believed that the heart served this particular function and the brain was there only to cool the blood. Galen believed that the heart was the crucial organ of the body, because it contained the vital spirit that gave the spark of life to the person (Wickens, 2005). These are just a few of the grates in history that contributed their thoughts on the human mind. Comparative Psychology focusing on the development of the human mind through the life span,...

Words: 685 - Pages: 3