Premium Essay

Asses the View That Globalisation Is as a Result of Fundamentalism

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Tillydavis
Words 1017
Pages 5
Globalisation is the idea that the world is getting smaller, through inter connectedness, different societies are becoming a lot closer to each other through technology and the media as well as transport. Fundamentalism, according to some sociologists such as Huntington, is the challenge to globalisation, returning to the roots of their religion where the core beliefs are still in practice. Some people associate fundamentalism with violence, as was the case with the 9/11 attack, but this view has been criticised by many, because not all fundamentalist groups adopt violent methods, for example creationists.

Giddens argues that fundamentalism is in fact a reaction to globalisation because with globalisation comes the concept of cosmopolitan religion which provides choice in many different areas of life, such as diversity, sexuality, careers etc, and because of this choice there is an element of uncertainty. This also links in with the idea of ‘spiritual shopping’ in which people explore different aspects of regions and almost pick and chose which parts they like, without fully adopting every single belief and solid practises/teachings of one religion. Globalisation provides the necessary components to adapt to a postmodern society, and the fundamentalism is to refuse the adaptation, and return to the roots of their faith, and their faith only. As a result, promoting the idea of social solidarity and structure. Which would appeal to almost everyone as humans need structure, because without it there would be chaos. Fundamentalism provides certainty where there is none in a globalising world, by referring back to the scripture of their religion where there are strict teachings and beliefs interpreted by chosen and experiences ministers of that faith. Without globalisation, there wouldn’t be such an emphasis on fundamentalism as Giddens argues it is a relatively new…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Asses the View That the Introduction of Capitalism in Developing Countries Liberates Women…

...Asses the view that the introduction of capitalism in developing countries liberates women… By taking different perspectives to approach the assessment that capitalism in developing countries liberates women, we can gain an insight of the arguments justifying the view and those opposing. This essay will proceed to demonstrate how the modernisation theory and marginalisation liberate women, and then add conflicting suggestions such as that of a Marxist Feminist. Perhaps most significantly, modernisation theorists such as Walt Rostow blame internal cultural factors for women’s subordination in the developing world; it can be seen that in many cultures it is within the norms, values and customs of society to be patriarchal, causing status to be ascribed on a basis of gender. Van de Gaag argues that the birth of a boy is often celebrated, whereas the birth of a girl is commiserated. Modernisation theorists would argue that this is a matter of development towards capitalism and the final stage of Modernity –which Rostow argues UK and USA sit at – where women experience full liberation and equality. The view that capitalism may help ‘liberate women from the oppression they suffered in traditional society’ (item A) can be supplemented further by highlighting the lack of status that they have in developing countries. In underdeveloped countries (Traditions Societies – Stage 1 – Rostow), females have less human rights than males, such as the last of healthcare and education......

Words: 861 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Asses the Marxist View That the Main Role of the Family Is to Serve the Interest of Capitalism.

...Asses the Marxist view that the main role of the family is to serve the interest of capitalism. Within sociology there are many different perspectives on the family. Each different perspective sees different things as the main role of the family. Marxists view the family in a very critical way. They believe that the main role of the family is to serve the interest of capitalism. They also believe that the family is seen as an institution which serves to maintain the position of the ruling class. Karl Marx's view on the capitalistic approach shows the unequal nature of the economic system. He shows how the middle and upper class take advantage of the working class and their labour; and that the working class are a tool used to create profit and to keep profit margins at acceptable levels. Marx also argues that the monogamous upper class nuclear family is developed to help solve the problem of the inheritance of private property. The men needed to know who their children were in order to pass on their property on. The family was therefore thought to be designed to control women and protect property. It encourages male power and dominance through the inheritance of property. Marxists argue that the families function is to socialise us into the ruling class ideology. They see the family as an institution which serves and maintains the position of the ruling class. As a result of this they see the family class split into two categories, a small powerful ruling class dominated......

Words: 971 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assess the Views That Crime and Deviance Is as a Result of the Labelling Process.

...The labelling theory believes that crime is a social construction and as Becker states ‘deviance is in the eye of the beholder’. Therefore a deviant act is only termed so when a label has been applied to it. Labelling theorists believe that crime is as a result of interactions between people, police and the justice system. Therefore disagree that that crime is as a result of social forces such as opportunity structures. They therefore believe that the labelling process does have a direct effect on crime and deviance. Labelling theorists claim that not everyone who commits a crime is punished for it. As item A suggests, there is negative labelling on ethnic minorities such as Asians. Pilivan and Briar found that most youth arrests were made on physical cues, such as dress and appearance. They also found that anti-social behaviour order was biased against ethnic minorities. This means that crime rate would inevitably be higher among the ethnic minorities. Cicourel develops this idea and introduces the term ‘typification’ to describe the police stereotype of a typical delinquent. Therefore labelling theorists would argue that the labelling of ethnic minorities creates higher crime rates among these groups as a result of labelling. Cicourell further argues that justice is negotiable. This means that labels attached to certain groups dictate whether or not they will be accused of deviance. He gives the example of the arrest of a middle class youth who if arrested is less likely......

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Asses the View That Gender Difference in Achievement Are a Result of Outside the Educational System.

...Asses the view that gender difference in achievement are a result of outside the educational system. The gender difference in achievement in the past and the present portray two different perspectives. In the past boys did better than girls’ bout as times go on due to internal and external factors this has changed as girls are doing better than boys in the current education system. In this essay it will explore how the perception of girls in past were perceived and how external factors has contributed to the change in the gender difference in achievement. In the past girls underachieved in the education system due to the expectation created by wider society in the past. The fact of the matter is that in the past girls ‘feared success’ because they were not encourage to achieve because there was this idea that a girls future laid in domestic labour. Fontana argues that girls had lower self-esteem as it was constantly reinforced in the home and wider society that boys were superior to boys thus causing them to underachieve in the education system. Feminists argue due to early socialisation this idea that they had hardly no control over their own lives were fabricated form the roots. Therefore they were more likely to view their success down to luck and fate whereas boys saw their success was down to their ability. Feminists argue that female s are likely to suffer from material deprivation then males from a very early age which yet again reinforces this inequality within the...

Words: 1624 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Asses the View That Interpretivist Methods Are the Most Appropiate Methods for Researching Society

...“Asses the view that interpretivist methods are the most appropiate methods for researching society” Bryman argued that Interpretive Sociology, also known as Phenomenological approaches, is set out to understand varieties of human behaviour by being able to emphatize with it. In order to do this, interpretive sociologist use interpretivist methods. This essay will asses wheter these methods are the most appropiate ones for researching society, focusing on Ethnographic research, Focus groups and Sampling. First of all, it is important to understand why do interpretive researchers prefer interpretivist methods, also known as qualitative methods. Qualitative methods are any type of methods that aim to undercover the meaning of social action rather than measuring it. Qualitative research allows to search for the meaning for participants of events, situations and actions. Interpretivist argue that a full understanding of society can only be presented by understanding how individuals build up their patterns of interactions. This type of research usually studies small scale groups in specific situations, which allows the researchers to preserve the individuality of each in their analyses. This provides them with a detailed understanding of the events, actions and meaning. In contrast to positivist research, qualitative researches dont necessarily have an idea of what they are looking for in a research, but instead, start with a particular area of interest and follow the......

Words: 1381 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Asses the View That the Education System Serves to Maintain a Capitalist Society.

...Asses the view that the education system serves to maintain a capitalist society. The education system can be seen to support the capitalist system. Education trains us for the workplace and it teaches us skills that make us employable which is part of the capitalist system. Also it teaches us to be punctual and to obey rules so we are compliant in the workforce. It teaches us to accept our status and authority figures in life and stick to the role we are in. The capitalist system shows that there are winners and losers, just like in education. Marxists see the state as Capitalist dominated. Althusser says the state consists of two elements which serve to keep the bourgeoisie and these are the repressive and ideological state apparatuses. The repressive state apparatuses include police and the army and when necessary use physical force to control the working class. The ideological state apparatuses are the bourgeoisie controlling the people’s ideas, beliefs and values. His theory ensures that working-class pupils will end up in working-class jobs and accept their roles. The capitalist society need people to do the low paid, hard labour, gritty jobs, they need students to fail, as high achieves would want to continue their education and aim for higher paid jobs . Bowles and Ginntis argue that capitalism requires a work force that has the right attitude and behaviour for that role and in their view the role of the education system in a capitalist society is too produce...

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Asses Different Marxist Views of the Relationship Between Crime and Social

...Asses different Marxist views of the relationship between crime and social class (21 marks) Class is directly associated with economic, social and political power. Therefore meaning that people on the top of hierarchy tend to have more resources and therefore no need of stealing any more money or committing crimes. On the other hand this is not true as this is neglected by the fact as upper/middle class commit crimes often but they are not prosecuted for them the same way as working class or unemployed. The link between social class and crime and deviance is so significant that it is incorporated in many theories such as the traditional Marxists that view working class crime as motivated by inequalities and bourgeois crime by greed. They sympathise with working class victims of ruling class crime but not vice versa and believe the criminal justice system favours the ruling class. From their point of view they see that the Laws are made by the state, which represents the interests of ruling class meaning that they are less likely to commit crimes as they will adapt them to their advantage. This line of argument forms the basis of a theory of widespread crime and selective law enforcement; crime occurs right the way through society, but poor criminals receive harsher treatment than rich criminals. Marxists emphasise white collar, corporate crime. They note that crimes of the upper class exert a greater economic toll on society than the crimes of the ordinary......

Words: 473 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Asses the View That Working Class Children Underachieve Because They Are Culturally Deprived

...Asses The View That Working Class Children Underachieve Because They Are Culturally Deprived There are many cultural deficiencies often associated with a child’s potential and achievement in education. Cultural deprivation is a theory that many working-class children are inadequately socialised from a young age, and therefore lack the “correct” culture appropriate for a successful education. Cultural deprivation theorists agree that humans acquire basic attitudes and values needed for education through primary socialisation in the family. However, many working class families do this inadequately, therefore their children become culturally deprived. There are three main aspects of cultural deprivation: intellectual development- which refers to the development of thinking and reasoning skills eg solving problems. Traditional Marxists believe that working class families lack educational books and toys that stimulate a child’s intellectual development, as they cannot afford them. Therefore children start school without the skills allowing them to progress. Douglas found that working class children scored lower than middle class children in intellectual tests. Bernstein and Douglas found that middle class mothers are more likely to buy educational toys to encourage their child’s learning from an early age; to assist the development of their thinking and reasoning skills, thus giving them a steady start and more likely to lead to educational success. Engelmen and Bereiter...

Words: 843 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Critically Asses the View That We Are Not Responsible for Our Evil Actions.

...Critically asses the view that we are not responsible for our evil actions. Some may argue that we are not responsible for our evil actions because all our actions are determined by prior causes this is known as hard determinism. Take a murderer for instance, hard determinists would argue it was determined that the murderer would kill and he had no choice in doing otherwise. However an issue with this approach is that hard determinism is stating that no-one can be held morally responsible for evil actions because they had no choice in deciding otherwise. This means people could potentially get away with the most cold- blooded crimes and fear no sense of retribution. Although I recognise if the world was determined noone would be held responsible for their evil actions, this would however still make the world become a very chaotic immoral world. If determinism was true then this means all the horrible things that happen in the world had to happen, this is a very pessimistic view of the world. Furthermore if everything was determined it would make some people question what is the purpose of life, if we ultimately have no free will. Therefore some may use this point to argue that everything can’t be determined. Furthermore others may argue by accepting responsibility for our evil actions and wrong doings we can become better people and learn from our mistakes however if no one is being held responsible for their evil actions, this would make some people question the kind of......

Words: 1703 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Critically Asses the View That We Are Responsible for Our Actions

...Critically assess the view that we are not responsible for our actions When arguing whether or not we are responsible for our actions we are also always asking the question, are we free? Some people such as hard determinists believe that we are not responsible for our actions, and so are not free due to other aspects in our lives. Others, such as the libertarians, believe that we are totally free and should therefore be responsible for our actions. An assessment of these views will show that we are clearly responsible for our actions and that we therefore, have free will. According to Judeo-Christian teachings, God is omnibenevolent, omniscient and omnipotent. For theological determinists God’s omniscience means that he has foreknowledge of everything that will happen in the future. This would mean that our paths are predestined and that we are unable to choose any other action than the one God has already seen, or planned for us. This would remove any sense of free will we have, as we could not make any choice other than the one god has already seen and chosen for us, so we could therefore not be responsible for our actions. This is very similar John Calvin’s beliefs, which sparked from his rejection of the catholic church and the idea that you could earn your way into heaven. Calvin believed that humans are predestined as to whether they go to hell or heaven. This would mean that no amount of good deeds or repentance could get you to heaven as you are predetermined......

Words: 944 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Asses the View That the Main Function of the Education System Is to Reproduce and Legitimise Social Inequalities.

...Asses the view that the main function of the education system is to reproduce and legitimise social inequalities. Functionalist writers such as Parsons have suggested that social inequality in contemporary societies is based on the principal of meritocracy and equality of opportunity. In meritocracy, social inequality is based on the different abilities, talents and skills individuals have. For most people today, their abilities and talents are demonstrated by their educational qualifications, and everyone should have an equal opportunity to develop and achieve these educational qualifications, regardless of their social class background, ethnicity or disability. However, there is significant evidence that Britain is not meritocratic, and the link between educational qualifications and pay levels is relatively weak. Most sociologists argue that not everyone has the same chance of developing their talents and skills, and that there opportunity in education. Marxists adopt the idea that education serves the needs of the economic foundation of society, along with other principles such as family, mass media, religion and politics. They also believe that the education system does not maintain and reproduce existing social class, ethnic and gender inequalities from one generation to the next. The evidence for this lack of equality of opportunity in education is that, even for students of the same ability, there are wide differences in educational achievement which are......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the View That the Growth of Religious Fundamentalism Is a Reaction to Globalisation

...Globalisation can be defined as the increased interconnectedness of society and the people, cultures and identities within it. Around the world various cultural traditions, beliefs, food etc. can be seen as either already having a permanent place within other societies or as being slowly integrated. Simply, globalisation can be seen in the food we eat and the products we buy. The advancements of new technology, the ability to book a flight cheaply and the influence of international media corporations means that various parts of the world are becoming more westernised and increasingly multicultural – Like the UKs. While this may sound like a good thing in theory, it can be argued that globalisation can cause fundamentalism in response, meaning that some groups of people and individuals respond to globalisation in a hostile way as they see the introduction and integration of various other cultures as threat, to what they see as, their own dominant culture. Steve Bruce identified one function of religion as creating cultural defence. When applied to a context of globalisation and fundamentalism it can be said that some communities feel that their culture and identity is threatened not by individuals but by alternative ideals and beliefs from other cultures. For example In the 50s Western capitalist powers had significant influence in Iran, which in turn resulted in the implementation of pro-Western regime. In 1979 there was a revolution in protest to the regime and an......

Words: 743 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Asses the Marxist Views on Society

...Assess the Marxist views of society (33 marks) When looking at the Marxists views of society there are three main theorists to look at, Marx, Gramsci and Althusser. All of these theorists focus on how capitalism has been maintained in many societies and how eventually it will be over thrown. Both Gramsci and Althusser’s ideas originate from the works of Karl Marx who, unlike functionalist Emile Durkheim, saw no evolutionary progress of society but a gradual change in which capitalism would increase human misery. Marx suggested that capitalism needed to replaced by ideas such as communism. He looked at historical materialism and suggested that our society is altered by forces of production from the base and the superstructure. He argues that capitalist production forms the economic base and this ultimately shapes our superstructure, like institutions, religion, law and education. However, Althusser criticises this for being too simplistic and suggests a more complex two way causality model. He argues there are three levels; Economic level: comprising all those activities that involve producing something in order to satisfy and need. Political level: comprising all forms of organisation. And the Ideological level: involving the ways that people see themselves and their world. He believes each level can affect each other and impact different choices and beliefs on each level. This approach discourages political action because it is the role of structural forces rather......

Words: 1004 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Globalisations

...Using material form Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that the growth of religious fundamentalism is a reaction to globalisation The view that the growth of religious fundamentalism is a reaction can be seen as true. The issue of religious fundamentalism has emerged as a major area of media and political concern in recent decades. Fundamentalism is religion based on an unquestioning belief in the literal truth of a scared text. Giddens, argues that fundamentalists are traditionalists who seek to return to the basics or fundamentals of their faith. They believe in the literal truth of scripture and that it provides answers to all life’s important questions, from politics to family life. Fundamentalists believe theirs is the only true view of the world. They refuse to engage in dialogue with others, they justify their views by reference to dogma and scare texts rather than rational arguments. Giddens notes that the term ‘fundamentalism’ is a relatively new one and he its growth as a product of and reaction to globalisation. However, Cosmopolitanism contrasts with fundamentalism. Cosmopolitanism is tolerant of the views of others and open to new ideas. Moreover, Giddens sees fundamentalism as the enemy of cosmopolitanism religion and spirituality. Religion, however, as argued by Bruce is used as cultural defence. This is where religion serves to unite a community against an external threat. Religion has special significance for its followers because it symbolises......

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Asses the View That Miricals Are a Obtscal to Faith

...According to Hume a miracle is: “A transgression of a law of nature by a particular volition of the deity or by the interposition of some invisible agent”, this question all depends how you define a miracle, most people in the modern world understand a miracle as Hume’s definition, but not everyone agrees. Supporters of the existence of miracles have different views, aquines is one of these. He has three differnet types of definition, An event done by God which nature could not do – could be said to be the most traditional approach. They are acts that contradict our regular experience. Aquinas uses the example of the reversal of the course of the sun, An event done by God which nature could do, but not in this order such as recovering Asses the view that miracles are an obstacle to faith. from paralysis or a terminal illness. Its possible for these things to happen but it is not usually expected, and so could be attributed to the direct intervention of God. And A event done which nature could do but without using the principles or forces of nature. For example, recovering from a cold more quickly than usual perhaps because someone prayed for this, and then it might be called a miraculous intervention of God. These definitions allow for a range of possible events, which we could call miracles, they also do not limit a miracle to a violation of a natural law and so is therefore, primarily identified by Gods intervention. This leaves us with the idea that miracle is an......

Words: 512 - Pages: 3