Premium Essay

Arctic Sh

In: Business and Management

Submitted By CRPF
Words 5202
Pages 21
ITA Occasional Paper
August 2007
“Above-Ground” Issues Affecting Energy Development in the Arctic
By Rachel Halpern
Office of Energy and Environmental Industries
Overview
As opportunities to develop energy resources in the Arctic grow as a result of climate change and technical advances, companies wishing to participate will face not only technical challenges, but political, legal, and regulatory challenges, as well. The five Arctic countries considered in this paper (defined here as the countries that border the Arctic Sea – the
United States, Canada, Norway, Denmark/Greenland, and Russia – see Figure 1 on next page for map) will likely see increased interest in the development of their Arctic resources in the coming decades and will have to begin considering how to address these challenges in order to take advantage of this interest. Each Arctic country has different policies, laws, and regulations regarding oil and gas development and transportation, and these differences will affect how and by whom resources are developed, and how and where they are transported.
This paper describes 1) the reasons that energy companies will likely focus more of their attention on the Arctic; 2) the current state of knowledge of Arctic oil and gas resources; and
3) issues that will affect the development of Arctic oil and gas resources including boundary issues, access to resources, environmental restrictions, tax and regulatory issues, transportation challenges, and regional issues.
Attractions of the Arctic
The Arctic has not been widely explored by oil and gas companies, due to the severity of weather conditions, the high cost of Arctic operations, inadequate technology, and the fact that oil and gas can be produced with greater ease and at less expense in many other parts of

the world. Recent trends, however, have begun to mitigate these factors,…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Arctic Ocean

...important in the food chain in the Arctic Ocean? What do they feed on? Amphipods are animals that belong to phylum Arthropoda and class Malacostraca that has no carapase (protective shield covering the back part of an animal) and has laterally compressed bodies. Basically, Amphipods are shrimp –like in form. Copepods are animals that also belong to phylum Arthropoda but to a different class Maxillopoda. They are usually 1 to 2 millimeters long, with a cylindrical body and rounded head with large antennae. Their body, including their armored exoskeleton, is so small and so thin that it is almost transparent. Because of their size, they have no need for a circulatory system and of course, a heart. These two organisms are very important in the food chain in the Arctic Ocean because they concentrate the protein and fatty acids from phytoplankton, bacteria, and in extreme cases, from dead animals, into a nutritious package that is consumed by the marine animals especially in the Arctic region. 9. List down the findings of the 4 experts in the Arctic Ocean? 1. Majority of the ice in the Arctic Ocean is comparatively thin (less than 2 meters). 2. The underside of the ice enters a series of depressions, which causes it to melt from underneath. 3. The team discovered the old history of whaling in Svalbard. 10. Make a 10 line conclusion based on the findings of the expedition. Give its implications to the environment. The ice caps in the Arctic Ocean are becoming......

Words: 504 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Arctic Survival – from Success to Failure

...Arctic Survival – From Success to Failure Contrary to the outcome exhibited by most other groups during the Arctic Survival exercise, our team score (34) was lower than my individual score (64). This is not to suggest that group collaboration is detrimental; in fact, our outcome was unique among the class and of great surprise to the professor and entire class section. To be sure, pooling resources, elaboration of material, and support and motivation, while perhaps more time consuming, typically offer improved results. In theory, this model implies that a team’s collective knowledge can maximize utility and ensure the best outcome given the available information and perspectives. In our case, our group dynamics were such that we did not effectively utilize the resources we had, and consequently pooled a very limited amount of information. Rather than minimizing our risk, we increased it. I attribute much of our group’s failure at this simulation to process loss, which is defined as the problems that arise from lack of effective coordination among group members. A number of factors at play could explain the process loss which led to our counterintuitive results. First and foremost, one must consider the way in which group dynamics impact the overall productivity of group collaboration. Our team consisted of K, R, W, J and myself. K and W were quite opinionated, and in contrast, both R and J were quiet – I did not have a sense of what their true opinions were. K......

Words: 1695 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Arctic Tribal Music

...Arctic Tribal Music “For family, for survival” "What is music?" he asked in his curious reed-like voice. "If you ask the wrong questions, you get the wrong answers”. “But I want the right questions”…. Active listening can help determine the usual characteristics of music i.e. forms, elements, and roots. But how do you know what your ears hear is music. And would you know to define it? One person’s homophonic passage is another’s minimalist rhythm. Yet one aspect is universal; it’s the fact that music plays a vital role in society. Throughout the world music is everywhere, from street corners to concert halls. It’s entertaining, stimulating, and demands an emotional response. But music can be turned off, or can it? For this group of people it can’t. As fundamental as breathing is to the human body, music is to the Native American Indian. Every facet of their existence is tied to song. And this is emphatically inherent in the Arctic Region’s Native American attitude towards song (Henceforth song is synonymous with music). As such they developed a musical identity in reference to their experiences real and perceived. The arctic region certainly one of the harshest on the planet; can sustain life albeit a difficult one. Long cold (at times totally dark) winters, and short summers (couple of months a year) meant the inhabitants had to be very flexible in lifestyle. Lite portable building materials (Tupik’s) or quick setup housing techniques (Igloo’s) were developed by......

Words: 1098 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The Mokeys from the Arctic

...The The Monkeys from the Arctic Nowadays succeeding in the music industry it’s very challenging. Moreover if you come from England and you have the pressure of big rock bands like The Beatles behind you. Arctic Monkeys have now four CD’s on the street, but as all the bands they have been trough many changes and difficulties. I personally encourage people and listen to all of their songs. The Monkeys are like wine, the older, the better. And they are only 25. After their debut in 2006, their second CD, Favourite Worst Nightmare, wasn’t so good. It was a grey come back in general. It’s entertaining because you can dance to some songs, but it wasn’t so gripping as the first one. Only the songs “505” or “This house is a circus” are impressive and shine over all the other songs. With Humbug, their third album, they reached the top. They were bored of doing the same over and over. The album starts with a lot of energy and it gets better while you are listening to all the tracks. One particular strength of Humbug, is the use of keyboards, that gives the track an innovating sound never heard before. A marked difference between the two......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Snowy Owls of the Arctic

...Snowy Owls of the Arctic By BadWolf2 Zoology 101 Description of Snowy Owls Scientific name Recently changed genus General size and markings Differences between males and females Diet Primary diet and quantity Hunting Diurnal, not nocturnal Area of hunting ground Decline of food source Breeding Mates for life Protection of nesting area Normal clutch size Food availability effects on clutch size Migration How far do they travel for food? A population decline or local extinction The snowy owl is a larger raptor type carnivorous bird whose body height is between 20 and 28 inches high. The wingspan of this owl reaches 4.2 to 4.8 feet across and its weight is between 3.5 to 6.5 pounds (“Snowy Owls”, 2012). The genus of this bird has recently been changed from Nyetea Scandiata to Bubo Scandiacus from analyzing their DNA they have found that they are more closely related to the Great Horned Owl which makes them a Bubo ("Snowy Owl," n.d.). The snowy owl is also known by other names such as the Arctic owl or the Great White owl. Most people know the snowy owl from the Harry Potter movies and the character Hedwig. Many snowy owls look this way. The younger owls are white with darker markings and as they age they lose the dark markings and become almost completely white. Females, on the other hand, do not lose all their dark markings. They may become whiter as they age, but still retain some darker or grayish marks on their plumage (“Snowy Owls”, 2012)....

Words: 1316 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Arctic Hare

...| Arctic Hare (Lepus arcticus & othus) |   Hear "Arctic Hare" in Cup'ik Eskimowave file (14 KB) au file (14 KB) aif file (55 KB) ra file (3 KB) |  Paw prints of the Arctic Hare    Fun Fact:  In tundra that has real cold summers, most insects crawl instead of fly because it uses too much energy to fly. |    The big feet of the arctic hare help it run across the snow.  Find more Arctic Hare pictures here.   Fun Fact:  Some tundra insects, fish, and plants  produce "antifreeze" to protect them during the winter. | | The arctic hare is not the same thing as a snowshoe hare. It is not even the same as a rabbit. There are two hare that live in Arctic areas - they are the arctic hare and the tundra hare. The major difference between them is where they live, and the color their tail turns. The arctic hare is larger than a snowshoe. His fur is long and white all the way through in the winter and his ears are blackish around the edges. In the summer his coat is grayish brown on top and white beneath.Characteristics and Physical Features of the Arctic HareIdentification:   Size: 22-28 in.      Weight: 9-12 lb.      Color: Brown in the summer, white in the winter. Ears tipped with black year round.     Distinguishing Characteristics: Short ears, and a fur coat that changes color with the seasons make the arctic and tundra hare special.     Breeding: Leverets born June thru July. Usually there are 4-8 in a litter. They are fully furred and have their eyes......

Words: 819 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Arctic Case Study - Geogaphy as-Level

...Arctic Case Study Produce a case study file on Global Warming in the Arctic You should include: i. A map/definition of the Arctic ii. Evidence for the extent of warming iii. Key environmental, social and economic changes iv. Are there any advantages to global warming in the Arctic? v. Global concerns. Definition The Arctic is a polar region at the top of the world in the northernmost region of the Earth. The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Russia, the United States, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland. Evidence for the extent of global warming The average Artic temperatures have risen at 2 times compared to the of the world with the increase being 3-4°c in the last 50 years. In the next 100 years people predict that temperature of land will rise by 3-5°c and 7°c over the oceans. The ice withdrawal was at it smallest ever with its biggest ever retreat since records began, US scientists have confirmed that this is true. Also the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) said the extent of the retreat was 4.13 million sq km. which breaks all previous records breaking the previous record of 5.32 million sq km in 2005. This allowed the Northwest Passage to be declared open.  There are concerns that Arctic will shrink, and with the melting glaciers and other ice in Greenland, could soon contribute to a substantial rise in sea levels worldwide. And sea levels have risen significantly with the sea levels......

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Arctic Global Warming

...Global Warming in the Arctic Myles Ross November 15th, 2013 Throughout the past 100 years, climate change has been a very noticeable issue worldwide. The speed of temperature excursion has been the highest it’s been since the Stone Age (Module 7). Climate Change can be considered caused through greenhouse gases, water vapor, albedo and solar radiation (Model 7). Combined, these factors cause radioactive forcing, which highly contributes to the Earth’s energy balance (Module 7). The change in Earths energy balance has had a large influence on the increase in mean global temperature (Module 7). Now that the factors of Global warming have been discussed, overviewing the causes of the issue will be beneficial to determine possible solutions for the changing climate. Scientists have determined human activity as being a significant cause of global climate change. According to Module 7, humans are responsible for 93% of the total change in climate. The source of human causation can be through an impacted on the greenhouse gas effect and land-type conversions (Module 7). As the world becomes continually warmer, the effect of climate change in the arctic regions becomes more intense. Within the past 50 years, arctic regions in Canada have experienced warming of 2 to 3 degrees Celsius (Fergal & Prowse, 2007). One of the most important areas in the Canadian arctic is the Cryosphere (Appendix A), which is the area consisting of season snow cover, permafrost glaciers, and...

Words: 1308 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Arctic Power

...IL CASO ARCTIC POWER ANALISI SWOT PUNTI DI FORZA | PUNTI DEBOLI | * Arctic Power è un compartimento della CPC, multinazionale che dispone delle risorse e delle capacità adatte a sostenere tale brand nel conseguimento dei suoi obiettivi e garantire un’ottima solidità finanziaria alle sue spalle * Arctic Power è un prodotto di elevata qualità con un potere pulente identico rispetto al suo competitor diretto e leader del mercato Tide, è il miglior prodotto per il lavaggio in acqua fredda * Trend delle quote di mercato del brand in crescita a livello nazionale nel periodo 1993-96, concentrato in Quebec e Province Marittime (a scapito delle quote di mercato dei competitor) * Arctic Power arriva da un’efficace campagna pubblicitaria nel periodo 1993-96 | * Arctic Power ha elevati costi di produzione * Arctic Power soffre di un cattivo posizionamento e di una campagna marketing debole * Il valore di Arctic Power non è adeguatamente trasferito e comunicato al cliente * Indebolimento del brand in alcune regioni | OPPORTUNITA’ | MINACCE | * Il mercato dei detersivi per panni è un mercato maturo, il trend segna una crescita del 1% di vendite in quantità, e una crescita del 5% in valore all’anno nel periodo 1993-96 * Crescita del numero di casalinghe che lavano i panni in acqua fredda (al 29% per tutto il Canada nel 1996) differenziato secondo le varie regioni (con picchi del 55% in Quebec e del 33% nelle Provincie Marittime, regioni in cui Arctic......

Words: 893 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Product Analysis Report Sh Vietnam

...1 SH VIETNAM GROUP Product Analysis Report SH VIETNAM Pham Thu Trang – s3269619 Dinh Thi Huyen Huong – s3255419 Cao Huong Giang – s3275900 Nguyen Phuc Tuan Anh – s3259027 Nguyen Phi Hung – s3258221 Lecturer: Ellen McArthur 2 SH VIETNAM GROUP TABLE OF CONTENT Executive Summary ................................................................................................................................................................ 3 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4 Company founder and its current status ............................................................................................................................ 4 The company’s principal products ...................................................................................................................................... 4 Major rivals and current situation ...................................................................................................................................... 5 Target Market and Positioning .............................................................................................................................................. 6 Primary target market for SH Vietnam ............................................................................................................................... 6......

Words: 4359 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Arctic Mining Consultants

...Case 2: ARCTIC MINING CONSULTANTS Case Synopsis Arctic Mining Consultants is a mining company that deals with mineral exploration. In this case study, the project given is staking 15 claims in Eagle Lake, Alaska. The project Manager was Tom Parker, who has a wide experience and specialized knowledge in all nontechnical aspects of mineral exploration. He is a geological field technician and field coordinator for Arctic Mining Consultants. He assigned his previous field assistants John Talbot, Greg Boyce and Brian Millar to help him complete the project. The job required them to stake at least 7 lengths each day in order to be completed on time. However, the whole team has became very tense and agitated, especially Tom Parker, as the deadline was just around the corner and there¶s still many to be finished within the limited time. The problem became worse with the way Tom managed and treated his team. The only motivation to the team was the $300 bonuses promised by the company when the job is done on time, otherwise, they might wished to give up already. This happened because working as a field assistant and in long-working hours only giving them low wages, which is considered unreasonable compared to what they have to do. During the eight hard days, everything had actually proved the strengths and weaknesses of each of the team members, including Tom. Summary of Case Project Team Tom Parker - geological field technician & field coordinator wide experience and specialized......

Words: 2504 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Arctic Insulation

...Arctic Insulation Arctic Insulation is a company that uses scrap paper along with fiber to produce insulation material used in home attics. They have two sources of the paper used to produce insulation; bulk paper from scrap dealers, and buying paper from the public at nominal rates. The direct labor cost for processing the bulk paper is much higher at $3.84 per bale compared to $.60 per bale for the purchased bales. The price per pound of scrap paper varies significantly based on market conditions. The unit cost per bale appears to be falling which would agree with the General Manager’s alternative cost report. It’s hard to accurately compare the costs of producing each bale if total costs aren’t taken into account. Basing the overhead costs on a percentage of direct labor vastly understates overhead for the purchased bales, since a larger percentage of the total cost is the cost to purchase paper. Since the cost of purchasing paper is collected at the divisional level, it isn’t considered in this calculation. Taking a total of the depot and divisional overhead values and dividing them by the total number of bales produced and adding that figure to an actual direct labor cost per bale would produce a more accurate total overhead value. In 1979, the total unit cost per bale was ($10,697,050/1,355,000) $7.89. In 1980, the total unit cost per bale was ($9,636,970/1,650,000) $5.84. Using the General Managers method of distributing overhead, the cost......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Arctic Mining Case Study

...Arctic Mining Case Study Tom Parker, 43, is now a field technician and coordinator for Arctic Mining Consultants. In the past he’s held various positions in non-technical aspects of mineral exploration. His past experiences include claim staking, line cutting, grid installation, soil sampling, prospecting, and trenching. For this project Parker will be acting as project manger though this is not his normal role. His responsibilities include hiring, training, and supervising a team of field assistants. Tom has hired 3 gentlemen who have worked for him on a past project at Eagle Lake, John Talbot, Greg Boyce, and Brian Millar. The project stipulates that within a seven day window the team stakes 15 claims, 60 miles in total, which would be an average of 7.5 lengths per day between the four team members. These stipulations also include mobilization and demobilization. Mr. Parker also informed the team members that each man would receive a $300 bonus, in addition to their wages, should the project be completed on time. Mr. Parker was angry with two of the team members, Millar and Boyce, who only completed six lengths a piece on the first day, while Parker and Talbot completed 7 lengths each. One the evening of the first day verbally expressed his anger and disappointment with Millar and Boyce. As the days went on the verbal abuse continued as Millar and Boyce continued to under produce compared to Parker and Talbot. Boyce improved his performance and Parker focused his anger......

Words: 1987 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Sh A.S. Case Solution

...Main Problem: As mentioned in the case top management of SH a.s. believes that the future lies in the market development and technological improvements but there are certain facts related to, • External business environment in which SH a.s. is performing. • Changes that are taking place in the market of Czech Republic. • The nature of competition in the global market of products & services that SH a.s. offering. We have to evaluate all these facts and to present a strategic technology management plan of action. Main Contributing Issues: Following are the major contributing issues or they are basically showing the evaluation of all the facts that must be consider before adopting any strategic plane. • They are lacking in capital & competition for R&D efforts in hydraulic technology, although they are able to full fill the desired innovations of customers as they had done on very selective scale in case of heavy hydraulics. • • They are entirely restructured in1997 and start offering services and maintenance along with major sales but future of their clients using such offers is also uncertain. • International competitors from Germany, US and from other western countries all are introducing computer based automated technologies but they are not offering such technologically advanced products. • Light hydraulic applications also moving towards automated advanced technologies with lean and fragile processing having lesser processing steps and higher......

Words: 454 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Arctic Home Campaign

...Arctic Home Campaign Coca- Cola Presented to Mutar Kent CEO and Chairman of the Coca-Cola Company March 8th 2012 March 8th, 2012 Muhtar Kent CEO and Chairman of the Coca-Cola Company Dear Mr. Kent, Although raising awareness for the polar bears habitat is critical, study has shown that the company’s campaign to save the polar bears by the changing the colour of the Coca-Cola cans has been ineffective. Many consumers were mislead by the change of colour of the cans. The new white Coca-Cola cans are too similar to the Diet Coke cans. In today’s society, consumers have been accustomed to brand recognition and do not take time to read labels. Many consumers accidently bought regular Coca-Cola thinking they were purchasing Diet Coke. The purpose of changing the cans to white is to promote awareness to the polar bears habitat and raise money for the cause. Many do not know how to donate to the campaign. It was unclear to many consumers the reason for changing the colour of the cans. The change brought more confusion than it did awareness to the polar bears. I am thankful for the 25 participants who gave me their time in order to complete the questionnaire survey, as well as Maria-Jose Errunza and my classmates of Comm 212 who have helped me with this report. Their contribution is greatly appreciated. Thank you for the attention given to this report. You may contact me at 438-886-8012 should you need further clarification in regards to...

Words: 2208 - Pages: 9