Free Essay

Annotated Bibliography

In: English and Literature

Submitted By andmut
Words 2596
Pages 11
Writing 3 Assignment
Annotated Bibliography

By:
Andre Mutia
12010/NK-1 2012

1. Article 1
Abed, A., Q. (2011). Pragmatic Transfer in Iraqi EFL Learners' Refusals, International Journal of English Linguistics, 1(2), 166-185. doi:10.5539/ijel.v1n2p166
The study deals with pragmatic transfer of Iraqi EFL learners' refusal strategies as reflected by their responses to a modified version of 12- items written discourse completion task; and compare with two groups ,namely Iraqi native speakers of Arabic and American native speakers of English. The data were collected from task consisted of three requests, three offers, three suggestions, and three invitations. Each one of the situations included one refusal to a person of higher status, one to a person of equal status, and one to a person of lower status. Data analyzed according to frequency types of refusal strategies and interlocutor's social status. I prefer this article because it is very useful for my topic. The author found that Iraqi EFL learners are apt to express refusals with care and/or caution represented by using more statements of reason/explanation, statements of regret, wish and refusal adjuncts in their refusals than Americans. Americans are more sensitive to their interlocutor's higher and equal status, whereas Iraqi EFL learners to lower status. The study is suitable for the topic I chose for its valuable information. 2. Article 2
Al-Khatani, S., A., W. (2005). Refusals Realizations in Three Different Cultures: A Speech Act Theoretically-based Cross-cultural Study, Journal King Saud University, 18, 35-57.
In this paper, the researcher assumes differences in the ways people from different cultural backgrounds perform refusals even while using the same linguistic code (i.e. English). Three groups of subjects, Americans, Arabs and Japanese are compared in the ways they perform refusals with respect to three dimensions of semantic formulas: order, frequency and content of semantic formulas. In addition, the subjects are given different status in which the refuser is equal, higher, or lower to the refusee. The aim of presenting the three groups of participants is to point out the differences in realizing speech acts of refusals in different cultures and problems posed to L2 learners when producing speech acts in the target language. This paper will be useful for may study to know how refusals are performed in different cultures. The limitation of this reserach is that it study how people perform refusals in different situations, but not all situations. This study recommends second language teachers to help learners enhance their knowledge or competence of appropriate use of speech acts in the target language. This article will be a good reference for my research especially on refusal in cross-cultural scope. 3. Article 3
Al-Shboul, Y., Maros, M., & Yasin M., B., M. (2011). An Intercultural Study of Refusal Strategies in English between Jordanian EFL and Malay ESL Postgraduate Students, The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 18(3), 29 – 39.
This study investigates the similarities and differences of the speech act of refusals in English between Jordanian English as a Foreign Language (EFL) and Malay English as a Second Language (ESL) postgraduate students. Data were collected using a modified version of the Discourse Completion Test (DCT) initially developed by Beebe, Takahashi and Uliss-Weltz (1990). This article is valubale source for my topic. Results revealed that both groups used almost similar strategies with similar frequency in performing refusals and they differed in the use and frequency count of indirect strategies with the Malays using less indirect strategies than the Jordanians. The authors suggest that the results of this study are expected to be useful in studies in intercultural comparisons. This article will be a good base for my topic, source got from this article is beneficial. 4. Article 4
Farnia, M. (2012). An Intercultural Communication Study of Chinese and Malaysian University Students’ Refusal to Invitation, International Journal of English Linguistics, 2(1), 162-176. doi:10.5539/ijel.v2n1p162.
This study aims to investigate the pragmatic behavior of refusal to invitation by Chinese international university students and Malaysian university students in Malaysia. The second aim is to seek the respondents’ perception in the process of refusing an invitation regarding their cognition, language of thought, and perception of insistence after refusing an invitation. The subjects were selected from forty Chinese international students and forty Malaysian students at University Sains Malaysia, Malaysia. Data were collected through a written discourse completion task and an immediate structured post-interview. The focus are the similarities and the differences of the expressions used both by Chinese and Malaysian students. This article will be very useful for my study. The author suggests that the research will not only make contributions to the studies of refusal behavior in the intercultural communication in general but to the pragmatic behavior of refusal to invitation between Chinese international students and Malaysian students in particular.

5. Article 5
Farrokhi, F. (2012). The Role of Refusal Instruction in Pragmatic Development, World Journal of Education, 2(4). doi:10.5430/wje.v2n4p85.
This study investigate whether either of the instruction types, explicit vs. implicit, proves more efficient in ameliorating pragmatic performance of Iranian EFL learners. Data were collected from Sixty Iranian learners of English as a foreign language participated in which they were assigned to three groups of explicit, implicit, and control. This research will be very useful for my topic. All groups were exposed to conversations from ‘Spectrum’ English books where refusals stood out. This study is very useful for the topic I would like to study. The findings appear to prove the efficiency of explicit instruction over implicit one in boosting Iranian EFL learners’ pragmatic performance. This article matches my topic, for it gives me information about refusal.

6. Article 6
Ghazanfari, Alireza, B., & M., Malekzadeh, S. (2013). Investigating cross-linguistic differences in refusal speech act among native Persian and English speakers, International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning, 2(4), 49-63. doi: 10.5861/ijrsll.2012.214.
The aim of this study was to investigate the speech act of refusal performed by native Persian and English speakers with respect to linguistic devices. The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, refusal utterances were analyzed with respect to semantic formulas - that is words, phrases, or sentences meeting a particular semantic criterion to perform an act of eliciting. In the second phase, gender differences were examined, as well. One hundred movies (50 in Persian, 50 in English) were used as instruments for gathering the data. The results showed that there were some differences between the two languages with regard to refusal utterances and gender. Finally, the authors found that pedagogical implications of study for language learning and teaching have been enumerated. 7. Article 7
Honglin, Li. (2007). A Comparative Study of Refusal Speech Acts in Chinese and American English, Canadian Social Science, 3(4), 64-67.
This paper presents a comparative study of speech acts of refusal in Chinese and American English (AE). The results show that refusals vary in directness with situations and cultures, just like other speech acts, yet there are some similarities between Chinese and AE. On the one hand, both languages employ the three directness types, namely the direct refusal speech act, ability of negation and indirect refusal speech act, and prefer indirect refusals. The situational variability of directness in both languages follows a similar trend. On the other hand, Americans are more direct than Chinese and Chinese sincere refusals are considered as face-threatening acts, which call for politeness strategies to minimize the negative effects on the addressee(s). Furthermore, Chinese shows the lower degree of situational variation in the use of the three directness types. 8. Article 8
Kwon, J. (2005). Expressing refusals in Korean and in American English, Multilingua - Journal of Cross-Cultural and InterlanguageCommunication, 23(4), 339–364. doi:10.1515/mult.2004.23.4.339.
This study investigated refusals of forty Korean speakers in Korea (KSKs) and thirty-seven American English speakers in the USA (AEAs). Subjects' refusals were collected using a Discourse Completion). Data were analyzed in terms of semantic formula sequences and were categorized according to the refusal taxonomy by Beebe et al. (1990). The author focuses his study on the speakers of Korean. This study is very beneficial for my topic. The author found that there differences between Korean and English refusals. These differences may cause pragmatic failure when Korean learners of English rely on their native culture-specific refusal strategies in interacting with native English speakers. This article will be a good base for my topic. 9. Article 9
Morkus, N. (2009). The realization of the speech act of refusal in Egyptian Arabic by American learners of Arabic as a foreign language, International Journal of Linguistics, 3(5), 512-525.
This study investigated how the speech act of refusal is realized in Egyptian Arabic by intermediate and advanced American learners of Arabic as a foreign language. It also compared the performance of the learners to that of native speakers of Egyptian Arabic and native speakers of American English. The study aimed to investigate the relationship between the learners’ language proficiency and their pragmatic competence. Four groups participated in the study: 10 native speakers of Egyptian Arabic, 10 native speakers of American English, 10 American learners of Arabic at the intermediate level, and 10 at the advanced level. Data were collected using enhanced open-ended role plays which consisted of 6 scenarios eliciting refusals of offers and requests in equal and unequal status situations. Both quantitative and qualitative data analytic methods were used for analyzing the interactions. Results show that there were important differences between the two learner groups and the native speakers of Egyptian Arabic with regard to the frequency of direct and indirect strategies and individual strategy use. This study will fit my topic as it study the refusal act itself. 10. Article 10
Sattar, A., Q., H., Lah, S., C., & Suleiman, R., R., R.. (2013). A Study on Strategies Used in Iraqi Arabic to Refuse Suggestions, The International Journal of Language Society and Culture, 81-95.
This study attempts to outline the preferred semantic formulas used in refusing suggestions in Iraqi Arabic. The corpus consists of responses to a Discourse Completion Test (DCT) that consisted of three different situations. Data were collected from 30 Iraqi Arabic native speakers studying at Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia. The survey was written in Arabic language to elicit responses that approximate verbal refusals to suggestion that might be given in these situations. This study will support for my topic. The corpus was analyzed and categorized according to the refusal taxonomy by Beebe et al (1990) to determine the strategies used and the frequencies of their use. Results showed variation in the frequency and the content of semantic formulas used by the group in relation to the contextual variables, which include the status of interlocutors (higher, equal, or lower status). This article is a good reference for my topc. It gives a lot of information about apeech act of refusal.

11. Article 11
Shishavan, H., B., & Sharifian, F. (2013). Refusal strategies in L1 and L2: A study of Persian-speaking learners of English, Multilingua, 32(6), 801–836. doi 10.1515/multi-2013-0038.
The aim of this study was to explore pragmalinguistic strategies employed by a group of Iranian English language learners when making refus- als to invitations, requests, offers and suggestions in their first (Persian) and second (English) languages. Data were collected from 86 participants through a Discourse Completion Test (DCT). The social variables under study were gen- der and social power differentials between the interlocutors. As a novel attempt in studies of interlanguage pragmatics, cultural schemas underlying refusals of Iranian English language learners were also investigated through Focus Group Interviews (FGI). The findings indicated that the participants used refusal head acts, the core components realising refusals, with similar frequency in their L1 (Persian) and L2 (English). The aothor suggest that this study would bring production and interpretation of refusals by the Ira- nian students both in Persian and English to a large extent. 12. Article 12
Tavakoli, M., & Shirinbakhsh, S. (2013). Backward Pragmatic Transfer: The Case of Refusals in Persian, International Journal of Society, Culture, and Language, 1-24
The authors of this article study how refusals happen in Persian. The purpose of this study was to examine Cook‘s (2003) multiple competence‘ by investigating backward pragmatic transfer (from L2 [English] to L1 [Persian]) in refusals to invitations. It explored participants‘ frequency and content of refusal strategies in L1 regarding the status (i.e., power and distance) of interlocutors and the proficiency level of EFL learners. The participants were Persian speakers with no knowledge of English language, and Persian EFL learners at three proficiency levels of elementary, intermediate, and advanced. Data were collected via a three -scenario role play. Results revealed significant differences between Persian native speakers and high-proficient EFL learners in terms of content and frequency of refusal strategies utilized. Overall, this study provided some evidence for backward pragmatic transfer among EFL learners.

13. Article 13
Wannaruk, A. (2008). Pragmatic Transfer in Thai EFL Refusals, InternationalJournal of Linguistics, 39(3), 319-337.
This study investigates similarities and differences between refusals in American English and Thai and incidences of pragmatic transfer by Thai EFL learners when making refusals. The participants of the study include Thai and American native speakers and EFL learners. All of them are graduate students. The data were collected by means of a discourse completion test (DCT) which was designed on the basis of interviews carried out with a view to possible situations for refusals. EFL data for refusals were compared with similar data elicited from native speakers of American English and Thai. Results indicate that overall all three groups share most of the refusal strategies and that pragmatic transfer exists in the choice and content of refusal strategies. Awareness of a person of a higher status and the characteristics of being modest in L1 culture motivate pragmatic transfer. 14. Article 14
Yamagashira, H. (2001). Pragmatic Transfer in Japanese Refusal, International Journal of Linguistics, 3, 259-275.
In this paper, the researcher used language patterns to compare refusals by Japanese and American. The goal is to find whether pragmatic transfer could be found and whether L2 proficiency affect Japanese speaker. In the study of pragmatic, this is good for my paper. The author limits his study on the research done by Takahashi, Beebe, and Ulizz-Weltz. The conclusion given by Yamagashira here is that the pragmatic transfer does not occur in both Japanese and American. This paper studies whether the pragmatic transfer happens by comparing Japanese and American refusals, and it will support my study.

15. Article 15
Yang, J. (2008). How to Say ‘No’ in Chinese: A Pragmatic Study of Refusal Strategies in Five TV Series, NACCL-20, 2.
In this article, the researcher analyzed situations in which refusal will occur and examined the refusal strategies and corresponding linguistic forms that can be employed to react to various refusal situations in Chinese culture.This paper categorizes situations of refusal according to the initiating acts of refusal. Data collected from 160 video clips collected from five television series, this paper found that refusal is initiated by four types of acts: request, offer, invitation, and suggestion. Each type can be subcategorized in terms of their different communicative functions. This article is very useful for my topic. The author suggests that this study can facilitate the instruction of refusal to learners of Chinese from multiple pers- pectives.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated Bibliography You Have Been Caught, What Now? Abstract The police have arrived and there is nowhere to run. Even if one did, they know a crime was committed and who has done it. Where does one go from here and what is going to happen? This will give the resources to follow the procedural justice process from beginning to end under normal and under unusual procedures. Regardless of the verdict there will be options along the way that may result in different outcomes throughout the process and some are unexpected. It all depends on the individual and how each case is handled by the police, the prosecutors, and the judges. Perhaps this will shed some light on the procedural process of the criminal justice system and how it really works. Introduction: What happens now? This annotated bibliography shows the procedural process of justice and how it progresses under normal circumstances for some and unusual circumstances for others. In the United States the accused is presumed innocent until proven guilty. In a felony criminal case, the accused is “normally” investigated, arrested and booked, placed in a jail cell until the accused can be brought before a magistrate judge for the initial hearing called an arraignment, where the Miranda rights as well as the charges against the accused are read. Bond is discussed and granted or denied at this hearing. There is a Grand Jury hearing to discuss the merits of the case and it is “true billed” or dismissed. If it is......

Words: 1197 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated Bibliography: What the Literature Says About Juvenile Sex Offenders The following articles, factsheets, and studies have been compiled to assist attorneys and individuals working on behalf of youth charged with sexual offending. The information contained in these resources aim to help others realize the fundamental differences between adult sex offenders and juvenile sex offenders, which include positive responses of juveniles to treatment, low recidivism rates of juveniles and negative impact of registries on youth development. It is our hope that this information will be used to improve legal outcomes for juvenile sex offenders, and uphold the purpose of the juvenile justice system as a rehabilitative, not punitive, system. PUBLICATIONS BY TOPIC Recidivism Rates/Amenability to Treatment Judith V. Becker, What We Know About the Characteristics and Treatment of Adolescents Who have Committed Sexual Offenses, 3 CHILD MALTREATMENT 317, (1998). The author states that comprehensive data does not exist to support the notion that if adolescents commit one sexual offense, they will go on to develop a pattern of sexual-offending behaviors or develop a psychosocial disorder. Michael F. Caldwell et al., An Examination of the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act as Applied to Juveniles: Evaluating the Ability to Predict Sexual Recidivism, 14 PSYCHOLOGY, PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW 89, (2008). This study compared 91 juvenile males who had been treated in a secure......

Words: 4199 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated bibliography: It is a list of citations to books, articles and documents. In this each citation is precede by the brief descriptive and valuable paragraph. The main aim of the annotation is provide the reader the relevancy and quality sources cited. Bibliography not includes the list of sources only but also the summary, evaluation and the value of the explanation. These also are the three components that are often used in the bibliography. • The summary includes the information which tells that what data the source will be provides. • The evaluation tells that how or why the notation is useful source. • Explanation of the value tells the relevancy of the citations. Examples1: Text Spec Statement of purpose The main purpose of my topic is to understand the exact meaning of the words without irritate the persons. If you are laughing loudly so it is actually that you are laughing. This would be the stupid and pointless. There are many problems in text speak. The other disadvantage is that many people having the different acronym for different words i.e. some people take out the meaning of lol as laugh out a lot or some take out the learning on low. This situation will give the headache to user Audience There are number of people that use the short form of the words. And there are different peoples of different views. There are two kinds of audiences in my research. One is the children that make their own words. Another is the adults who also make their......

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated Bibliography Annotated Bibliography Jones-White, D., Radcliffe, P., Huesman, R., & Kellogg, J. (2010). Redefining Student Success: Applying Different Multinomial Regression Techniques for the Study of Student Graduation Across Institutions of Higher Education. Research in Higher Education 51(2),154-174. doi: 10.1007/s11162-009-9149-4. Associates with Research in Higher Education conducted a study in collaboration with the National Student Clearinghouse (NSC) to test a hypothesis that higher education degree attainment was based on many factors beyond the institution where the program originated, the primary category assessed by the Student Right to Know Act (SRK). Conducting their study over a six-year period, with the help of the NSC database and its 93 million student records, the researchers found that demographics, pervious academic ability, social integration, financial contribution, and gender all strongly affected student persistence. The singular focus of assessing degree attainment based solely on the originating institution was thusly challenged. The data supported a similar finding by the Higher Education Research Institute whose 2005 study indicated race, gender and type of learning institution were all contributing factors for degree attainment (Astin & Oseguera, 2005). Evaluating collective data, it appears multiple factors must be assessed to determine graduation attainment for students in higher learning institutes.......

Words: 440 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Organizational Structure Presentation Annotated Bibliography HCS/325 June 30, 2014 Hanna Matatyaho Organizational Structure Presentation Annotated Bibliography Buchbinder, S.B., & Shanks, N.H. (2012). Introduction to health care management (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. • Summary: This is are course textbook and it support an overall view of health care management. This book provides details on how to maintain and sustain a position as a health care manager. The functions and tools needed to perform your job. Each chapter gives details on a variety of topics such as; strategic planning, leadership, quality improvements basics, organizational behavior and management thinking, and many more topics, to be a successful health care manager. Lombardi, D.M., & Schermerhorn, J.R. (2007). Healthcare Management: Tools and techniques for managing in a health care environment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. • Summary: This text book is mentioned in are weekly readings and have given an insight on the tools and techniques for managing a health care environment. It touched on the responsibilities of managers, the structure of the organization, and the importance of effective communication. It also referenced organizational tools, effective/ planning tools, and the use of effective strategies. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. (n.d.). NCBI bookshelf. Retrieved from http://www...

Words: 489 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Running head: Unit 4 Project: Annotated Bibliography 1 Unit 4 Project: Annotated Bibliography Deborah Burris Kaplan University Unit 4 Project 2 Annotated Bibliography THESIS STATEMENT: Animal abuse does not just happen on a local level, it happens on a global scale, sometimes to unbelievable proportions. Having harsher penalties for those who abuse animals would set an example, make others think twice before committing the abuse, have the crimes become a reality, give abused animals a voice and hold abusers accountable for their actions. Beirne, P. (2009). Confronting Animal Abuse, Law, Criminology and Human-Animal Relationships. Retrieved from: http://www.ebook3000.com/animals/Confronting-Animal-Abuse--Law--Criminology--and-Human-Animal-Relationships_64354.html The e-book offered great insight into where abuse dated back to, or at least documented abuse, and gave a great prospective into the human-animal relationships. It states abuse can be traced back to 1635 in the Irish plow fields and that still to this day, animal......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated Bibliography BSHS/312 September 7, 2014 Annotated Bibliography Daniel, M.A., J. T., & Wood, Ph.D., J. J. (2013, November-December). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children with Autism: Review and Considerations for Future Research. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 34(9), 702-715. This article describes the techniques and results of cognitive behavioral therapy for children with autism. Cognitive behavioral therapy is commonly used for children with an autism spectrum disorder. The therapy addresses the child’s anxiety, disruptive behavior, and core autism symptoms. Evidence suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy is possibly efficacious for anxiety and autism symptoms. Garfinkel, M.D., P. E., Kline, M.D., S. A., & Stancer, Ph.D., M.D., H. C. (1973, December). Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa Using Operant Conditioning Techniques. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 157(6), 428-433. This article describes using operant conditioning techniques of female patients with anorexia nervosa. Each patient had a certain criteria that had to be met in order to be a part of the study. Patients were observed for a full week and goals were set for daily and weekly weight gain. Patients were rewarded with certain privileges if goals were met but if a goal was not met than no reward was given. Graham, M. A., Sauerheber, J. D., & Britzman, M. J. (2013, April) Choice Theory and Family Counseling A Pragmatic, Culturally Sensitive......

Words: 528 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated Bibliography Harshit Pareek Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Abstract An annotated bibliography is a bibliography that gives a summary of each of the entries. The purpose of annotations is to provide the reader with a summary and an evaluation of the source. Each summary should be a concise exposition of the source's central idea’s and give the reader a general idea of the source's content. Eating Habits Simpson, K. J. Anorexia nervosa and culture. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 65-71. This article describes how unrealistic standards of attractiveness set by Western society are internalized by women from a variety of cultural backgrounds and translated into fat-phobia and body dissatisfaction and then discusses alternative cultural influences for food refusal such as issues of control, acculturation, and religious asceticism Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (2002). Causes of eating disorders. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 187-213. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.libproxy.db.erau.edu/docview/205797518?accountid=27203 Abstract Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa have emerged as the predominant eating disorders Tomiyama, A. J., & Mann, T. (2008). Cultural factors in collegiate eating disorder pathology: When family culture clashes with individual culture. Journal of American College Health. This article examines the effects of family enmeshment on the development of eating pathology between two groups......

Words: 463 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated Bibliography Drugs in Sport Calum Thouless Legend 2154980 (Kumar Neeraj, 2011) Spelling - Red Grammar - Green Sentence construction - Yellow Incorrect reference - Blue In this article Kumar Neeraj, Paul Maman and Sandhu J.S perform a survey to increase their knowledge and insight as to why the supporting factors of psychological and social could potentially lead players towards using drug abuse substances. The authors gained primary data by conducting surveys which 303 players participated in, with the questions consisting of performance enhancing attitudes, perfectionism and motivation among other factors. Their research focuses on reviewing the player’s answers to their surveys and their opinions on the different factors which could lead to drug abuse. This article is helpful to me as it indulges into the players own personal opinions on what factors lead to drug abuse in sports and there are multiple surveys in which these opinions are portrayed. The main limitation of the article is that the 303 participants were all in the age group of 18 to 35 which limits the opinions to older/former players or athletes. The authors of this article mention how much of this research is restricted to an individual’s perception rather than a whole team’s perception and that more in depth research needs to be conducted in order for this entire subject to be concluded. (Nadra E. Lisha, 2010) In this article the authors review data of 34 peer-reviewed......

Words: 1370 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated Bibliography Kenyeta Miles Eng/102 1/26/15 Matthew Sinex Annotated Bibliography Aontas, the National Adult Learning Organization. (2015). Why is Adult Education important. Retrieved from http://www.aontas.com/about/whoweare/adedimportant.html This article is a great source it explains way adult education is important. The article confirms that education is important because it helps our economy grow and develop. This article explains that if adults continue their education than their children will mostly likely love to learn and value there education. The International Affairs Office, U.S. Department of Education Organization. (2008). Organization of U.S. Education: The Local Role. Retrieved from http://www.ed.gov/international/usnei/edlite-index.html This website indicated that parent’s involvement in their children education is important. It details what kind of association that parent can be a part of as far as assisting children with their education. The authors explains association program such as the National Parent Teacher Association (NPTA) and the National Coalition for Parents Involvement in Education (NCPIE). U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, Office of Policy and Developmental Research. (2007). Adult Learners in Higher Education Barriers to Success and Strategies to Improve Results. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED497801.pdf This article details the challenges that adult learners face. This......

Words: 572 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bibliography Annotated

... Bibliography Annotated John Hope GS1140 Mrs. Shack May 11, 2015 Bibliography Annotated Abend, G. (2013). The Origins of Business Ethics in American Universities, 1902-1936. Business Ethics Quarterly, 23(2), 171-205. doi:10.5840/beq201323214 The history of the field of business ethics in the U.S. remains understudied and misunderstood. In this article I begin to remedy this oversight about the past, and I suggest how it can be beneficial in the present. Using both published and unpublished primary sources, I argue that the business ethics field emerged in the early twentieth century, against the backdrop of the establishment of business schools in major universities. I bring to light four important developments: business ethics lectures at the University of California and Yale University, Leon Marshall's curriculum at the College of Commerce of the University of Chicago, and the William A. Vawter Foundation on Business Ethics at Northwestern University. Conflict resolution [electronic resource] Team Publications. (n.d). Amherst, Mass. HRD Press c2002. This article contains team building exercises. The exercises build strength and team cohesive functions. It teaches about working together and compromising in a team setting. It details conflict resolution tactics while defining conflict resolution in a modern world. Bibliography Annotated BADEN, D. (2014). Look on the Bright Side: A Comparison of Positive and Negative Role Models in Business Ethics Education. Academy Of......

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...see and follow the Academic Integrity Policy in the Learner portal. Your instructor may select this or any activity to review and submit to Turnitin to assess for an Academic Integrity violation Main Task: Prepare an Annotated Bibliography Using the guidelines and resources you’ve reviewed create an Annotated Bibliography consisting of the two articles listed as resources for this Activity. Length: 2 entries. Approximately 2-3 pages. Submit your document in the Course Work area below the Activity screen. Learning Outcome: 8 • Analyze research articles for construction of an Annotated Bibliography. Your instructor will give you feedback using the form below and in margin comments on your work. Reading and using your instructor’s feedback is as much a part of your learning as is reading the course materials and doing activities. Your instructor will not only help you understand the quality of your work on this activity, but will also give you guidance on how to improve your skills and increase your knowledge that, if you follow it, will help you do better on future activities! Feedback Introduction to Feedback: 1. Was the activity completed as instructed? Activity Elements Faculty Feedback |Two Annotated Bibliography entries that follow guidelines and | | |resources | ......

Words: 1090 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated Bibliography International Labour Office Geneva. (1996). General Provisions. In Accident prevention on board ship at sea and in port: An ilo code of practices (p. 6). International Labour Office Bureau International du Travil. This books is provides safety practices for workers aboard a ship. It is recommended that those who are responsible for the health and safety of the workers to follow the codes outlined in the book. The codes in the book are only recommended suggestions and do not supersede other health or safety regulations or laws. Injuries and accidents are the primarily the cause of inadequate training and workers need to be aware of possible safety hazards. Mandelstam, M. (2002). Manual handling in health and social care: An a-z of law and practice. Jessica Kingsley. This book gives guidance to workers who manually handle patients or clients. It covers both the health and safety of the employee and also the rights of the patients. Oldham-Smith, K., & Madden, J. (2008). Basic Safety Precautions. In Electrical safety and the law. John Wiley & Sons. This book reviews the laws regarding electrical safety and identifies specific electrical hazards and how to protect yourself. Summerhayes, S. (2008). Cdm regulations 2007 procedures manual. John Wiley & Sons. This book identifies the responsibilities for employers and employees in construction, and includes the mandatory compliance requirements for both parties. Viscusi, K.......

Words: 264 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...Annotated bibliography * Lilienfeld, S. O., Waldman, I. D., Landfield, K., Watts, A. L., Rubenzer, S., & Faschingbauer, T. R. (2012). Fearless dominance and the U.S. presidency: Implications of psychopathic personality traits for successful and unsuccessful political leadership. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(3), 489-505.http://library.gcu.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=79301650&site=ehost-live&scope=site This article emphasizes on few elements of psychopathic personality which have strong influence on job performance and leadership. For this research a standardized psychological assessment methods was used by 121 experts. These experts rated the personalities and measured Psychopathy, and Covariates of all presidents from George Washington to George W. Bush. Further analysis was conducted by evaluating these ratings with job performance information collected in two surveys that include 2009 C-Span poll of 62 presidential historians and a 2010 Siena College survey of 238 historians. A paragraph should begin here as the topic shifts to major findings. Major findings from this research state that American president’s shows higher degree of psychopathic behavior in comparison to general population. Major finding from the paper shows that Teddy Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy were the most fearless dominant presidents in US. It also highlights on importance of luck,......

Words: 1942 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Catlett, S., & Lovan, S. (2011). Being a good nurse and doing the right thing: a replication study. Nursing Ethics, 18(1), 54-63. doi: 10.1177/0969733010386162 The authors of this article were one Shelia Catlett of Western Kentucky University and Fairview Community Clinic, USA and one Sherry R Lovan also from Western Kentucky University, USA. Both authors conducted a qualitative research study, which was also a replication of a study published in 2002, investigating the qualities of a good nurse and the role ethics plays in decision making. Ethics refers to the moral code for nursing and is based on obligation to service and respect for human life. Ethical Knowledge occurs as moral dilemmas arise in situations of ambiguity and uncertainty, and when consequences are difficult to predict (McEwen Wills, 2011). Ethics in nursing is used to guide and direct nurses conduct and practices. It requires experiential of social values and ethical reasoning. Its main focus is on matters of obligation, what ought to be done, what is right, wrong and responsible. The study implemented modification related to the research questions, sample selection, data collection and Atlas.ti software for qualitative data for the purpose of providing ease of coding, viewing, mapping and storing the data for retrieval analysis. The main focus of this replication study was to understand what it means to be a good nurse and do the right thing. This research......

Words: 3755 - Pages: 16