Premium Essay

Analyze 20th Century Quest for Religion, Racial and Gender Equality

In: English and Literature

Submitted By janettetravis
Words 320
Pages 2
Analyze 20th century quests for religious, racial, and gender equality. How did they influence artistic works of the time?
The influence of artistic work was a great one in the 50’s-80’s time period. With the equality of women being able to vote, and the rights of African-Americans being able to vote, sit with white people and attend the same schools as white people this gave artist of the time a chance to be bold in every way they could be. To me art is not just paintings and sculptures but it also music and movies. Rock-n-roll was a big hit in the 50’s thanks to Elvis Presley whom to me is the greatest musical artist of all times. If it were not for him and his music then there would be no type of rock-n-roll type music. The Beatles would probably not exist nor any other rock group. If movie stars like Marilyn Monroe did not exist then there would no sex symbol for women to idolize like Anna Nicole Smith did and become famous. Without Jim and Tammy Bakker the Christian religion would not have been televised and a way for other religions to be televised and come out in the open for the world to experience. Andy Warhol experimented with film and brought out the most postmodern types of film in history. Throughout the century religious, racial and gender equality was the biggest influence in time. Come the mid 90’s time changed and people were no longer influenced by what was going on in this time period instead they just redo something and call it art. Musicians take music and sample it or just redo a whole song. Film directors are redoing classic movies. This century has no idea of being their own person and making things their own, they have to use things that have already been done.
Word Count…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Gender Equality

...Gender equality has three aspects: equal opportunities, equal treatment and equal entitlements for both, men and women. It is directly linked with human development. The author says that patriarchy thrives on control of women’s sexuality, fertility and labour for male hegemony over economic resources. Economic institutions and policy can exacerbate existing gender inequalities instead of mitigating them. Laws and policies too play a significant role in determining the extent of gender inequality that exists in a society. They can serve to protect women’s rights or to reduce them. For example, in many countries, women still lack the legal right to inherit or own property and, in many others, violence against women is not considered a criminal offense. The paper argues that without transformations in economic relations or the implementation and enforcement of legal rights and protection, gender equality and the empowerment of women can remain an elusive goal. Women’s Studies have challenged the conventional indicators of development that focus on urbanization, higher education, mobility of labor, technological development, modernization, infra-structural development, industrialization etc. Through the lens of Gender Economics, the author contextualizes day to day survival struggles of women in the family, in the households, in the community and in the micro and macro economy with the perspective of power relations which control women and girl children's sexuality,......

Words: 435 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Emergence of Racial Equality in America

...Student Name Student ID XXXXXX Date History “Emergence of Racial Equality in America” In his short essay, “The Preconditions for Racial Change,” author Harvard Sitkoff argues that economic, political and ideological considerations played a major role in bringing about racial equality for African-Americans in the United States during the middle of the 20th century. Sitkoff maintains that the introduction of televisions into American homes, a booming postwar economy, the decolonization of many African nations from white rule and the emergence of the United States as the leader of the Free World were the driving forces behind bringing racial equality to the forefront for many Americans, both black and white. The arguments offered by Sitkoff regarding this awakening in many Americans are both compelling and convincing. While his viewpoints are based on nothing more than perception and opinion, his logic is sound and his line of reasoning is very persuasive. Sitkoff begins his essay by discussing the opportunities afforded to blacks as a direct result of positive changes in the American economy. With the explosive growth of our Gross National Product (GNP) after the 1940’s, many blacks saw a sharp increase in their income, the availability of jobs in industries that had previously been off-limits to them and advancement opportunities that ranked them alongside their white counterparts. In the past, the......

Words: 1133 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

What Role Does Early American History Have to Play in the Quest for Universal Health Coverage in the U.S. During the 20th Century?

...What role does early American history have to play in the quest for Universal Health Coverage in the U.S. during the 20th century? Fiona Nelson-Lafuse ENG122 Emily Fancy 18th February 2013 INTRODUCTION The topic question for this research paper is, “Most developed countries have universal health coverage. Why doesn’t the United States have universal health coverage? There have been repeated attempts by many different legislators over the past 150 years to introduce some form of universal health coverage to this country; and given the successive failures, it seems crucial to investigate early American history to uncover the origins of this steadfast resistance to universal health coverage; and gain an understanding of the impact those early citizens have had from the time of the Constitution on down through subsequent generations in their quest to keep universal health care off the legislative table. Despite the fact that the Constitution does not explicitly provide for universal healthcare, and there has been constant resistance to any attempts to bring it in, during the period 1900 - 1920, it seemed likely universal health coverage would pass into law – then at the last moment it failed. In the period between 1902 and 1965, 19 attempts were made to push universal health care coverage into legislation; and before this paper moves on to examine the role of social, political and commercial interests in these failures, it is important to consider...

Words: 3168 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Gender Equality

...quality education. According to the outcome report of UNESCO‐IIEP in Paris, France entitled “Gender Equality in Education: Looking beyond Parity An IIEP Evidence‐Based Policy Forum Globally”, some 39 million girls of lower secondary age are currently not enrolled in either primary or secondary education, while two‐thirds of the world’s 796 million illiterate adults are women. Only about one‐third of countries have achieved gender parity at secondary level. The evidence shows that something needs to change. Legal Basis: 1. Batas Pambansa Bilang 232 entitled “An Act Providing for the Establishment and Maintenance of an Integrated System of Education” - General Provision, Chapter 2, Section 3 Goal 2. “To ensure the maximum participation of all the people in the attainment and enjoyment of the benefits of such growth” - (statement) “Promote and safeguard the welfare and interest of the students by defining their rights and obligations, according them privileges, and encouraging the establishment of sound relationships between them and the other members of the school community” - (statement) “The State shall promote the right of every individual to relevant quality education, regardless of sex, age, creed, socio-economic status, physical and mental conditions, racial or ethnic origin, political or other affiliation. The State shall therefore promote and maintain equality of access to education as well as the enjoyment of the benefits of education by all......

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Gender Equality

...Gender Equality Women have faced major discrimination when it comes to work and sometimes in education. Women decades ago had a wide range of opportunities denied to them due to their sex. Women have always been looked upon as the weaker sex and men as stronger and as the rulers. Women years ago were not seen as individuals, they were basically their husband’s slaves. Women were the ones to stay home, make dinner for their cranky and tired husband, look after their children, clean the house and answer to their husband. It was pretty safe to say that women were never the ones that over ruled this society, but “there have been huge changes…” (182) in gender equality. Gender equality has changed dramatically over the years and the shift toward gender equality will continue over the next years to come. It all started in the 19th century something important was born and it was the birth of the women's rights movement. Women were tired of being the “caregiver[s]” (Gender Roles Within American Marriage) while the men were the “breadwinners” (Gender Roles Within American Marriage). Women had to do change things around because they could not live the same life they were living. Many of the “women were suffering under the dominance of men in their lives” (Gender Roles Within American Marriage). It was time for women to fight for “gender equality in family and society economics, social, cultural, and educational fields” (Gender Roles Within American Marriage). It was not easy for...

Words: 1474 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Political Movements 20th Century

...Political Movements in the 20th Century HUM/300 Political Movements in the 20th Century During the 20th century several major political events took place that changed the worldwide view of civilization and shook up the collective consciousness. World War I and II showed the dark side of technology when used to hurt humanity. Civil movements surged around the world as a result of minorities trying to regain their identity, which various governments throughout the world restricted. The authors will examine major political events that had a notable effect on the 20th century, including, the influences of World War I and II, the surge of the Civil Rights Movement, and the Gender Equality Movement. The author’s examination will consider the works of artists and how his or her creative expression reflected the mood of the era. Political Events: World War I and II World War I (WWI) started in 1914, and lasted through 1918. The political event that triggered this war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The war tactics employed in World War I changed the methods and strategies in future conflicts bringing more devastation. Some of the new strategies included trench warfare, chemical warfare, and upgraded technology; it introduced chemical weapons including chlorine and phosgene, which produced devastating damages. The exposure to high levels of these gases resulted in temporary blindness,......

Words: 2182 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Gender Equality

...Gender, equality, poverty and economic growth Gender equality in third world countries still remains poor in comparison to other well-developed countries. Third World Countries with religious subjectivity, rural factors and civic liberties are contributing to a gender gap in education and income possibilities of women in these countries (Sen, 2009). What these countries must realize is that women are the key to the global economic recovery of their countries. Unlocking the potential of women by narrowing the gender gap is the key to developing a Third World Countries economic efficiency. More and more women in third world countries are realizing that education is a key development in their lives, households and economies. Many of the women feel that gender equality when it comes to education is important in its own right (Sen, 2009). One of those women who advocate this education equality principle is Nobel Peace Prize winner and Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sir Leaf who strongly believes that education should be a right for both men and women. When asked about public resources in Liberia she went onto explain that her country is learning that changes in educational policies must occur in order to facilitate economic growth in their country. She stated that, “policies reflect equal opportunity, equity and allocation of public resources is not directed toward an elitist group and favorite few.” She claims that education should be a right of passage for......

Words: 830 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Religion and Gender

...focus on the attendance of gender stereotypes in the mass media, which nowadays has a great power and reaches large audiences. In order to create a medium which is universal, understandable and acceptable for numerous and diverse recipients, senders very often use stereotypes, which fill the social life and evoke certain associations. However, mass media not only gives people information and entertainment, but, also affects people’s lives by shaping their opinions, attitudes and beliefs. Men have been perceived as the head of the household and women were mainly housewives. Nowadays the differences between male and female roles are smaller, however mass media still perpetuates traditional gender stereotypes. Moreover, due to their great influence on people’s attitudes, they can depict certain social groups in negative and unrealistic manner. They can be a very useful tool for those remaining power. By manipulating the message, media can create a certain image of reality, which is consistent with the policy of the dominant group. As a result, the reflection of a real world is incomplete and distorted. Although people are aware of the unequal representation of certain social groups in mass media, it is hard to remain objective and insensitive to its influence. Religion interacts very closely with culture and since gender roles are defined by a culture, how religion interacts with culture can affect how religion treats gender roles. Typically, as religions grow in size,......

Words: 1312 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Gender Equality

...Males and females will never be treated equally unless society’s expectations in regard to men change Audience: Male and female university students at an open forum at a University to discuss the major issues in today’s society. The fight for gender equality remains a prominent issue of the 21st century. Historically, gender equality has been seen as a “woman’s issue," as women have long been the driving force behind the struggle. This view has contributed to the perception that the equal treatment of men and women can only be achieved by abolishing the stereotypes placed on women by our society. In reality, gender equality will never be achieved unless the social expectations and stereotypes imprisoning men change. This includes eliminating the expectation of men to exercise power, aggressiveness and control in all aspects of life, as well as changing the traditional perception of manhood, allowing men to freely express emotion and even vulnerability. As young men and women, we have a responsibility to change these social norms and stereotypes that restrict men and boys to certain roles, thus causing changes for women and girls too, resulting in the equal treatment of both genders. Social expectations and gender specific stereotypes socialise males into roles that promote aggressiveness, power and control from a young age. As a result, many males grow up believing that dominant and aggressive behaviour towards girls and women is part of being a man. This undoubtedly...

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Gender Equality

...According to the World Bank, gender equality enhances economic development, improves prospects for future generations and strengthens political and social systems. Though women now comprise more than 40 percent of the world’s labor force, they still lag behind men in terms of earnings and productivity. Women also face greater obstacles when it comes to participation in social and political institutions. Particularly in developing nations, the gender gap hinders economic and social development and destabilizes the political environment. In it’s 2012 World Development Report: Gender Equality and Development, the World Bank suggests four priority areas for improving gender equality. The first is reducing gender gaps in human capital, specifically female mortality and education. Second, improving female access to education and economic opportunities. Third, addressing women’s under-representation in communities and political systems. Finally, understanding how gender inequality applies across generations. These four priority areas help policymakers understand and address problems associated with the gender gap. Many factors are helping alleviate the gender gap and promote gender equality in developing nations. Globalization and increased access to information are providing women with stronger connections to markets and economic opportunities. These factors also contribute to increasing knowledge about women’s roles in other cultures throughout the world. Perhaps most......

Words: 323 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gender Equality in Sk

...Gender Equality in South Korea Women and men share many physical characteristics and mental abilities, but why are men more valued than women even today in many cultures around the world? It has only been a few decades since women started gaining gender equality and power in selected parts of the world. South Korea, which is a very small country with a population of 49.78 million used to be one of the most gender-conservative country, preferring men over women for centuries. Despite this long history of male dominance, the biggest irony that shocked the world and the media recently was that the first female president was elected in South Korea on December 19th, 2012. Park Geun Hye, becoming the first female president, proved how much South Korea has changed over the past decades and one of the biggest reasons why this change and transformation was possible was due to the fast growing economy in South Korea. South Korea became one of the world’s fastest-growing economies from the early 1960s to the late 1990s. For a small country that was invaded and followed by a three decade long occupation by Japan, and then the Korean War (Korean civil war between North with USSR and China and South with NATO), South Korea was war-torn and impoverished for the first half of 20th century. However within a decade, South Koreans worked harder than ever before to create a successful country. South Korea and is now ranked 15th in the world by nominal GDP and ranked 12th by the......

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Gender Equality

...Gender Equality “Gender equality is achieved when people are able to access and enjoy the same rewards, resources and opportunities regardless of whether they are a woman or a man.” (About workplace gender equality). It is not up for debate whether women are discriminated against in the workplace it is obvious. According to Mary Ellen Spigel, in 1998 women made 73 cents to the dollar paid to men. Even today there is still a pay gap between men and women because women are not given the same job opportunities as men. Todd P. revealed that one of the reasons for the pay gap is a lack of permanent part time jobs and flexible working arrangements, restricts the ability to combine quality employment and family care responsibilities. Meaning women with children or other caring responsibilities are less able to participate in the paid workforce. (1). It is unfair that just because women have family responsibilities that they do not receive the same career opportunities as men, even though they have just as much education and experience. As stated by Cindy Hsu, since 1980, there have been more women enrolled in institutions of higher education than men. (1). Women receive more of the honors degrees at many universities compared to men however; gender equality goes downhill once women enter the job market. (Hsu, 1). A woman earns only eighty cents for every dollar a man earns, even though women are performing better in school than men are. Yet, in our society, women still lag behind......

Words: 503 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Religion and Gender

...Religion and Gender Is religion bad for women? Religion by definition is “a particular system of faith and worship” (New Oxford American Dictionary). I believe that religion in its simplest form of just faith and worship is good for everyone, including women. However, the politics, and power inequity that play such a large role in organized religion are bad for women in many ways, three of which include; organized religions are male centered, brilliant women are oppressed, and they are not given credit for what they do. Organized religions are male centered, which creates a hostile environment for women to pray and worship. “Men administered the sacraments, wrote the prayer books, preached the sermons and made the decisions.” (Women and American Religion p.11) For centuries men have played the leading roles in organized religion and consequently “sexist assumptions about women” (Women and American Religion p.124) have incorporated themselves into religious communities. For example, Muslim and Jewish women are required to sit behind a curtain during religious services. By doing this, men are prevented from becoming too “distracted”. When Asra Q. Nomani sat in the main hall with the men in her mosque, they claimed they could not pray in the presence of a woman, and when she again refused to sit behind the curtain, they banned her from the community. Another example is the Protestant view that: “God is the head of Christ, Christ is the head of man, and man is the head of......

Words: 660 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Vietnam and the 20th Century Experience

...Essay Vietnam and the 20th Century Experience Introduction This paper analyzes the sociopolitical, cultural, and economic characteristics of European nations that drove them to establish policies of overseas colonization. Societies developing within the constraints of the European landmass had many incentives to move beyond their own borders into other regions, areas often occupied by another culture. European nations have a long history of being competitive with one another. Cultural and religious pride and arrogance, and an intolerance of differing cultures and religions, were used to justify imperialistic policies of domination and suppression of local peoples. Europeans, of necessity, would bring along their economies of technology and infrastructure to support their control of the local population. This would also include their Latin-based language and educational systems. Attempts to assimilate local culture into the European culture were often a source of conflict within the overseas colonies. European Cultural Characteristics Religion, and particularly the evangelical mission of Catholicism, has strongly influenced European cultures since the Middle Ages. The French utilized Catholic Missionaries as a way to access many overseas regions, including that part of Asia later to be known as “French Indochina.” Missionaries are typically non-violent and non-threatening. They often could enter a foreign country and merge with the local culture without opposition...

Words: 589 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Quest for Equality

...The Quest for Equality Debbie Werley U.S. History 1312 Dr. Wendell Hunnicut Final Essay March 21, 2012 Although the United States was founded on the ideal that all men are created equal, many Americans throughout our history have not enjoyed this privilege. Several issues, such as voting rights, labor equality, and equal opportunities in education have faced minorities and women in our country. Many gains in improving equality have been made. Voting rights for all Americans, improvement in workplace discrimination, and equal opportunities in education are some examples of these gains. Various prominent citizens have worked diligently throughout our history to accomplish equality for these groups using different methods. Some of these methods have worked better than others. Boycotts, peaceful marches and courtroom battles were some of the methods that brought better results. Many equality issues have affected minorities and women in our country. The fight for the right to vote was long and difficult for both groups. Although the Fifteenth Amendment was ratified in 1870, granting all black men voting rights, (Jones et al, 2009, 373) it was not until after World War II that this right was realized. Women’s suffrage was an even longer battle. Begun in 1866, when women reformers attempted to secure this right along with African American’s right to vote, women would not gain the vote until ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920 (Jones et al, 2009, 476). ......

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5