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Alfonso García Robles 

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Alfonso García Robles

Fue un político y diplomático mexicano, premio Nobel de la Paz en 1982

Nació el 20 de marzo de 1911 en Zamora, Michoacán.

Licenciado en Derecho por la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, con estudios de posgrado en el Instituto de Altos Estudios Internacionales de la Universidad de París (1936) y en la academia de Derecho Internacional de La Haya (Holanda).

Fue embajador desde 1957. Secretario de Relaciones Exteriores (1975-1976) y embajador ante las Naciones Unidas (ONU) desde 1970 hasta 1975, fue el artífice de la Comisión preparatoria para la desnuclearización de América Latina (1964) y del Tratado de Tlatelolco (1967) que prohibió las armas nucleares en toda la región. Participante activo en el Comité de Desarme de Ginebra (1977-1981), presidió el Grupo de los 77 países en vías de desarrollo.

Por su destacada actividad en favor del pacifismo, el 13 de octubre de 1982 fue distinguido con el PremioNobel de la Paz, compartiendo galardón con la política y diplomática sueca Alva Myrdal.

Es autor de numerosas obras de política internacional, entre otras: El mundo de la posguerra (1946), La desnuclearización de América Latina (1965), México en las Naciones Unidas (1970), La asamblea general del desarme (1979) y El nuevo orden internacional y el desarme (1982).

En 1972 ingresó en El Colegio Nacional.

Alfonso García Robles falleció en Ciudad de México el 2 de septiembre de 1991.

Cargos

Secretario de Relaciones Exteriores
29 de diciembre de 1975 - 30 de noviembre de 1976

Embajador de México ante Naciones Unidas
1970 - 1975

Embajador de México ante Brasil
1961 – 1964
El abogado y experto en política internacional mexicano Alfonso García Robles fue una pieza fundamental a la hora de la concreción de ese sueño de paz sustancial llamado ONU.
Aunque, García Robles, había nacido en el seno de una familia de comerciantes mexicanos, el 20 de Marzo de 1911, su vida profesional de ninguna manera estaría en el comercio sino en el servicio a su país.
Desde que se graduó en la carrera de Derecho en la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México y cuando más tarde fue en búsqueda de mayor especialización en asuntos internacionales, en el Instituto de Altos Estudios Internacionales de la Universidad de París y en la Academia de Derecho Internacional de la Haya, García Robles, se preocupó por consumar la unión internacional y por conseguir la desnuclearización y el desarme definitivo.
Y por supuesto tales cuestiones, siempre, se hicieron presentes en cada uno de los puestos que le tocó ocupar, tanto en su país como fuera de él: Embajador de México en Brasil, Embajador de México en Naciones Unidas, Secretario de Relaciones Exteriores de México, entre los más destacados.
Desde la década del cuarenta del siglo pasado hasta prácticamente el final de su vida, Robles, estuvo dedicado al quehacer diplomático, primero con exclusividad para su país y más tarde, ya como una figura experta, en cualquier cuestión internacional que lo necesitase. Así es que durante los diez primeros años de la ONU tuvo a su cargo la supervisión de los asuntos políticos, internacionales, de los procesos de pacificación y de las relaciones de la organización con los organismos regionales.
Mientras tanto, sería durante su desempeñó en la Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores de su país que comenzaría a impulsar iniciativas a favor del desarme nuclear y de la no proliferación de este tipo de armas. Cabe destacar que García Robles fue pieza decisiva en la firma del Tratado Tlatelolco en el año 1967. Tal documento establecía la desnuclearización del territorio de América Latina y el Caribe.
Afortunadamente, su incalificable campaña por la paz sería reconocida con uno de los máximos galardones que se otorgan al respecto: El Premio Noble de la Paz del año 1982 sería para él y así se verían coronados y reconocidos tantos años dedicados al afianzamiento de las relaciones internacionales entre naciones.…...

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