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In: Historical Events

Submitted By riyacmatta
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Noor Navaid
P.7 Bolanos
January 29, 2016
Imperialism in Africa History seems to repeat itself. Countries have disagreements, wars start, and nations began claiming land. One of the most repetitive problems with history is imperialism. European imperialism in Africa was driven by many causes, including the need for resources, trade and market, but most of all nationalism.
One factor for imperialism in Africa was the need for resources. Countries in Europe took advantage of the fact that African land had many resources that would be of use for Europe. European countries would occupy African land and simply take its resources. For example, France took over French West Africa, and it wasn’t for enjoying the never ending sand dunes of the Sahara desert (Doc A). At first glance, it would seem unreasonable for anyone to be interested in taking over such “barren” land. The reality, however, was that French West Africa was rich with resources. The colony’s many resources included, gum, palm oil, cotton, peanuts, bananas, coffee, and cocoa, (Doc C & D). With all these resources, who wouldn’t want to own the Sahara Desert? Clearly imperialism was pushed by the abundant amount of resources available in Africa.
Another reason for Imperialism in Africa was trade and market. In 1854, when Great Britain began trading and marketing from South Saharan Africa, the imports cost more than the profit of exports. By 1900, the gain from exports increased by ten times and were more than half that of imports, (Doc E). Europe was aware of the economic benefit from African trade and how their markets would increase. This economic factor was a large motive for imperialism in Africa.
The last and most influential factor for imperialism in Africa was national pride, or nationalism. The belief of nationalism was growing stronger in Europe. Nations such as Germany believed that the…...

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