Premium Essay

Air Transport

In: Other Topics

Submitted By prasadmayank
Words 1407
Pages 6
Air transport is the most modern means of transport which is unmatched by its speed, time- saving and long-distance operation.
It is very important for a large country like India. Through it one can easily reach to remote and inaccessible areas like mountains, forests, deserts etc. It is very useful during the times of war and natural calamities like floods, earthquakes, famines, epidemics, hostility and collapse of law and order.
The beginning of the air transport was made in 1911 with a 10 km air mail service between Allahabad and Naini. The real progress was achieved in 1920 when some aerodromes were constructed and the Tata Sons Ltd. started operating internal air services (1922). Flying clubs were opened in Delhi, Karachi, Calcutta (now Kolkata) and Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1928.
In 1933 another company Indian National Airways was constituted to serve between Karachi and Lahore. In 1938 .the Empire Air Mail Service was introduced to carry mail between the empire countries. In 1946, the Government set up the Air transport Licensing Board which granted 11 licenses. At the time of Independence 4 companies were operating their air services (Tata Sons Ltd., Indian National Airways, Air Services of India and Deccan Airways). By 1951 there were 4 new entrants: (Bharat Airways, Himalayan Aviation Ltd., Airways India, and Kalinga Airlines).
Airports
India has international airports besides 87 aerodromes divided into major, intermediate and minor categories. Its 5 major international airports are: Mumbai (Santa Cruz), Kolkata (Dum Dum), Delhi " (Palam), Chennai (Meenambakkam) and Thiruvananthapuram. The operation, management, planning and development of these airports are the responsibility of the International Airports Authority of India. These airports lie on the International Air routes and are used by Air India and foreign airliners. Here landing facilities are of…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Transport

...tunnel that have already been constructed or one that is planned to be constructed. You can talk about the purpose of the tunnel/bridge, any social and/or political issues that might have been involved in its planning and construction stage, the technology involved in its construction, the cost, the socio-economic effects that it has resulted in (or expected to result in if it is only at a planning stage), or anything else that might consider interesting. 5. Study the air pollution conditions in Hong Kong. You can focus these conditions of the entire Hong Kong, or focus yourselves on a few areas in Hong Kong, or even compare the conditions in a few selected areas. Study the major causes of air pollution in Hong Kong, and the role played by local road transportation modes (buses, taxis, private cars, etc) in the production of this pollution. Examine what the Government has done in trying to reduce, or at least limit the increase of, this pollution. You are free to examine any other issues related to air pollution in Hong Kong which you think interesting....

Words: 437 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Pan American: the History of America's ”Chosen Instrument” for Overseas Air Transport

...Pan American: The History of America's ”Chosen Instrument” for Overseas Air Transport In the history of American commercial aviation, there is no airline more influential, important, and better known than Pan American Airways. It was not the first American passenger airline, nor did it ever meet with much success in the domestic market, but Pan Am (as it was more commonly known), represented a new adventurous image of the United States to the world. When filmmaker Stanley Kubrick produced his landmark vision of the future in the 1968 movie “2001: A Space Odyssey,” he envisioned Pan Am as the space carrier that would take men and women regularly into space. Pan Am's history is inseparable from the life and career of Juan Trippe, the company's founder and guiding visionary for five decades. Trippe, a former navy pilot, had shown early interest in passenger aviation with an aborted attempt to start a charter service for wealthy socialites in New England in the early 1920s. Within a few years, Trippe's primary focus, like many other entrepreneurs, shifted to the Caribbean and Latin America. With the help of financiers such as Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney and William A. Rockefeller, Trippe formed the Aviation Corporation of America on June 2, 1927, to offer air services into the Caribbean. Trippe had competition from two other companies. One, the Atlantic, Gulf, and Caribbean Airways, formed on October 11, 1927, was headed by Richard Hoyt, a New York broker. The second......

Words: 1462 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Rise of Air Transport and Its Impact

...The Rise of Air Transport and its impact on the Environment [pic] Table of Content 1 Abstract 3 2 Introduction 3 3 HISTORY OF THE WORLD AIR transport 3 3.1 How it all began 3 3.2 ICAO and IATA-history and reality 4 4 Air Transportation and the Environment 5 4.1 Demand for Air Transport 5 4.2 Environmental Impact of Aviation 7 4.3 CO2 emissions per passenger kilometer 7 4.4 Aircraft Water Emission 9 4.5 Nitrogen Oxides 9 4.6 Impact of Aviation on Biodiversity 10 4.7 Noise Emissions and its impact on humans as well as biodiversity 11 5 Cost of Aviation on certain examples 11 5.1 Aviation Cost for exotic flowers 11 5.2 The Berlin Airport Fiasco 12 6 Historical Trends in Aircraft Transport 13 7 Conclusion 14 8 Table of Figures 15 9 Sources 15 1 Abstract The following Assignment has the topic of showing the history of aviation and within this showing the environmental impact of aviation. Due to this the history is shown and in addition different types of problems connected to aviation such as carbon oxide and greenhouse gases are explained. At last there is an introduction in data’s showing aviation in its beginning as a mass transport and now. 2 Introduction Transportation - one of the most important sectors of the economy, performing the function of a kind of circulatory system in a...

Words: 4110 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Tourism and Transport

...International Tourism and Transport Assignment One: BX660020 Scotland By: To: Word count: 2,459 Date: 23/03/2012 1.0 Introduction The purpose of this report is to examine and discuss land, air and sea transport modes with reference to examples of each type of transportation. The importance of these transport modes will be analysed with reference to regional, national and international networks including supply and demand. The importance of these networks will then be critically evaluated. The country that will be analysed will be Scotland. Scotland is the most northerly of the four parts of the United Kingdom and occupies about one third of the island of Great Britain. “Scotland is bounded by England to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and north, and the North Sea to the east”(Alice Brown 2012) . A map of Scotland can be seen below in blue. (http://m.wikitravel.org/en/UK) With a population of 5,169,000 (2008), a total land mass of 77,925(sq. km) and the fact that it is made up of over 790 islands an extensive transport system is needed for locals to get around and tourists to see the country (Alice Brown 2012). As stated in the Scotland National Transport Strategy “Transport is an essential part of economic activity. Infrastructure, roads, rail, airports and ports – and the businesses that use these assets - are all vital components of Scotland’s economy. Transport has a significant and positive......

Words: 2709 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Air Transport Operations

...PERTH COLLEGE UHI | AIR TRANSPORT OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT | | [Type the author name] | | 4/18/2013 | | Contents GROUND OPERATIONS 3 IN FLIGHT OPERATIONS 7 ENVIRONMENTAL RISK 10 ECONOMIC STABILITY 11 CONCLUSION 12 BIBLIOGRAPHY 13 INTRODUCTION Air transportation has been the major modes of transportation over long distances. The fact that it is the fastest mode of transportation easily accessible to all common people has made it even more effective in changing the way me transport from one place to another. The international air travel has increased from a few elite people in the 20th century when civil aviation started to over 1.2 billion (U.S Travel association) in the recent years. The increase in the size and the efficiency of the aircrafts have paved road for an efficient long distance air travel. Due to the, rise in the low-cost carrier business model, there has been a drastic increase in domestic air travel as well. The reduction in the prices of air fare and the increase in safety and accessibility of air transport have changed the mind-set of recent travellers. Aircrafts are not only being used to carry people but also cargo. Transporting perishable cargo over long distances has become the major roles of cargo airliners generating them great revenue. This increased the air freight by a factor of fourteen. (IATA Vision 2050). The increase in the revenue generation led to a new business model in the aviation industry. The......

Words: 2696 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Transport

...Transport or transportation is the movement of people, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline, and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations. Transport is important since it enables trade between peoples, which in turn establishes civilizations. Transport infrastructure consists of the fixed installations necessary for transport, and may be roads, railways, airways, waterways, canals and pipelines, and terminals such as airports, railway stations, bus stations, warehouses, trucking terminals, refueling depots (including fueling docks and fuel stations), and seaports. Terminals may be used both for interchange of passengers and cargo and for maintenance. Vehicles traveling on these networks may include automobiles, bicycles, buses, trains, trucks, people, helicopters, and aircraft. Operations deal with the way the vehicles are operated, and the procedures set for this purpose including financing, legalities and policies. In the transport industry, operations and ownership of infrastructure can be either public or private, depending on the country and mode. Passenger transport may be public, where operators provide scheduled services, or private. Freight transport has become focused on containerization, although bulk transport is used for large volumes of durable items. Transport plays an important part in economic growth and globalization, but most types cause air...

Words: 2654 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Paper on Air Transport Liberalisation

...Paper on Air Transport Liberalisation As a taxpayer in a Country with a national airline that operates most routes under restrictive Air Service Agreements and making losses, I do support the liberalisation “Open Skies” of the air services market. Currently, the Bilateral Air Services Agreements (BASAs) specify which airlines could operate between the two countries, the routes carriers could operate (e.g., which airports they could fly to), whether carriers could offer beyond services (fifth freedom rights), limits on the frequency and capacity (seats) that the carriers could operate, and often place controls over airline pricing. As a result, the development of regional and international air service has been as much a function of government policy as it has been a function of commercial considerations. In addition, the Bilateral Air Services Agreements have also placed foreign Ownership and control restrictions on the airlines. Typically, the ownership restrictions specify the maximum percentage of airline shares that can be owned by foreign nationals. However, despite all these restrictions our national airline has continued making losses. Arguably, the most prominent and comprehensive example of liberalisation has been the European Union (EU) single aviation market. Between 1987 and 1993, the EU introduced three packages of reforms that almost fully deregulated the EU air market. Carriers from the EU were free to operate any route within the EU, without restriction......

Words: 604 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Transport

...The Projected Main Mode Travel Share Trend for Gauteng 2040 Daniel Pillay 201060830 LeLani Le Fleur 200623816 Hlalanathi Sishi 920045519 Sifiso Mhlongo 200514389 This assignment is submitted in partial fulfillment Of the requirements of the Bachelor of Technology Degree in Transport Management In the Department of Transport and Supply Chain Management Faculty of Management At the University of Johannesburg April 2014 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Background 3 Research Statement 4 Body 5 Car/Driver Passenger 5 Mini Bus/Taxis 7 Walk 8 Bicycle 9 Train 12 Bus 16 Conclusion 19 Bibliography 20 1. Introduction Background Information The South African economy has seen phenomenal changes in the economic environment that it operates in and the Government has taken the initiative to align the country to conform to international standards to become a competitive and relevant role player in the global markets. In all economies, transportation infrastructure and modes is the vital key to the progress of any country. South Africa comprises of 9 different provinces of which Gauteng is the dominant generator of all South African GDP. Labor is the main source required for the creation of GDP and in that context transportation to and from their place of residence to the place of employment is critical. This research addresses to modal share trends that would likely to take place based on the statistical information extract......

Words: 5047 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Transport Engg

...mall development Public Transportation Bus and other modes, LRT ( Light Rail Transit) Intelligent Transport Systems Five Primary Functional Areas of ITS • Advanced Traffic Management Systems (ATMS)• Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS)• Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO)-apply, pay for and receive permits, registrations, and licenses electronically Traffic management for better flow information to travelers • Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS) • Advanced Vehicle Control Systems (AVCS)- vehicle distance warning system to avoid collision Light Rail Transit Railway Engineering Railway Engineer: Concerned with the design and maintenance of the routes that trains take. Geometric design of railway track Permanent way construction and maintenance, Bridge construction, maintenance, station yard Air Transportation Air Transportation System : Developed in 20 th century At present – In India great emphasis on air Transportation Developments: Modernization of airports, strengthening extending runways, construction of new airports- to meet the demand in terms of increase infrequency and introduction of new types of aircrafts Much scope in this Transportation System in near future Air Transportation First Flight: Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, USA, Dec 17, 1903 In USA, the share of air transportation among the common carrier transport, that is railroad, bus etc > 90%. Total number of airports : 18000, Out of these only on 568 airports...

Words: 1823 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Impact of Global Financial Crisis on Air Transport

...Final Project Part One: Impact of Global Financial Crisis on Air Transport in the U.S Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University MBAA 522 – Business Research Methods For: Dr. Barry Bauer March 15, 2015 Introduction This research paper examines the origins of the 2008/2009 world financial crisis and the impact that the crisis had on air transport in the United States of America. Although the crisis originated in the economies of North America and Europe, its effects were global with particular serious implications for economies of the developing countries including my country, Zambia. The maximum blame of the crisis is pointed at the money lenders who created such problems as it is believed that it was the lenders in the developed nations who lent funds to people with poor credit and a high risk of default. Therefore, in an effort to address the crisis, the American Federal Reserve flooded the markets with increasing capital liquidity in order not only to lower interest rates but to also broadly depress risk premiums as investors sought riskier opportunities to bolster their investment returns (Craig, 2013). As we all know that aviation is one of the most important pillars of the global economy as it provides millions of jobs globally and contributes heavily in the global gross domestic products of a number of countries. To this effect, the aviation sector which is one of the fastest growing industries had to face negative growth rate while some aviation companies......

Words: 1965 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Urban Transport

...106 India Infrastructure Report 2006 6 URBAN TRANSPORT O. P. Agarwal Growth in number of vehicles The increased travel demand has resulted in rapid growth in the number of motor vehicles in the cities. In the six major metropolises of India, growth in motor vehicles has outpaced population growth. On an average, while the population in India’s six major metropolises increased 1.89 times during 1981 to 2001, the number of registered vehicles went up 7.75 times during the same period (Figure 6.2). Thus the growth of motor vehicles was almost four times faster than the growth of population. Cities without good mass transit systems, like Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad and Bangalore, showed a higher 60 50 40 30 20 10 Congestion is an outcome of twin factors, (a) growth in number of vehicles on road, (b) limitations to expansion of road space. Views expressed in the chapter are of the author. Cy cle s 2wh ee ler s IP T C Ca rs Sl ow t Fa s ns po B lic Tr a Congestion Pu b ISSUES IN URBAN TRANSPORT IN INDIA IP T rt 0 W alk T he burgeoning urban population of India is engaging in a variety of economic activities in rapidly expanding cities, which are, therefore, encountering fast escalations in urban travel demand. A variety of transport modes, such as, walking, cycling, two-wheelers, para-transit, public transport, cars, etc. are used to meet these travel needs. Travel demand is determined by a number of factors, the primary one being the size of the population.......

Words: 17489 - Pages: 70

Free Essay

Public Transport vs. Private Transport

...Public Transport vs. Private Transport Nowadays people from all over the world are suffering from the air pollution. One of the reasons of such situation is the constantly increasing car usage. Are we able to do something in order to encourage people not to use private cars or to use them less? To be honest, there are only several things we can do. Among them is propaganda of the risks caused by the private cars usage. We can provide people with the main benefits they can get by using public transport and make the transportation prices more affordable. First of all, advertisement is a very powerful “weapon”. Many people can remember the ad they saw several years ago. Advertisement has a very strong effect. It can impress people, influence their thoughts and even change them. Of course, it is impossible to encourage all people from all over the world to use public transport only. But still a certain number of people will definitely give up using cars and will give preferences to the public transport as time goes by. Moreover, we can also provide people with the benefits they can get from usage of public transport. For example, it is possible to provide those people who use public transport with the 20% discount when they need to buy something. Also, it is possible to implement special cards that will be some kinds of an opportunity to change bus to train for free. As a final point, let’s take a look at one more thing we can provide people with in order to encourage them......

Words: 371 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Air Transport Management

...AIR TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS David Lambert Air Transport Management and Operations Contents Introduction - Page 3 Principles of Management – Page 4 Human Resource Management – Page 9 Safety and Security – Page 14 References – Page 18 Introduction All companies and organisations are interested in producing profits, increasing market share and growing the range of products and services that they provide. In order to achieve these goals effective management within the organisation is required. In a general terms management is comprised of ‘top management’, ‘middle management’ and ‘operating management’. However when organisations reach the size of today’s major carriers these definitions can become fully define and a larger framework is required. When the air transport industry was in its infancy management was a much simpler process with smaller teams and shorter communication paths between levels within the organisation. In recent years major carriers have come to employ tens of thousands of people reducing the importance and sense of contribution anyone employee has within the structure. Lines of communication have stretched between decision-making and the ground worker removing a sense of teamwork and a confusion of the ultimate goals of the airline. In the highly competitive world of air transport creating and maintaining an......

Words: 3784 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Transport

...criteria would you base this assessment on? C) AIR TRANSPORT: 1. What are the loading capacities of a: a) Hercules C 130, b) “Caravan”, c) Beechcraft “King Air” 200 or 400, d) Illiouchin 76 ? (A) Hercules C 130, ➢ Max Payload- 70,060 Kg ➢ Cargo Volume-105m3 ➢ Cargo Door -3.12m,W=3.12m,H=2.74m ➢ Cabin Dimension-L12.3m,W=3.12m,H=2.7m B) Caravan ➢ Max Take of weight-3985Kg ➢ Max Payload - 2138kg C) Beech craft ➢ Max Payload- 4,375lbsor 1984Kg ➢ Useful Load -2921 Kg ➢ Max Fuel Capacity-665us gallons D) Illoouchin 76 ➢ Max payload -375,000Kg ➢ Max Range -3,650m ➢ Cargo Volume-180m3 2. Please state the two most common fuels used in Air Transport. ➢ Jet A1 and Aviation Gas 3. What is the meaning of: a) P.P.L. b) AWB ? ➢ PPL ( Pre parking list ) Show and list of items shipped which indicate the packaging, Mode of transport ➢ AWB ( Air Waybill) It indicate the volume and gross weight of item Shipped 4. What are the main stages in preparing an “air drop” operation? ➢ Reconditioning Palletizing Loading - Reconditioning –Palletizing- Loading D) ROAD TRANSPORT/TRUCKING: 1. What is the loading capacity......

Words: 1594 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Transport

...Transport is considered in Agenda 21 in the context of several chapters, including, among others, Chapter 9 on Atmosphere and Chapter 7 on Human Settlements. In undertaking the five-year review of the implementation of Agenda 21 during its nineteenth Special Session in 1997, the General Assembly noted that, over the next twenty years, transportation is expected to be the major driving force behind a growing world demand for energy. It is the largest end-use of energy in developed countries and the fastest growing one in most developing countries. Furthermore, adequate, efficient, and effective transport systems are important for access to markets, employment, education and basic services critical to poverty alleviation. Current patterns of transportation development are not sustainable and may compound both environmental and health problems. There is, therefore, a need for urgent action, ranging, inter alia, from the promotion of integrated transport policies and plans, the accelerated phase-out of leaded gasoline, the promotion of voluntary guidelines and the development of partnerships at the national level for strengthening transport infrastructure, promoting and supporting the use of non-motorised transport and developing innovative mass transit schemes. Within the framework of the Commission’s multi-year programme of work, transport was discussed by the Commission at its ninth session in 2001. Countries agreed that international co-operation is required in order to...

Words: 352 - Pages: 2