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Admissible Evidence

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Criminal Justice Procedures CJ227-1
Case Study of Officer Smith

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Officer Smith was on patrol and notices a vehicle that fits the general description of a suspected car in a recent roadside killing of a fellow police officer. In this paper I will discuss the actions taken by Officer Smith and if she had legal justification for her actions and if evidence found is admissible in the court of law. Officer Smith was on her routine patrol when she noticed the vehicle in front of her had what appeared to be a broken tail light fixed with colored tape as she directed the driver of the vehicle to pullover she remembered a vehicle of the same make and model which was involved in the murder of a fellow police officer. Officer Smith had reasonable suspicion to pull the vehicle over due to the fact that she thought the taillight was broken and covered with tape. Reasonable suspicion is defined as specific facts that can be articulated to a court and shows that criminal activity is occurring, is about to occur, or has recently occurred and that the vehicle or a person in the vehicle is connected with that criminal activity ( Robertson, Wallace, Stuckey, 2007, pg. 84). The broken taillight would fall under an equipment violation giving Officer Smith reasonable suspicion to pull the vehicle over. Next, Officer Smith asked the driver of the vehicle to step out for a pat down. A Terry Stop is defined as reasonable suspicion supported by articulable facts that criminal activity is ongoing (Robertson, Wallace, Stuckey, 2007, pg. 83). Officer Smith’s suspect vehicle fit the general description of a vehicle involved in a homicide and she was concerned for her own safety, which gives her reasonable suspicion to give the driver of the vehicle a pat down for weapons. Officer Smith was within her legal jurisdiction to give the driver a pat down. After…...

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