Free Essay

Academic Procrastination

In: Social Issues

Submitted By dasrite
Words 2664
Pages 11
With the latest Facebook or iphone app, the ease of contacting friends, and the newest YouTube video, it has become easier and more tempting to NOT do work- procrastination, progresses natural assassin. Solomon and Rothblum (1984) defined procrastination as the “act of needlessly delaying tasks to the point of experiencing subjective discomfort” (503). However procrastination strikes deep into every aspect of daily life and spans far wider than this paper can cover, so a focus will be brought on to procrastination in an academic setting. Academic procrastination is the intentional delay of starting, doing, or completing their important academic work in a timely fashion (Rabin, Fogel, & Upham, 2011).
Ellis and Knaus (1977) estimated 95% of American college students procrastinate. Solomon and Rothblum (1984) through self reports discovered 46% of students admit to procrastinating, and 50% of those people reported it as a mild to severe problem. The prevalence of academic procrastination is varied from study to study, but it is unanimous that academic procrastination is a problem that must be addressed. Some of the consequences of academic procrastination are external, decreased progress/learning (Rabin et al., 2011), and increased health risk (Tice & Baumeister, 1997). Some of the consequences are internal such as depression, irrational cognitions, lower self esteem, and anxiety (Solomon & Rothblum, 1984). There are many negative aspects of academic procrastination. As stated earlier procrastination strikes deep into every aspect of daily life, it is a problem that cannot be solved by just looking at the individual. In Van Eerde’s (2003) meta-analysis on the networks of procrastination he stressed the importance of examining the social influences on the students. Academic procrastination is a well sought out field of study due to the many factors that produce and maintain it, this paper will look at two; Self-regulation and the socio-personal variables that surround the individual.
One of the more prominent and better researched theories in approaching academic procrastination is seeing it as a failure in self regulation. Self regulation is the system in which individuals use to construe internal and external cues in deciding when to start, maintain, and finish a goal-directed behavior. Senècal, Koestner, and Vallerand (1995) adapted from Deci and Ryan’s self determination theory ( as cited from Senècal et al., 1995, p. 605) which differentiates motivations for doing school work out of choice and interest (self-determined) as opposed to internal/external pressures such as guilt and deadlines(non-self-determined), and found a strong correlation between self regulation style and academic procrastination.
The theory proposes there are five types of self regulation that can be arranged on a scale ranging in degree of autonomy; from most autonomous to least autonomous, intrinsic regulation, identified regulation, introjected regulation, external regulation, and amotivation (Senècal et al., 1995). Intrinsic regulation being the most autonomous because it refers to behavior that are engaged in due to their own interest, pleasure, and satisfaction; and on the other side of the scale amotivated behavior are the least autonomous because it refers to behavior with no sense of purpose, no expected reward, and no opportunity for change. The two sides of the scale can be separated in three distinct ways; autonomous self regulation leads to greater initiative & persistence, greater amount of positive emotions, and more consistent behavior. They discovered the more autonomous the self regulation style such as intrinsic motivation and identified regulation, the more enjoyment and feeling of competence is elicited from doing the task as well as increased higher concentration, grades, and time spent on the activity. They concluded that self regulation is a strong predictor academic procrastination, and the more autonomous the motivation to work, the less likely the individual will procrastinate.
Further research from Klassen, Krawchuck, and Rajani (2007) further supported this claim as well as expanded on it. Their findings were similar to Senècal et al.’s (1995), as well as introducing a new variable, self efficacy- belief in one’s capability to carry out the necessary actions to succeed. High self efficacy also seemed to be a significant predictor of resisting procrastination. However the biggest predictor they found was self efficacy for self regulation- belief in one’s self regulatory power and ability to internalize regulation . Individuals need not only an autonomous style of self regulation, but a belief in their own ability to self regulate. Self regulation is obviously a very essential component of academic procrastination as it delves into what motivates individuals to work.
In another study Senècal, Julien, and Guay (2003) developed a role conflict model of academic procrastination, suggesting that one’s non-self determined motivations of school activities and interpersonal relationships create a role conflict which contributes to academic procrastination. Role conflict is defined as the amount of conflict that arises from these two roles. Their result was that students who are motivated through self-determined motivations (choice and interest) toward their education and interpersonal relationships are less conflicted by the conflict created by their two separate roles and therefore less prone to academic procrastination. These students have integrated their roles effectively to feel minimal tension, their behavior is consistent with their core beliefs and values, and are less likely to act according to what other people want. On the other hand students who are motivated through non-self-determined motivations will experience negative feelings, be more conflicted after not having integrated the two roles, and be more prone to academic procrastination. The findings of this study are significant in explaining academic procrastination, and the implications of the results are just as big. When examining academic procrastination one must look beyond the individual and his/her motivations, and look at the social life that he/she is a part of.
A socio-family study was conducted in hopes of ascertaining certain social factors effect on academic procrastination. A positive correlation was found between procrastination and number of siblings and grade level, while a negative correlation was found between procrastination and parent’s level of education (Costa, Gonzalaz-Pienda, Nunez, Rosario, Solano, Valle, 2009). It is important to note that this study was conducted on middle school students, as they are more dependent on their family than high school and college students. High school and College is an awkward time as it is when students start to become more independent and hold more responsibilities and this may have an impact on procrastination, thought more research needs to be put into this transitional period. In the discussion the Costa et al. (2009) reasoned the relationship between procrastination and parent’s education is that parent’s education is correlated with their involvement in their children’s studies and the emphasis placed on studies. They try harder to instill a strong working ethic into their children which would make them less prone to procrastination. A student placed in demanding socio-educational environment will start to internalize their parents’ emphasis on education and academic success, and this becomes an intrinsic motivation for studying, thus leading to less risk of procrastination.
The study also showed, though only modestly, that as number of siblings increase, this means more distractions and a noisier environment. Also the parents have to divide their attention so each child gets less attention and time as opposed to single child families. As the child’s grade increased, so did the level of academic procrastination, but only to a certain age. The results fell in line with Van Eerde’s (2003) study, where there was a negative correlation between age and procrastination but only above the age of 16. Obviously there are variable changes between the relationship between age and procrastination. Costal attribute the change they observed to the fact that a student becomes familiar with his/her school setting. As they become more adjusted, their level of commitment decreases, and become more prone to academic procrastination. Numerous studies have been conducted to ascertain the factors that make an individual more prone to academic procrastination for the purpose of finding a way to reduce it. Many studies have been put geared towards interventions, tactics, and strategies that will help diminish the amount of academic procrastination engaged in by students because it is a serious problem with serious consequences.
There are a few factors that contribute to procrastination that do not depend on the individual in question, but their instructor. In Ackerman and Gross’s study (2005), they researched task characteristics of procrastination in respect to the instructor giving out the task. They found a significant decrease in procrastination when the task was perceived by students to be interesting or require a variety of skills. Instructors can provide an assorted option of tasks and students can choose what interests them. This allowed students to be more intrinsically motivated to start and continue the task. Requiring a variety of skills relates to students perceiving the task as more interesting, the more variety of skill required the more interesting the task will seem. Also contrary to common sense the difficulty of the task, how time consuming it is, and other deadlines had little to no effect on procrastination. To ensure students start their assignment in a timely fashion, instructors can reward or provide an incentive for starting the task early. Even though Koestner and McClelland (1990) found that providing extrinsic rewards for a task has shown to decrease intrinsic rewards for that task (as cited in Senècal et al., 1995), providing something just for starting can help the initial starting phase. Clear instructions on the instructor’s part will reduce ambiguity and confusion which in turn reduces a fear about starting a task. The study also found that making large semester/year long tasks constitute of smaller interdependent ones will help decrease procrastination, and help with time management. By doing all these things it also helps create a social norm in class about procrastination. Students use other students to set standards for themselves on promptness and quality. By calling these out the instructor sets certain standards that he/she expects of the students and this will influence the student to procrastinate to a lesser degree.
A recent paper by Steele (2007) summarized the past eight decades of research on procrastination, and categorized 4 types of interventions: Expectancy related, value related, sensitivity to delay, and delay related interventions. Expectancy related interventions are based on the premise that increasing one’s expectancy of success, they will be less likely to procrastinate. This is closely tied to the concept of self efficacy, increasing one’s belief that one can succeed. Value related interventions are geared towards task aversiveness. This can be helped through means of the instructor by making the task interesting or requiring a variety of skills to accomplish. Another interesting finding is one can change the value of a task through classical conditioning. First found by Eisenberg (as cited in Steele, 2007, p. 82), where the efforts geared towards the goal is reinforced by intermittent success, thus letting the effort to be perceived as a reinforcer for behavioral effort put in initially. Sensitive to delay interventions are made for procrastinators that are easily prone to distractions, such as children in a household of many siblings. One such intervention is stimulus control, surrounding the individual with cues that confirm their goals and reduces temptation. Delay intervention has proven to be most effective. One such intervention is the use of proximal goals that accumulate to a final task. This can be seen as splitting a big project into smaller interdependent projects, or writing daily goals to accomplish and keep on schedule. Another big intervention technique that falls under this category is implementation intention (Owens, Bowman, & Dill, 2008). The goal of this is to turn intention into behavior, and this is done by augmenting goals with specifics such as where, when, how the goal is to be done. Studies have shown “forming implementation intentions helped college students to complete academic-related tasks, such as sending weekly emails to instructors and keeping a weekly journal” (Owens et al., 2008, p. 367).
Clearly no effort has been spared when it comes to finding methods to reduce academic procrastination. There are many factors that lead to academic procrastination, however in return that creates just as many angles to attack it from. It is essential to first admit one engages in academic procrastination be it starting a project late, putting of completing it, or not sticking to a pre-arranged schedule, all these are just some of the signs of academic procrastination. Then implement an intervention strategy. There are numerous intervention strategies each specializing in addressing different sides of academic procrastination. However interventions are just behavioral, they are implemented to resist that initial phase of not working and not persisting. Hopefully it will slowly adjust the emotional and cognitive aspect of the individual. Changing self regulation styles to become more autonomous and self determined, this will not only reduce procrastination but elicit more positive responses in engaging the task. The prevalence of academic procrastination is slowly growing and its consequences do not get any less dire, many methods have been created and proven to be effective, now people just have to use them.
Academic procrastination represents a huge loss in society, where time is not effectively spent. 46% of the college population admit to academically procrastinating, and half of those students see it as a mild to severe problem that interferes with their life. There are probably even more students who do procrastinate but just do not even recognize it as a problem. Some of the factors are directly related to the individual such as self regulatory styles, other factors indirectly affect the individual such as number of siblings and parents’ education. Minor things such as time spent at school and major things such as a low self-efficacy accumulate to create this problem. However the goal is not finding the infinite reasons to academic procrastination, but knowing that it is a changeable behavior, and stopping it. There is an incredible amount of research on academic procrastination, and it will continue to grow as the prevalence of it grows. The amount of research is not small, but it is our choice in how we use it. Procrastination dates back to the first person to put off their work, and it has plagued or society ever since, and unless something is changed it will continue to plague our future.

References
Ackerman, D. S., & Gross, B. L. (2005). My instructor made me do it: Task characteristics of academic procrastination. Journal of Marketing Education, 27(5), 5-13.
Costa , M., Gonzalez-Pienda, J., Nunez, J. C., Solano, P., & Valle, A. (2009). Academic procrastination: Associations with personal, school, and family variables . Spanish Journal of Psychology, 12(1), 118.
Klassen , R. M., Crawchuk, L. L., & Rajani, S. (2007). Academic procrastination of college undergraduates: Low self efficacy to self regulate predicts higher levels of procrastination. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 33(4), 915-931.
Owens, S. G., Bowman, C. G., & Dills, C. A. (2008). Overcoming procrastination: The effect of implementation intentions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 38(2), 366-384.
Rabin, L. A., Fogel, J., & Nutter-Upham, K. E. (2011). Academic procrastination in college students: The role of self reported executive function. journal of Counseling and Experimental Neuropsychology, 33(3), 344-357.
Senecal, C., Julian, E., & Guay, F. (2003). Role conflict and acadmic procrastination: A self-determination perspective. European Journal of Social Psychology, (33), 135-145.
Senècal, C., Koestner, R., & Vallerand, R. J. (1995). Self regulation and academic procrastination. The Journal of Social Psychology, 135(5), 607-619.
Solomon, L. J., & Rothblum, E. D. (1984). Academic procrastination: Frequency and cognitive-behavioral correlates. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31(4), 503-509.
Steele, P. (2007). The nature of procrastination: A meta-analytical and theoretical review of quintessential self-regulatory failure. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 65-94.
Tice, D. M., & Baumeister, R. F. (1997). Longitudinal study of procrastination, performance, stress, and health: The costs and benefits of dwadling. Psychological Science, 8(6), 454-458.
Van Eerde, W. (2003). A meta-analytically derived nomological network of procrastination. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 1401-1418.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Procrastination

...EFFECTS OF PROCRASTINATION We always hear that nobody is perfect in this world but I wonder why everybody wants to be a perfect person if it is impossible then. It is undeniable that everyone has their own bad habit and we all know that bad habit is categorized as a weakness. However, I believe that we can change it to be a good quality that we can own by improve ourselves. This is because there is always a room for improvement. Me, myself has my own bad habit that is procrastination. I have promised to myself that I want to change this habit as I can see the effects on me; cannot complete my task on time, lowered down my grade and make me become lazy. One of the effects is I cannot complete my task on time. Therefore, it can hinder me from be a good student. As a college student, I cannot run from many assignments. Besides, the time given to complete the assignments is not too long. As a good student, I suppose to manage my time wisely so that I can finish all the assignments on time but as I have this bad habit, I cannot complete it. I always procrastinate. As a result, I was late to submit my assignment and my teacher will scold me for that mistake. I know that procrastinate is not good for me but I cannot help it. I always hold to these words, “better late than never”. My friends told me that I had misunderstood to these words but I am keep on denying it as I want to cover my mistake. It is clearly visible that procrastination has affected my life by......

Words: 770 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Procrastination

...Procrastination Procrastination is the act of intentionally putting off or not doing something that should be done. Most people deal with some form of procrastination in their lives and this is considered normal. However, delaying essential tasks and putting less important things ahead of them can cause negative consequences. Stress and anxiety are often a direct result of procrastinating as well as a lack of confidence and low self-esteem. Guilt is also associated with procrastination because of the perception of others and the potential disappointment of family and friends based on the lack of success. This character trait causes problems in all age groups and in many areas of life including college students and their achievement of educational goals. Unfortunately for me, procrastinating is a characteristic that affects me as a student and has impacted me greatly. There are many ways to sabotage academic success, but a guaranteed way is through procrastination. Procrastinators self-destruct by making choices that hinder their progress and achievement. This characteristic causes students to look for things to distract them and get them off task. Checking email, texting, and scanning social media like Facebook and Twitter are prime examples of distractions that force students to delay important responsibilities. Procrastinators often lie to themselves. Many are convinced that they will feel better about completing an assignment later or that they will work......

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Procrastination

...Procrastination is something that we all do to a certain degree, but it is also something that we rarely try to change or work on because it does not seem as important as other issues. I choose to write on this topic for this very reason. If I do not work on it I will continue to procrastinate and this issue will not be addressed. Procrastination is also hindering my school and work performance to a fault in that my grades and work performance could be much better if I just completed assignments diligently and on time. This is also an issue of organization for me because when I do not do things on time then assignments and deadlines pile up. When I decided to deal with my procrastination I did not realize how difficult and demanding it would be. For example I had to make a list of all the things I needed to get done that day and the list was long, but the tough part was when I finished with the items on the list it was again time to make another list, and so on and so forth. So the process, at the beginning, was very overwhelming. However, having a schedule prevented things like homework and work deadlines from piling up and leading to reduced performance. For this project I picked up the self-help book The Procrastinator’s Handbook by Rita Emmett which not only discusses methods to reduce procrastination but also gives a deeper explanation for why we procrastinate. The first point Emmitt stresses is what she calls “tackling the dread” which essentially means understanding......

Words: 1779 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Procrastination

...what I am going to do for a project, or I haven’t read what is expected, I push it off. I tend to always hit my deadlines, but do so in a hurry which does not help me to actually learn what I am working for. I don’t always procrastinate, but I undeniably do it frequently. I definitely always mean the best- as I want to be the best. Unfortunately, procrastination does not do me any justice. In order to overcome my procrastination I will need to do more than recognize it. Of course, though, it is a very important first step to fixing the problem. Besides understanding procrastination and how it develops, I need to do more research on understanding it and find ways on how to correct it. I will be searching articles that are written by professionals and reviewed by experts. This will include searches through Citizendium, Scholarpedia. I will also search the University of Phoenix Library search engines of major articles through EBSCOhost, ProQuest, and Gale PowerSearch, and specialized articles through PsycARTICLES powered by EBSCOhost. I will search for a variety of articles surrounding the topic of procrastination and motivation. W...

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Procrastination

...“I’ll do it later” Procrastination is an easy way that all of us get stuck. And yet, we may not even realize we’re doing it. Most people are procrastinators. They always do their responsibilities later and later. I admit that I am one of the procrastinators, so I often say to my self, “Oh, there’s still time, I’ll just do it later.” This is the most stupid thing that I’ve been doing to myself. I’m helping myself to be unproductive. I always do my homework when the due date is almost there. I should stop this, I know this is not right. I have to be punctual and more effective in all what I have to do to in order for me to be successful in life. This is literally not helping me to be a nurse in the future. For those people who are also experiencing this like me, first remind ourselves that there’s a lot of thing needs to be done, secondly we must write a very smart “to- do list” everyday, we have to start from the toughest to easiest one, but we must also consider the due dates of those importantly, we have to start doing the one that has needs to be done in just a short period of time. Don’t do other extra stuffs because it might mess up the schedule and we must focus on the important and urgent assignments or projects. Just like the other say, instead of “I’ll do it later” we should say, “ACT NOW BEFORE IT’S TOO LATE”. My motivation in life is my dreams, I always think of that when......

Words: 306 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Procrastination

...Strategies to Solving Procrastination Procrastination is an epidemic among college students, and is an issue that most would like to resolve in their day to day lives. Procrastination is loosely defined as intentionally putting things off that you would rather not do in the present. William J. Knaus, states in his article, “Procrastination, Blame, and Change” that procrastination has been around since the beginning of time, and also cites that even Benjamin Franklin included in his 13 virtues: “Resolve to perform what you ought. Perform without fail what you resolve” (Knaus, 2000). In order to solve the problem of procrastination, as well as any other problem, college students should follow a few steps: Identify and select the problem; Analyze the problem; Generate possible solutions; Evaluate solutions; Put the Solution to work; Evaluate the solution; and finally, Apply what you learn (Carter, Bishop, & Kravitz, 2007). We have already identified the problem; procrastination. The next step for a college student would be to analyze why they procrastinate. An online handout, published on The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (n.d.) website, lists several reasons why we procrastinate, such as fear, perfectionism, and simply stated, because it works. Let us first address fear. Fear of failure is where we feel we are inadequate, and our work will reflect that, therefore we don’t even try. With fear of success, one fears that if they start working at their full......

Words: 868 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Procrastination

...0033-2909/07/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.65 The Nature of Procrastination: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review of Quintessential Self-Regulatory Failure Piers Steel University of Calgary Procrastination is a prevalent and pernicious form of self-regulatory failure that is not entirely understood. Hence, the relevant conceptual, theoretical, and empirical work is reviewed, drawing upon correlational, experimental, and qualitative findings. A meta-analysis of procrastination’s possible causes and effects, based on 691 correlations, reveals that neuroticism, rebelliousness, and sensation seeking show only a weak connection. Strong and consistent predictors of procrastination were task aversiveness, task delay, selfefficacy, and impulsiveness, as well as conscientiousness and its facets of self-control, distractibility, organization, and achievement motivation. These effects prove consistent with temporal motivation theory, an integrative hybrid of expectancy theory and hyperbolic discounting. Continued research into procrastination should not be delayed, especially because its prevalence appears to be growing. Keywords: procrastination, irrational delay, pathological decision making, meta-analysis Procrastination is extremely prevalent. Although virtually all of us have at least dallied with dallying, some have made it a way of life. Estimates indicate that 80%–95% of college students engage in procrastination (Ellis & Knaus, 1977; O’Brien, 2002),......

Words: 28985 - Pages: 116

Free Essay

Procrastination Gen200

...Strategy Paper A problem that I have identified in which I have in my academic life is procrastination. Procrastination has been an issue for me since my years in high school and it is time I develop a strategy to deal with this “catastrophic” issue. In this paper I will develop a research strategy to find a solution for my academic procrastination and will incorporate these solutions into my academics. Have you ever received an assignment or project and you are given a few days to complete it. You tell yourself “ok, I am going to start working on the assignment tomorrow”. Now tomorrow has come and you know you have to start working on your assignment but then you’re going “well I still have two more days to do it” so you tell yourself “ok I will start tomorrow because I still have another day before it’s due”. Next thing you know it’s the night before your assignment is due and now you are stressing out, pressing for time, and up past midnight trying finishing your assignment. This what I have been doing for the last three years in school, waiting till the last minute to start a paper or study for exam. By me procrastinating when it comes to school work I feel pressured, stressed, and also feel as if I am not creating work that is to the best of my ability, this has caused me to receive grades that I was unsatisfied with and really has just made me an average student. I’m not alone when it comes to procrastination; about 50% of students procrastinate in a consistent and......

Words: 1315 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Academic Procrastination in College Students

...Academic procrastination in college students: The role of self-reported executive function Procrastination is the intentional delay of due tasks. The term is a known phenomenon in a college setting so I decided it would be beneficial to examine an experiment that evaluated how procrastination hurts different aspects of a college student’s life. The experiment I found was by Laura A. Rabin, Joshua Fogel and Katherine E. Nutter- Upham and they hypothesized that procrastination can negatively impact learning, achievement, academic self-efficiency and quality of life and that understanding the factors that produce and maintain this behavior will improve things overall. In the experiment, 212 college students age 30 and below were asked to fill out a 20-item questionnaire that examines behavior tendencies to delay the start of completion of everyday tasks. They rate various statements on a five point scale (1 = extremely uncharacteristic; 5 = extremely characteristic). An example of this would be “I often find myself performing tasks that I had intended to do days before” or “I usually start an assignment shortly after it is assigned.” After doing that, participants rated the frequency of 75 problematic behaviors over the past month on a three point scale (1 = never; 2 = sometimes; 3 = often). A higher score indicated a greater degree of executive dysfunction. Then finally they filled out something that measured their behavioral regulation or the ability to not act on an......

Words: 543 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Procrastination on Doing Academic Assignments

...Procrastination on Doing Academic Assignments Andi Nur Chalishah (AG 1) Have you ever been in a situation where you are overwhelmed by assignments? One of the possible reasons of why you could be in that situation is because sometimes you tend to postpone what is necessary, and instead you do activities that are more fun but less necessary. This situation is referred as procrastination. Procrastination seems to make a student’s life more pleasant but it adds several bad effects such as anxiety, stress, and even bad grades on their academic assignments. When you are doing an assignment on the very last minute of the deadline, sometimes you feel anxious because you are afraid if you will not have enough time to finish it. Nevertheless, you do not realize anxiety arises from your procrastination habit. Sometimes you tend to stop finishing your assignments to do other fun activities because you think you could do it later. Students who procrastinate on doing assignment think they are waiting for the right moment to do it when the fact is they are just waiting for the high level of anxiety to force them to do it. Realizing that you still have a bunch of unfinished assignments brings you stress. It causes a big possibility of losing focus on doing assignments and the worst part is it will lead you to failure on doing your assignments. Procrastination truly gives bad effects for college students on doing their assignments. Procrastinating to do other fun activities surely gives...

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Procrastination

...Procrastination As we grow throughout life we tend to notice certain things about ourselves. There are certain things we may like and other things like that we may dislike, but we will all wish to change something about ourselves. Something I have noticed about myself that I would like to change is my habit of procrastinating. Procrastinating is waiting until the last minute to do anything, especially things I do not want to do. There are certain things that trigger my procrastination such as, homework in classes that I do not like or understand, harder projects, and sometimes even the simplest projects. Knowing that I have time to do a certain assignment makes me think, “Okay I have all week to do this, I’ll just do it later.” Well later turns into the night before it is due, which causes me to stress. I believe that it is important for me to change and stray away from procrastinating because procrastinating causes unnecessary stress and I do not need anymore stress in my life. I am already stressed as it is due to being a student athlete and procrastinating is only adding more stress on me. The stress builds up and eventually I cannot take it anymore, which leads to an emotional break down. If I were to change my ways and not procrastinate, I believe that I would be a lot less stressed and would have a well-balanced week of homework and maybe even have sometime for myself. Procrastination is something that it very hard to change, but I am willing to do whatever it take to...

Words: 838 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Procrastination

...kaluadagang2@gmail.com TUTOR’s NAME : DR. SITI HASNAH BINTI HASSAN LEARNING CENTRE : P.PINANG LEARNING CENTRE ACADEMIC PROCRASTINATION (Personality traits and academic achievement) INTRODUCTION Procrastination has more and more become a matter of interest across multiple disciplines (Ainsle, 2005); Academic procrastination is defined as the intentional and needless deferral or delay of work that must be completed to the point of experiencing discomfort (Schraw, Watkins, & Olafson, 2007; Solomon & Rothblum, 1984). A few students use procrastination as an active, strategic behavior (Chu & Choi, 2005; Corkin, Yu, & Lindt, 2011; Steel, 2007); however, the present study uses the most common definition of the term procrastination to refer to the passive, needless delay of work on any academic task. In Zimmerman’s model, procrastination falls in the performance control phase, and has been described as the quintessential failure of self-regulation (Steel, 2007). In general, the academic procrastination behavior is a problem for a number of college or university students. A student procrastinates with regard to starting an assignment, and is unable to devote enough time to complete the assignment. As a result, there is a risk of a decrease in the quality of the assignment or of missing the deadline. This research makes the hypothesis that procrastination is related to the following personality trait factors: (1) the task difficulty (2) the students’ effort......

Words: 5979 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Procrastination Research

... Academic Procrastination and Academic Achievement Luciano, Kristel Joy A. ABPsych 2-2 Introduction to Psychology Psych 125 Academic Procrastination and Academic Achievement Nowadays, procrastination has been a common phenomenon happening in our daily lives. This practice can be observe almost everywhere, in our home, at work, in different fields and especially at school. In this fast-paced era where everything seems to be moving quite rapidly. Some people find it difficult to manage their tasks and so they tend to result to procrastination. This practice can be observe most commonly in schools or universities especially on college students where the student needs to manage their time between tasks. Like studying for multiple tests, completing their assignments, reviewing for future quizzes, completing their term papers and projects and doing extracurricular activities which will determine their academic achievement or academic performance. Yet, students still engage themselves in delaying their tasks. This widespread phenomenon is also known as procrastination. Academic Procrastination According to Solomon and Rothlum (1984) The term procrastination is defined as the act of needlessly delaying tasks to the point of experiencing subjective discomfort or putting......

Words: 2781 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Procrastination

...Procrastination… A not so beautiful thing. As a procrastinator I speak for most, by saying, that when life gives you lemons, you absolutely do NOT make anything, especially lemonade, until those lemons are about to spoil. Wait until the very last minute to do anything with your life… it only makes perfect sense, right? Who wouldn’t want the added stress, piles of extra work, and of course, the loss of sleep? Procrastination is possibly my most favorite thing to do without even realizing I do it. It is my hobby, my friend, my disease. Unfortunately as much as I love procrastination, there is no way in hell that it loves me back. You could say it’s a love-hate relationship. In all reality, no matter how hard I try not to fall into the strong force that keeps pulling me back from doing my work, I cannot break the habit. I have come a long way over the years, and have improved greatly from not doing work on time, to barely doing it on time. I guess there is way too many things I’d rather be doing than homework, but homework has to be done. There is still no way around it, trust me, I’ve tried. Nothing says it better than this quote, “A true procrastinator doesn't shovel snow, a true procrastinator knows that the snow will melt...eventually!” – Anonymous. I will someday try to improve this bad habit, but for now I will just have to deal, because I know EVENTUALLY I’ll work on it....

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Procrastination

...9020781966 Research Paper The problem that I am going to attempt to solve is procrastination. I have a horrible problem with procrastination, most of the time I am not too bad with it, but there are times when I just don’t want to do something and I will keep putting it off till I am forced to have to do it. I wish I would just get it done and not have to worry about it. So I want to discover ways to manage my time effectively and hopefully stave off the ability to procrastinate. The information that I will gather will be about time management skills, how to keep a schedule and how to say no. I will research using Google to find how other people manage their time, and what steps they take to keep to a schedule. I will also research how to best manage a busy schedule and make sure that everything that needs to get done is getting done and how to recognize when I am procrastinating and the steps I can take to avoid those traps. I will look at articles, e-books and forums for information and tips. For my selected problem it is not necessary to have scientific methods to help solve it, I almost think it best to learn from others with the same concerns and the steps they took to solve it. So I think the forums are probably my best bet. I will also look for polite ways to tell people that I am not available. Especially since this is one of the major factors for my procrastination. I tend to say yes, just because what I really need to do does not......

Words: 769 - Pages: 4