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A Hybrid Approach to Ethics Is the Best Approach?

In: Religion Topics

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A Hybrid approach to ethics is the best approach?

Virtue ethics is an agent-centred theory thus focuses on the person performing the action themselves rather than then the action they perform. Virtue Ethics was developed by Aristotle, however, is originally based on Plato’s four cardinal virtues; courage, temperance, prudence and justice. A follower of virtue ethics would believe that the goodness of something should not be decided on by an action or principle such as the hedonic calculus or the five primary precepts of natural law but in the development of virtue, of personality, thus showing that we should use our moral wisdom to state what is good and go right back to the basics.

In Nicomachean ethics, Aristotle believed we should follow at total of 12 virtues in life, however the main 4 virtues consist of courage, temperance, prudence and justice. Another criticism can arise when looking at VE, in particular when looking at the virtue of temperance. Temperance can be described as promoting mediocrity thus showing that you would be rational hence not being adventurous when making a decision about something, you would not feel any passionate or anger if you constantly stay in the mid-way point, are you really living a full life?

Neo-aristolean Alasdair MacIntyre criticises modern ethics. MacIntyre believes we should strip back to our virtuous ways and believes we should focus on three questions that can be seen at the heart of moral thinking, the first being the thought of who am I? The second, who ought I to become and the third, how ought I to get there?

A follower of virtue ethics would strongly believe in the idea of eudemonia, which is seen as being in the state of perfect happiness and can be achieved by finding a virtuous mean between excess and deficiency. However, a popular criticism of Virtue Ethics is that virtues may differ from community…...

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